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GENERAL REVIEW OF SUGAR MARKET
Tip Top Theatre Show Schedule Changed to
Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
Entire Change of Program Each Night.
THE GARDEN ISLAND TUESDAY, JAN. 22, 1918
AS INFLUENCED BY FOOD COMMISSION
Written by the Garden Inland Reporter
Residents of the Hawaiian Islands . The Food Administration then sus-
"The Maiter Drawing Pencil"
has 1x;en Ftvled by representa
tive useis as the most ad
vanced step in pencil making
during the last quarter cen
tury. For sale by
Hawaiian News Co., Ltd.
CALIFORNIA FEED CO
Hay, Grain and Chicken
Sole Agents for
International Stock. Poultry Food
and otlier siecialtief. Arabic for
coolinj? Iron Uoofs. Petaluma In
cubators and Brooders.
King's Special Chick Food
P. O. Box 452, Honolulu
Wholesale and Retail Groceries
Dry Goods of all Descriptions.
postal and express charges,
by having your
clothes dyed by the
Don't send those garments
to the Coast for such work.
We are equipped to do it
just as scientifically and
will handle it just as care
fully and thoroughly, as
any Mainland concern can.
777 So. King St.,
If If IS
Room . :
I .60 Z
were, naturally, interested when the Pended speculation in futures in the
market, mis naturally discommoded
thn hilufnnaa nf mnnv nnranna whi
Ban to take steps to control the price ved on exchange operatlon8 but lt
J J J
FRANK COX, Manager
W. H. ZIMMERMAN
of sugar. Plantation owners and in
dividual growers as well, were wor
ried lest the price be fixed at a
figure which would seriously cripple
the Industry. When John Itolph, of
San Francisco, was appointed on the
board, the Island sugar growers felt
In a measure relieved, because they
knew that Rolph was acquainted with
Island conditions, and that he would
not be likely to carelessly bring dis
aster upon the sugar Industry
through ignorance; as one with less
knowledge might easily do if placed
It now transpires that Rolph, while
dealing with the question with great
firmness, has endeavored to deal
fairly, as between the producers and
the consumers. The price of pro
ducing sugar has been very materi
ally increased since the inception of
the war, and a man with equal power
and less knowledge than Rolph, might
easily have ruined tha Industry.
Claus Spreckels, the San Fran :lsco
sugar refiner, mado a very loud pro
test, when Rolph and others of the
Food Commission announced the
result of their examination into con
ditions surrounding the raising and
refining of sugar. Rolph had been
manager of the California refinery,
and many thought he would benefit
that institution in his dealing with
the question of fixing sugar prices.
However, he did not do so. He helped
to fix the price of Cuban sugar, and in
absolute justice, voted to raise the
price of Cuban sugar thirty-four cents.
rpreckelB was greatly concerre I be
cause a similar raise was not given
to the product of his refinery. But
he made a great mistake when he
created such a disturbance, and wired
to senators and others.
The fact seems to be, that the raise
In the price of sugar DID benefit the
Hawaiian GROWERS and PRO
DUCERS of sugar. It did NOT In
crease the profits of Claus Spreckels,
or other refiners, because he, like the
other refiners, is limited in his charg
es for refining, to $1.30 per hundred
pounds, plus the freight differential
nn thn established custom of the
Rolph did not own one cent's worth
of stock in the California rennery.
He was brave enough to aid in limit
ing the California price to the $7.25
level three months before it came into
force on the Atlantic seaboard, in
order that we might have a universal
price west of the Mississippi. Thus
Mr. Rolph, in adopting the methods
which to him and other members of
the board seemed to Insure the great
est good to the greatest number, in
reality penalized the firm for which
he used to work as manager, in the
sum of over $70,000, under what it
might have Justly stood out for. But
he thereby insured equal treatment to
all, and in doing so, greatly benefited
It takes nerve to do a thing like
Among the conditions which had to
be dealt with, and which led up to the
flxine of the price of sugar by the
Government, were the following:
The price of sugar to the consumer
rose suddenly in August from 8V4
cents a pound to 10V4 and 11 cents
per pound. In Boston it not only rose
to 10 cents, but various stores charg'
ed all the traffic would bear. The
larger firms held the price at from
10 to 11 cents, but many of the retail
stores sold sugar for from 25 cents
to 30 cents per pound.
Durine the Civil War, when the
Government did not attempt to con
trol prices at which Bugar could be
sold to wholesalers, the retail price
promptly dropped in the Middle West
to 8 and 8 Mi cents per pound
stopped high prices being made for
advanced position, and the tendency
of distributers to follow with their
Then an agreement was made with
the beet sugar producers, by which
the price of beet sugar was made 7.25,
or about one or one and one-half be
low the price then ruling. Then an
agreement was secured from the
California-Hawaiian refinery to ad
here to the beet basis, notwithstand
ing the higher basis that had
been fixed for cane sugar in the
Eastern States in order to protect the
Then an agreement was made with
the Louisiana producers by which the
price was limited to 7.80 granulated.
