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THE GARDEN ISLAND, TUESDAY, APRIL 16, 1918
THE GARDEN ISLAND
Issued Every Tuesday Morning
KKNNKTH C. HOPPER .......... .Managing Editor
THE PRICE OF, SUGAR
"Facta About Sugar" publishes a
very fair minded editorial under the
above caption which Is significant for
these Islands, and which makes this
The dominant purpose of the Food
Administration control of the price of
sugar Is two-fold; first to effect econ
omies for consumers by elimination
of speculation and profiteering; sec
ond, to provide a return to producers
sufficient to stimulate production.
I'nciuestionably the former of these
two purposes bus been accomplished.
The American people have continued
to obtain sugar at a lower price than
the residents of any other Important
sugar using country, and at a price
lower relatively than any other essen
tial food commodity. Probably a sum
of one hundred million dollars has
been saved to the American people by
means of this price control. This Is
a very satisfactory result bo far, but
when we come to consider the second
purpose, the stimulation of production.
the outlook is much less satisfactory
Instead of an Increase of production
there Is every prospect that the com
ing sugar crop for the United States
will show a material decline, unless
some unexpected miracle of weather
conditions comes to the help of the
Because of the comparatively low
prices great numbers of the beet
sugar farmers have turned to other
crops such as cotton, beans, cereals
etc., which promises larger returns.
Advancing prices of labor and ma
terlals entering into the production of
sugar have cut into the profits of -the
business so badly that at least 20 pel
cent of the companies engaged in
Bugar production will fail to make u
profit or even have to face serious
loss that in some cases will mew rain
In view of these facts, which we
understand are not disputed, and n
view of the comparatively low price
s'andard set for sugar, it would seem
as though an additional cent of .r:ce
might be conceded to so esserth.l an
article of food, without severely bur
doning anybody, and that then an
adequate supply of sugar might be
assured for ourselves and our Allies,
General Pershing has Issued an
order to the members of the American
Expeditionary Force which it would
be well for every American at home to
read, mark, learn and inwardly digest.
It reads thus:
Never trust any one who asks ques
tions of a military character or who
seems to be much interested In ques
tions of such a nature, even though
such a person appears to be an Ameri
Any man, woman, or child, or even
a man wearing the uniform of an
American, or In the uniform of a
soldier of the allied armies, can be
In fact, say nothing that you would
not wish to reach the ears of the
enemy. And for this same reason
never enter into any correspondence
with an unknown person, for this is
one of the chief means used by the
enemy to procure information.
In the streets and in public places
do not fail to remember that the very
walls have ears. Therefore do not
express your opinion upon any mili
tary question or even on the war In
Don't give the impression of a pes
simistic view of the situation either
by word or action, and always have
confidence in the success of our army
and of our cause.
The last paragraph in particular
should be taken to heart by every
loyal citizen. Pessimism accomplishes
nothing. Confidence in a righteous
cause, exprest In action, will move the
earth. The Independent.
We are informed on very good
authority that legal provision has been
made to protect the good name of the
Red Cross and the confidence of the
public in the same. Hereafter every
p:iy entertainment purporting to be
given for the benefit of the Red Cross
must be approved in advance by the
proper authority representing that
This authority, for the Island of
Kauai, is vested in Mr. V. D. Mcliryde,
to whom all applications should come
in writing. Any such enterl Inment
given without complying with this
requirement, may expose the promot
ers to a line of $25.00 for every ticket
Of course-the object of this pro
vision is not to discourage public
spirited people who want to help the
Red Cross, but to protect an honest
and generous public from imposition
and exploitation by designing crooks
who are masquerading tor their own
benefit under the -name of a great
and popular organization.
