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TIIE GARDEN ISLAND, TUESDAY. JAN. 7, 1919
TO IRRIGATE YOUR GARDEN AND LAWN
Compressed Air Syrayers with
Brass or Galvanized Iron Tanks
Lewers & Cooke, Ltd.
Lumber and Building Materials
Hi!l 177 So. King Street
Order It By Mail!
Our Mail OisnKii Dkiai:t.ikxt is exeep
tionally well equipped to linndle all your Drug
and Toilet wants thoroughly and at once.
We will pay postage on all orders of oQf and
over, except the following:
Mineral Waters, 11a by Foods, Glassware
and articles of unusual weight and small
Non-Mailable: Alcohol, Strychnine,
Rat poisons, Iodine, Ant poison, Mer
cury Antiseptic Tablets, Lysol, Car
bolic Acid, Gasoline, Turpentine, Ben- 0
zine and all other poisonous or in
If your order is very heavy or contains much
liquid, we suggest that you have it sent by
Benson, Smith & Co., Ltd.
"Service Every Second"
-4.-44. 4. 4.-4.4. -
Items of Interest to Our
By G. W. SAI1
4"5 5 4- 41
Bermuda Grass a Good Feed,
But Troublesome to Weed.
The Rexal Store
Box 426 Honolulu
Theo. H. Davies & Co., Ltd.
HONOLULU and HILO
Sugar Factors and Commission Merchants
IMPORTERS OF GENERAL MERCHANDISE
Builders' Hardware Crmkcry (ilasswaiv
Sporting Goods Fisliin;; Tackle Fireman
Refrigerator. Spark riujrs
Varnishes ISrnslies Oils
Saddlery Itnnfing Trunk:
Fancy ami Staple Lines, Feed. etc.
Writers of Fire, Marine, Compensation. Autoiin.hiie anil Miscellaneous
Canad'un-.Vustralian Koyal Mail Stiiiiihip Line
Upon application information will lie cheerfully furi!hcd in regard to any
of ear lines in which you may lie interesteil.
I'crniuda grass, locally known
is "manienie," is one of t lie most
valuable jis well as one -f tlie most
troublesome grasses, of Hawaii.
This vigorous growing perennial
spreads rapidly, making a tliiek
sod which is well suited for pas
tures and lawns.
The same characteristics' that
make it so valuable also render it
one of the principal weeds, the
eradication of which is essential
to the successful growing of inter
tilled crops. This plant has a
certain natural weakness, its ina
bility to withstand shade- which
can be easily made use of in its
In the southern part of the
United States where this plaut is
also it common grass, its suscep
tibility to winter killing is a great
aid in its eradication. In Hawaii
our climate is not cold enough in
winter to aid us in the least in
the eradication of Bermuda grass.
In Hawaii we can best control
this grass by attack upon its in
ability to withstand shade, and to
expose the root stocks to the bak
insr ell'cct of the sun during the
(irowinir shade crops such its
velvet beans, cow peas, and inter
tilled crops such as corn and
sweet potatoes will cause the
grass to eventually disapear. The
land should ,be kept occupied at
all times alter the grass has been
eradicated in order to prevent it
from returning to the lields. In
lields that are constantly under
cultivation, during till seasons' of
the year very little trouble is ex
perienced with this grass. In
semi-arid regions where there is
not enough rain to produce ordi
nary crops during the summer
months, farmers would do well to
plant it crop of velvet beans or
some other shade crop in order to
keep this weed out of the lields.
Velvet beans are drought resist
ant and will keep the ground cov
ered during dry weather, thus
shading out weeds and at the same
time adding fertility to the soil.
It is not a good practice to fallow
hi nds and expose them to weeds
which harbor insects and disease
when it is possible to plant such
lands to it leguminous (-overcrop.
It is during the fallow season
that Bermuda grass and other
weeds get their foot-hold on the
Hogs are also useful in eradi
cating this grass. They are fond
If IMi HONOLULU W'Y-i
5' gfj Distributors 11 'J
I' Ml Jfor the! li )M
M TERRITORY OF HAWAII fl:'J M
of the rootstsocks, and they will
be aided greatly in the good work
if the land is first plowed. A
good svstem for breaking in a
Held of Bermuda grass for culli
vation is to graze the Held tin en
tire winter, continue the grazing
through the spring until midsum
mer, then jdow shallow to expose
the root stock to the diving action
of the sun and the persistant root
jing of the hogs. In the fall plow
'deep and plant to some intertilled
crop or some shade crop.
In small areas, such its gardens,
the rootstocks may be gathered.
after the laud has been plowed
with it rake or fork and burned.
