Newspaper Page Text
THE GARDEN ISLAND, TUESDAY, DEC. 31, 1918
The Community Nurse
Continued from pag 1)
swamp the hospital, so they re
main in their homes, where they
are more or less a constant men
are to those about them. They
are not supposed to go to school
and when found there they are
sent home 1o be treated there.
lint this is not always easy to do
The treatment is more or less
painful, and whenever they see
the nurse coming, they suddenly
vanish from sight and are not 1
be found. It is very dillicult to
make the parents realize the seri
ousness of the affection, and the
absolute need there is for the ut
most care and cleanliness.
"Other widely prevalent evils
arc adenoids and enlarged tonsils
( 1, fancy two thirds of the children
in the public schools need atten
tion in this respect. Some of the
cases are really pitable, children
just fairly starey stupid, and
seemingly hopeless, because of
this trouble. This need, however,
will soon be attended to.
The Schools flic
"Yes, I do worlj, mainly through
the schools, on which 1 keep a
careful oversight, visiting them
regularly, and spending a good
part of my time there. From
there I trace the cases needing
farther attention or instruction
back to Ihe homes, which thus
brings me more or less into con
tact with the whole family. That
gives me, as you can easily see, a
big clientelle, really much too big
for one person to deal with prop
erly, but I do the best 1 can, ami
have Ihe great satisfaction of
knowintr that the conditions are
neing slowly but surely improved.
"Yes, I speak Spanish, which,
as you say, gives me an advantage
in dealing with the Latin people
Spanish, Portuguese and , Fili
pinos. A great deal depends on
being able to explain tilings to
them so that they will understand.
and in a sympathetic way. To
illustrate, there was one particu
lar case, where, on my first visit
as soon as they knew that 1 was
a nurse they barred Ihe door and
ordered me oil' the premises.
From a safe distance- and in the
friendliest manner I could muster
up, I talked to them in their own
language, and showed such an in
terest in their troubles, that they
finally unbarred the door, invited
me in and dusted oil the best
chair in the room fur me to sit on.
And from that day they have
been my most devoted friends,
willing to sit at my feet and take
any kind of wisdom that 1 like to
hand out. And they have passed
the word out all round that neigh
borhood that I am all right.
"My greatest difficulty is with
the Japanese, whom, in many
cases, I can't make understand!
my instructions. Fortunately
they are more intelligent than
some of the oilier races, ami gen
erally more cleanly and more sani
tary. IJut really, 1 ought to have
an interpreter to go with me in
dealing with those cases.
"There is one thing that I think
ought to be done, and might be
done readily. That is mothers'
meetings should be held here and
there among the camps, where
simple instructions could be given
in sanitation, hygiene, the care of
children. etc. I give the children
straight talks in the schools
about these things, but they reply
that the parents take no stock in
these things- and don't believe
them, and simply won't have the
instructions carried out about
fresh air and sunlight, and cleanli
ness, etc. So what can the child
ren do? I thing if we could get
at the mothers and give them sim
pie practical talks along these
lines, it would be product ive of
A 4. 4. 4. J. A A.
To be Sent Home
Definite instructions to demobo
li.e half the strength of the nation
al guard troops and local draftees
stationed here readied headquar
ters this morning from the war
department, says the Star-I'ulle-t
in of yesterday.. About .".('()() en
listed men will be a fleeted and a
proportionate number of officers.
Dcmoholizatioii will probably
start next week and take about a
1 1 1 01 1 1 h.
It is expected that the balance
of the guardsmen and draftees
will be deinboli.ed on arrival
here of regular troops, whose com
ing is forecast by the receipt of
transfer orders today of four
regular army officers of high rank
who are coming here from the
DemoboTizatioii of the .";)) will
be by individuals. A ennvaswill
be instituted at Shaffer and Scho
lield llarracks immediately to
ascertain what men desire to be
discharged and whether' for fam
ily, or industrial reasons. Each
case will then be passed on by
icn! !. V. Heard, those with the
most urgent reasons 1o receive
preference in returning to civil
hi this connection (Jen. Heard
desires it known that no applica
tions, either from the men or civil
ian employer, will be received at
army 'headquarters. If employ
ers with former employes in the
service desire them to return to
their old positions, the men them
selves should make this known
during the canvass.
