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TITE GARDEN ISLAND, TUESDAY, AUGUST 0, 1918
THE GARDEN ISLAND
Kauai First, Last and all the lime.
KENNETH C. IIOITEK,
E. CHESTER ROBERTS,
AUGUST li, litis
L 1 11 U K
rj-HH story of the Prussian military sy-
stem as told by P. C. Walcott, at a con
ferenee of Pood Administration Agents,
in September of 1017, is only one of many of
nihIi stories of lutual facts that have hap
pened. When we read of the terrible tribu
lations that have been visited on these poor
people who have coine under the yoke of the
Prussian military system, because they have
dared to stand up and fight for their rights as
a part of the civilized world, we have more
courage, more stamnia, and our people exjend
just that much more effort in their savings
of money, labor and materials, that this same
end, only multiplied by many times, may not
be visited upon us.
And when this war is won by the Allies, a
day of reckoning will come to these bar
ians, for they are barbarians, as no Christian
nation would, or could, commit such awful
atrocities. Then we will hear what excuses
they will have to offer, when these charges
are brought against them, and we will hear
what the verdict of the Christian nations is,
that will try them for their misdeeds.
How any nation of people could live without
a protest for all the years that the German
nation have, with the teachers that they have
had, and with the doctrines that these teach
ers have taught them, is beyond all comprehension.
T is not often that you read in the editor
ial columns of a newspaper, a boost for-a
moving picture. But the picture that will
be shown all over the Island this week, eli
cit led, "My Four Years in Germany," from
the story of Ambassador Gerrard, is one that
has the approval of the entire American na
tion, and is one that all Americans should
sec, so that they may know the reasons which
caused our, entry into the war and also of
what kind of a people we are fighting.
President Wilson said of this picture, "Show
it to the American public and you will wipe
Kaiserism from the face of the earth."
A HEADLINE in one of the papers
ZA reads: "Harbor for Kapaa urged by 9
The harbor, -if one is made at Kapaa, will
have to be dug! There is no natural one there.
The proposal is, that the swamp land be
divdged out to make a basin for the ships,
and then cut a channel through to the open
sea. This would make it large and deep
enough for the Inter-Island steamers to come
in and tie up along side the wharf.
Now the question is. will the Territory be
justified in spending the sum that will be
spent, if a harbor is made at Kapaa? Will it
give the residents of Kauai that amount of
Of course this would be very fine for the im
mediate residents of Kapaa and the Kapaa
homesteads. Kealia plantation would profit
from a harbor at this point and would profit
greatly. The homestead land is rapidly be
ing taken up in this neighborhood and Kapaa
is growing very fast. The prospects are that
if a harbor should be built at Kapaa that the
country around and near there would be set
tled more rapidly than it is now.
But if a harbor at Kapaa is going to benefit
the Island generally, then let us have one at
that point, ami that as quickly as possible.
T T TV' must not think for a moment that
il the cable from Hoover, releasing the
' ' hotels and eating houses from their
"no wheat pledge" releases the private fam
ilies from the same pledge.
While just at present we have a surplus
of wheat, we must help to pile up a larger
one for next year, so that if the harvest hap
pens to be a poor one, we will have enough
wheat to go tin. If the war were to be stop
.ped tomorrow, we would still have to go on
conserving wheat just the same, as we will
have our hungry allies to feed after the war
and "for a long time after. So keep right on
with the fond saving, and more especially the
pathy must not bo allowed if It ham
pers the main design of promoting
"Starvation is here," said General
von Kries. "Candidly, we would like
to see it relieved; we fear cur soldiers
may be unfavorable affected by the
things that Ihey see. But Binco it is
here, starvation must servo our pur
pose. So we set it to work for Ger
many. By starvation we can accom
plish In two or three years In East
Poland more than we have In West
Poland, which Is East Prussia, In the
last hundred years. With that in view,
we propose to turn this force to our
This country isv meant for Ger
many," continued the keeper of star
ving Poland. "It is a rich alluvial
country that Germany has needed for
some generations. We propose to re
move the ablcbodied working' roles
from this country. It leaves it open
forthe inflow of German working peo
ple as fast as7 we can spare them.
They will occupy and work it."
Then, with a cunning smile: "Can't
you see how it works out? By and by
we shall give back freedom to Pot
and. When that happens Poland will
appear automatically as a German pro-
In Belgium, General von Biasing
told me exactly the same thing. "If
the relief of Belgium breaks down we
can force the industrial population in
to Germany through starvation, and
colonize other Belgians In Mesopo
tamia where we have planned large
irrigation works. Germans will then
overrun Belgum. Then when the war
Is over and freedom is given back to
Belgium, it will be a German Belgium
that is restored. Belgium will be a
German province and we have Ant
werp which is what we are after."
In Poland, the able-bodied men are
being removed to relieve the German
workmen and make the land vacant
for Germany. In Belgium, the men are
deported that the country may be a
German colony. In Serbia, where three-
fourths of a million people out of
three millions have perished miser
ably in the last three years, Germany
hardens its heart, shuts its eyes to
the suffering, thinks only of Germany's
gain. In Armenia, six hundred thou
sand people were slain in cold blood
by Kurds and Turks under tho dom
ination and leadership of German of
ficers Germany looking on, indiffer
ent to the horror and woe, intent only
on seizing the opportunity thus given.
