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title: 'The Garden Island. (Lihue, Kauai, H.T.) 1902-current, March 05, 1918, Page 3, Image 3',
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THE GARDKN ISLAND. TUESDAY. MAR. .I, 1918
"We have not studied
cost nor economy as
we should, either as
organizers of indus
try, statesmen, or as
But there is yet time
to start to save- and
that time is NOW.;
J M J
Bishop & Company
THE BANK OF HAWAII,
Lihue, Kauai, Hawaii
Deposits are received subject
to check. Certificates of de
posit issued payable on de
mand. Loans made on ap
Drafts Drawn on
Interest paid on Savings De
posits. 4 per cent on ordi
nary and 4 per cent on Term
Deposits. Ordinary Savings
Deposits will be received up to
$2,500 in any one account.
Onriv ly&ruon xJUAta run v
Rent $2 and $3 a Year
Owing to the foresight of our
buyers we are able to offer you
a very complete stock to select
from. Our large stock of Eng
lish and American makes of
Semi Porcelain gives you a
chance to suit your individual
In fine China we show Lenox,
Minton, Syracuse, Worcester,
Royal Daulton, Haviland, Theo
dor Haviland, Royal Copenhagen,
Canton China, and Satzuma in
the white for decorating.
We will appreciate a call from
you, if you cannot call, send us
your mail order. We send goods
on approval, we also send samples-
"The House of Housewares"
63-65 King St
everything in the
Silver and Gold Line,
Rich Cut Glass and
Merchandise of the
Best Quality Only.
P. O. Box 342 Honolulu
Newwt.Coolest Hotel in Hawaii
fort Street Honolulu
HELP THE FARMERS
The New Freedom has an idea or
two once in a while that commands
attention. It seems to be a sort of
'God strafe everything and everybody"
publication, yet its proprietor, Me
Veagh, seems to be a gentleman of
some acquirements and suavity of
manner. His name appears as editor,
so he has to father everything that is
said in its editorial columns, but we
imagine he is not always proud of
some of the sentiments therein ex
pressed. The question of' how best to assure
the prosperity of the people, as a whole
Is one worthy of our best thought, and
yet is one which admits of some differ
ence of opinion.
The New Fredom is In favor of des-
stroying transportation, storage and
marketing monopolies which take the
life out of agriculture for the benefit
of the few who own railroads, grain
elevators, cold storage warehouses and
banks. That sounds pretty good. We
would, however, have omitted banks
in this connection, because in many
sections they very materially assist ag
riculture by tiding the farmers over
But when the New Freedom, or any
other paper, seriously suggests that
land should bear a greatly increased
taxation, for the one purpose of insur
ing that a greater acreage will as a re
sult be cultivated, the error is evident.
To tax a farm at twice its present
valuation would not force the owner
to cultivate a greater area. In many
instances the farmer is already culti
vating all the land he owns. He has
no greater area to cultivate. And to
double the taxation would not in
crease the output, any more than the
double taxation of a store would en
able that store to sell twice as much
The farmer should not be oppreseJ,
but assisted. If every one of the Great
Powers had spent millions for farm
tractors and seed, and had cultivated
all the unused land, and introduced
improved methods and high grade fer
tilizers instead of spending billions in
the killing of each other, the world be
far better off than it is today. Farms
can be carried on under government
supervision as well as railroads can.
The Farm Loan Act was one intend
ed to promote agriculture. It did not
go far enough, however. The amount
devoted to loans was extremely limit
ed. A billion dollars to be expended
in the purchase of tractors and fertil
izers, and the introduction of the latest
and most up to date methods would
have Insured the production of food
enough to feed several nations.
Farmers will use their land, all right,
if agriculture is made profitable. Farm
ers need two things. Brains and cap
ital. Some of them have the brains,
but no capital. The United States de
pends upon the farms and the farmers
for its existence. All the wealth
comes primarily from the land.
The main difficulty is, that the work
ers, the producers, have been allowed
too small a share in the proceds, and
the middle men too great a share. The
farmer have been powerless to correct
this evil. The government is all pow
erful, and could have stopped it.
Every acre of land in the United
States that is available should be made
to produce. Directing and competent
minds should Burvey farms and deter
mine the products best suited to each
locality. Then farmers should be en
couraged to bring the land into its
greatest production. Not by taxing
him out of existence, but by assisting
him. Then shall the United States pros
per as has no other land. Then shall
the waste places blossom as the rose.
and the flowers and vegetation look up
and be glad.
We have been subsidizing railroads
to transport the products of the farm
but we have never subsidized farmers
into producing products for the rail
roads to carry.
A variety of corn which was
brought over from Guam, recently,
has proven to be one of the most
successful which has been introduced
in the islands. It is notably resistant
to the vine hopper, which is one of
the most troublesome pests which
the corn grower has to contend with.