We are in receipt of a circular
questionaire from the Committee on
Public Information in Washington,
seeking Information as to what work,
if any, is being done in the line of
Instructing foreign-born residents in
the English language, and in civics;
in the line of developing an American
solidarty and unity among the differ
ent clashes In the community and
fostering a common loyalty among
them; and in the line of counteracting
anti-American propaganda and alien
We will be able to make a half way
creditable showing in our answers to
these questions in that more or less
work of this kind is being done in
The public schools do good work In
the teaching of English and civics.
The night schools in the various com
munities are doing work along the
same line for those who have passed
the school age. The various
church and mission activities and the
Y. M. C. A. are endeavoring to build
up a larger sense of brotherhood
among all classes. The social service
work that is being done by individuals
and by the community nurse under the
auspices of the Mokihana Club, is of
great value in drawing together the
different classes and stimulating com
munity fellowship. The work of the
Food Conservation Committees, of the
Red Cross, and of the various drives
for patriotic purposes, all these are
stimulating agencies to Impress the
fact that we are members one of an
other, that we have got to pull to
gether, and that we are all Amer'cai.s
and must stand together and do our
duty in these days of Nation:..! need
A TIMELY SERVICE
Very commendable work is being
done by the National Defense As
sociation in Honolulu in the way of
running down irresponsible charges
of disloyalty or disaffection to the
flag; charges that, whether prompted
by a spirit of Idle gossip or some- more
milicious animus, may be utterly un
just and extremely detrimental.
l nere are some persons so un
scrupulous that they will be glad to
take advantage of the present in
(Unliable condition of public sentiment
to even up old scores, or start new
ones, by sowing on the winds of gos
sip some utterly unfounded charge of
disloyalty, trusting that it will do its
cowardly work without involving -Is
No man, however innocent and how
ever loyal, is safe from this sort of
The provision which insists that all
charges be made in writing, duly sign
ed by the complainant, and that all
charges, as for as possible, shall bo
run down to a responsible source, will
do much to clear the air, and make
people careful about what they say.
BUY A BOND
Home Ground Corn Meal
Several of the local merchants with
commendable enterprise and prevision
have equipped themselves for the
local manufacture of corn meal by in
stalling small power mills for grind
ing the corn either home grown or
The first of these, it is said, was the
Kapaia Store, followed shortly by
Kealia Store and Makaweli Store.
Of these, the Kealia Store seems to be
best equipped, at least in capacity,
since they report that they can turn
out one hundred pounds an hour.
In order to produce a fine, smooth,
delicate article, they all find it neces
sary to grind the meal three times
over. Thus ground, it is a most
palatable, even delicious, article of
food, the excellence of which deserves
to be much more widely known.
These millers find that the home
grown corn does not grind nearly as
well as the Imported; that it is not
dry enough and gums up the mill.
Doubtless it should be kiln dried.
BUY A BOND
WHY WE ARE ALL AFRAID
How the Allies Meet
the Submarine Problem
Nearly every one of us has some pe
culiar fear something which continu
ally grips us and keeps us in dread.
Some fear thunderstorms, some are
afraid to meet people there are a
hundred and one other phases.
It Is possible to banish theso fears
by a process now known as Psycho
analysis. This is rather a fearsome
name in itself. But II. Addington
Bruce, In the February Harper's Ba
zaar, shows that Psycho-analysis Is
nothing but a common sense way of
ridding people of their fears.
BUY A BOND
Let every German-American on
Kauai show where he stands by put
ting every cent he can possibly raise
into Liberty Loan Bonds.
The solution of the submarine prob
lem, in so far as It has been approxi
mated, has depended 'on keeping at
the old tactics rather than develop
ing something new. Ever since thr
beginning of the war the British hav
guarded a highway for troopships and
supply barges across the Channel. In
the language of Mr. Pollen, they have
"canalized" a route. Aeroplanes dart
back and forth overhead, nets and
mines fence foff the 'route from be
neath, and destroyers act as patrols
on either hand. Thanks to the ex
traordinary precautions, not a ship or
a man has been lost in the crossing.
