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THE GARDEN ISLAND, TUESDAY, JULY 2, 1918
THE GARDEN ISLAND
Kauai First, Last and all the time.
KENNETH C. HOPPER,
E. CHESTER ROBERTS,
JULY 2, 1918
OF the lnnking of war slogans there seems
to be no end. "Food will win the war"
nml "Sliins will win the war," have n familiar
sound to our ears. And not long ago a noted
magazine writer just back from the battle
front was quite sure that 'Tigs will win the
war", because of the great importanee of ob
taining fats for the manufacture of munitions.
Hut no one has yet declared that "Rubber
will win the war". Yet without rubber the
successful prosecution of the war would be
well nigh impossible. Without diribible bal
loons to patrol our coasts and harbors and
hunt for submarines; kite balloons to observe
the movements of the enemy on the battle
fronts; tires and bumpers for the airplanes
that scout over the enemy's lines; tire equip
ment for motor truck transports, dispatch
bearing and machine gun motorcycles and of
ficers' automobiles; gas masks to withstand
the terrible poison gas attacks; air hose for
the pneumatic riveting hammers which play
such an important part in the construction
of ships, bridges, docks, etc., ami mechanical
rubber goods for multidudinous war uses, there
would be little hope of ever making the world
So let us coin a new phrase, " will help
win the war", for there are so many of these
things that will help vin the war, but which
would not win it alone if all the rest, were
withdrawn from its support.
EACH day adds its quota to the growing
army of American wheat abstainers.
"Total Abstainers Clubs" are being formed
in some places by those who are willing to
pledge their entire wheat ration to the Allies.
In one western state both merchants and con
sumers are offering stocks of Hour to the gov
ernment, some cities retaining two pounds of
Hour per month per capita. A large proport
ion of the parishes in Louisiana have agreed
to use no wheat until the new crop conies in.
One church congregation has adopted resol
utions pledging the entire congregation to
consume not more than three pounds per per
son per month. Prominent clubs throughout
the country, both men and women's clubs have
held patriotic meetings pledging themselves
to abstain from wheat until after the next
We are urging those who can afford to do
it to perform one of their greatest war services
by going without wheat and wheat products
in any form until the next harvest which will
be about September 1st.
Sign the pledge to day.
FEW people, indeed, in this country now
fail to realize that we are fighting a brutal
and relentless enemy. The indictment against
the Hun grows stronger ( every day. lie is
absolutely devoid of pity or chivalry. An
American correspondent reports a conversa
tion with a crippled Dritish officer who, after
a long stay in German prison pens, had been
The ollicer told of men so feeble from the
lack of food and bad conditions as to be
scarcely able to stand being forced to work at
the point of a bayonet until they dropped from
sheer weakness; of badly set gun-fractured
arms and legs; of soldiers bullied to the ac
companiment of the jeers of the German sold
iers; of the long journeys of the badly wound
ed with out relief of dressings, food, or water;
of wounded prisoners marched to exhaustion
and then shot down like dogs when they no
longer could walk; of prisoners put into
camps where typhus raged.
This is the kind of enemy we are fighting,
and this is why all of us must get down ami
put every bit of our strength back of the
Government. For one thing, we must buy only
those things necessary to maintain ourselves
in the most efficient condition. That will give
the Govcrnnieiu more labor and materials for
war purposes. And then with our savings
we must buy War Savings Stamps. That will
give the Government current funds with
which to "use labor and materials in the suc
cessful prosecution of the war. We must do
as President Wilson asks us to do in his mes
sage pledge ourselves to buy regularly of all
the Government securities. When we do this
and do whatever the Food Administration
asks in the way of food regulations then we
sliall be doing our part, that is if we are un
able to go to the front with a rifle.
THE words "sweet potato" make us expect
the potato to be sweet in flavor. And so
it is. Likewise the words "Irish potato" make
us expect the potato to be a native of Ireland.
But it isn't. Fact is, it was carried to Ireland
from our own country three hundred years
ago. But it was so universally adopted there
and so largely used as the principle food of the
peasantry, that the "white potato" became
known as the "Irish potato."