Miliano 'Olivero, who had a patch
20 by 30 feet at Kaimuki, sold the
product for $11.12. We understand
the government experiment station
at Honolulu still has a small amount
of the seed available for those who
will plant under the most favorable
conditions, and agree to give to the
plants the most thorough cultivation.
Russia fought for freedom, and some
of her people are now talking of going
back to a monarchial form of govern
ment. Either Russians are not capa
ble of self government, or they are
listening to German propaganda.
Los Angeles celebrated Lincoln's
birthday with a "Penny Dance de
Luxe." There are various ways of
complimenting a man, but this seems
to be the most inelegant.
There are a number of persons on
the islands who could in all probability
serve the Islands acceptably as gover
nor. The question now is, will they
get a chance?
JAPAN S WAR POLICY
Japan lias been rule, careful, diplo-
ance with Great Britain, which thf
world supposed meant that cither na
tion was thereby bound to assist the
other by force of arms and all its
resources, whenever the interests of
either nation were at Flake. Yet Japan
hasn't sent a man to the front, though
she has millions of them, and Great
Britain needs them.
True, she has aided Great Britain, in
a round-about way, and her allies as
well. Japanese vessels are patrolling
the Pacific today. Some of Japan's
warships arc undoubtedly in the
Mediterranean. But Japan, to say the
most, has not sent her men to the bat
Japan Is with both eyes looking
out for Japan. If she can make a
trade whereby she can procure steel
In exchange for tonnage, she does
It. If she can make an alliance with
America which will give her a free
hand in China, she docs it. And
mark you, just at this time, when
every nation has troubles of Its own,
Japan is not neglecting opportunities
to secure an advantage.
Japan hasn't any right to boss China.
The world knows that. But the world
is pretty busy, just now. And Japan
knows that. And she is acting in
strict accordance therewith. Most na
tions which are not big enough to
take care of their own interests, about
now, don't have them taken care of.
The relations between Japan and the
United States have been influenced
perhaps very largely by the fact that
the United States owns the Philip
pines. Which she has no business to
own. It is, and has always been, in
direct conflict with the policy which
the United States for centuries up
held. It has never been the policy
of this country to acquire lands at
widely separated points.
She took Hawaii because it was
given to her, and because it was a
strategic point of very great lmport
ands in the West Indies because it
was deemed necessary for the proper
protection of the canal.
But to take the Philippines, or rath-
was done as a matter at. jn nmpc
er, to hold them, was a mistake.
They were taken as a military ne
cessity. They were held as a matter
of pure sentiment. We captured very
little territory in the Philippines,
and bought the remainder to protect
what we had captured.
If the Philippines were situated
iu the Caribbean Sea, they would
be a very profitable asset, because
their products could then be most
readily marketed, and they could be
more easily protected. But situated
as they are, with a population which
cares not a fig for the United States
it becomes a different proposition.
Iu all probability, Japan doesn't
want the Philippines. She would far
rather own China. The absolute own
ership or control of China would make
Japan almost invincible. Japan knows
that, and is acting in strict accord
Now that Russia is in serious til Hi
culty, Japan is looking toward Sibe
ria with longing eyes. She has want
ed Siberia for many years. Largely
no doubt, because of the valuable
fisheries, but incidentally because she
doesn't want a powerful nation to
control any territory which is con
tiguous to Japan. And Japan will
take Siberia before another year rolls
Japan will come out of this world
war with very few scars, very little ex
penditure, and great gain. And she
will probably bo tho only great na
tlon on earth that will. Spain has
escaped, thus far, it is true, but at
the expense of national honor., for
many of fher ships have been inex
cusably torpedoed by Germany.
The Glenwood Creamery, located on
the Volcano road on Hawaii, reports
that it has sold butter for some time
past at an average price of fifty-live
and a half cents a pound. In a land
like Kauai, where the weather is cool
enough so that the cows can feed all
day in comfort, and whore the grass
Is green all the year around, the dairy
business should be quite profitable
Provided, always, that the be.-it breed
of cows Is kept and that they are
fed a balanced ration. In a climate
so favorable as this, poultry raising
should also be profitable. Green food
in abundance is available all the year
round, and animal food, such as bugs
and worms, is very plentiful. No cold
weather, no frozen combs, no excess
ive heat, abundant green food, and a
chance to raise the necessary cereals
It would seem that the conditions ure
as ideal as they well could be.
Now that wheat is high timl in great
demand, It seems strange that some
one has not planted some. The rain
fall on every part of the island i
sufficient, and the soil is fertile.
l ne Los Angeles 1 lines opposes
woman suffrage, prohibition, Billy Sun
day, and labor unions. It doesn't re
quire a prophet to tell where that
editor is going when ho dies.
