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THE GARDEN ISLAND, TUESDAY. FEB. 25,. 1919
THE GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE:
The Honorable, The President of the Senate,
The Honorable, The Speaker of the House, and Members of the
Legislature of the Territory of Hawaii..
Assembled in the Tenth Regular Session of the Legislature of the
Territory, you face conditions that call for your best thought and action.
To you is given the opportunity to maintain Hawaii In the position that
world events of the laBt four and one-half years have made for her.
CHANGES BROUGHT BY THE WAR
Conditions throughout the United States have "been revolutionized
the war. From a debtor nation, America has become a creditor.
Manufactures have been stimulated beyond our greatest expectations.
While most of this increased business has been the productions of muni
tions of war, these immense fuctories are already being converted to produce
articles used in time of peace. And these articles will be so far In excess
of consumption, that foreign markets must be sought.
Before the war our exports were carried In foreign vessels, but America's
answer to the call for ships brought such an increase in her merchant
marine that, with the completion of vessels now on the stocks she will
become the second largest maritime naHon in the world. Business for
these vessels must be secured.
THE PACIFIC WILL SEE INCREASED TRADE
Countires bordering on the Pacific Ocean will be the natural customers
for America's excess of manufactures and a glance at the map will show
that Hawaii, the Crossroads of the Pacific, is destined as a place where
many of the ships of this commerce will call.
Our ports will lie used to their utmost capacity. Even now the new
conditions have almost overwhelmed us, as a visit to the waterfront of
Honolulu will show.
If other conditions are favorable this big business Is sure to come to
Honolulu and Hilo, and it is for this legislature to make proper provision
to take care of it. Steps have already been taken to acquire Sand Island
After a conference with the Board of Harbor Commissioners, I present the
following as a program for taking care of this business.
PROGRAM FOR WHARF AND HARBOR IMPROVEMENTS
1. Appropriations to purchase and improve the property on Queen
Street along the front of Pier 11, Honolulu, belonging to the Robinson
and Allen Estates. This will make possible a territorial wharf 1,100 feet
in length. The trade coming will probably bring vessels as large as this
and we must make proper provision to receive them. Under normal con
ditions this wharf can accommodate two vessels, each 550 feet in length.
2. Purchase of the so-called Marine Railway site and the adjoining
property owned by the Inter-Island Steam Navigation Company and used
for their floating drydock. This property will be on the market as soon
as the company finishes work on its new site across the harbor. By
acquisition of these three properties the Territory will be able to accom
modate on the town side of the harbor not less than five large steamers
at one time, in addition to the present facilities.
3. Purchase of the two small pieces of land belonging to the Oahu
Railway & Land Company at the heads of Piers 15, 16 and 17.
4. Money is also required to build a wharf for the handling of lumber
cargoes on the site of the present Pier 2. To provide this wharf immediately,
I recommend that legislation be enacted so as to pay for the work out of
the general fund; with repayment to the general fund from proceeds of
bond sales as they are received in the Treasury.
5. It would be good business for the Territory to own a dredger. I
recommend that an appropriation for one, based on estimates of the Harbor
Commission, be granted.
6. An appropriation sufficient to build in Hilo a Class-A concrete wharf.
As it is necessary to issue bonds when making public improvements,
it is right and proper that such improvements should produce sufficient
revenue to pay interest on the investment and to provide a sinking fund
to retire the bonds at maturity. Under present laws this is impossible as the
Territory cannot collect toll from freight passing over or using our wharves.
For illustration, a vessel ties up at one of our wharves for two days,
discharging in that time approximately 8000 tons of freight. It pays
wharfage for the time it has been here and leaves, and this wharfage is
the only revenue the Territory receives. The freight may remain on the
wharf for a week but the Territory does not receive a single cent for
providing this utility.
Our ports are the only ones in the world where the freight bears no
expense for the use of the wharves.
While it absolutely necessary for the nrocress of thn TWHtnrv that!
would be more properly descriptive. A free port or free zone la a place,
limited In extent, that differs from adjacent territory in being exempt from
the customs laws as affecting goods destined for reexport; it means simply
that, as regards customs duties, there is freedom, unless and until Imported
goods enter the domestic market.
"A free zone may be defined as an isolated, inclosed and polced area,
in or adjacent to a port of entry, without resident population, furnlshied
with the necessary facilities for lading and unlading, for supplying fuel and
ship's stores, for storing goods, and for re-shipping them by land and water;
an area within which goods may be landed, stored, mixed, blended, repacked,
manufactured, and reshipped without payment of duties and without Inter
vention of customs officials. It Is subject equally with adjacent regions to
all laws relating to public health, vessels inspection, postal service, labor
conditions, Immigration and Indeed anything except the customs.