The instructions ordering de
mobilization are the result of (Sen.
Heard's request to Washington t
permit demobolization at as early
a date as consistant with war de
partment plans in order to allow
plantation laborers and others
whose services are necessary to
industrial pursuits to return to
There is a very interesting and!
instructive article in a recent
number of the New York Inde-
pendent on "The Future-of Am-
,'rican Shipping," which we would
eeomniend our patrons as. fav as
possible to read. For the benefit
;f those who cannot do so, we
note some of the salient points of
ihe same. :
"Since the entry of America
into the war she has launched (ill
essels of four million tons capa
city. While litis is an unparal
leled achievement it still leaves
us ar snort ol ships cuougli To
maintain our army abroad, and
eaves us far short of the tonnage
if Great I!ritain, which has IS
million tons, even after all the
aibmarine destruction which they
The surest, jind often the most
valuable, outcome of anv great
- - - - . . r .
l From the Other Islands j
A 4f A-Ia AAAA AA A A A A A A
'iiterprisc is experience. Out of'gi'et that it was not deepened to
he great shipbuilding campaign i '! feet which will have to come
-.(' are learning two or three vain-'sooner of later.
One of them is the fallacy of
he wooden ship. She has proved'
to be an unjustifiable tribute to
radition. and for deep sea serv
ice, a failure.
There were several reasons for
building wooden ships in the first
instance. We had the lumber to
I'liild them of, and we could build
' 1 1 -1 1 1 rapidly and turn them out
by the hundred. Hut the fact is.
,e are told, that it lakes about a
car to build a ."-"( HI ton wooden
hip. whereas a contract steel
-hip of litliiij tons can be built in
-J. 1. A. J. L. X
Reports from the Waiakea dis
trict to the effect that the govern
incut's appraisal of the laud soon
to be hoinesteadded there is too
high aiul that there should be re
duct ions made have been heard
bv Governor McCarthy with con
siderable surprise, says the Adver
tiser of Dec. 27th. Commenting
upon the reports the Governor
yesterday said the appraisals of
Ihe lots to be hoinesteaded in the
Waiakea tract were too low if any
thing. Prior to the advertising of the
lots for hoinesteading purposes,
(Jovernor McCarthy said, the Ter
ritorv received an oiler of an
acre for the (SlOO acres in the Wai
akea tract, lie believed- he said,
lhat this was not the highest
price the government could have
received for the land, but it prob
ably could have re-leased it for
tf.HM an acre.
For the whole tract, the Gover
nor said, the Territory probably
could realized as much as $2,000,
DIM), whereas, under the home
steading plan and the value plac
ed upon the lots by the land de
part men t, the government will re
ceive barely !j?:00,000. And this
will all go back into the land in
the nature of roads and other im
proveinents so that in the final
analysis the government receives
nothing for the land.
In view of the reported protests
against Ihe appraisals, the Gover
nor pointed out the advantages
the homesteaders in the Waiakea
district will have over other dis
tricts. Arrangements have been
made for theiocation of what will
virtually be a suburb to the city
of Hilo by the alloting of a so
called town lot to each home
steader who draws an agricultur
al lot. These town lots will be
grouped about a mile from the
citv of Ililo ami residence on one
of them will be equal to residence
on the agricultural tract.
Taking into consideration the
high value of the land to be home
steaded ami the efforts of the
government to improve the con
dit ion of the homesteaders that
protests should be made is sur
prising, the (Jovernor said.
IN THE FUTURE
less than half the time. And the
steel ship is about one third cheap-
er to op .-!! Anot ier 'elect of
the wooden, ship is that- as they
have been built, hurridly and out
'of unseasoned material, they are
always in the repair shop, at great
'great expense and much loss of
Another problem of modern
shipping, is the economy of power,
and consequent ecoiiiny of fuel
consumption, which in turn means
economy in fuel space.