1ht lish problem is one which due
not srem to be of easy solution Thar
Msb have been sold at an unwai
ranted profit, there can bo no doubt.
at a coml
:ip!'on has exi'iteil. and
It itll1 exists, is beyond q les
tlon. 'ill-it lishlng rights should l.c
long t-i i he -.Tuple as h whole, : n.l
to ir. li idual s, J.i strict'.' in -;i e;i
with tae principles of dem-i racy.
et the principle that a man who owns
ml Is entitled to control it abso
tcly, is also beyond question. For
istance, on the mainland, if a man's
nd is traversed by a trout stream.
owner of that land can forbid
ybody and everybody from tress-
isslng on that land for the purpose of
ihing, or for pny other purpose.
The main point at issue is. that the
(hing rights formerly belonged to the
lug, and subsequently became uppur-
enant to the laud.
No law can appropriately or justly
made retroactive. The United
ates took California by force of
ins. Notwithstanding this, she was
duty bound to observe and ack
nowledge the legality of all land
ants which had been made by the
ing of Spain. Those titles were
icred. and were so held by the courts.
Some trouble arose as a result, but
the principle remained. John Sutler.
ir instance, had obtained a land grant
om Spain, which entitled him to
rtain lands at Sutter's Fort, in the
itiburbs of Sacramento. Ibis land
llbsequently became quite valuable,
nd the title was attacked. Squ.it
ers and settlers thought that as the
'nited States had come into possess
ion of California, former rights had
ussed awany. But national and in-
ernational law prevailed, and land
owners retained their rights and privi
When the United States took over
lawail, she assumed Hawaii's o'., Il
lations, even to the payment of her
;itional debt. She did not acquire
the right to deprive any man of bis
property. She took the crown lands.
ndeed, which many people think was
both improper and unjust. But she
ilid not. and we think legally coald
ot, take over any man's private fish
ing rights, which had been granted
o him prior to the transfer of owner-
hip of the land to the United States.
Naturally, the public desires that
fishing rights in Hawaii should be
owned by the public. All right. Let
he public buy them, then. We tool;
lawaii as it stood, with the rights
Appurtenant to the land. Can we go
back now and dispossess the owners
of those rights, and do it legally?
Some say yes, and some say no; but
what say you?
Ambassador Francis cables tint the
Germans are within eight hours
inarch of Petrograd. The fate of Rus
sia shows what happens to the uan'on
which will not light to preserve life.
Russia had an enemy on the south.
Russia had to conquer or be con
quered. No one blames the Russian
people for deposing the Czar. The
mistake they made was in temporizing
with an enemy in order to secure a
liberty which could only be had at
the expense of honor. A liberty that
from the very nature of things could
Her people, freed from the yoke of
bondage so long worn, knew not how-
to use the liberty thus gained. They
trusted Germany, because she was
willing to make a seperate peave.
They could not seem to realize that
only a peace which should assure them
of future safety could bo depended up
on. They were blind to Germany's
that Germany would not again attack,
schemes. They trusted not wisely.
Now Germany is marching unbind
ered to the Russian capital., Rusia
instead of securing a permanent free
dom, may have a worse slavery im-
matic. She had entered into an alii
posed upon her.
The Los Angeles Kxaniiner. seek
ing a motto to place over its edito
rial columns, quotes St. Mark, 7:1.",.
which says': "There is nothing from
without a man that, enterin'; into biin.
can defile him; 1ml the things which
come out of a man, those are they
which defile the man." That seems
at first blush to be an odd sentiment
for the Examiner to use. But after
having read .some of the editorials.
ie seems a very appropriate oen.
Sir Rabindanratli Tagore, the Indian
poet and mystic, over whom the so
ciety women raved, when he wis in
the I'niled Stales, now seems to have
been here as an agent of the German
government. He went to Japan also
la mi (if.Tin 11,1 i i-i iiiiiiij, . i . 111,-ui t- ,
... .... i..,. ..... !.). .......
adduced in u.c Hindu plot trial showed
that he had been connected with X.im
nierniann, von Bernstorff, Luxbeiv.
and a few more of the Kaiser's chosen
The government has announced that
it will take over the control of the
manufacture and sale of commercial
fertilizers. This is one of the wisest
moves the government has made. It
is all right to control the sale of food,
but it is wiser still to assist in the
production of it.
SI rRhMl'. fcs
TABLE DELICACI ES
U.utv Caii t :i nli i -l
QUOTATIONS SUBMITTKD Ul ON RKOUFST
1 GONSALVES & CO., LTD.
H Agents for Hawaii.
74 Queen Street, - - Honolulu, T. H.
C. W. SPiTZ, Prop.
NAWILIWILI, KAUAI TELEPHONE 494
Automobiles to all Parts of Kauai,
all hours, Day and Night
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at Nawiliwili, Kauai
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All kinds of elect rieal woii; aitiiided lo in a masterly
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