"The purpose of the free zone is to encourage and expedite that part
of the nation's foreign trade which Us government wishes to free from the
restrictions necessitated by customs duties. In other words, it aims to foster
the dealings In foreign goods that are imported, not for domestic consumption,
but for re-export to foreign markets, and for conditioning, or for combining
with domestic products previous to export."
At the present time Congress is considering the Sheppard-Sanders
Bill providing for the establishment of free "ports" or "zones" In the United
States by public or private corporations. As this bill was originally Intro
duced it did not provide that Hawaii should enjoy its privileges, but the
report of the United States Tariff Commission recommends that the act
apply to every part of the Unied States except the Panama Canal Zone.
Should this bill become a law as now seems probable and Hawaii be
eligible to establish a free zone many details would need to be studied.
I believe that this Legislature should pass an act providing for the appoint
ment of a commission to make a thorough study of the subject as applied
to this Territory. This act should further provide that if the report of the
commission prove favorable, the Governor would be authorized thereby
to apply to the Secretary of Commerce for a franchise for the Territory.
PAY OF TEACHERS
Hawaii has had compulsory education since tho reign of Kamehameha III.
The preamble of the Education Act of 1841 says:
"The basis on which the kingdom rests is wisdom and knowledge.
Peace and tranquility cannot prevail in the land unless the people are
taught In letters and in that which constitutes prosperity."
That law provided that the parents of children make proper provision
for the pay of teachers.
They must see that the teachers had land and were also compelled to
assist them in the cultivation of that land.
Hawaii has always been noted for its Interest in educational matters
and in the past has endeavored to give its teachers proper remuneration
But what seemed a proper salary four years ago is now a mere pittance.
In most cases teachers are graduates of high schools, while many have
also had university educations. Yet their pay is less than that of a stenog
rapher, who may have attended the high school a single year.
I feel that we do not want to be placed in the class referred to by
Secretary Lane when he said: "What should be said of a Democracy which
expends in a year as much for chewing gum as for school books, more
for automobiles than for all primary and secondary education, and in which
the average teacher's salary is less than that of the average day laborer?"
Our teachers are entitled to more pay. I believe that the taxpayers of
the Territory are of this opinion, so all that remains to rectify the situation
is for the Legislature to provide the necessary legislation. I have prepared
an act which will remedy this matter and I earnestly ask you to pass it.
This act directs the Department of Public Instruction to establish a schedule
of salaries for teachers. When this schedule has been approved by he
Governor and advertised, all that remains to provide the funds is to notify
the Treasurer as to the amount necessary and the sum will be raised by the
property tax. As the number of pupils and teachers increase the additlont.1
amount needed to pay the latter will be secured automatically by the work
ing of the law.
FURNITURE FOR TEACHERS' COTTAGES
I wish also to call your attention to the matter of furniture for teachers'
cottages in the outer disricts. In most of these districts, as it is impossible
for the teachers to find boarding places, the Department has provided cot
tages for them. But these cottages are not furnished, and the first thing
the teachers must do arriving, generally having but little money, is to
buy furniture which she will probably dispose of at the end of the term.
The school budget this year contains an item to cover this situation, which
I hope the Legislature will see fit to approve.
Our Normal School and High Schools provide us yearly with a number
of teachers, but tho fact that the pay of teachers has been Inadequate keeps
many of these girls, who" would otherwise take up teaching, from doing so.
Each year the Department must bring teachers from the mainland. What
ever the reason, these teachers generally stay but a year and the Department
Is yearly put to the trouble of sending for others. If the pay was sufficient
we could secure nearly all our teachers from our own people.
The Sixty-fifth Congress passed an Act granting the Legislature of the
Territory of Hawaii additional powers relative to Elections and Qualifications
of Electors, which Act was approved June 13, 1918.
By Section one of this Act the Legislature is vested with power to
elections authorized under the Organic Act of the
provide that In all
sufficient facilities be supplied to shinnine unini? nnr nmto if ia oi territory of Hawaii, female citizens possessing the same qualifications
necessary that sufficient revenue be received from these utilities to main- "8 male citizens Bha11 be entitled to vote. By section two, the Legislature
tain them. Measures which propose to remedy this situation have been' 'S g'V6n power to have submitted to the voters of the Territory, the question
prepared and will be submitted for your action.
The population of the Territory has almost doubled in the last twenty
years. Present indications are that in the next ten years it will again double.
