Newspaper Page Text
TUB GARDEN ISLAND. TUESDAY, FEB. 23. 1919
THE GOYEUXOR FOR
The Governor, in Lis message
calls til tent ion to the custom of
early days in Hawaii, when wo
men were considered good enough
to he prime ministers, gocrncsses
and members of t lie house of no
bles. He suggests, by way of in
fercncc, that if women just emerg
ing from barbarism were capable
of tilling these responsible posi
tions as well as men, surely their
more highly civilized sisters of
today ought to be trusted with
It is surely a very sane infer
ence. Trv them and see.
77; GOYERXORS MESSAGE
We beg to commend to the at
tent ion of our readers the (lover
uor's message to the Legislature,
published at length in this issue.
It is a document worthy of the
station; dignilicil, intelligent, pro
gressive, and with a most com
mendable quality of vision which
forcasts conditions and oppor
tunities coming, ami sizes up the
future and our relation to it, in
a broad and discriminating way.
There is also an optimistic ring
to it which is refreshing and stim
ulating; altogether it is good
reading which gives the earnest
of great things ahead of us.
THE RE.ECTIOX OF
L'. FI T II 0.1 ES TEA DERS
The Governor's message calls
attention to the abuse of the
honiesteading privilege by which
an applicant with no means, no
fitness, no knowledge of the business-
and no serious purpose to
make good as a homesteader, ex
ploits his privilege as an easy
means of speculation, which dis
credits honiesteading and robs the
public. The governor urges that
the law be amended so as to give
A XEY HOOK
The Garden Island is in receipt
of the "Roster Legislatures of
Hawaii" which consists mainly of
the speeches from the throne to
the various Legislatures, and the
membership rolls of the same.
It is compiled from the ollicial
records of the archives from the
time of Kamehameha I down to
While it is a work of special
interest and value to the histor
ian, there are sections of general
and popular interest, which make
it a valuable book for library use.
Especially interesting are the
early annals of the simple and
primitive government established
by KameliiiiiK-iia I. In these early
stages the laws were proclamed
by the King, after consultation
with his high chiefs, who were
naturally very amenable to his
will. These laws were made known
to the people by heralds, and pre
served bv a class whose sole duty
it was to memorize, teach and
hand down to the succeeding gen
erations. The first law printed
and published was in lsj."j and re
lated to the entry and clearance
A council of chiefs, advising
with the King naturally grew into
the House of Nobles, and only
after a considerable lapse of time
was provision made for a more
popular representation. Not till
ls() was there provision made for
representatives from the various
islands. The method of election
was singular and unusual; it was
by writing personally to the King,
designating the candidate whom
the voter preferred. To start with
there were only three, and they
THE GARDEN ISLAND
Kauai First, Last and all the time.
the government the right to reject
an applicant when it is determin
ed that lie is unfit to develop the
We would most cordially en
dorse this suggestion of the Gov
ernor, only premising that this
right of rejection should be care
fully guarded so that it may not
give rise to any charge of arbi
trary or autocratic action on the
part of the government.
JAl'AXESE F1JUCATI0X IX
A leaflet being circulated by the
Japanese Educational Associat
ion of Hawaii purports to explain
the intents and purposes of the
.Japanese schools and give infor
mation concerning them.
It seems that there are Y.iH
such schools throughout the Is
lands; that the instruction in
these schools is con lined to eight
hours a week; the course runs for
eight years and covers the prim
ary and urammar trades, the
higher grades being taught in the
morning and the lower in the
The justification for these
schools is declared to be that the
children may be retained in a con
dition of sympathy and fellowship
with the parents and other rela
tives and friends, who are out and
Our sympathies goes out for
the little Japanese "kids" who,
after being worried and harried
for several hours, wrestling with
the difficulties of the English lan
guage, must put in even an hour
and a half more with the delirious
mazes of the "Japanese Kami and
the Common Chinese characters"
which must utterly sap their little
souls of whatever energy they
may have left. That they should
be able to talk to their parents
and friends in the standard lan
guage of Japan, seems reasonable
met as ;ih insignificant and very
humble part of the body of Nobles.
In those early days the Legisla
ture met in Lahaijm, which was
The method of voting was still
very simple ten years later, when
it was only necessary for a voter
to hand his tax receipt to the
clerk in charge, and he was then
entitled to cast a ballot for any
one he pleased; no list of candi
dates having been made out.
One striking peculiarity of the
early legislative bodies, as well as
the executive government, was the
fact that women of rank held an
important place. The leading
prime minister for many years
was the famous Kaalfunianu. and
there were no less than four mem
bers out of thirteen constituting
the house of nobles in ist.'i who
were women. Female governesses
served down to a much more re
cent date, Lanihau being an in
stance on this Island. There were
no fixed periods for the sessions
of the Legislature in those days
and they ran from one day to
seven months. One of the strange
features of these sessions was that
the representatives generally sat
for a much longer time than the
nobles, generally a few days long
er, but in one case 4.'5 days.