Similarly, by heavy escort of cruisers
and destroyers, Canadian troopships
have made the long crossing from
Halifax without loss, and we are to
day following the same method with
regard to our own. The sinking of
the "Tuscania," however, is evidence
that even the best convoy system Is
not invulnerable. At all events, ruth
less submarine warfare means that
the method that has protected troop
ships must be extended to all mer
chantmen; otherwise for every vessel
actually sunk, nine would keep away
for fear of the same fate, and Eng
land's "splendid isolation" would be
come a grim jest indeed.
This system of convoy is only a
defensive measure. For offensive
tactics more destroyers are needed
in order to throw a net of swift scouts
over the entire North Sea and the
waters west and south of the British
Isles. Farragut's famous saying, "the
best defense -against an enemy's fire is
a well-sustained fire from your own
guns," embodies a vital principal of
naval warefare; namely, that any
scheme of defense must be based on
offensive tactics. To defeat the out
law submarine it is not enough to try
to Bhield the merchant ships from at
tack ; it is imperative that the hunters
themselves be hunted down.
All the burden of this campaign
against the outlaw U-boat falls upon
the swift, light vessels of the fleet,
primarily the destroyers. For defen
sive tactics, screening the fleet, trans
ports, merchantmen, or for offensive
tactics, blockading the coast or pur
suing the submarine, the need is
always for destroyers. Not even the
largest navy in the world could supply
these vessels in any adequate numbers
to meet the crisis. It was an impos
sible task, but the British navy had
to grapple with it because it was a
matter of life or death.
Although Entente and American
newspapers maintained a "Pollyanna"
optimism while the sinking went on,
it is no secret now that the campaign
was steadily going against the British
at the time the United States declared
war. And if our allies had had to
wait for us to improvise a navy as
they are still waiting for us to Impro
vise an army, it is not unlikely that
Kultur would by this time he riding
the neck of civilization. Fortunately
we were able to send at once a squad
ron of precisely the kind of vessels
needed the destroyers. It is for
bidden to state just how large that
force was then or is now, but it ar
rived on the scene opportunely as the
hero in melodrama; and it Implies
neither criticism of the English nor
glorification of the Americans to say
that, these American destroyers turned
the scale. It was like the arrival of
Blucher on the field of Waterloo after
the heroic all-day resistance of the
Here, then, is the influence of the
outlaw submarine on the Immediate
future of our navy. Having been the
cause of bringing that navy upon the
battlefield, it also supplies its instant
and pressing task. New and swifter
dostroyers must be as in fact they
are launched and commissioned as
as fust as possible. Meanwhile, many
of the British patrol ships have been
The New Steamer Schedule
Effective April 1st, 1918, and until
further notice, the following schedule
to and from the Island of Kauai will
"MAUNA LOA" Monday, 5 P. M.
for Koloa, Nawiliwili and Ahukinl.
"KINAU" Tuesday, 5 P. M.. for
Nawiliwili, Port Allen, Makaweli
"MAUNA LOA" Thursday. 5 P. M.
for Waimea and (or) Makaweli.
KINAU" Friday 5 P. M. for
Nawiliwili and Ahukinl.
"MAUNA LOA" Wednesday. 5 P. M.
"KINAU" Thursday, 5 P. M., from
"MAUNA LOA" Friday, 5 P. M. from
Waimea aud (or) Makaweli.
"KINAU" Saturday. 5 P. M.. from
INTER ISLAND STEAM
NAVIGATION CO., LTD.
Hnolulu. T. H.,
racked by long sea duty from which
they could not be spared, have, since
the arrival of the American flotilla,
been well overhauled and have taken
the sea again in fresh trim. Destroy
er officers, returning to this country,
speak ot the campaign against the U
boat with a Confident ring, and we
have a right to believe that this last
ace that Von Tirpltz produced from
his sleeve will be trumped. Whatever
happens on land, the Germans have
nothing else with which to threaten
the Allied control of the sea, and In
the last analysis they must make
terms with sea power. M. O. Stevens,
in Yale Review.
