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THE QAUDEN ISLAND, TUESDAY, JULY 10, 1918
1 j .
Wealth Gleaned From
HOW THE ALLIES SAVE SOME
OF THE DEBRIS OF BATTLE
It Is a grain of comfort to learn
that the money spent In Btaglng a
battle Is not all quite lost. The debris
of the conflict Is not left strewn up
on the soil for tho delight of future
generations of relic-hunters, but
gathered and sorted in the mopt
systematic manner, and eventually
turned to account by the armies
themselves. An article in the Scien
tific American Supplement on "The
Junk Men of the War" tells us about
tho laborious and hazardous employ
ment of the veteran soldiers known
as "ragpickers," who work under al
most constant fire to reclaim the
hii;bly valuable wrcckngo of battle.
All kinds of old metal, Iron, Bteel,
copper, lead, bronze, and nickel has
more value today than ever before In
the world's history, and a modern
battlefield, one of these vast seas of
interlapping shell holes. Is the great
est Junk pile in existence. As the
prices of junk go nowadays It Is a
veritable gold mine to the army who
can reclaim its wonderful treasures.
Standing in the midst of such a
battlefield one sees French shells
which were not fired because the ar
tillery advanced when the. enemy
fled; German shells which have fail
ed to explode; mud caked rifles, fal
len from tho hands of the dead or
wounded or abondoned in flight, gre
nades left behind during the progress
of tho attack, damaged cannon and
other bulky weapons, helmets, pieces
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oi our noes in which you may ix liurrcsieu.
of lonthcr, pieces of clothing, debris
of every description, lying pell-mell
haphazard, on tho abondoned battle,-
field, lately all engaged, now silent
as the dead, also to be seen bere and
What becomes of this highly val
uable and huge mass of wreckage?
As this war Is largely being conduct
ed by business men on business prin
ciples, most of it Is saved. Every
army now has a large force of labor
ing men, "official rag pickers" they
have been called, who work fearlessly
under fire in France, Flanders and
Italy, in fact, on all the battle fronts,
to reclaim much of the wreckage, all
really worth keeping.
The work requires intelligence and
men who are experts In their line as
much of the debris they handle is
highly dangerous because of the im
mense amount of explosives includ
ed, which for one reason or another
have not spent themselves. So af
ter all It Is the work of brave sol
diers. Another reason experts are requir
ed is that they must to a certain ex
tent know exactly the material val
ue of the various kinds of junk dis
coveredd, so that it can be properly
sorted and classified and nothing that
is valuable cast aside, while that is
worthless la left to decay.
The men who do this work are
mostly veteran soldiers, incapacitat
ed for one reason or another for ac
tive service in the trenches. They
are In regularly organized compan-
At the break of day, immediately
after a battle, these workers may be
seen searching laboriously over the
tortured earth, exploring it, as they
go carefully along in every direction,
for treasure trove. Every now and
then they will stop when something
of considerable value has been found
and gathering in small groups they
will combine their efforts In seeing
that it is removed to the rear on
the motor trucks and wagons which
follow in their wake.
These conveyances are supplied
with hoisting devices for the lifting
of the heaviest junk, such as can
non. Besides they carry ropes and
blocks so that the salvaged material
may be safely packed on board.
The enemy is naturally on the alert
to hamper these thrifty undertak
ings as much as possible, and the
German sharp shooters neglect no
opportunity to pick off the "ragpick
ers" at their work, which is thus
spiced with considerably more dan
ger than attends the operations of
old junk dealers in our peaceful cit
The work is naturally slow, as it
can only be conducted in the uncer
tain light of the early morning and
when the evening shadows fall, and
it may take a week to clean up a
battlefield properly. In so far as is
possible a preliminary classification
is effected on the spot, that is if the
enemy is not too active to prevent
this, but It is in the rear, at the great
sorting centers, that all this highly
valuable debris for the salvage of
which men risk their lives is cleaned
and repaired and sent back to the
front for future use.
Here are located hospitals for the
slightly wounded cannon, machine
guns and rifles, where furnaces blaze
night and day, and the vulcans work
amid the thunderous crash and roar.
Here are broken rifles to which a
new lease of life is given and thus
much money is saved in the soldier's
most vital equipment.
The buts and wooden parts are re
paired or renewed, the damaged met
al parts are replaced by new ones,
rusty barrels are freshened up, and
so in a day or so these heaps of old
iron, as they are brought in from
the scene of conflict, are so many
brand new rifles for all practical
purposes, doing deadly execution in
the trenches for perhaps many
months to come.
When they have been safely trans
ported back of the lines, the bigger
guns, which It is impossible to repair
outside of a well-epuipped munition
plant, are shipped to such places in
the interior, back in the cities and
towns not under fire, not to be re
turned to the front until weeks later,
perhaps, when they are made over
quite as good as new and ready to
do fresh and deadly work on the
ranks of the enemy.
On the battlefields of one single
army during a single month tho fol
lowing material was collected:
2,000 tons of iron and steel.