Then with a view of protecting
home Industry, refiners were instruct
ed not to pay more than $6.90 duty at
New York for Import raws.
The Food Administration made an
examination into costs and profits of
refining, and it was finally determined
that the spread between the cost of
raw and the sale of refined sugar
should be limited to $1.30 per hundred
pounds. The pre - war differ
ential had been about eighty-five
cents. But the increased cost due to
war conditions, losses, Increased cost
jf bags, labor, insurance, interest and
other things, more than covered the
raise in rates fixed by the Commission.
Cuban Bugar had for the first nine
months of the year, sold for $4.24 per
hundred, f. o. b. Cuba, to which duty
and freight added to the refiners' cost,
amounted to about $5.66 per hundred.
The average sale price of granulated
by the various refiners was about
$7.50 per hundred, or a differential of
$1.84. In reducing the differential to
$1.30, there was a Bavlng to the public
of 54 cents per hundred.
The Cuban producers were at our
mercy. And many were unkind
enough to suggest that the United
States should get sugar from Cuba
at a cent less. The cost of producing
sugar in Cuba is very low. The av
erage cost there is $3.39, while many
producers, of course, pay more. It
was found, however, that a mini
mum price of $4.37 was necessary for
Cuban producers, and even that price
will stifle some of them. In fact the
price finally agreed upon was 23 cents
The United States felt it had no
right to strangle Cuba or Cuban industries.
The situation, notwithstanding,
seems to be that we cannot supply
anywhere near as much sugar as the
United States and her Allies are de
manding. If the total demand is to
be met, lt will entail the shipment of
sugar from Java. And at present,
there are not sufficient bottoms in
which to carry any sugar from Java.
To take ships from other commercial
use, or from the transport service,
would mean that it would diminish
our transport service ability in send
ing soldiers to France by 200,000 men.
And we doubt very much whether the
Allies will agree to such a proposition
The other possibility is, that the
citizens of the United States volunta
rily diminish , the consumption of
Bugar by from ten to fifteen per cent
Since the foregoing was written
word has been received that the Inter
national Sugar Committee has decided
that the basic price upon which re
finers' selling margin must be based
will be 6.005 per pound, delivered duty
paid, for 96 per cent, centrifugal
sugar, New York.
It will be noted that the price of
6.005 for rawB, plus 1.45 for refiners'
margin, will allow the refiners to sell
at the 7.45 rate, to be put into force
on January 7th.
TUESDAY, JAN. 22
"IRE SQUAW MAN'S SON
A startling drama of Indian reservation life very interesting.
nth CHAPTER OF THE AMERICAN GIRL
yt IF fv. --
r mi i nnniri .tti t- n -ith
Eai Wallace Keid
I. ruPPORTCO BV
Anita KiiNO ,
Tms Squaw Mansion
JOHN F. KAl'OZO, Liliue, Kauui.
The Food Administration asks
everyone to maintain rigidly the mini
mum of at least:
One meatlesB day each week which
shall be Tuesday, and one meatless
meal each day. By meatless we mean
to eat no red meat, beef, pork, mut
ton, veal, lamb; no preserved meat,
beef, bacon, ham or lard.
One wheatlesa day each week and
one wheatleus meal each day; the
wheatless day to be Wednesday. By
wheatless we mean to eat no wheat
One porkless day each week in ad
dition to Tuesday, which shall be
Saturday. By porkless we mean no
fresh or salted pork, bacon, lard or
In planning her meals for these
days, the housewife will be forced to
display a good deal of ingenuity. For
meatless meals she ra.u at use substi
tutes such as cheese, eggs, fish, game,
poultry, dried beans and peas.
These foods are all rich in protein
and take the place of meat excellent
ly. As a nation we eat and waste
80 per cent, more protein than we
require to maintain health. There
fore, we can reduce the amount of
meat we eat without harm.
Suggestions for Tuesday meals are
such dishes as Baked Beans, which
should be largely used by our house
wives because they are, in addition
to being of high food value, a Home
Product of the Islands; cheese dishes
such as Rarebit, cheese combined with
rice or corn, as we have long used it
combined with maccaroni; nut loaves;
cream or cottage cheese; and dishes
combined with milk sauces, such as
for instance, creamed carrots and
peas. Aside from these purely veg
etarian dishes, there are numerous
ways of preparing eggs, and fish and
poultry, we should remember, are al
lowed always, provided they can be
obtained and are within the purchas
ing price of one's pocketbook.
