Newspaper Page Text
THE GARDEN ISLAND. TUESDAY, MAR. 12, 1918.
Hanalei the Beautiful Once
Given Lightly Away
(Continued from Pae 1)
King Regulates Liquor Traffic
Recognizing the danger from the
excessive use of liquor, Kamchameha
111. had conferred with the chiefs of
the various islands, and had Issued a
ukase prohibiting the sale of Intoxi
cating liquor except when a written
license had been given by the King.
Offenders were to be fined fifty dollars
for the first offense, and the fine was
to bo increased fifty dollars for each
subsequent offense. The King stipu
lated that all liquor shops should be
closed at 10 o'clock at night, and
from 10 o'clock on Saturday night un
til Monday morning. It wa provided
also that if any one, haole or native,
should get drunk, the man who could
be proved to have Bold to him liquor,
should be fined ten dollars for the
first offense, and the fine should be in
creased ten dollars for every subse
quent offense. Licenses were revok
able at the will of the King.
The aforesaid proclamation, signed
by Kamchameha III. was published
in the volume referred to.
The number before us contains a
very interesting article on the peculi
arities of the Hawaiian language,
which is also quite instructive.
Early Schools and Schoolbooks
In an article treating of schools, it
is stated that the principal school
books in use were Webster's Spelling
Book, Bolles' Speller, Worcester's
Trimer anr Second Book, the Young
Reader, Emerson's Arithmetic, Par
ley's Geography, Olney's Geography,
and First Lessons in Natural Philos
ophy. Mention is made of the "Cen
tral Female Boarding Seminary," at
Wailuku, on Maui.
The mechanical execution of the pa
per was in the hands of Hawaiians,
who had been taught in the printing
office introduced by the missionaries.
The population of Honolulu at that
time was was 6,000. The limits of
the city were described as being
"from Kewalo on the east, to Kapala
ma on the west, and from the sea to
Nuuanu." Kewalo was a house built
by the King, and was located "on the
right of the road leading to Waiki
ki." Kapalama was a district com
mencing "twenty rods beyond the
creek, toward the west." There were
in Honolulu at that time 250 Ameri
cans, 100 British, 40 Chinese, and a
few scattering Portuguese, Spanish
There were eleven mercantile estab
lishments, a cigar maker, one watch
maker, several Bhoe makers, one har
ness and saddle maker, several black
smiths, several bricklayers and a num
ber of tailors. There were two print
ing offices, one of which was owned
by the missionaries, and one by the
"Sandwich Island Gazette."
The public buildings included the
Mariner's Church, the Oahu Charity
School House, and the Native Chapel.
City's Area Restricted
The town was described as being
"three quarters of a mile long by a
half of a mile wide." The native
houses were constructed principally
of upright poles, and a light frame
work, which was covered with dried
grass, of which material the roof was
During 1837 there had been exact
ly one hundred arrivals of ships. Of
these Blxty-seven were whaling ves
ships. Sandwich Island Gazette
There was one weekly paper, the
Weekly Gazette, which was edited by
S. D. Mackintosh. The school under
the charge of Mr. and Mrs. Cooke, had
an attendance of 225, while the school
tanght by Rev. L. Smith had an at
tendance of 220.
Wreck of Japanese Junk
The book contains a very interest
ing account of the Japanese vessel
which had been blown to sea and buf
feted by storms until it reached the
harbor at Waialua, in December of
1832. The article was written by J.
S. Emerson, of Waialua. The Junk
had left one of the southern islands
of the Japanese group, bound for Jed
do, with a cargo of dried fish. A ty
phoon came up, and the junk was
driven to sea with very little water,
very little food, and no charts. They
did have a compass, but had no means
of determining where they were-by
the time the storm subsided, as
they were without even a sextant.
There were nine men aboard when
the vessel left harbor, but the food
was soon exhasted, and the water
lasted less than a week. After that
they were compelled to depend for
water entirely upon the rainfall,
which was often light and infrequent.
The vessel was unfit for deep water
sailing, but the mariners managed
to keep her afloat. They steered with
an oar. They were buffeted by storms
and knew not whither to sail. They
finally decided to sail toward the
rising sun, on the theory that such a
course would eventually bring them
to land. They were at sea a few days
less than a year. During that time
five of them died.