I'RESE T TEXDE XC1ES
I. IMMIGRATION :
With reference to the immed
iate future all indications point
to a small immigration from for
eign countries, especially from
European countries, into the
1. The new Immigration Law,
with its illiteracy test, will be
strictly enforced by the authori -
ties if the flow of undesirable im
LI 11 U E
enough, but that they should
have to learn to write, in that
most intricate and laborious sys
tern, and that they should be
taught Japanese morality, history
and geography this seems un
necessary ami uncalled for, on
top of what they have to learn in
the public schools.
There are many reasons why
Ihe Japanese schools in this ter
ritory should be abolished. A
the teacbers in our public schools
they will give you one good and
sufficient reason. Ask the Y. M
'. A. men who work among tin
Japanese on this Island. They
will give you some more good am
sufficient reasons. JJut to our
mind the last words of Theodore
lfoosevelt were uttered expressly
for our benefit: "There ran
be no divided alleyiance here
Any nmii itto says lie is an
the Ameriran flay. Yc have room
alio, isn't an American at all
We hare room for but one flay.
the American xay. We Ihivc room
for but one tnnyunye here and
that is the Enyiish lanyuaye. And
vc have room for but one soul
loyalty, and that is loyalty to the
It is very gratifying to learn
from the report appearing in our
last issue that the majority of the
Hoard of Supervisors consider the
interest of the tax payers par
mount to that of courting favor
with the road employees.
At the last meeting one super
visor proposed increasing the
daily wage of the road worker to
S2..10, but found no supporters.
The majority can be assured that
their action will not be passed un
noticed at the forthcoming elec
tion by the men who have to foot
We should be proud of their
action in not playing to politics.
migrants threatens to become
2. In the past the emigration
laws of European nations have
been but slightly enforced. Un
doubtedly thev are about to be
strictly enforced in order to re
tain the able-bodied workers now
necessary to Europe for her enoi
nious reconstruction uudertak
In the immediate future high
er wages will prevail throughout
The world's available SUPPLY
of labor has been reduced by casu
alties of war. These casualties
exceed twenty-five millions (25
000,000) of men.
The DEMAND for labor to re
store the devastated portions of
Europe will In.' exceedingly great
for a number of years to come.
Economic conditions in Europe,
with accompanying high wage
and the demand for skilled and
unskilled labor will induce
heavy flow of alien workers from
the United States.
iiie immigration onicers m
Roston. New York, and Philadel
phia are working at top speed on
thousands of applications of work
ers for permits and passports.
The Steamship Otlices of the
East are now besieged by thous
ands of persons eager to secure
passage to Europe. On several
steamship lines all available pas
senger space has been booked for
many months in advance.
Past record shows that I!0 per
cent of the immigrants from for
eign countries into the United
States returned to their foreign
homes to remain there permanent
ly. This exodus fell in the year
1!)17 to 00,277 persons.
AH signs point to a huge exodus
j of steerage passengers during the
- years 1!H!) and l!t2l).
New Land Commissioner
Commenting on the appoint
ment of Charles T. Ha i ley as land
commissioner, the Advertiser of
the lSlh savs: Conduct of the
publics business in tne same
thorough manner as if it was the
business of a private corporation
and a fair ami square deal for
everyone having business with his
department is to be the policy of
Charles T. liailey. new territorial
land commissioner, apiMinted lv
Sovernor McCarthey to succeed
llertram G. Rivenburgh. whose
letter of resignation came to the
Mr. liailey has been acting land
oiiimissioiicr since the departure
of Mr. Rivenburgh to the main
land on October 2.". He has been
chief hydrographer and engineer
in the division of hydrography, de
partment of public lands, since
1 It 1 7 and prior to that was as
sistant euiiineer of the water re
sources branch of the 1. S. geo
logical survey with headquarters
Green Mountain Hoi
The new laud commissioner is a
native of Greensboro. erniont.
and was educated at Craftsburv,
Vermont, and the University of
Vermont, where he obtained his
II. S. degree in civil engineering.
He was instrument man on grade
separation work at Detroit with
the Michigan Central railroad!
from 100!) to 1010 and was junior
engineer or tne
branch of the U. S. geological sur
vey at Newport. Kentucky, from
1010 to 1012.
So far as the persoiiel of the de-
lini-tmcnt is conee?iie.l tlier rill
be no changes, at least not at
present, Mr. liailey said last
The former commissioner's res
ignation was received yesterday
lit ill. J i t ll'Jjt ! 1 il til tlll fiM't l.t-YIT.
nv; ii.mi in.- mi. juiriiimjp
since the latter went to the main -
land. Mr. IJivenburiih said his
wife's health was still poor and
she was confined to her bed at
Washington at the present time.
He said he had no definite plans
for the future.
