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THE GARDEN ISLAND. TUESDAY, DEC. 24. 1918
sui.oKTs THE GARDEN ISLAND mu,s,m
AS AND KVKHY
AIX Kauai First, Last and all the time.
M EAsl'KKS KENNETH C. HOPPER, Managing Editor .
AT ALL L 1 II U K
T1MKS. TUESDAY DECEMHEU 21, 1918 KAUAI
Peace On Earth
Good Will To Men
The war is mor, nnd we are
Hotting back onto a pen re basis.
This means, we trust, a new reali
zation of Ihe Christmas spirit of
peace on earth, good will to men.
In this community more per
haps than in many others, our
temper lias been tried by the war
conditions and we have had much
need for patience and forbear
ance and consideration. Most
connnendably on the whole we
have exercised this patience and
forbearance and consideration.
We have kept the pence and dwelt
together in reasonable harmonv.
Now the war is over let us forget
the trying conditions of the past,
and put away the strained rela
tions and heal up the incipient
rifts of- cleavage, and smooth
over the roughened breaks in our
friendships, and dwell together
again as a community more than
ever imbued with the Christnms
spirit of ponce on earth, good will
The Coming Catastrophe
One of the greatest catastro
phes in the history of the world
will happen in this coming year.
Nothing can prevent it. It is as
inevitable as the rising and set
ting of the sun.
This catastrophe i the death
by starvation of thousands of
people in the next eight months.
Tliis number will exceed the total
number that have been killed on
all battle fronts in the past four
years of war.
this is not a rash guess. It is'
the plain statement made by
those who have the facts of the
situation in hand and who dare
to face these facts.
In Northern Russia ahme. con
servative estimates ligure 10.000
000 deaths from starvation this
winter. Fifty million people in
this district are beyond help be
cause of the complete collapse of
Russia's transportation facilities
under her reign of anarchy and
because too, of her ice-locked
Fortunately, other countries of
Europe, although lacking food as
much as liussin, are more acces
sible, if their peoples sutler the
awful calamity of these people of
Northern Kussia it will be be
cause America would not send
them food, not because we could
Arrangements have long since
been completed bv which the '"big
Allies," France, England, and
Italy will be provisioned. The
stream of food into Uelgiuin has
already been redoubled to help
regain the strength from the tor
ture of four years of Gorman oc
cupation. Our concern now must be for
the "little Allies" who have at
last emerged from the German
yoke. These include the Serbians,
Roumanians, Greeks, Czechs, -lug-
oslavs, and others. In all these
people number 7.",000,000. They
are on the brink of starvation
now. Unless we can send them
food immediately, they will die.
Unfortunately this food cannot
be trod need bv a miracle. It
must be saved bit by bit, day by
day by the voluntary economy of
the American people.
This, then, is the situation. Un
like war-times, no direct, specific
sacrifices are asked of us m order
to feed these millions of starving
mothers, little children and brave
but war-weary men. We are not
asked to have wheat less or meat
less days. We are thrown entire
ly upon our own good sense and
conscience to save food by living
as simply as possible mid by con
mining au war time economies
that lessen waste.
Is there an American, man, wo
man, or child who has known the
pride and joy of saving food to
win the war, who will hesitate
now to save food to win Ihe
Death of Mrs. Cook
As a protest against the apprai
sed values of Hie Waiakea home
stead lots, says the Advertiser of
the ."ird, the following resolution
was passed by the Ililo board of
WIIEWEAS the appraisers ap
pointed to appraise certain public
lands at Waiakea. in the (list rid
of South Ililo, to. he opened for
homesleading ami known as the
Waiakea homesteads, have ap
praised the liomeslt-iiils in said
tract, in many instances in excess
of $100 per acre, and in some in
sstauces as high as ::i.- and slid
per ai re, and have appraised the
house lots in said tract in many
instances at l and s700 per
acre, which appraisineul has been
accepted by the Territory of Ha
waii ; ami
WHEREAS it appears that ihe
values so placed on said home
Mrs. Mary Duncan Cook, moth
er of Frank 11. Cook, of this Is
land., died last Sunday. The fol
lowing account appears in yester
day's Adver ser Mrs. Mary Dun
can Cook, one of Ihe best known
women of Hawaii, died yosto-- l.,v
afternoon at the home of her (lau
ghter. Mrs. A. S. Kenway, I'alolo
Avenue. Kainiuki. after a brief
illness. Her passing breaks an
other of the links that bind the
Hawaii of today to the old Ha
waii of the llawaiians. for she
was nearly eighty years of age.
being born in Honolulu Mav 1.
