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everything in the
Silver and Gold Line.
Rich Cut Glass and
Merchandise of the
Best Quality Only.
IT. J . DOX Ot flUIlimiiU A
- n in TT .1 ... 1
Il-qt. Saucepan aud
1- qt. Stew Pan, each
2- qt. Double Boiler, each...
Individual Jelly Molds, doz.
2V2sqt. "Wearever" Lipped
Bread Fans, each
Cake Pans, each
Sou) Dishes, each
Napkin Kings, each
Tea Balls, each
Cream Dippers, each
W. W. Dimond & Co., Ltd.
The Houie of Houseware
35-65 S. Kiniz St. Honolulu
I Bank of Hawaii, Ltd.
Real Estate and Insurance
NO. 125131 MERCHANT ST
Begin planning now for your
ep make this Fair even
Bigger and Better than the First One !
Letter from the Front
S. E. Hanuestad, formerly of
Kauai, but who lias been at the
front in France for a long time
past, has written Ins sister, Jlrs.
W. V. Allen xf this city, telling
her of his adventures since he left
the United States for France,
avs the llilo Post-IIerald.
Hanuestad was at Camp Cody
fore being sent "over there" and
it was on the Leviathan, formerly
the Vaterland, that he and a few
thousand other Yanks made the
trip to France. "It is some ship,"
ys the soldier, "and 1 hope I
may return nome on uoam ner.
"We landed in England at Liv
erpool and then went right across
that country to a rest camp for a
couple of days. The camp is a
good one, well fitted out, but
damp and rainy.
"After a few days there we left
for Southampton where 'we em
barked for a night voyage across
the English Channel. I hope
never to make such a trip again.
We were all seasick including
"In France we landed at Cher-
burg, which is said to be one of
the oldest places in France. I can
quite believe it for everything
about the town is old, even the
fter a stay m a camp near
Cherburg we started on a train
trip across France and it took us
two nisrhts -and two days. We
i uxsed close to Paris, but not
close enough to see anything of
the famous city. We passed
through General Pershing's head
quarters ami landed at Berg the
headquarters of the American
tank corps in France.
"I am with the tank force and
of course have plenty to do. We
have been billet ted mostly in
barns and hay lofts, but I was
lucky in getting a little outhouse
where five of us can have a fire at
night and keep a light going also,
so we are comfortable.
"The place where we are now is
Fleulley Cotton and it is seven
miles from Longres, an ancient
walled city of about 10,000 in
habitants, to the southwest of
Verdun and about 'M miles from
the Swiss border.
"The Maine Canal passes this
place. It is fitted up with up to
date locks and carries a very
heavy boat traffic daily. Most of
the people are very hospitable, but
there are others who, when they
have anything to sell, soak us to
Ilanncstad winds Iiy saying
that lie holies lie remains where
he is until the time comes to re
turn home to America. lie wanb
no more of camps once he reaches
THE GARDEN ISLAND. TUESDAY. FEK. , 1919
Rats: A Menace
The various plantations com
plain of a disastrous increase of
rats on Kauai during the last few
years, until they have assumed
such proportions that they quite
seriously cut into the crop. In
some places, especially where
there is Lahaina or other soft
cane, they have fairly decimated
some sections of the fields.
Kauai declined to receive the
mongoose when the other islands
introduced them, so we get no
help from them. Cats also which
are the traditional enemy of rats,
do not seem to hold them in check.
It is said that both the cat and
the mongoose have developed a
cultivated taste for chickens and
small birds, and live on the most
friendly terms with the rat.
Failing these natural enemies
the planters have been casting
about for other means of bring
ing the rat to time. Of these the
most successful are poison and
A strychnine solution is made
up well sweetened with molasses
in which rolled barley is soaked.
At first whole barley was used,
but it was found that the wily
rats learned to eat the interior
out of the grains and leave the
deadly outer covering. This pois
on mixture is spread in places
where rats are plentiful and dis
poses of a good many of them.
Suitable traps dispose of a great
many more, unese are set out
by hundreds on large plantations,
and the professional rat catcher
is an important and honorable
factor of plantation activity. The
favorite traps are the Little
Giant, and the round or oval wire
The liait They Like llvxt
The bait which will overcome
the natural suspicion of the rat is
an important problem. The tra
ditional bait is cheese, but cheese
is too valuable a delicacy for rats
in these food conservation days,
and was soon given up. Bacon
was then ndopted and largely
used the Beechnut brand, in jars
and the common everyday brand
by the pound. But that also is
expensive and difficult to get.