A long, long time ago the Spaniards sent to
South America and discovering the white
potato there, they sent some to their friends
in Spain. From here they were sent to Italy,
then to Belgium and finally to France. So
that the Irish potato might now well carry
the name of almost any of the Allied count
ries. Poor France will have but few potatoes
this year. Her men are too busy holding the
line to plant their fields. Her ground is to
soaked with the blood of battle, too torn with
shell holes to be of use. America has plenty of
ot a toes on hand and is ready to plant a
larger crop than this every year. Because of
their bulk ami because they sprout and spoil,
they cannot be sent abroad as easily as wheat
and the cereal grains. But every extra potato
eaten here in America will release two ounces
or more of wheat. The "Irish potato" should
become the "Allied potato" during the present
"We have got to reach the place, each one of
us, where we define every decision in our lives
as an act of war policy. Everything that we
do, plan, eat, wear, must be analyzed and
measured from one single point of view will
it contribute to its prolongation? There is
no other-thing in the world for us to do but to
define everything in our lives as acts of mili
tary necessity or policy.
. Each of us must simplify our mode of life.
Deprive yourselves and economize. Then you
are working for your country. Let those
whose material well-being is assured set an
example to render the hard privations of the
hour less grievous to their fellows.
The main duty of noucombataut Americans
briefly may be stated as follows: Increase
production, economize in consumption, lend
your savings to the Government, and hold on
to your Liberty Bonds.
There is so much insidious propaganda in
the country against food saving and increased
production. All opposition to production and
saving is direct assistance to the enemy.
We must ask sacrifices from those who give
from plenty, not from those who would have
to give from their necessities.
Some Problems of Plantation Housing
By J. M. Lydgata
Fresh air Is u cardinal necessity of
life, as vital as food, nay even more
so; we can get along a fow days
without food but a few minutes with
out air finished us.
Plenty of it is Available
Fresh air ought to be the most
easily available and the cheapest ele
ment In Nature since the world Is
literally full of it. In crowded cities
to be sure, there are limitations.
Ground space prices are prohibitive,
and buildings tower up Into the sky '
and shut out the light and air from
j I. . . 1. M .
mere may ue some excuse lor not be ed into four rooms, two large and
ing careful In the use of It. But In two small, with one small half win
the open country, and In an Ideal, dow for each room. The crumbling
mild, climate like this, there Is no shingle roof leaked so badly that the
reason why every one should not en- occupants had suspended under the
joy this common necessity of life to various leaks tins to catch the drip
the full. Yet how many people there lhat would otherwise have trickled
living conditions Is not the crowd
ing of so many people Into so small
a space, however bad that may bo.
but the deplorable lack of suitable
ventilation. Thirteen people might
sleep in even a more limited space
than this without injury If there was
a sufficient and satisfactory Bupply of
fresh air, as Is evidenced in many
school dormitories, summer camps,
etc., The deplorable lack of so many
of the houses in which people of this
class live, is the lack of windows or
other means of ventilation; and the
more deplorable shortcoming of the
people who live In them Is that they
won't use the windows and other
means of ventilation they have.
Doors and windows which are open
more or less during the day are clos
ed and barracaded at night, and the
house is shut up as tight as drum,
even in some cases to the extent of
pasting strips of paper or cloth over
any chance crevice or crack.
The dread of unknown terrors.
Why do they do this? For various
reasons. These simple people have
a most inordinate dread of the un
known enemy that walks by night;
the burglar, the (assassln, the night
prowler, or of ghosts or evil spirits,
or of some vague terror, indescribable
but none the less terrible. Or, in
common wih his more, intelligent
brother, he too is afraid of the night
air. So he shuts himself up and pro
ceeds to suffocate himself all night
The Dlsasterous Effects
It stands to reason that this sort
of thing, in the long run, must be
debilitating and Injurious to the
heatlh and vigor of the victim. The
constant breathing, over and over of
vitiated and poisoned air out of which
the lifegiving oxygen has been de
pleted and which is loaded with car
bon dioxide a poison gas is bound
to tell on vigor and vitality. The
sleeper who breaheB this heavy, vit
iated air awakes in the morning de
prived of his customary snap and
vigor, he feels more or less listless
and "done up" and trudges off to
work with heavy feet and an indif
The Dawn of a New Day
And, more and more, Intelligent
employers are coming to a realization
of this fact. During the last few
years great improvements have been
made in the living conditions of la
bor all over the Islands, and nowhere
more strikingly than in and about
So radical a reconstruction, invol
ving the rebuilding of hundreds of
houses on one plantation entails a
vast expense, especially with build
ing material at present prices.
Farthermore it cannot be done in the
twinkleing of an eye; it takes time
and calls for patient waiting. It is
reassuring that it is going forward
as fast as it is.
