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THE GARDEN ISLAND, TUESDAY, APRIL .TO. 1!)18.
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Fort Street. Honokikj
"We have not studied
cost nor economy as
we should, either as
organizers of indus
try, statesmen, or as
But there is yet time
to start to save and
that time is NOW.
ji ji jt
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mill yarn ffijffcggPgJ
Go back to the simple life, be con
tented with simple food, Biinple plea
sures, simple clothes. Work hard,
pray hard, play hard. Work, eat, re
reate, sleep. Do it all courageously.
We have a victory to win. Hoover.
' - " " "
r: . '. ' . ;. '' - ."'
MARY BECKERT, THE CHARMING YOUNG GIRL WHO DIED ON
APRIL 11TH, AT HER HOME AT POKAKII, LIHUE
What Shall we do
With our Criminals
By C. B. Hofgaard
It must have come to all men whose
place it is to sit in judgement of his
fellows, and it may have come to many
others, that at times the man senten
ced is more sinned against than sin
ning. So very often it comes to me.
the great distinction between misfor
tune and fault. No man should be
punished for his misfortune; he should
be helped Jo make his misfortune less
hard to bear. Many people do not
draw a distinct line between fault arid
misfortune, to illustrate: a horse trad
er sold a man a horse and "guaranteed
the horse had no faults." A couple of
days later the purchaser brought back
the horse and wanted his money back,
because the animal was not as guar
anteed, towit: "without fault." What
fault has the horse?" asked the horse
trader. "Why, he is blind in one eye"
said the purchaser." You cannot pos
sibly call that a fault, it Is the horse's
misfortune, that he became blind"
maintained the horse-trader, and lit
erally he was right. It is just so. We
so often cafl it a fault with a man, that
he drinks, he steals and commits other
crimes, while in truth and in fact he
can no more help it, than the horse
could help being blind.
We have progressed in the treat
ment of our sick, our insane and our
idiots and imbeciles. We do not kill
our sick, we do not put the insane in
chains any more and we do not hold
up to ridicule our imbeciles. We have
laws prohibiting parents from treat
ing their children with inhumanity,
but we are still 'wanting in our treat
ment of certain classes of criminals
and particularly our wayward child
ren. That a child is wayward is as a
rule the child's misfortune and not its
fault. Very often when a young per
son stands convicted of some offense,
I very often feel, that the proper per
son to punish would be the father or
the mother, if there should be given
any punishment at all. For instance,
there is no justice in punishing a child
for truancy, when the parents were
both sleeping off last night's dissi
pation and did not see. about getting
the child some breakfast and getting
it off to school. I have had some cas
es of this nature. Such parents should
be sent to some place for inebriates
and the child probably given to some
respectable, responsible people to
raise. Now, suppose this boy stays
with his parents till grown up, what
kind of a man has he a chance of be
coming? If that boy becomes a crimi
nal, is it his fault? It is not. It is his
misfortune. He was the son of dis
sipated parents, alcoholics, feeble
minded and probably he is feeble
minded, but the police and the courts
have no adequate means of dealing
with the case.
The great Chinese reformer Con
fucius is believed to Ivive been boYn
in the year 551 1$. C. From his youth
he was a great student of means to
serve the moral welfare of the people
and at thirty he was famous and had
pupils of high rank from every part
of the country. He became a judge in
a part of China, and it is said that he
nearly put an end to crime altogether,
lie was very much opposed to the ex
ecution of people, to whom the state
had not done its duty in their youth,
and when a follower asked him, how
good government was to be obtained,
he said, "we must beware first of all
omitting to instruct the people and in
dieting punishment on them which
means cruel tyranny." After two
thousand five hundred years we are
just beginning to learn in America,
that Confucius was right. Hitherto
we have terribly neglected our young
boys ro girls, just after they left
school, and then when they did wrong
have punished them cruelly usually
with the result of confirming them in
wrong doing. Itut this, as Confucius
says, is cruel tyranny; and in such
matters we are beginning to follow
the principle laid down by Confucius,
who lived over two thousand years be
fore Columbus discovered America.
We have no definite means of es
timating a person's mental capacity
and have not yet absolute tests and
possibly never will have, but the
French physician liinet has construct
ed a scale, that is very good, based
on certain qualifications, for Instance:
An average child of three years will
point to his nose, his eyes, mouth, and
ears when asked to do so. He will re
per.t two numerals, he will enumerate
the principal objects in a picture, will
give his name, will repeat a simple
sentance of five words.