These ends can be secured most
effectively by increased size, es
pecially increased length. The
lendency is for ships to become
constantly bigger and faster; and
there is no limit to this increase
except the deprti of harbors. New
Vork harbor was deepened to 20
;Vet and then :() feet, then to
10 feet, and is nw a matter of re-
A very large portion of the
argo space of a small ship is re-
quired for.fuel. A very large por-
is required for engines. Put
:!:ese proportions diminish rapid
ly as ships are made larger. We
have learned the lesson of the
large conveyor in the matter of
railroad transportation. The
weight of ihe train in America is
about one quarter of the load,
whereas in Europe it is one half
the lad. We still need to learn
the lesson for ships.
Another new development,
bound lo ciinic, is the Diesel eng-
Kapaa's Win Again
Last Sunday the Puhi's were
beaten by the Kapaa's at the
former's grounds. Hi rota and
Joe Carvalho were the battery for
Ihe Puhi's and Manuel Tevis and
Kano for the Kapaa's.
Hajinie, Carvalho, llirota, and
Frank, for the Puhi's, and Kano,
L. Lnzaina, and Manuel Teves for
the Kapaa's, were the day's stars.
The score was 7 to 8 in favor
of the Kapaa's. Harry did tine
umpiring. Next Sunday the
Lihue Juniors will play the Ka
paa's at the hitter's grounds.
Should the Kapaa's win, the
cup is likely to be theirs. Should
the Lihue Juniors win it means a
hard struggle between Hie two
teams for the championship.
Standing average of the teams:
W. L Av.
Kapaa 2 0 1000
Lihue Juniors 1 0 1000
Filipinos 0 1 0000
Pubis 0 2 0000
A Program for the Woman
Who Has Pledged
Herself to Thrift
Simpler methods of living.
More careful selection of food.
More careful buying of food.
More careful preparation of food.
No waste In the use of food.
Preservation of surplus food.
1. Simplify your Food Habits.
Eat only three meals a day. Do not
eat or serve food between meals.
Serve very simple meals. Three
courses at most. One dish meals are
Eat, only what you need to keep
you well and efficient.
2. Select your Food Wisely.
Learn to know the needs of each
member of your family. Plan your
meals to meet these needs. Let your
needs and not your whims govern
your fool habits. Food selection Is
a science. Study It.
3. Buy Food Thoughtfully.
Learn first what food is needed,
then buy In such quantities as may
safely be stored or used without loss.
Plan ahead to save delivery. Study
the . market and buy the seasonably
abundant foods. Conserve those
which are scarce here and abro.id.
Make a budget and keep accounts.
4. Prepare your Food with Care.
Learn to prepare simple foods well.
This means palatable foods with
reasonable variations, in methods of
5. Wast: no Food.
Watch your garbage pail.
Serve only in such quantities as
may be eaten. Practice the gospel
of the clean plate.
Use all left-overs.
Waste no food through poor or
careless cooking or reckless handling.
6. Save Surplus Foods for
Even a Bmall daily surplus of per
ishable food should be preserved in
some simple way. Preserve, dry, can
or store any large supplies of surplus
ine. This engine uses only about
one third of the fuel that is used
by the other engines such as those
in use at present. And the fuel
can be very compactly and econ
omically stored, in the double bt-
tomof the steel steamer, away
from the cargo.
If America is to meet the needs
of her commerce home and foreign,
and hold her own with the other
leading commercial nations of the
world, we will need 2.1 million
Iili.u ..f u, ti.: I
i.Fii.i miiiwii. J lllft Hit. Ill
that we have a very long way to
go. Put that way, however long
it may be; we are going to go ac
cording to the plans of the ship
Win. V. Hardy, engineer in
charge of the water survey on
this island, says he is waiting for
the Kapaa homesteaders to get to-
;clher and decide who they want
to look after the irrigation water
for their homesteads before he
makes any decision regarding the
appointment of a water overseer.
This is a good chance for the
homesteaders to get the man thev
Senator Hind.of Hawaii, wants
'1(10 pounds of Guam Corn seed.