In planning for her wheatless day
the housewife has two courses open
to her. She will either serve no bread
of any kind on her table that day
asking her family to eat instead more
potatoes, taro, rice, cereals other than
wheat or corn, such as tapioca, etc. food
which will make up for the starchy
values one is going without in giving
up bread, or she will resort to the
nuick breads, some of which can be
made without any flour. A new ml
ing by the Food Administration
HEARST PATIIK NEWS PICTORIAL Most up-to-date. Latest War News Pictorial Picture.
THURSDAY, JANUARY 24
See! The Second Chapter of
THK FEARLESS FiLM STAR IN
"THE RAILROAD RAIDERS"
SATURDAY, JAN. 26
"The Long Trail"
A Romantic Northwest Story Rrimful of Action, Puncli and
Thrill. Wonderful Canadian Mountain Scenery, Eskimo Dogs,
I' anions l anadian Mounted Police - All in All a Lou Tellegen
CauJeiltGANu'.' V rlARYLULLtB Masterpiece.
ALSO llth EPISODE OF THE SCARLET RUNNER
(High ClaM Serial Picture)
HEARST PATHE NEWS PICTORIAL Most-up-to-date. Latest War News Pictorial Pictures.
"The Squaw Man's Son" Program will be shown nt
KOLOA. WED. , JAN. 23; MAKAWELI. THUR., JAN. 24; WAIMEA. FRI.
JAN. 25; KEKAHA, SAT., JAN. 26: KAPAA, MON. JAN. 28.
'The Long Trail' Program
KAPAA, FRI.. JAN. 25; KEALIA, MON.. 28;- MAKAWELI. TUES., 29;
ELEELE. WED . 30.
"Helen Holmes Serial" program
HOMESTEAD. TUES., JAN. 22; ELEELE, WED., 23; - KAPAA. FRI . 25;
KOLOA, ST., IAN. 26; WAIMEA. MON.. JAN. 28.
that the use of whole wheat and
graham flours is not regarded as sav
ing wheat. The houHewtre la more
fore forced on Wheatless Wednesday
to use almost exclusively corn meal
and rye flour. Excellant corn bread
can be mado by using one's own
recipe for corn bread and substitut
ing rve meal for the white nour one
has been accustomed to use. We add
below tested recipes for quick breads
A continuation of the use of War-
breads", throughout the week is ur
gently recommended. These breads
have at least one-third of the wheat
and are most practical in that respect,
as well as giving us better body-build
ing material than breads made of one
Corn Bread Without Wheat Flour
Mrs. W. W. Goodale
2 cups corn meal, 2 cups sour milk,
2 tablespoons butter, 2 tablespoons
sugar, 1 teaspoons salt. Cook these
ingredients 10 minutes In a double
boiler. When cool add two well beat
en eggs, and 1 teaspoon soda dissolved
In one tablespoon hot water. Hake m
a shallow pan 10 minutes. Loaf ready
for table is from 1 inch to IVi Inches
Southern Corn Bread Without Flour
Mrs. J. Minton (Star-Bulletin)
1 egg well beaten, 1 pint pour butter
milk, 1 teaspoon soda, 1 teaspoon
salt, 3 cups white corn meal. Put
salt and soda into into meal, then add
milk, and lastly the well beaten egg.
Hake in a hot, well greased iron pan .
in a hot oven for 25 minutes.
Corn Pone j
1 pint meal, 1 teaspoon salt, 1 table
spoon shortening. Acid enough boil- ;
ing water to form a heavy dough and
beat as hard as you can; form into
pats with the palm of your hand and
bake Into cakes or pones; will make
Graham Fruit Bread
2 level teiiSMiii!'iil si .da well stirred in
2 cups of si n. r milk, 1 level teasiiHiniiil
hihIh well stirred in, 1 cup nmla-ses, 2
well lK'iiten t!;s, I level teasnmlilul sail,
Hy cups uralium Hour, package dates,
raisins or currant. A piml ijuality of
dried primes run In- suln-titnlcd.
Meres a puzzie: rum a jujjaiiL-nc (
woman anywhere along the street of
any village, without a baby on her
J. I. Silva, Prop.
ONE of the LEADING HOUSES for all kinds of DRY
GOODS, BOOTS & SHOES, MEN'S FURNISHINGS.
CIGARS & TOBACCOS and NOTIONS of tvtty description,
FOR WINE. BEER and OTHER LIQUORS, RinK Up 73 W.
Main Office, Eleele, Kauai. Tel. 7 1 W
pCoHALL & SON S"
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