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TITE GARDEN TSLANP, TUESDAY. JULY J'.o, 101S
THE GARDEN ISLAND . n sm:..
ANALN" Kauai Firt, Lat and all the time. KVKHY
UOVERNMKNT KKNXKTII C. IIOPl'KR, ' Managing Editor TrKSDHY
MKASt KLS K fUKSTEP. ROBERTS, EDITOR
AT ALL L I It U K
TIME. TUESDAY JULY 30, 11)18 KAUAI
Help Buy the Tickets
if lias liccn snid tnilliliilly, tlul t lie ro
turu liikt-ts of mil' hoys in Fianci' will lie se
cnrwl largely tliroiifih American savings of
wheat, sugar, meats and fats.
Tlic hoys in tin trendies are going to win
in just tlic proportion tliat lliey are liacked lip
by the folks at home.
It is csential that there he built up in this
country a reserve supply of food just' as it is
necessary that the army he guaranteed cloth
ing, guns and ammunition.
This is especially true, right here in Haw
aii. The shortage of hot loins has and will fur
ther cause a shortage of different food ar
ticles which we must have.
Saving money alone will not in this case
guarantee a food supply. We will suppose
for an instant that in the years of l!ll!t and
1 !20 that we have plenty of ships to carry all
the food and other tilings that we may need
to make life enjoyable. Also (hat we have
saved up plenty of money to buy these things
with. Nature is a very tickle thing some
times, ahd in these two years she has failed
to give us great harvests of food and other
articles that go to make up the lliings that we
eat and wear. Then what are we going to do
with all the money that we have saved up?
Therefore, out of the abundance of the 1 ! 1 S
crop we must save, even as we have saved from
the 1!17 crop.
And another thing that we have to remem
ber, is the fact, lliat we will have the hungry
nations of Europe to feed even alter the war,
as the civilians of these nations have been too
busy fighting the Hun to find time 1o culti
vate the fields of their own countries. So it
beoohves us to save all that we can now, for
we will siirelv need it later on.
The following editorial was taken from the
Sati uhav Evknixu I'ost and while we do not
think for a moment that, the circulation of
Tin: (iakhkn Island is as large as of that
magazine, we do think that there are many
of our readers who may not have seen this
article and so are therefore reprinting jtj
The lesson contained therein' is one that we
should all learn and profit 1 herefrom.
"Many Htates have passed laws against habitual
Idlers which is a late start in attacking the vice
of laziness for it is just as much a vice as drunk
eness or opium eating. It destroys the manhood in
a man and the integrity of his character. We have
known our share of drunkards and dope fiends. We
have seen those who seemed fairly hopless shake
off their vice and emerge useful, honor-worthy men.
According to our observation, however, a man once
really sunk in the vice of laziness seldom gets out
but remains the nearest to absolute zero in human
"Laziness has not been attacked as other vices
have. There have been few warnings, reproba
tions, inhibitions. The young man hangs round
pool rooms or round club grills if he has the mon
ey. He engages in imitation work petty, inciden
tal jobs; or golf If he can afford It. He is not gird
ing himself; he is not attacking the problem of his
life; he is loafing. But if he does not indulge in the
recognized vices nobody says decisively "This will
"Youth Is just as prone to the vice of laziness ns
to rnily other vice. But there are no danger signals
on that road. There ought to be. We believe soc
iety has a right and a duty to say to every able
bodied young man 'Work or you shall not eat'; for
wo believe that laziness is the most qurable of
vices if taken in tin and about the least curable
when it becomes chronic."
All the dollars in the world can not buy vic
tory. Victory is not purchase-able it is won.
Dollars can work for victory only in so far
as they are converted into labor and mater
ials. A dollar hoarded is a slacker; a dollar
wasted is a traitor; a dollar saved is a pat
riot, doubly so when you have loaned it to
A hoarded dollar represents idle power;
a wasted dollar represents wasted power; a
dollar saved represents power saved, labor
saved, materials saved. Loaned to your Clov
erninent, it represents power, labor and
materials in action on the tiring line, over the
top. And more it represents reserve -power
energy stored, purchasing power conserved
for its owner.