(Continued on page 4)
The Prussian System
Told by F. C. Walcott at a Conference of Food Administration Agents,
September 12th, 1917.
"This I have seen. I could
not believe it unless I had
seen it through and through.
For several weeks I lived with
it; I went all about it and
back of it; Inside and out of
it was shown to me until fin
ally I came to realize that the
incredible was true. It Is
monstrous, It is unthinkable,
but it exists. It Is the Prus
A year ago I went to Poland to
learn iu facts concernfng the remnant
of a people that had been decimated
by war. The country had been twice
devastated. First the Russian army
swept through it, and then the Ger
mans. Along tfie roadside from
Warsaw to Pinsk. the present firing
line, a distance of 230 miles, near
half a million people had died of hun
ger and cold. The way was strewn
with their" bones picked clean by the
crows. With their usual thrift the
uermans were collecting the larger
bones to be milled Into fertilizer, but
finger and toe bones lay on the
ground with the mud covered and
rain soaked clothing.
Wicker baskets were scattered
along the way the basket in which
the baby swings from the rafter in
every peasant home. Every mile
there scores of them, each one telling
of a deathj.l started to count, but
after a little I had to give it up, there
were so many.
This is the desolation one saw along
tho great road from Warsaw to Pinsk,
mile after mile, more than two hun
dred miles. They told me a million
people were made, homeless In six
weeks of the German drive in August
and September, 191G. They told me
four hundred thousand died in this
way. Tho rest, scarcely half alive,
got through with the Russian army.
Many of these have been sent to Sib
eria; it is these people whom Padere
wskl is trying to relieve.
In the refugee camps, 300,000 survi
vors of the flight were gathered by
the Germans, members of broken fam
ilies. They were lodged in Jerry
Imiit barracks, scarcely waterproof,
unlighted, uuwarmed In the dead of
winter. Their clothes, where tho but
tons were lost, were sewed on. There
were no conveniences, They were not
even able to wash for weeks. Filth
and Infection from vermin were
spreading. They were famished, their
daily ration a cup of soup and a piece
of bread as big as my fist.
In Warsaw, which had not been de
stroyed, a city of one million inhabi
tants, one of the most prosperous cit
ies before the war, the streets were
lined with people In the pangs of
starvation. Famished and rain-soaked
they squated there, with their elbows
on their knees or leaning against the
buildings, too feeble to lift a hand for
a bit of money or a morsel of bread
if one offered it, perishing of hunger
and cold. Charity did what it could.
The rich gave all that they had, the
poor shared their last crust. Hun
dreds of thousands were 'perishing.
Day and night the picture is before
my eyes a people starving, a nation
In that situation, the German com
mander issued a proclamation. Every
able-bodied Pole was bidden to Ger
many to work. If any refused, let no
oiuer i-oie give mm to eat, not so
much as a mouthful, under penalty of
i German military law.
This is the choice the German Gov
ernment gives to the conquered Pole,
to the husband and father of a star
ving family: Leave your family to die
or survive as the case may be. Leave
your country which is destroyed, to
work in Germany for its Cuither de
struction. If you are obstinate, we
shall see that you surely starve.
Staying with his folk, he doomed
ana they are not saved; the husband
and father can do nothing for them
he only adds to their risk and suffer
ing. Leaving them he will be cut off
from his family, they may never hear
from him again nor he from them.1
Germany will set him to work that a
German workman may be released to
fight against hiH own land and people.
He shall be lodged in barracks, be
hind barbed wire entanglements, un
der armed guard. He shall sleep on
the bare ground with a single thin
blanket. He shall be Bcantily fed and
his earnings sh:.ll be taken from him
to pay for his food.
That is the choice which the Ger
man Government offers to a proud,
sensitive, high-strung people.. Death
When a Pole gave me that procla
mation, I was boiling. But I had to
restrain myself. I was practically the
only foreign civilian In the country
and I wanted to get food to the peo
ple. That was what I was there for
and I must not for any cause Jeopar
dize the undertaking. I asked Gov
enior General von Beseler, "Can this
"Really, I cannot say," he replied.
I have signed so many proclamations;
ask General von Kries."
So I asked . General von Kries
General, this Is a civilized people
Can this be true?"
"Yes," he said, "it Is true" with an
air of adding, Why not?
I dared not trust myself to speak;
I turned to go. "Wait," he said. And
he explained to me how Germany, of
ficial Germany, regards the state of
Even now I find It hard to describe
in comprehensible terms tho mind of
official Germany, which dominates and
shapes all German thought and' action
Yet it is as hard, as clear-cut, as real
as any material thing. I saw It hi
Poland, I saw the same thing In Bel
gium, I hear of it in Serbia and Rou
mania. For weeks it was always be
fore me, always the same. Officers
the staff officers have the same view.
Let me try to tell it, as General von
Kries told me, in Poland, in the midst'
of a dying nation. "Germany Is des
tineu 10 rule me worm, or at least a
great part of it. The German peopl
are so much human material for build
ing the German State, other people d
not count. All Is for the glory an
might of the German State. The
lives of humun beings are to be con
served only if it makes for the State'
advancement, their lives are to be sac
riiked if it is to the State's advantage
The State Is all, the people are noth
"Conquered people signify little in
the German account. Life, liberty,
happiness, human sentiment, family
ties, grace and generous impulse
those have no place beside tho one
concern, the greatness of tho Grman
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P. O. Box 71
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"Starvation must excite no pity sym