Are You a Red Cross Slacker?
are who stint themselves to the
point of slow suflication in this most
vital of all necessities, fresh air.
The other duy 1 ran across these
conditions, which are, to be sure,
worse than the average of plantation
the narrow canyons called streets. life, but are duplicated substatially
And in cold countries where all the j In the homes and quarters of very
fresh air has to be expensively heat- many rice planters and market gar
ed before It can be used comfortably, doners. A house 18 x 24 feet, devid-
down onto the beds. This house was
occupied by thirteen people, Koreans,
who said that they had lived there
for twelve years, and who during this
time had gathered up a considerable
amount of household material and
Junk that served very materially to
reduce the living space that they had.
The Crying Evil: The Lack
of Fresh Air.
Now the living features of such
SUPREME LESSON OF WAR
A farmer of Wolburn, Eng-
land, was recently fined $250
for permitting a stack of
wheat to be damaged by rats.
Five or six bushels had been
destroyed, and witnesses com-
puted there muBt have been
from 80 to 100 rats In the
stack. The English National
Food Journal, in commenting
on this unusual police court
proceeding, says one "of the
supreme lessons taught by
war Is that the will of the in-
dividual must be subordinated
to the good of the community,
that the food resources of the
country must be conserved,
and that farmers cannot be ex-
onerated from their responsl-
bility in this regard. Every
man must take measures to
ensure that the rat population
on his premises be kept down
to the lowest possible num-
ber. The country at this cri-
t,lcal time cannot afford hos-
pitality to such expensive
WHEAT, WHAT IS ITT
All roads to service lead to France.
A Kernal of Wheat has three parts
1. The Outer Covering, or bran,
made lip of several layers, from
which is obtained the bran, shorts and
middlings. This' is rich In important
mineral salts, but is highly cellulose.
2. The Germ, the small part of the
seed from which the new plant devel
ops. This is where the greatest
amount of fat Is stored.
3. The Endosperm, the largest
part of the kernel. It contains
nourishment used by the plant as it
begins to develop. This is mostly
starch with protein and some miner
al salts and a little fat.
Graham Flour, is made from the
entire wheat kernel without remov'
in any part.' This process gives a
White Flour is made of wheat by a
process of grinding and sifting, which
removes the outer covering and
germ. The resultant flour permits
of longer storage than flours from
which the outer covering and germ
are not removed.
The terms "Graham" and "Whole
Wheat" flour are often used inter
changeably. Graham flour is now
milled under the rules of the United
States Food Administration contains
74 per cent white flour and 26 per
cent of bran, shorts and mlddlngs.
"From what you tell me, the young
man at the head of this department
is thoroughly incompetent; yet there
must be something in his favor, other
wise he would not be retained."
"Well there is."
"What is it?"
"He is the son of a South Carolina
Henry Waterhouse Trust Co., Ltd. f
buy and sells
REAL ESTATE and
STOCKS and BONDS
and rents SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES
Fort and Merchant'Sts.
Not. Extra Ackitd TUckoMt of Ttmd
C, .The tTnuaually Heavy Long-Wearing Tread ia
Unique. Combining in One Tire All the advantages
of both the Suction and United Tread Type
C. The Tread Bears Flat on the Ground. There
Are No Projecting Knobs or Uneven Surface.
Kecognited Causes of Fabric Separation in so
many ltubber Non-Skids.
ThU is the New Tire Ey yone U Talking About
Mrs. J. A. IfnRH, Proprietor.
ONE QUALITY ONLY- THE BEST"
everything in thr
Silver and Gold Link,
Rich Cut Glass and
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P. O. Box 342 Honolulu
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and Dye Works
J. A. ABADIE, Prop.
Honolulu, T. II.
No broken points no bother
Perfect Point Pencils
Do not require sharpening,
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very useful glftfs. Can be hud in
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Price Jl to $5
Hawaiian News Co., Ltd.
Honolulu, T. II.
5. E. LUCAS
begs to announce to the Kauai
public that he will open offices
in the Rice Building, Llhue, on
Telephone 57 L.
CALIFORNIA FEED CO
Hay, Grain and Chicken
Sole Agents for
IuU'rnatioiml Stm-lc. Poultry Kiil
and other npt'ciiiltief. Arabic for
cooliny Iron Hoofs. lVtaluma In
cubators and liroodcrs.
King's Special Chick Food
P.O. Box 452. Honolulu