Are You Too Busy
''Too busy," is the excuse today of those
women who are letting their households run
amuck. Never before in history have there
been so many compelling forces drawing Jhe
women outside their homes. So much Rod
Cross work to be done. So many committees
on which to serve. So many hundreds of
kinds of war work calling daily for their
brains and hands.
One of the lirst questions facing a woman
who is running a home is "Is food conserva
tion worth while?" ,
Before giving the answer let it be asked "Is
the saving of human lives worth while?" ''Is
winning the war worth while?" .
If it is, then food conservation is worth
while; lor the program of the United States
food administration for saving food in-Aineri-can
kitchens is the only way to save the mil
lions of people in Europe who might other
wise die of starvation, o
This should be reason enough to put aside
everything else that we are doing at the pres
ent, if this be necessary, as there are plenty
of the women who have no homes to take care
of, and who, if they will, can relieve the ones
who have the homes, in this other war work.
A half million more of people have died
in the European coutries from starvation and
famine in this war up to the present time, than
would have been killed on the field of battle.
Is food saving worth while?
Have you, Mrs. Housewife, the time to help
win the war?
Germany 9 s Confession
(Contnued from last week)
Lichnowsky went on to Berlin and
saw the Chancellor, von Bethmann
Hollweg. "I told him that I re
garded our foreign situation as very
bassador in Vienna) had been re- in authority; it was even added that
proved because he said that he had no harm would be done if war with
advised Vienna to show moderation ' Russia did come out of it. It was
! so stated at least in the Austrian re-
Prince Lichnowsky went to his ( port received at London by Count
summer home in Silesia, quite un- Mensdorff (the Austrian Ambassador
satisfactory as it was a long timu aware of the impending crisis. "When to England)."
indeed since we had stood so well 1 returned from Silesia on my way to' He continues: "At this point I re
with England. And in France there ! London," lie says, "I stopped only a ceived instructions to endeavor to
was a pacifist cabinet. Ilerr von ; few hours in Berlin, where 1 heardj bring the English press to a friendly
share my optimism. He complained
of the Russan armaments. I tried
to tranquillize Inn with the argu
ment that it was not to Itussias in
terest to attack us, and that such
an attack would never have English
or French support, as both countries
"I went from him to Dr. Ziiumer
mann (the under Secretary), vhu
was acting for Ilerr von Jagow ttlie
Foreign Secretary) and learned frot.i
him that Russia was about to cull
up nine hundred thousand new
troops. His words unmistakably de
noted ill humor against Russia, who
he said stood everywhere in our way.
In addition, there were questions of
commercial policy that had to be set-
against Serbia so as to bring an end the death-blow to 'Greater-Serbian'
to this unbearable stale of affairs, j hopes. I was to use all my influence
t ntortunately 1 failed at the moment to prevent public opinion in England
to guage the significance of the news. , from taking a stand against Austria.
1 thought that once more it would I remembered England's attitude dur
coine to nothing; that even if Rus- ing the Bosnian ennexation crisis,
sia acted threateningly, the matter when public opinion showed itself in
could soon be settled. I now regret : sympathy with the Serbian claims to
that I did not stay in Berlin and do- Bosnia; I recalled also the benevo
elare there anil then that I would 1 lent promotion of nationalist hopes
have no hand in such a policy." J that went on in the days of Lord
And hero he interpolates some Byron and Garibaldi; and on these
most significant sentances. The wor-jand other grounds I thought it ex
Id lias heard various reports of a i tremely unlikely that English pul-
nieeting in l'ottsdam, as early as lie opinion would support a punitive
July fi, between the German and Aus- expidition against the Archduke's
trian authorities, at which meeting murderers. 1 thus felt it my duty to
war was decided on. Prince Lich-. enter an urgent warning against the
nowsky says: "I learned afterwards whole project, which I characterized
tied. That General von Moltke was j that at the decisive discussion at ( us ventursome and dangerous, i rec
urglng war was, of course, not tol l j l'ottsdam on July Dth the Austrian ominended that counsels of modeia
to . me. I learned, however, that Herr , demand had met with the uncondi-' tion be given Austria, as I did not be
von Tschlrschky (the German Am tional approval of all the personages lieve that the conflict could be local
ized" (that is to say. It could not
be limited to a war be! ween Austria
Herr von Jagow answered mo that
Russia was not prepared; that there
would be more or less of a rumpus;
but that the more firmly we stood
by Austria the more surely would
Russia give way. Austria was al
ready blaming us for flabblness and
wo could not flinch, "on the other
hand Russian sentiment was grow
ing more unfriendly nil the time, 'and
we must simply take the risk. 1 sub
sequently learned that this attitude
was based ,on advises from Count
Pourlales (the German Ambassador
in Pctrograd), that Russia would not
stir under any circumstances; infor
mation which promped us to spur
Count Berchlold on his course. On
learning the attitude of the German
Government I looked for salvation
through Englsh meditation, knowing
that Sir Edward Grey's influence in
Pctrograd could be used In the cause
of peace. I, therefore, availed my
self of the friendly relations with
the Minister to ask him confiden
tially to advise moderation in Russia
in case Austria demanded satisfac
tion from- the Serbians, ns it seemed
likely she would."