Increasing the test from year to
A normal child of twelve years will
repeat seven numerals, tell what
words rhyme with others such as
words rhyming on simple words like
dog, tree, hook, etc., he will repeat a
sentance of tweffty-four words, he will
will complete the meaning of an in
complete sentance of divers facts, he
will resist suggestions iiv respect to
length of lines in relation to each oth
er. The tests of Binet have of course
been modified by a number of psycol
ogists in different parts of the world,
but the Binet tests must noCbe taken
as absolutely corect, but used in con
nection with common sense methods
of observation, they assist materially
in estimating the mentality of a crim
inal and are very useful in estimating
the mentality of children.
If therefore a criminal has repeat
edly committed crunes, which show a
low mentality according to common
sense standards and that criminal is
put under the Binet test and shows by
such tests to be incompetent with the
mentality of a nine year old child, it
is obviously injust to imprison him,
us children are not imprisoned, but
t-c-nt to school of correctiou or some
The question arises however. Wrhat
is the right thing to do for a man of
35 with the mind of a child of nine
and who has on account of his feeble
mindedness committed crimes? Ques
tions of this kind need the advise and
recommendation of a physician, who
has made a study of kind of subjects.
In order to treat such cases right we
must find out:
1. To what degree does deficiency
2. How much further developpment
may lie expected?
3. What sort of education, custody
or treatment should be administered,
so as to have the subject and the sub
ject and the community benefitted..
The advise of physicians is absol
utely necessary for handling such peo
In many parts of the United States
and Europe they now have, a physic
ian connected with the Police Court,
and in other places they have a board
for examining not only criminals but
school-children as well. We should
have such a physician or board in
Honolulu, to whom the Juvenile Court
and Police Courts could refer cases,
where the courts may be in doubt a
bout its course. Such examiner or
IxHR'd might act as adviser to all the
courts of the Territory. The Court
could get all the testimony and gather
up all the reliable information to be
had, submit the information and the
defendant to the Criminology Physic
ian or Board, get their opinion and
then pass sentance.
The Army and Navy has made a be
ginning in the use of tests as a means
of estimating the intelligence and
judgement of enlisting men.
As stated before many cities and
counties have such examining board
or Physician connectedwith the Juv
enile Court. Lelaand Stanford Jr.
University maintains a clinic for ex
amining children, who came from the
Associated Charities. Los Angeles
has its Medical Psycologist of the
Juvenile Court, Dr. E. B. Hoag, who
during the summer session last year
gave a set of lectures on this subject
at the University of California. In
public anil private institutions for de
fectives the examinations outlined a
bove are coming in use as a routine
proceeduie in classifying degrees of
defectiveness, and to day the school
for defectives, which has no provis
ions for clinical psycology does not
deserve the full respect of the public,
and in all these examinations the BiU'
ft scale holds an important place.
I think, the next legislature should
make provisions for establishing such
examination of all children of our
schools, who show low mentality or
any extraordinary trait, as such child
with the assistance of such examining
board or physician would give would
give it a chance to get particular train
ing and become better fitted to take
up the battle of life, keep people out
of courts, reformatory schools and
Jails and enable judges to deal more
justly with them.
s e s s ti e
thrillir.cf ana sincere ftiarx.
uayaRawa has ever dons
TIP TOP THEATER t
Tuesday, April 30
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'The Son Of His Father"
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DO YOU KNOW?
It's a wise woman who knows how
much six ounces of wheat really
amounts to. If just for once we
weighed the ingredients of everything
we made, and everything which went
on the table, the truth would amaze
It has been estimated that if each
individual ules not more than Bix
ounces of wheat per day the amount
saved will go far towards supplying
the lack in Europe. We knowvin ai
vague way that a one pound loaf of
bread contains practically of a
pound of flour or 12 ounces.
1 cup cooked hominy
1 teaspoon salt
IVi tablespoons shortening
2 cups corn flour
5 teaspoons baking powder.
Mix together hominy, salt, melted
shortening, beaten egg and milk. Add
flour which has been sifted with bak
ing powder. Beat well and bake in
greased muffin tins or shallow pan in
hot oven 25 to 30 minutes.
V2 cup melted fat
V cup molasses
cup corn sirup
6 tablespoons sour milk
2 cups corn meal
1 cup wheat flour.
Combine the melted fat, molasses,
sirup, beaten egg and milk. Sift the
dry Ingredients and combine with the
liquid. Drop from a teaspoon onto
a greaHed pan and bake in moderate
oven tor 15 minutes. This makes 55
to 60 cookies about 2 inches in dia
If I could have what the nations
waste in one day, 1 would be rich for
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