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TIIE GARDEN ISLAND. TUESDAY, FEB. 25, 1919
THE GOVERUOR'S MESSAGE
(Continued from fiiio 4)
versified crops, the cane planting homesteaders should also have the benefit
of Information from the Territory. I would therefore recommend that
sufficient funds be allowed the Public Lands Department to engage the
services of a first class sugar expert to visit the homesteaders and advise
them In their work.
DEMONSTRATION AND EXPERIMENT STATIONS
The Islands of Hawaii and Maul contain areas of land now in the
possession of homesteaders, which woll not produce sugar cane, but which
will produce other crops.
It would be good business for the Territory to establish in suitable locations
experiment stations and demonstration farms. I am sending to the Senate
Ways and Means Committee and the Hous Finance Committee a report
and recommendation from the U. S. Agronomist for the establishment of
a station on each of these two islands and if the Legislature will provide
the funds I feel sure that a step will have been made in the right direction.
1 recommend the dismantling of the Glenwood Station for the reason
that the location is not suitable for what the station was intended.
COUNTY AGENTS .
The system of County Agents inaugurated by Dr. Dean when he was
Executive Officer of the Territorial Food Commission, whereby producers
were advised as to. the kinds of crops to raise, how to care for them and
where to dispose of them, has been very beneficial to the Territory. The
Food Commission has completed its duties, but the retention of the County
Agent System has been considered advisable. On January 1st of thi3 year
it was put under the jurisdiction of the College of Hawaii and I hope that
the Legislature will make provision to continue it under that jurisdiction.
The Territorial Fair, held in Honolulu last June, as provided by the
1917 Legislature, was a great success from both educational and financial
viewpoint. However, the Legislature had appropriated only $6,000 for the
Fair and the result was that members of the Fair Commission, who serve
without pay, found it necessary to assume personal obligations amounting
to $47,000, before any revenue was received. The Fair made a net profit
of approximately $5,fi00, which added to the fund allowed by Act 20, makes
a present amount of $11,500, but as most of the expenses are contracted
for before any revenue is received, T recommend that the amount named
in Act 20, Laws of 1917, be increased to $25,000. This money la in the
nature of a revolving fund.
THE COLLEGE OF HAWAII
The College of Hawaii has completed ten years of its existence. In
that time it has grown, in plant and equipment from a small institution
located in temporary wooden building buildings in the rear of the McKinley
High School to its present status with lands, buildings, and equipment
conservatively valued at more than $335,000. It has changed from an
enrollment of five students, none ot whom was prepared to take work of
college standard, to un enrollment of over eighty students in regular stand
ing some forty special students at the opening of the present academic
It has granted degrees to thirty young men and women, who are now
making good all the way fiom Hawaii to France. The last graduating class
numbered nine. Graduates have gone to New York City and more than
held their own in competition with graduates of the leading universities.
Mt.ny are located in Hawaii and are proving their value. The growth of tho
college has not been phenominal, but has been a normal healthy develop
ment. At the ned of leu years the college may be said to have found itself
and to have proven its value to Hawaii.
PROPOSED ENLARGEMENT OF COLLEGE
Further development depends directly on adequate room for certain
departments not properly provided for.
1. A building is needed to house the Library which shall be adequate
in size and fireproof. The building should also provide an auditorium as
the largest room in the college at present will seat only seventy-five persons.
2. A laboratory building is required, the need for chemistry being very
3. Provision for housing a part of the students should be made. This
applies especially to those who cimie from the other islands or who for
other reasons would be better of? in College buildings.
The lot on which the Aqur.rlum stands should be taken from the
Kapiolani Park system and placed in the custody of the College. The
College should receive an appropriation to initiate fish cultural work, have
properly located lands for a fish hitchery allotted to it and be empowered
to entsr into negotiations with the proper officials in Washington with a
view to securing Federal cooperation.
As . this iu an agricultural college, it should have jurisdiction over the
County Agents already mentioned.
Inseparably linked with the land matters of the Territory is the develop
ment of its .water resources. No single factor has had a greater bearing
on the industrial development of Hawaii than the use of its waters, both
surface and subterranean. So large are the demands upon the various
sources of supply that a thorough study of all sources with a view to con
servation and further development is imperative. Tho members of the
Division of Hydrography are men especially trained and fitted for this work.
In the development of the water resources a determination of the
amount available at the different sources of supply is the first and most
To be of value, this must be more than a mere determination of the
amount of water available during any particular day, or any particular
month or year. The fluctuation of How, especially of surface streams, from
day to day, from month to month, and from year to year Is so great that a
record of discharge covering a term of years is necessary to obtain depend
It is in the work of measuring and recording the discharge of the various
water sources that the Division of Hydrography is actively engaged. About
seventy-five measuring stations are being maintained ut present on streams
and ditches and the scope of the work is extended from time to time as
funds are made available.