Where only small patches are in
tested they may be covered with
heavy paper, preferably roofing
paper, which should be weighted
down. This so completely shades
ihu plants that in about two
mouths they will be killed.
Bermuda grass was at one lime
'looked upon solely as a pest, but
in vU'W of the fact that it is ex
ceedingly valuable for pasture,
hay and lawn purposes the plant
has been widely utilized through
out the Hawaiian Islands, ami its
value is far in ecess of the dam
age which it causes.
W. SAim, County Agent
ir'A .sir;;' potatoes
auk .111 pi:
The grower can judge when his
sweet potatoes are ripe by break
ing or cutting one of litem and
leaving the broken surface expos
al to the air for a few minutes.
The cut or broken surface dries
if it is mature. If the surface re
mains moist it is not ready to
Several thousand corn leaf hop
per parasites were liberated in the
corn fields at .Mahelona Hospital
farm last week. The leaf hopper
has been very destructive here
The corn leaf hopper is a very
small sucking insect, about
inch in length that gets into the
crown of voting corn and causes
it to turn yellow and tassel at a
premature stage. Corn planters
would do well to investigate their
plantings occasionally for the ap
pearance of this insect. The
county agent receives it shipment
of parasites on each steamer day,
and can supply planters provided
they notify him a few days before
The leaf hopper cannot be pre
vented from damaging a crop of
corn after it has already gotten a
loot hold, Planters should watch ; ft
for the first appearance of the f
pest, in order that the parasite tor
controlling leaf hopper can be re-
1 ii p .1 1. . . . 1. . . 1
leased nciore me uopper nas none tj
any serious damage.- Corn will
never recover from any serious
set back whether due to weather
conditions, fertility, or insect
Several small plantings inspect
ed recent Iv at Moloaa show the
presence of it few leaf hoppers.
Parasites released within the next;
few davs will prevent the leaf
opper from gelling the best of
4 4 4j -1 -
Corn planted on Mr. Thromis'l
place ill I'apaa gulch looks splen-
lid. The crop is absolutely free
from leaf hopper or aphis, but the
cut worms have caused slight,
damage in spots. A good yield
should be expected here according
to the present appearances.
The lil'th scries homestead tract,
located in the upper Wiiilmi reg
ion of this Island, is presenting
difficulties to the laud department
which will probably result in a
delay in opening it up for home-
lead ing. This land was surveyed
last summer with the intention of
oll'ering the lots to prospective
homesteaders early in l!ll!l.
The problem confronting the
laud department, according to
.Miss Bernice Hundley, local land
agent, is the mathr of lay'iig out
C. W. SPITZ, Prop.
NAWILIWILI, KAUAI TELEPHONE 494
Automobiles to all Parts of Kauai,
all hours, Day and Night
AUTOMOBILES AND LIGHT
FORD CARS, McFARLAN, STANLEY STEAMER, LOCOMOBILE,
COLE, REO, CHEVROLET (except Model "490") AND SAJON, also
REO, COMMERCE, LOCOMOBILE AND MORELAND TRUCKS.
We carry a complete stock of U. S. L. Batteries and Battery Parts
also Automobile and Tire Accessories.
A COMPLETE LINE OF FORD PARTS
Goodyear Tires and Tubes
The best in the Market for the Money.
GARAGE, Agents for Kauai.
roads that will make till of thei
lots itccssilde. According (o 1'ic
s.trvey made last summer the
t i.'t was divided into 'IS lots
averaging nltouf :!(( acres apiece.
Some of these lols are so situated
liclwecn hogs ami swampy hol
lows thai it very elahorale and
complicated road system will
have to he' installed. As home
steaders it re expected to go on to
their, land us soon as possilde
itfier the drawing it is essential
thill thev Uave roads over which
to haul necessities to their places.
The prolilem of making all of
these lols nccessihle liy roadways
is it dillicult one ami not readily
i i i
Ioy .Matthews wants to try
some peanuts on his homestead at
Kapahi. lie would like to devote
half an acre near his house to
this crop. The small Spanish
peanut will prolinldy do well on
hi place, planted in the spring of
Tom ( 'uniiiiigham's pineapple
planting is making excellent pro
gress. At the present .rate of
growth l 'liiiniiigham expects to
hancsl fruit late next fall.
,Covrrii;bl Hall ScUarinci Ac Mux
Silva's Toggery, Honolulu.
h ! -fr 4 4
J. I. SILVA, Prop.
ALWAYS LHADS IN LOWKST I'KICKR ON
Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes,
Mens Furnishings, Cigars and
Tob acco, Notions of all kinds.
MAIN STOKE. KI.KKI.K,
I'll ONE 72 V.
K ALA II EO HOMESTEAD