Finally an inventive ratter struck
on dry squid, slightly broiled to
brim: out the aroma, and found
that this struck the fancy of tin
rat better than anything else; and
it was only half the mice of
bacon, and went much farther, be
mg very tough, so that a very
small piece would beguile the
victim to his doom. So now the
market is ransacked for dried
- Intending Exhibitors in every department
displays at Hawaii's Second
As to Teachers Salaries I
There is a very general and a
very natural unanimity of con
viction among the teachers of the
Territory as to the fact that they
want and must have a very sub
stantial raise of salary. The llilo
Teachers' Union asks for a sub
stantial increase; the Maui Asso
ciation of Teachers asks for a 50
per cent increase, and the Oahu
Association for a .': 1-:? per cent
increase. From this it is evident
that they want enough of an in
crease to amount to something.
They contend, with justice, that
during the last four or five years
the cost of living has cone ui
from 50 to 75 per cent. All that
teachers want is to be put some
where licnr where they were four
or live years ago in the scale of
The teachers admit that they
have no political influence, no
friends at court, no pull, but they
do hope, for a fair deal based on
the justice of their cause and the
reasonableness of their demand.
They express their confident as
surance that the coming Legislat
ure will fix the monthly pay-roll
at slOO.000 instead of .?7:!.(Hi(l
at ? 100,(100 instead og 87:1,000
if need be the tax payer will con
sunt to' an additional increment
if Hie taxes to meet the increase.
Treasury Certificates for Taxes
The federal taxes will be pay
able in June, and the Treasury 1
Department are now oll'ering
treasury certificates which may
be turned in by the tax payer,
and which will bear interest at
41j per cent during the interim.
The plan is thus to furnish a con
venient means of short term in
vest incut which will give a man
a reasonable return, and yet place
him in a position to be ready on
the dot, to meet his tax liability.
The date of maturity of these
will be June 17, 1010, and they
will be redeemed at full value
with accrued interest at that date
if the holder does not make use of
them in payment of taxes.
In an emergency when squid
failed, the rats themselves were
broiled, and proved very accepta
ble bait to their cannibal birth-
Some plantations use rat ter
riers effectively, especially for dig
ging the rats out their boles.
By means of these various
ag i ics the harvest of rats has
beci. very large in the last ear
or two; one place having done
away with no less than 40(10 last
year, the plantations that Have
waged a faithful ware fa re against
them report a great abatement
Insurance and lz Flu
The current epidemic of Span
ish Influenza is playing havoc
with the actuary tables and stand-'
arils of the life insurance com
panies. The death rate among
the insurance companies has
grown to four times the normal;
and statistics show that the epi
demic has increased the death
rile of -the gene -a! pnp-.lat ion
from two to seven times according
to the locality.
The New England Mutual gives
these , figures for the last live
l!li:i, :1X percent ; 101 1, 51 per
cent ; 1!M5, V. percent ; l!)l(i, IS
percent; 1017, 51 percent; 101S,
'2 K) percent .
Contrary to the experience of
previous epidemics, I he highest
mortality is between the ages of
20 and 40.
The old-line, conservative in
surance companies are confident
that thev will meet the strain of
this abnormal mortality without
the least danger of financial em-
baras.-auent ; they have created a
big surplus to meet just such
Shriners Happy Land
Honolulu Feb. 20, 21, 22
The Blaisdell Hotel
Close to restuarants, theatres, big car lines and all
Write for reservations
Kapaia Garage Co,
Automobile Repairing And
STOBAOE BATTEIMES IU'1'A I KED
YUL "AX IIXC,
Telephone 25S J,
emergencies as this,
ra'.is also will remai
n the same
it .i ii i. ifr 4 S ifi , . J!
TO THE VALUE (F
$10,000 W EKE PUN
CH ASEP IX THE U. S.
1 J Y lUMTISH A N 1)
sent I'oi: the ri K-
I'OSK OF KITING
AM EKICAX MACHIN
ERY. Hawaiian News Co., Lid.
Honolulu . Youna Hotel Bldg.
$ A 4
t Kuracka & Co. j
1 CONTRACTOR AND CARPENTER f
I KuiMing, Painting, Moving
t Kuildinirs pud Ccncral
I Manufacturer of All Kinds of X
P. 0. Box 265
P. O. Box 2'M
the United States.
keep the hundreds of of the evil.
P. O.Box No. 594 Honolulu