On the last Sabbath in December,
1832, they sighted Oahu, and came to
anchor that evening In' the harbor of
Waialua. They remained there five
days, and were well taken cart of by
the natives, who declared that If a
vessel from Japan could ba blown to
sea and reach Hawaii, the Hawaiians
must have come in the first place from
Japan or some point in Asia.
There was a Chinese sailor at
Waialua, who thought he could pilot
the vesel to Honolulu. He endeavor
ed to do so, but after having been at
sea two days, the vessel was cast
ashore at Barber's Point, on Janu
anry 1, 1833. The junk and its en
tire cargo was lost, though the crew
managed to reach shore. The vessel
was becalmed, and drifted helplessly
onto the rocks. The men were taken
to Hononlulu, where they remained
about eighteen months. They were fi
nally forwarded to Kamschatka thro
the generosity of W. French.
Another Japanese Wreck
Shortly thereafter another Japan
ese junk was wrecked on the coast of
British Columbia, where all the crew
except three were killed by the In
dians. These three were subsequently
brought to Honolulu, and were ship
ped thence to England, from where
they subsequently sailed to Canton,
and from there reached Japan.
We hope to print further excerpts
from the work from time to time.
The articles were all written by
men who took an active part in the de
velopment of the Islands. Mention of
the articles and their authors reads
like a page from the history of Hawaii.
Among the articles and the writers
of them in this volume may be men
tioned the folowlng:
Names of Noted Pioneers
Introductory Observations, by P. A.
Brinsbade of Honolulu; A Sketch of
Marquesan character, by Richard Arm
strong, of Wailukji, Maui; Marquesan
and Hawaiian Dialects, by William P.
Alexander, of Waioli, Maui; The Oahu
Charity School, by John Diell, Honolu
lu; Female Education at the Sandwich
Islands, by J. S. Green, Wailuku; An
Account of the Russians on Kauai, by
Samuel Whitney, Waimea, Kauai; De
crease of Population, Artemas Bishop,
Ewa, Oahu; Sketches of Kauai, by J.
J. Jarves, Boston; Foreign Correspond
ence, R. Tinker, Honolulu; Phenomena
in the Tides, T. Charles Byde Rooke,
Honolulu; Physico-geognostic Sketch
of Oahu, Meredith Gardner, M. D.; Cli-1
mate of the Sandwich Islands, Gerritt
P. Judd, M. D., Honolulu; The Conver
sion of the World, J. S. Green.Walluku;
Poem, R. Tinker, Honolulu; Sketch of
Christmas Island, by Captain George
Benson, of the wbaleshlp Briton; Re
sources of the Hawaiian Islands, Wil
liam Ladd, Honolulu; Foreign Mis
sions, H. Bingham, Honolulu; Sketch
of Honolulu, John Diell; The Great
Crater of Mauna Loa, David Douglas;
Christian Enterprise, Lorrln Andrews,
Lahalnaluna; Christmas Island, F. H.
Tresillan, M. D.; Climate and Diseases
of the Hawaiian Islands, Alonzo Cha
pin, M. D. ; Appeal to the Creation, a
hymn by H. Bingham; Influence of
Christianity, Artemas Bishop, Ewa, Oa
hu; Origin of the Polynesian Tribes,
Richard Armstrong, Wailuku; Story of
the Shipwrecked Japanese, by J. S.
Emerson of Waialua, Oahu; Commerce,
John Diell; Introduction of the Gospel
to the Northwest Coast of North Amer
ica, H. Bingham; Mission Seminary at
Lahalnaluna, E. W. Clark, Instructor;
Common Schools at the Sandwich Isl
ands, Edwin O. Hall; Peculiarities of
the Hawaiian Language, Lorrln Andrews.
Takes Boys on Hikes
William L. Serrao, instructor in the
Lihue government school, Jias been
taking the manual training class, of
which he has charge, on Saturday
hikes to the various surrounding locali
ties of Interest. He took them once
to Isenberg's Mountain House, and
thence to the extinct crater of Kilo
hana. This the boys descended, and
examined with Interest. The next
Saturday he took them to the Wallua
Falls, and to the hills beyond. Last
Saturday they went to Niumala and
Huleia. He finds much of interest
and Instruction to tell them about.