Mrs. Cook was the widow of the
late Thomas E. Cook, one of the
founders of liana plantation on
Maui. She leaves behind her
eight children, seven of whom are
living in Hawaii and one in Aus
tralia. In addition there are
several grandchildren and great
grandchildren. The children sur
viving her are Thomas E. Cook,
of Ililo; Frank IS., of Kauai;
James I., also of the Garden Is
land; II. 10. Cook, of Maui; .Jos
eph Cook of Australia; Mrs. .1.
II. Thompson, Mrs. A. S. Kenway
and Miss Eernice Cook, all of
Mrs. Cook was a niece of the
late Mrs. Louisa Urickwood and
a cousin of Mrs. W. M. Gifl'ard
and Mrs. Emma IJuchanaii.
All of the children were with
Mrs. Cook when she died, with
the exception of the son who is in
Australia and Thomas E. Cook,
who was unable to get here from
Ililo but who is expected to arrive
steads and house lots are excess
ive, and as a result nianv bona
fide homesteaders will be unable
lo acquire or attempt to acquire
Homesteads or house lots in said
tract, and homesleading in the
Territory of Hawaii will be im
peded rather than encouraged
WHEREAS the opening of the
Waiakea homesteads under con
ditions favorable to bona tide
homesteaders is a matter which
has long had the attention of the
people of the County of Hawaii
and has been repeatedly urged;
now, tlierelore, be it
RESOLVED by the board of
supervisors in and for the County
or Hawaii, lliat we as represent
atives of the people of the County
oi Hawaii, do hereby record our
protest at the excessive valua
tions placed on the Waiakea
homesteads and house lots, and
do further request that said ap
praisal be reduced, or that said
lauds be reappraised. 15e it fur
ther RESOLVED, That the county
clerk be, and he hereby is directed
to forward copies of this resolu
tion to the Governor of the Terri
tory of Hawaii and the commis
sioner of public lands.
COOll II. 11.17.1 .IO. VAT
TO i TO UKHMAW
everything in the
Silver and Gold Link,
Rich Cut Glass and
Merchandise of the
Bust Quality Only.
P. O. Box 342 Honolulu
. .. 4.4. 4- 4- fr
The Governors Report
Tho Governorhas just Issued his he
port for the year ending June 30, 1918,
which makes it virtually a report of
the Pinkham administration. A leng
thy document, we note In brief soir.e
of its points of special interest:
Exports: Sugar, $71,342,000; Pine
apples, $8,199,000; Bananas. $136,000;
Coffee. $149,000; Rice, $134,000; Sun
Labor: There has been a serious
shortage of labor due to the transfer
of much that we have, from the fields
and factories to the military service,
and to the farther shortage of trans
portation by means of which the sup
ply could be maintained from the
Philippines. This means that the
plantations are being hampered, and
a reduced output win result.
Government Lands: Leases of gov
ernment lands are expiring. It is the
policy of the administration to con
vert these lands into homesteads. But
this takes time, not less than from
six to nine months, and mostly much
more. This means that when such
lands have been in cane, a great loss
ensues in the intrim, before the and
can be got into cultivation again. In
order to obviate this loss, arrange
ments have been made for the planta
tions in possession to continue the
cultivation of the crop until the home.'
steader is in position to take it over
This has been done, notable in the
case of Waiakea, Hilo, with the result
that some 2000 acres of cane will be
continued under cultivation with a
probable yield of 10,000 tons of sugar,
which would otherwise be lost.
Territorial Bonds: The Territory is
authorized to issue bonds not to ex
ceed 7 per cent of the total assessed
value of the property of the Territory.
The last completed assessment a-
mounts to $235,651,000, so the borrow
ing limit will be $16,495,000. The out
standing bond issue at present a-
. f 4 . '"V
JOHN'. UAl'OZO, Lilme, Kauai.
"f 4 4 4 44
A big stock to select from.
Hawaiian News Co., Ltd.
Honolulu Young Hotel Bldg.
mounts to $8,749,000, showing a heal-
The will of the lale Win. Wol
lers has been admitted to probate.
The estate is valued at about half
a million dollars, consisting large
ly of real estate.