Guam corn was first introduced
on Kauai ami is gaining in favor
Soon the troops will be coming
home. Not all of them, for un
doubtedly some of them will be re
tained, with soldiers of the Kn
tente, for various duties, until
Germany and its allies shall have
complied with the conditions of
peace. It may own be that fresh
men will be sent over to relieve
those who have been in the thick
of the tight and have earned their
Demobilization of such a vast
force as we have in Furope is a
tremendous task. It can no more
be accomplished quickly than its
opposite organizing, equipping,
preparing for active service and
transporting a great military or
ganization to the front can be
accomplished quickly. It is not
alone the matter of bringing the
men home and of mustering them
out. of the service, although that
of itself is as great an undertak
ing as it was to put them across
the ocean. The United States has
spent untold millions "abroad in
public works of various kinds. Of
course nothing or next to nothing
will be reclaimed from the results
of our expenditure on port and
railway terminals for the recept
ion of men and materials, and in
other ways, but there will he a
great amount of work to le done
upon them before they are aban
doned. Then there are immense
quantities of all sorts of war ma
terial guns, munitions and other
materials that are clearly ours,
and that must be collected and
brought back. There are sick and
wounded in hospitals, who will be
cared for where they are as long
as that is necessary and who will
then be taken to the returning
ships. The work of all our chari
table organizations will be
brought to an end and the person
nel brought home. Moreover, the
continued shipment of food for
the troops and for the civilian
population and the replacement
-if clothing and equipment worn
nt or lost by the soldiers are
really, although not strictly, a
part of demobilization.
When we remember that not
only all our available sharping
but a still larger tonnage of Hrit
isli vessels has been employed in
carrying men across the ocean at
the rate of about a quarter of a
million a month, and that now
we have more than two million,
men to be repatriated, Ihere is
nothing astonishing in the esti
mate that will require fully two
years to establish the country
again on a normal peace basis.
The return is sure to be more
leisurely lhan the feverishly per
formed work of putting men into
the field. It will be not only
feasible but desirable that much
of the shipping be now diverted to
operations more pressing lhan the
return of the American forces.
It is to be hoped that neither
the authorities nor the people will
be too anxious to complete the
demobilization in a hurry. It will
be an appreciated honor if some
of our brave men and officers are
permitted to share in the occupa
tion of German forts and cities
In any event, the people of the de
vastated regions and some others
of our allies will long need mid.
assistance as our men can give
them, and it will be given tin
grudgingly and ent husinsl icly.
all oyer the territory. Anyone
having a large quantity of seed
for sale should get in touch with
the county agent. There is a
large demand for the seed.
A Portuguese clerk, Apply
Kauai Trading Co.
V iii-atly park itn-1 mail I
Hawaii & South seas Curio I
Try to find new ways of
making the old . clothes do,
says I'ncle Sam. Send us
your old units, gown?, drap
eries, linens, etc., for
and general restoring to use
r CALIFORNIA FEED CO J
D.-ak-rs in I
Hay, Gkain and Chicken
Sole Agents for
liiti-niiitiniml Stork. Poultry Fund .
' ami t-tlit-r N-t-iultir. Ararat; fur
cn'ilinjj Inm Knob. IVtaliuna In-
initiators mill llromlt-r-s.
King's Si'KCiAi. Chick Food
1 P. O. P.ox 452, Honolulu
HOTEL LIHUE f
Twenty tvo elegant rooms I
In Main Building I
Thret Airy Cottages
Cuisine unexcelled in country '
J ' districts I
I W. H. Rice, Jr., I
4 $ 4 4. .J..J. . .;.
Wholesale and Retail Groceries
Dry Goods of all Descriptions.
"We have not studied
cost nor economy as
we should, either as
organizers of indus
try, statesmen, or as
Pat fiere ivyyt time
to rtart to sava--and
tiiul time it. NOW.
J M .
Biskp & Company
Saving! Dc.j; a-.jcnt
t Kuraoka & Co.
: CONTRACTOR AND CARPENTER
I ltuilding, Paintinir, Moving
Huildinys and ieneral
Manufacturer of All Kinds of
P. 0. Box 265 --
Lihue, Kauai f