Newspaper Page Text
THE GARDEN ISLAND, TUESDAY. DEC. 10. 1918
Especially efficient and economical for mill work
Sanitary weatherproof fireproof. .
A high grade cold water paint for exterior and interior work.
Put up in 3"0 pound barrels. "A reputation behind if and
approved by the National Hoard of Fire Underwriters.
Honolulu Iron Works Co.
Honolulu, T. H.
Order It By Mail!
Our Mail Ouhkh Df.pahtmknt is excep
tionally well equipped to handle nil your Drug
and Toilet wants thoroughly and nt once.
We will pay postage on all orders of and
over, except the following:
Mineral Waters, l'ahy Foods, Glassware
and articles of unusual weight and small
Non-Mailable: Alcohol, Strychnine,
Rat poisons, Iodine, Ant poison, Mer
cury Antiseptic Tablets, Lysol, Car
bolic Acid, Gasoline, Turpentine, Ben
zine and all other poisonous or in
If your order is very heavy or contains much
liquid, we suggest that you have it sent by
Benson, Smith & Co., Ltd.
"Service Every Second"
The Rexal Store
Box 42G Honolulu
! 4 4 5 4"S 4-4 4
Theq. H. Davies & Co., Ltd.
HONOLULU and HILO
Sugar Factors and Commission Merchants
IMPORTERS OF GENERAL MERCHANDISE
BuildiT.s' Hard want Crockery Ghisswnre Silverware
Sporting (ioods Fishing Tackle Firearms Ammunition
Refrigerators 8)ark Plans Flashlights
Varnishes Brushes Oils ( reuses
Saddlery Hoofing Trunks Suit Cases
Fancy and Staple Lines, Feed, etc.
Toilet Supplies Stationery etc. etc.
Writers of Fire, Marine, Compensation, Automohile and Miscellaneous
Canadian-Australian Royal Mail Steamship Nine
Upon application information will lie cheerfully furnished in regard to any T
of our lines in which yon may he interested. 7
. HALL & SON D
vm TERRITORYOF HAWAII :) -A
Get oar latest prices JJsW
4. --4 4. 4.-4.4. 44.
Items of Interest to Our
By G. W. SAHR, County Agent
( 44 ? 4-
I HOW TO GET A
STAND OF ALFALFA
With the labor Bituntlon ho acute
the homesteaders find that the har
vesting of their crops is a very un
certain proposition. Accordingly the
homesteaders of the Knpnhl section
of Kapaa have taken steps to form a
cooperative organization to handle
the harvesting problems.
In past years it has been customary
for the Makee Sugar Company to
furnish labor for the harvesting of the
homesteaders' cane. During the last
cutting season a few of the planters
hired contractors to harvest their
cane, while others waited for the
plantation to furnish the labor.
As it will be utterly Impossible for
the plantation to furnish any consider
able amount of labor for this coming
season, the homesteaders are driven
to making some provision for them
selves, and hence they are forming
this organization for the solution of
this and other problems which may
Mr. II. Wolters. manager of the
Makee Sugar Company, suggested
some time ago that he would help
them whenever he could, and among
other things, said that the plantation
would advance money for the purpose
of establishing a labor camp of their
own if they would get together on the
Acting on this suggestion, Mr. A. M.
Souza, a prominent homesteader of
the Kapahi section, devised a plan
for the formation of an organization
to bo known as "The Kapaa Home
steaders' Harvesting Association.
Flans and estimates were made for
a camp that would accomodate forty
men, and the whole matter was then
brought before a meeting of the home
steaders in an informal gathering last
Saturday evening at John Ornellas'
store. The outcome of the discussion
was that they decided so to organize
and adopted the plans outlined by
Souza. This involved a pro rata tax
of each member according to the
amount of cane to be harvested,
which they estimated would come to
only twenty-five cents. The camp for
the forty men they figured would
cost about ?3,000.
Manuel Aguiar promised to furnish
a site for the camp "at a reasonable
Another meeting was held the next
day, with John Raposa acting as
chairman, at which definite steps
were taken to establish the camp and
the contract was let to Joe Aguiar
to build the same.
There is ;no question as to the
ultimate success of the organization,
if they only pull together, and exer
cise a reasonable degree of common
confidence in one another; and if they
only do this there is no doubt that
they will all benefit thereby. Such
mutual benefit organizations have
been tried before with great success.
This is a fine start they have made,
and it is to be hoped they will make
it go, in the interest of everyone in
volved, themselves, the Makee Sugar
Company and the general public.
Since the heavy rains small farmers
have been busy putting in plantings
of corn on various parts of the island.
At Moloaa, a large planting has been
made and has already made a little
In making corn plantings do not
plant too cloae. The hills should be
feet apart. Experience has proven
that closo planting lessens the yield.