32 tons of copper.
1,000,000 rifle cartridges.
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4,4,188.8.131.52,4.4,
4 TRY THIS MENU SOME
184.108.40.206.4. 4.4.4,4,4.4,4. 4.
Cottage cheese will cut down your
meat bills if you will use it occas
tonally for that purpose.
Cottage Cheese Sausage
Corn Dread or Toasted Wheatless
Red Cross to See That
ighters Homes Lack Nothing
New York That our men may be
protected as far as possible from
worry about their families, and that
tothlng else will maintain morale be
left undone, It is obvious that the
Amercan people must see to it that
no family of a soldier lacks for any-
hing that will enable it to write
honestly cheerful letters abroad. Any
condition which would listurb Its rep
esentative on the front and mane
him anxious to return and set things
right must bo cured and without de-
iy. This is to be done by the depart
ment of civilian relloi of the Red
An American commander at the.
ront and a leading military surge. ;i
in Paris, both stated that the Red
Cross could do nothing more im
pcrtant from a military standpoint
than to maintain the welfare of the
homes of our fighting men. The Am
erican soldier is a man of spirit and
action; not disposed to worry about
himself but is likely to be deeply anx
ious about the welfare of those dear
to him, who, far away, are beyond any
help that he can give in time of acute
emergency of trouble.
There can be no more certain means
of steadying his morale than to give
him the assurance that, whatever may
happen to his folks at home, the
Home Service Section of the Red
Cross chapter in his own town may
be depended upon to act promptly,
sympathetically and adequately to
maintain the comfort and peace of
mind of thbse he left behind.
Children must be given educational
advantages. Wives must not be al
lowed to wear themselves out to keep
their homes together. Legal advice,
medical and nursing service, friendly
counsel, recreation, real friends must
not be lacking. Everything possible
must be done to make the absence of
the man as endurable as possible. And
all these things must come from the
people of the nation, not as charity
there can be no charity in community
repayment of such a debt but as an
essential means of supporting our
To the American Red Cross has
its 40,000 workers, organized as the
undertaking. With utmost sympathy
been given the leadership in this vital
Home Service Section of 5000 Red
Cros chapters, have come already In
to friendly touch with 300,000 families
of soldiers. Whatever the need, this
need has been met at once either di
rectly by the Home Service section, or
In cooperation with local agencies,
This service has been deeply appre
ciated by the soldiers and sailors con
cerned. They have felt that they have
a new reason to believe that democ
racy is worth fighting for.
The Home Service sections of the
Red Cross chapters throughout the
length and breadth of the United
States, want every soldier, every sail
or and every officer to know that what
ever is needed during their absence, in
the service of their country, will be
done by the Red Cross to maintain the
essential standard of their home life.
Nothing less than this will measure up
to American ideals; and nothing less
than this will fulfil the desire and
the purpose of the workers in Home
Service sections of the American Red
Cottage Cheese Loaf
Mashed Potatoes Spinach
Strawberry Bavarian Cream
Plain Cottage Cheese with Nuts and
Hash Brown Potatoes
Fresh Fruit Sauce with Oatmeal
Cottage Cheese Sausage
1 tbls. finely chopped onion, 2 this.
savory fat, 1-3 tsp. soda, 1 cup cottage
cheese, Ife cup cooked rice, cup
wheatless bread crumbs, Ucup coar
sly chopped peanut meats, tsp
powdered sage, tsp. thyme, 1 tsp
salt, V4 tsp. pepper, 'i cup peanut
Cook the onion in the fat until ten
der but not brown; disolve the soda
in tho milk and work into the cheese,
Mix all the other dry Ingredients
thoroughly with the bread crumbs
Blend peanut butter and onion with
the cheese, and mix with them the
bread crumb mixture. Form into
flat cakes, dust with bread crumbs or
cornmeal and fry a delicate brown in
the fat nl a hot frying pan.
Cottage Cheese Loaf.
2 cups cottage cheese, 1 cup left
over cereal, 1 cup whaatless bread
crumbs. 4 tbls. peanut butter, cup
chopped peanuts, 1 tsp. onion juice,
pinch of sage, salt, cayenne and pap
rika, liquid if necessary to mix.
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Cofjtrlthl Hill Bthitincl 6c Uui
Silva's Toggery, Honolulu.
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ready for delivery
Ask for demonstration on your own
Honolulu Iron Works Co.
. Honolulu, T. H.
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For Frying--For Shortening
For Cake Making
There Is no smoke nor odor. Fried foods are free from
the taste of grease. They now are tasty and crisp,
Thev, are made more digestible, for Crisco is all vege
table, The same Crisco can he used to fry fish, onions,
doughnuts, etc., merely by straining out the food
particles after each trying. .
Crisco gives pastry a new flakiness and digestibility.
Crisco always is of the same freshness and consistency.
It's uniform quality makes for uniform results.
Crisco gives richness at smaller cost, It brings cake
making back to popularity. Butter bills are reduced and
cakes stay fresh and moist longer.
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