Col. Tang Chi and Commander T. C.
Llo, two Chinese officials who were in
Honolulu last week en route to China,
report that China will send one hun
dred thousand Chinese regular troops
to France. Forty thousand of these,
they said, would be engineers. There
are already in France sixty-five thous
and Chinese laborers.
Federal Tires are good tires, and
give good service. Prices are reason
able. McBryde Store, Agents for
County Treasurer's Report
County Treasurer A. G. Kaulukou
has recently made a very Instructive
report, showing the amount received
by the county for licenses issued. The
receipts during the past nine years
were as follows (exclusive of liquor
licenses, which aggregated seven
thousand dollars per year) : For 1909,
$10,661.07; 1910, $10,871.76; 1911, $12,
236.46; 1912, 12.469.20; 1913, $12,496.
05; 1914, $13,237.60; 1915, $13,660.87;
1916, $13,858.00; 1917, $15,349.85.
This has been collected at much
less expense than incurred In some
of the other islands. The usual cus
tom is for the tax collector to travel
from place to place to collect the
taxes. Kaulukou, however, made ar
rangements with the deputy sheriffs
in each district, so that they could
co-operate with him. This resulted
in the saving of considerable money
for the county.
Not only was the collection of
license fees thus greatly facilitated,
but the collection increased over that
of the previous year in the sum of
$1,491.85, but the travelling expense
was saved thereby.
There are now 1380 licensees in the
county, and there are twenty-eight
different kind of licenses issued.
These Include licenses for auctioneers,
bakers, barbers, butcher shops, slaugh
ter houses, billiard halls, collection
agencies, drays and wagons, drivers,
dyers and cleaners, farriers, fishing,
food products, garages, hotels, laund
ries, livery stables, merchandise deal
ers, milk dealers, notaries public, cake
peddlers, merchandise peddlers, pork
sellers, public entertainments, restau
rants, and tobacco dealers.
These aggregated for the Waimea
district, of which W. O. Crowell, the
Deputy Sheriff, acted as collector,
the sum of $4,386.90. For the Koloa
district, of which Deputy Sheriff J.
Naleimaile was collector, the sum of
$1,859.20. For Lihue, of which dis
trict the County Treasurer was col
lector, the sum of $7,093.90. For Ka
waihau, of which district Deputy
Sheriff J. Hano was collector, the sum
of $449.05. For Hanalei, where Wm.
Werner, the Deputy Sheriff, acted as
collector, the sum of $706.90. This
made the aggregate sum of $15,349.85.
Miss Tabu White Flour is a very
popular guest on Kauai. She has en
tree to the best families.
Live Auto Dealers
In these days, a man who doesn't
keep up with with the procession will
get left. In our grandfather's days,
people traveled across the plains with
ox teams. The trip consumed from
three to seven months. Now we ride
across the continent in a palace car n
five days, and make enough during the
remainder of the seven months to buy
an expensive auto, perhaps.
In pioneer days on Kauai, storekeep
ers were compelled to haul their sup
plies long distances, either with
horses or oxen. Now, without ex
ception, they use power trucks, and
find their use profitable.
This is an age of progress. It is the
day of the telephone, the wireless, fast
trains, fast steamers, and speedy
motor cars. The business man who
does not take advantage of these busi
ness promoters, is left in the race for
supremacy. No one can afford to be
without a car, from the business stand
point, to say nothing of pleasure.
And they are few indeed who can
not afford to own a car.
The advertisement of the Waimea
Garage, published in another column,
contains much of interest to every
car owner and prospective owner.
The Waimea Garage has taken over
the agency for the Schuman Carriage
Company of Honolulu, and now has on
sale a list of cars sufficiently extensive
to meet the wants of every one.
The automobile trade on Kauai is
growing by leaps and bounds, and the
Waimea Garage is preparing to meet
all possible demands. They now have
more than a dozen new cars on hand,
and will soon have more.
The British steamer Calgarian was
torpedoed and sunk by a German sub
marine near the spot where the Tusca
nia went down. The Calgarian was
a new and costly vessel. She was
built by a Glasgow firm, and was regis
tered at 17,515 tons. Two officers and
forty-six men were loot, and 500 were
rescued. The vessel did not sink read
ily, and was torpedoed four times.