Lately, the former conimission-
er said, he has bi-en helping Angus
Erly, secretary to Delegate Kuhio.
When in Honolulu
Running water tn every room; rooms
singly or with baths; comlortable beds;
close to best restaurants and all car
lines. Highest class service.
Centrally located la the theatre and bopping centers.
J F. CHILD.
I OrrW It
Our Mail Okdkk Dki'aktmkxt is excep
tionally well equipped to handle all your Drug
and Toilet wants thoroughly and at once.
We will pay jKjstage on all orders of "idf and
over, except the following:
Mineral Waters, I la by Foods, (ilasswarc
and articles of unusual weight and small
Non-Mailable: Alcohol, Strychnine,
Rat poisons, Iodine, Ant poison, Mer
cury Antiseptic Tablets, Lysol, Car
bolic Acid, Gasoline, Turpentine, Ben
zine and all other poisonous or in
f tamable articles.
If your order is very heavy or contain.- ima-h
liquid, we suggest that you have it sent by
Benson, Smith & Co., Ltd.
"Service Every Second"
The Rexal Store
in explaining several matters to
various committees in congress.
Also he said he had been respon
sible for the unearthing of the
national park bill which had re
niained untouched in Washington
since the return of Secretary
Lane's parly, ami had had it in
troduced in both houses of the
national legislature. The secre
tary of the interior, he asserted,
is anxious to see the bill go
through and thinks it probably
will pass at-this session.
At a little Japanese country
store the other day they took in in
the natural course of trade, from
a Hawaiian, a French piece bear
ing the date 1U and an Ameri
can half dollar or 1S21. making
these cuius about one hundred
years old. Where they have been
all this time is a question. The
enterprising store man declined
to take the live franc piece at par.
because it was a foreign coin, lie
is nw salistied. however, that it
is a "find."
letters from the people
Editor. Garden Island Might I sug
gest that through the columns of your
paper you urge the public of Kauai
to ' wear a Mask: It May save Yonr
Life." Having teen in San Francisco
and with the American Red Cross
during the early stage of the Influenza
epidemic. I was aMe to know at first
hand that it was cue to wearing of
masks that fuany lives were saved.
The carrying of camphor, use of
mouth washes sad r.ose sprays proved
l-iAirr.?.. n tiiu i? pj'i cau u.'
, V .-. f rm b cdnA 1,,
sneezing or co-gh:ng.
If the lil-CTers on the plantations
were made to weir gau;e masks it
would be the ataas of quickly stamp-
ui this C:
Qt-3 plague and the
! maay lives.
As it is tot rC'Ss:tle for each indi
vidual here ca li..i: to have any of
the MTiuni ia;:r::rj irto :hvm. this
Birnpie jin".:LuijC'L sac'".".: te followed.
The mas lis in n.;. i-. : '. four thicknesses-
ol KLa.u.rr riu:e with a 1t
inch tj sfvt-i ei:a ccraer. long
enough t.0 Ti-.i.'.t ::, iae tack of the
ne.aa unci lit.. .: ;t uaaecessary to
' use any tutlMi'iic solution on the
-?auz'- 'ut I-ecple wearing a mask
should not put their hands either on
face or mask until they wash their
"Wear a Mask and Save Your Life,"
was the slogan which the Red Cross
used in San Francisco.
FPlVfK T MiTTUriVO
! Kapaa ;uai
Feb. 21, 1S19.
Rv Milt I
Box 426 Honolulu
kvkrytiiino in thr
Silvkr and Gold Link,
Rich Cut Glass and
Bkst Quality Only.
H.F.W1CHMAN& C0..LD. I
t P. O. Box 342 Honolulu
4. 4 5
:i-t . Saucepan and
Cover, each ?1.2.
1 (it. Slew Pan, each oT
2 (it. Double lloiler, each... 1 .!)."
Individual .Jelly Molds, doz. 1.00
2'j-(it. "Wearcver" Lipped
Saucepan, each S."
l'read Pans, each oO
Cake Pans, each 15
Soup Dishes, each 25
Napkin Kings, each 10
Tea Halls, each , . .15
Cream Dippers, each 15
ALUM I NUM CLEANSER
W. W. Dimond & Co, Ltd.
The House of Houseware
;V)-(5 S. Kiiij: St. Hnimliihi
i Stamps t
Lihue Branch T
BanK or nawau, Lta.
Real Estate and Insurance
NO. 125 1J1 MERCHANT ST.
P. 0. Box No. 594 Honolulu
Kuraoka & Co.
T CONTRACTOR AND CARPENTER
liuiMinp, Painting, Moving
I Buildings and General
Manufacturer of All Kinds of
P.O. Box 265 -
Lihue, Kauai f
TO THIS VALUE OF
SUUXK) WKUK 1TH
chaVed IN THE U. S.
11Y HKITISII AND
SENT FOU THE ITU
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ERY. Hawaiian News Co., Ltd.
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