STATEMENT OF THE OWNERSHIP,
ETC., REQUIRED BY THE ACT
OF AUGUST 24, 1912,
of the Garden Island, published week
ly at Lihue, Hawaii, for April, 1918.
Editor, H. E. Boothby, Lihue, Hawaii.
Managing Editor, K. C. Hpoper,
Managing Editor, K. C. Hopper
Publisher, The Garden Island Pub
lishing Co., Ltd.
Owners: E. A. Knudsen, Kekaha,
Hawaii; S. W. Wilcox, Lihue, Hawaii;
A. F. Knudsen, Kekaha, Hawaii; Aub
rey Robinson, Makaweli, Hawaii; T.
Brandt, Waimea, Hawaii; W. H. Rice,
Lihue, Hawaii; K. C. Hopper, Lihue,
Hawaii; Anna C. Wilcox, Lihue, Ha
waii; C. A. Rice, Lihue, Hawaii; G .N.
Wilcox, Lihue, Hawaii; Francis Gay,
Makaweli, Hawaii; A. S. Wilcox, Li
hue, Hawaii; H. P. Faye, Kekaha, Ha
waii; Est. H. Isenberg, Lihue. Hawaii;
R. P. Spalding, Kealia, Hawaii; Annie
S. Knudsen, Kekaha, Hawaii; Mabel
I. Wilcox, France; Elsie H. Wilcox,
K. C. HOPPER,
Sworn to and subscribed before me
this 1st day of April, 1918.
A. G. KAULUKOU,
Notary Public, Fifth Judicial
Circuit, T. H.
(My commission expires June 30, 1918)
A Thrift Stamp a day keeps the
1 can Liquid Gloss
"The House of Housewares"
63-65 King St.
"We have not studied
cost nor economy as
we should, either as
organizers of indus
try, statesmen, or as
But there is yet time
to start to save and
that time is NOW.
Bishop & Company
Theo. H. Davies & Co., Ltd.
HONOLULU and HILO
Sugar Factors and Commission Merchants
IMPORTERS OF GENERAL MERCHANDISE
BuiKlcrV Hardware Crockery UlauMvare Silverware
Sorting ionlH FM.ing Tackle Firearms Animuniti.ni
Safes Hefrigeratoi 8'rk I'lng Flashlight
Varnishes Brushes Oil" Ureases
Saddlery Hoofing Trunks 'Suit Cases
Fancy and Staple Lines, Fce.l, etc.
Toilet Supplies Stationery
Writers of Fire, Marine, Compensation, Automobile an.l Miscellaneous
Cuna.lian-AuHtralian Koyal Mail Steamship Line
Upon application information will Ik- cheerfully furnished in regard to any
of our lilies in w hich you may lie interested.
Specially designed for growing feet. Flexihlr
soles, flat Heels formed to the natural shape of the
Manufacturers' Shoe Store
J. I. SILVA, Prop.
ONE of the LEADING HOUSES for all kinds of DRY
GOODS, BOOTS & SHOES, MEN'S FURNISHINGS.
CIGARS & TOBACCOS and NOTIONS of every description.
FOR WINE, -BEER and'OTIIER LIQUORS, Ring Up 73 W.
Main office, Eleele. Kauai. Tel. 7 1 W.
O Not. EsU. Added ThlcknenoJlWl
rfiSft mkmi?e m ne Tire A" advantage!
St Th l ,on snd 1Waed Trel Types
Bear. Flat on the GrounJ.Ther.
w2L f!" knobs or Uneven Surfaces
Kecognijed Cause, of Fabric Separation in so
nuny Hubber Nou-Skids.
Thie it the New Tire Everyone U Talking Aboul
Mrs. J. A. H..gg, I'ropri.t.ir.
LONE QUALITY ONLY-ThTbIsT1
March 27, 1918. 3t.