Honolulu, the capital of the Territory and tho port at which the through
rleamers call, deserves from the Territory to be made into a beautiful
and pleasing city. Hawaii has many advantages given by nature which
can be materially helped by our people if intelligent efforts are used.
Hawaii's climate is not equalled in any other part of the world, and
when normal conditions return we will have an average of more than one
ship per day going and coming from each side of the ocean, so that tourists
and business travelers will be able to make their choice of ships, as people
on t!ie mainland would choose between trains.
When this condition arrives there will be a large influx of tourists
Many will be people of means who will find our climate so delightful that
they will make their homes here a part of the year. This will mean
more employment for thewe in the building trades and the commodities
consumed will make more business for our merchants.
. MEMORIAL FOR SOLDIERS AND SAILORS
We owe it to the splendid young men of Hawaii who went forth to
the colors in answer to the call of their country, on land or on sea to do
something perpetuating the memory of their faith and allegiance There
has been much discussion and many ideas have been presented as to a
suitable memorial for these men.
At thin time I wish to suggest that if the Territory gain possession of
the block of land on the seaward side of the Judiciary Square a suitable
building, with appropriate statuary, could be erected thereon to be used
as an auditorium where large public gatherings could be held I believe
that the Territory should furnish the site and one half the cost of building
the other half to be paid by public subscription. The suggestion has been
made that the auditorium should be under the control of a board, similar
to that governing the Library of Hawaii.
TERRITORIAL BUILDING NEEDED
There is much need for a suitable building to accommodate all of the
Territorial Departments and the Courts and as the Territory now owns
the whole block whore the Judiciary Building stands I would ask you to
provide sufficient funds to erect there a building suitable to their require
ments. l',Mm the completion of this new building the present Judiciary
Building could be turned over to the City and County of Honolulu as a
City Hall upon such terms as the Legislature may decide.
There is so much confusion as to the meaning of the term Free Port
fhfif T in ..n i .
wiC wuuvwiik ueiinnion uy tne United States Tariff Com-
iwshjon 10 make tne sugject more clear:
"The word 'free' in connection with 'port' or 'zone' is apt to be mis
leading. It is proper to note, therefore, that the term has no relation
either to port charges or to any policy of 'free trade' or 'protection' in this
L-BC. lonwimonai nomenclature is in this case misleading. A 'neutral zone'
of granting female citizens the right to vote at elections held under the
laws or the Territory.
Before Hawaii had a constitutional form of government, the good
Judgement and intelligence of its women were recognized to such an
extent that the Premier was generally a woman and no act of tho king
was legal unless agreed to by the Premier. What held good for the Ha
waiian women in the early days holds with more force today, for all the
women of this Territory are intelligent and I feel that they should be
granted the right of franchise immediately without waiting for a plebiscite.
Tho question of a proper method of handling our public lands has
agitated our people for a long time. It has seemed almost impossible to
apply any system which would be approved by the people. The Territorial
administration is handicapped more or less because it is acting under a
law passed by Congress to cover general purposes, whereas special situations
appear to which the law does not apply.
Our land situation is so different from that of any other part of the
country that our Legislature should have the power to provide legislation
for its managemeit.
In other places prospective settlers are examined as to their fitness
their knowledge of the business they are about to undertake, their amount
of capital, and so on. Here all that a would-be settler requires is a stamp
to mail his application to the Land Commissioner.
I am reliably informed that, some of the successful applicants in a
recent drawing did not even have the money to pay their steamer fare
to the lands, let alone the amount of the first payment. They had to borrow
both. I am also informed that one of those who drew a homestead only
last September has already sold out at a profit of $850.
I believe in homesteading. I will do all that I can to help the home
steader, but I believe the law should be amended so as to give the government
the right to reject an application when it has absolutely determined that
the applicant is unfit or has insufficient capital or credit to develop the land.
HOMESTEADERS SHOULD BE FIT
A recent circular from the Department of the Interior contains the
form of a uniform act to assist returned soldiers to take up public lands
The following quotation from it gives an idea of what that department
deems necessary in the way of assisting these men:
"The board has the power to undertake any work of farm improve
ment, subdivision of land, supervision of settlement, the selection of settler
the agricultural training of prospective settlers, the supervision of short
term loans, the rejection of applicants for allotments."
If our land board or the land commissioner had powers similar to
those given in this bill. I believe that in a very short time we would have
a class of people on our public lands who would make the law do in practice
all. that it was intended to do.
HELPING THE HOMESTEADER
- ' -" -au uciy muse Homesteader who raise di-
(Coiitiinii-.l on .ni. 5)
Successors to C. W- SPITZ
C. B. GRAY, Manager
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