Corn needs lots of cultivation, and 3i
feet-is about as narrow as it is pos
sible to plant and allow the use of a
Lihue Plantation Company has
just recently-, completed a largo en
closed lumber yard directly behind
Alfalfa will grow on your home
stead. It adapts itself to all kinds of
conditions of soil and climate, except
sour bog land, and even this can he
drained and limed and made suitable
Alfalfa is rich in protein, the back
bone of all feeding -rations. Alfalfa
will supply protein cheaper than any
other feed. Feed alfalfa and you can
cut down the grain ration in your feed,
without Injury to your stock. Alfalfa
is relished by work stock, pigs, dairy
stock and beef cattle. It can be fed
to all kinds of farm animals and has
no superior as n hog pasture. Because
It is rich In protein, the very thing
which corn and many other concentra
tes are deficient 1n, U helps balance
the ration, and makes It especially
adaptable for young stock which re
quire protein to build up the muscle.
No piece of ground will yield great
er profit to the owner than a few
acres of alfalfa, 'provided the work Is
done- properly and a good stand is
secured. Alfalfa adds humus to the
soil, and draws very little on the fer
tility of the land.
Alfalfa does well planted any time
of the year. It is best to avoid the
season of cut worms. In humid dis
tricts deep plowing and harrowing of
the land is all that is necessary before
planting. The plowing must be thor
oughly done in order to leave the
soil in good condition. More than
one plowing may be necessary, de
pending on the condition of the land
The final harrowing should bo done
with a smoothing harrow, in order to
leave the surface in condition to re
ceive and sprout the seed. Plant the
seed shallow, covering it with less
than half an inch of soil. If the field
is weedy plant in rows 18 inches
apart. This will allow, for cultivation
with a wheel hoe. If your land is not
very weedy the seed may be broadcast
at the rate of 20 lbs to the acre, work
ing the seed with a brush harrow
after it has been broadcast. Do not
sow when the land is dry and baked
from the sun. The best time to plant
is a few days after a rain when the
soil is still moist, tut not too moist
to be worked. Innoculation is hardly
ever necessary under our conditions,
If the soil is very poor, manure is
better than fertilizer, and it should be
applied before the land has been
In dry regions, alfalfa must be
planted in level patches, or, if the
land is steep, in furrows. It will not
do as well in furrows unless it is
possible to flood the entire surface of
the soil with Irrigation water. Alfalfa
is so deep rooted that ordinary irri
gation, such as practiced in cane culti
vation, does not reach all the roots
of the plant, and it will not grow as
luxuriently as it should. Level patch
es produce the best yields, due to the
fact that they may bo flooded with
several inches of water at a time,
allowing the irrigation water to soak
deep into the soil. Alfalfa need not
be irrigated frequently provided it
receives a heavy irrigation at the
right time. One irrigation a month
is sufficient after the first cutting,
provided sufficient water is applied
at the timo of irrigation.
When planting alfalfa in patches.
planting in rows has been found most
satisfactory for our conditions. Rows
IS inches apart are suffcient to allow
for cultivation with a wheel hoe.
Sow shallow as In planting under
humid conditions. The patches
should be flooded as soon as possible
after planting to prevent the seed
from baking in the heat of the sun.
Until the young plants have attained
a considerable root growth they need
very frequent irrigations, sometimes
twico a week if the weather is very
dry and warm. As the plants In
crease in size they require less water,
as the roots will bo able to draw on
tho moisture deeper in the soil.
Do not try to save seed in planting
alfalfa. Plant thick; using 20 to 30
lbs. of seed to the acre.
At Kekaha, N. Xasu and other Jap
anese fanners who havo leased small
tracts of sandv lowland from tlie
Knudsen estate, are also taking ad
vantage of Die weather and planting
LET I S )) ALL YOIU
Laundry and Dry Cleaning
WE AI!K STILL IX THE l'.lSLNESS
Territorial Messenger Service
C. W. SPITZ, Prop.
NAWILIWILI, KAUAI TELEPHONE 494
Automobiles to all Parts of Kauai,
all hours, Day and Night
AUTOMOBILES AND LIGHT
FORD CARS, McFARLAN, 8TANLEY STEAMER, LOCOMOBILE,
COLE, REO, CHEVROLET (except Model "490") AND SAJON, also
REO, COMMERCE, LOCOMOBILE AND MORELAND TRUCKS.
We carry a complete stock of U. S. L. Batteries and Battery Parts
also Automobile and Tire Accessories.
A COMPLETE LINE OF FORD PARTS
Goodyear Tires and Tubes
The best in the Market for the Money.
NAWILIWILI GARAGE, Agents for Kauai.
.Copyright Hail Sthidnct & Mu
Silva's Toggery, Honolulu.
II SI! VA P-
ALWAYS LEADS IN LOWEST ITJCES ON
Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes,
Mens Furnishings, Cigars and
Tobacco, Notions of all kinds.
MAIN STOIIE, ELEELE,
PI ION K 72 W.