The property is to be placed in
the hands of n board of trustees,
who are to administer the same
for a term of ten years, during
which time some half dozen small
annuities are to be paid, ami then
upon expiration of this trust the
whole balance of Ihe estate, which
by that lime will have run lo bi-r
figures, is to be turned over to
the city of Bremen for charitable,
educational and scientific pur
poses. Alining the beneficiaries are
Herman W'ollers of Kealia, s.'DO
a year, ami William Wolters. his
son, SL'.-'I). Also .s-J.Ml to Helene
Wolters, a niece of the deceased.
These irifts run only diirinr the
! ten years of the trust.
thy condition of our finances.
Business Corporations: The total
capitalization of domestic business
Corporations is $171,384,000.
There are twenty-three banks in
the Territory. Nine in Honolulu, two
elsewhere on Oahu, three at Hilo, one
at Honokaa, one at North Kohala, and
one at North Kona, Hawaii; one each
at Wailuku, Paia, Kahulul and La
haina, Maui and one each at Lihuo
and Waimea, Kauai.
Fire Insurance: The rates for fire
protection on the Islands are con
siderably higher than on the Main
land. Recently amended fire regula
tions, it is hoped, will materially re
duce the risk of fire, with a conse
quent reduction of rates.
Homesteads: Three hundred and
fifteen homesteads were tal;e:i up dur
ing the year; covering an area of
fi.474 acres at valuations aggregating
$243,979 or $36.11 per acre. The av
erage homestead contained 20 .teres.
School Enrollment: The enrollment
of the public schools is 34.343.
Havaiian Dictionary: An additional
appropriation is required to complete
the revision of tho Hawaiian Dicti in
nry; a work that has been going 011
for some years.
Lepers at Kalaupapa: Thero are
6u8 lepers at the leper settlement on
pecial films Coming
For Ihe Holiday season special
attractions are oll'ered which are
promised o be exceptionally fine,
viz: "Tarzan of Ihe Apes." from
Ihe original story by Ed jar IJ.
Burrow s, a maze of w ild aiiiui lis
in tlieii' natural con. lii inns. Also
Ihe ever popular Charlie Chaplin
in "A Don's Life," said to be his
I'd naiide. assures us that
these will bolh be uncoiiimonly
jood. What betler nuaranlce
cniiid vou want '!
ALL WORK GUARANTEED
Buck of Bishop Batik
Bank of Hawaii, - Ltd.
Kapaia Garage Co.
Automobile Repairing And
STOItAOE BATTERIES REPAIRED AND RECHARGED
Telephone 2."S L
P. O. Box 2.10
Save Money by Using
Double - Cable - Base
WE RECOMMEND THEM
A full stock in all styles and sizes
RUGGED and PLAIN TREADS
Agents For Kauai.
Up-to-date Livery, Draying and Boarding Stable and Auto
BETWEEN LIHUE and KEKAHA
Leaving Lihue every Monday, Wednesday and Friday,
Leaving Kekalia every Tuesday. Thursday and Saturday.
ARRIVING AT THEIR DESTINATION IN THREE HOURS
ALFRED GOMEZ, Manager.
Telephone 43 W Waimea P. O. Box 71
for the "T"-Head
The "T-'-Head, illus
trated here, is one of
several types in pop
ular use today. En
gines of this type,
like all internal com
bustion engines, re
quire an oil that
maintains its full lu
bricating qualities at
cylinder heat, burns
clean in the combus
tion chambers and
goes out with ex
fills these require
ments perfectly, to
causa it ia correctly
refined from selected
ZEROLENE li made In
icvcral consistencies to
meet with scientific ei
actness the lubrication
needs of all types of au
tomobile engines. Get our
Chart" covering your car.
At dealers everywhere
and Standard Oil Service
efZerolene Is Better"
Why are the majority of cars
now lubricated with ZERO
ZEROLENE does hold better
compression, does give better
protection to the moving parts,
does deposit less carbon. And
this is the testimony of the
leading automobile distributors
of the Coast.
They know from the records o
their service department and
we know from exhaustive tests
that ZEROLENE, correctly
refined from selected California
asphaltrbase crude, gives per
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and less carbon deposit.
ZEROLENE is the correct oil
for all types of automobile en
gines. It is the correct oil for
your automobile. Get our lu
brication chart showing the
correct consistency for your
At dealers everywhere and
Standard Oil Service Stations.
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