Secretary McAdoo states that the
next Liberty Loan campaign will open
on April 6th. The amount for which
the government will ask, and the
amount it will pay for the use of the
money, have not thus, far been dis
No Hill Too Steep,
No Sand Too Deep.
The Waimea Garage
Is Prepared to Sell Any
Of the Following Autos
No Clutches To Slip,
No GearsThat Will Strip
To Responsible Parties on Easy Terms
Price List of Automobiles and Trucks.
Are Harbingers of Business.
Boost for Good Roads early and late.
the Spot. Do it Today.
Tomorrow may be too awful late.
Autos Save Time.
Buy an Auto, of course.
Sure, buy it from the Waimea Garage.
The Egyptians plowed
With a Wooden Plow. But
You can't afford to do so. Don't
try to keep up with the procession by
using slow teams and ppor conveyance.
"S" Cvl. 7-pass. Touring 1750.00
"S" Cvl. 4-pass. Touring 1750.00
"37" O-Cvl. 5-pass. Touring 1450.00
"37" O-Cyl. Roadster 1430.00
5-pass. Touring 1050.00
7-pass. Touring 1825.00
2-pass. Roadster 1775.00
5-pass. Touring 1250.00
2-pass. Roadster i250,00
"8" Cvl. 4-pass. Touring 2000.00
"S" Cvl. 7-pass. Touring 2000.00
With wire wheels 3050.00
"1" Cyl. 5-pass. Touring 1745.00
5-pass. Touring 2405.00
2 pass. Roadster 2355.00
4-pass. Roadster , 2405.00
"00" Touring , 1035.00
"!I0" 4-pass. C. C 1075.00
"83-4" BT Touring 1225.00
"80- T 4-pass 1015.00
"80-0" T.L.II. 7-pass , 1015.00
HUDSON SUPER SIX:
7-pass Touring 2310.00
7-pass. Sedan k 2S10.00
4-pass. Speedster , 2110.00
(Wire wheels $125.00 extra with -ar. sold sepa
"38" 5 pass. Touring or Roadster 5350.00
"48" 7-pass Touring (i050.00
"48" Roadster ; k. ...5050.00
"M" 7-pass. Touring ,....7050.00
RROWN TRUCK UNIT: v
1 ton Attaehinent for Ford-Ralston Drive 425.00
For Attaching 25.00
MARMOX : "34" '
5-pass. Touring 1050.00
WHITE PASSENOER CARS :
HJ-vhlve 7-pass. 4-cyl. Touring 5000.00
1500-lb. Chassis 2580.00
lV2-ton Chassis 3050.00
3-ton Chassis 4525.00
5-ton with Body and Tower Dump 0070.00
Good Roads Truck with Body, Power Dump and
(ieyl. motor (5700.00
-ton Dispatch with body, top and solid or
pneumatic tires 1225.00
1- ton Chassis 14.S5.00
iy2 ton Chassis 1S00.00
2- ton Chassis 2200.00
-ton Dispatch with full panel body 1273.00
1- ton Chassis 2070.00
lVi-ton Chassis 2750.00
2- ton Chassis 2840.00
aVfe-ttm Chassis 3025.00
5-ton Chassis 4835.00
EXTEND A FORI) ATTACHMENT:
Lengthens Ford Frame 30-inchcs 00.00
For Attaching 25.00
FEXDERS MADE TO ORDER:
Ford Front 1
Always ted to Insure Prosperity.
It Is i
No longer a
Question of Distance.
Autos have annihilated Distance.
Autos are now ,
Built like a Watch.
You wouldn't put crude
oil on your Watch, would you?
Use for your auto the best oil only.
Ask Oliver about it. He knows.
Ford Rear Pair
214-ton to 3ton Non-Reversible.
2ij-ton to 3-ton Reversible
Crossed the Plains with
Oxteams In say seven months.
We use Palace Cars, and get there
In Five Days. And It pays to do it.
You can't afford to use old methods.
Note All prices subject to raise without notice.
Were not ashamed of
our prices. Were proud
Get Your Gasoline Here
No repairs too difficult.
R. N. OLIVER, Mgr. M supply of
W. O. CROWELL, Prop.