. England Friendly in July 1914.
"The English press was quiet at
Assassination being generally con
demned. By degrees, however, more
and more voices made themselves
heard, in the sense that, however
necessary it might bo to take cog
nizance of the crime, any exploita
tion of it for political ends was un
justifiable. Moderation was enjoin
ed upon Austria. When the ultima
tum came out, all the papers, with
the exception of the Standard, were
unanimous in condemning it. The
whole world, outside of Berlin and
Vienna, realized that it meant war,
and a world war too. The English
ileet, which happened to have been
holding a naval review, was not de
mobilized." The British Government labored
to make the Serbian reply concilia
tory, and "the Serbian answer was in
keeping with the British efforts." Sir
Edward Grey then proposed his plan
of mediation upon the two points
which Serbia had not wholly conced
ed. Prince Lichnowsky writes: "Mr.
Canibon (for France), Marquis Im
periali (for Italy), and I were to
meet, with Sir Edward in the chair,
and it would have been easy to work
out a formula for the debated points,
which had to do with the coopera
tion of imperial and royal oflicials in
tile inquiries to be conducted at Bel
grade. By the exercise of good will
everything could have been settled
in one or two sittings, and the mere
acceptance of the British proposal
would have relieved tho strain and
further improved our relations with
England. I seconded this plan with
all my energies. In vain. 1 was told
(b Berlin) thai it would be against,
the dignity of Austria. Of course, all
that was needed was one hint from
Berlin to Count Berchtold -(the Aus
trian Foreign Minister); he would
have satisfied himself with a diplo
matic triumph and rested on the Ser
bian answer. That hint was never
given. On the contrary, pressure
was brought in favor of tho war.
Germany Insisted on War.
"After our refusal Sir Edward ask
ed us to come forward with our pro
posal. We insisted on war. No
other answer could I get (from Ber
lin) than that it was a colossal con
descension on the part of Austria not
to contemplate any acquisition of
territory. Sir Edward justly pointed
out that one could reduce a country
to vassalage without acquirfng ter
ritory; that Russia would see this,
and regard it as a humiliation not to
be put up with. The impression
grew stronger and stronger that we
were bent no war. Otherwise our
attitude toward a question in which
we were not directly concerned was
incomprehensible. The insistent re
quests and well defined declarations
of M. Sasanol", the Czar's- positively
humble telegrams later on, Sir Ed
ward's repeated proposals, the warn
ings of .Marquis San Giuliano and
of Bollati. my own pressing admoni
tions were all of no avail. Berlin
remained nflexible Serbia must be
"Then on the 2'.it)i. Sir Edward de
cided upon iiis well known warning.
1 told him I had always reported (to
Berlinl that we should have to reck
on Avith English opposition if it came
to a war with France. Time and
again the Minister said to me, 'If
war breaks out it will be the greatest
catastrophe the world has ever seen.'
And now t vents moved rapidly.
Count Berchlold at last decided to
com.' ;:ruund, having up to that point
played the role of 'Strong man' un-dH"-fiuidi!iiee
from Berlin. Thereup
on we tin answer to Itussias mobil
ization) sent our ultimatum and de
claration of war after Russia had
spent a whole week in fruitless ne
gotiation and waiting."
Germany Ruled by Duellists.
War v. as declared. "Thus ended
my mission to Loudon." Prince Lich
nowsky says, "it bad suffered ship
wreck, not mi the wiles of the Briton
(Continued on page 4)
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