The information so obtained is used not only as tho basis in planniug
new development project, but is also the main factor in determining the
value of leases of water rights sold by the Government and from which the
Territory derives substantial revenue.
The records of the Division are in demand in solving questions of
domestic water supply and are invaluable in connection with the settlement
of water rights cases in the couyi.
Extensive studies are being made of tho waste of water from artesian
wells on the Island of Oahu and its bearing on the future water supply
The Division is at present constructing wa'ci--;- " ;e vn. oMer stations
on the several tributaries at tho headwaters of tho Waimea River, Kauai,
and surveying possible storage reservoir sites in the vicinity as the first
step in determining the feasibility of diverting water from this source onto
government lands above Kekaha now used for ranch purposes, but which
are suitable for production of sugar cane, provided water for irrigation is
obtained. The feasibility of a similar project gn tho Island of Molokai will
be investigated as soon as funds become available.
It is urged that liberal appropriations be mado for the extension of
this important work and the maintenance of investigations now under way.
BUREAU OF AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY
The Bureau of Agriculture and Forestry embraces the Division of
Forestry. Entomoloigy, Plant Inspection and Animal Industry.
Hawaii as un agricultural country requires an ample supply of water.
If the forests were not conserved there would be but little work for the
Bureau of Hydrography, as the water would immediately run to the sea.
Large areas have been set aside as forest reserves and eternal vigilance is
required to keep them in condition to do tho most good. The Division of
Forestry maintains u btaff for the planting of forest trees and a corps of
rangers to protect them.
The semi tropical climate of Hawaii allows pests or blights which may
make their way here a full 12 months of each year to thrive, and it is
absolutely necessary to maintain a staff of entomologists to fight these
nuisances. A visit to the headquarters of the Division of Entomology will
convince you that without this institution and the kindred work of the
Federal Government and the planters our agriculture would very shortly
The Division of riant Inspection examines every package of plants or
seeds brought Into the Territory and by its careful work has saved tts thous
ands of dollars.
The Division of Animal Industry keeps careful supervision over the
fine herds of cattle and over other stock throughout the islands, thus
guarding another of Hawaii's big industries.
The four divisions of the Bureau are doing splendid work and the money
thus spent is in the nature of an investment which pays good dividends. I
strongly recommend that the Legislature provide the funds necessary for
the upkeep of the Bureau.
When the Primary Law was enacted and first went into effect, the
Territorial and County Elections, both primary and general, were held on
the same dates and the Secretary of the Territory was directed to issue the
necessary proclamations. A tho County and City and County elections are
now held at different times from the Territorial Elections, I believe that the
law should be changed so that the Territory would pay no portion of the
expenses of distinctly county or city and county elections, and that procla
mations of such elections should be promulgated by their respective officials.
Acts making the necessary amendments have been prepared and will be
submitted to you.
Property taxes, real and personal, for the calendar year 1917. amounted
to $2,812,441.07. and for 1918 to $4,07G.0.r.G.03, an increase of $1,203,615.16.
Of the 1917 collections, the sum of $2,651,269.56 went direct to the use
of the counties for general expenses and permanent improvements; the sum
of $962,213.66 went for school uses, and $198,957.85 was paid to the Territory
93 reimbursements for interest and sinking fund and for the expenses of
For 1918, these collections were divided as follows:
assessing and collecting taxes.
For county use, 2,362,084.84; for schools $1,382,642.39, and for reim
bursements to the Territory, $331,329.
The total income tax. all of which 13 for Territorial use, was $1,253,257.64
in 1917 and $1,029,227.79 in 1918, a decrease for 1918 of $224,029.75i
Inheritance taxes collected for tho eighteen months ending December
31, 1918, amounted to $101,3'?8.76.
The bonded debt of the Territory on June 30, 1918, was $8,749,000 with
$145,000 of unsold bonds in hand. After June 30th, sales were made ag
gregating $123,000, of which $100,000 were allotted to the County of Hawaii
for bridges and approaches under a special appropriation made in the Speciau
Session of 1918. On December 31, 1918, authorized bond issues reached a
total of $9,194,000 (of which $332,000 remains unsold and is in the treasury),
a percentage basis of 3.90 of the $235,650,967 which was the assessed value
of real and personal property as of January 1, 1918.
During the biennial period $330,000 of the 1905 issue was redeemed, and
there was accumulated in the sinking fund account, as of December 31. 1918,
the sum of $238,588.97.
There remains outstanding $270,000 of the 1905 issue, which must be
redeemed by October 4, 1920, and $750,000 of the 1906 issue which must be
redeemed by Januar2, 1021, or a total of $1,020,000 to be redeemed or re
funded before the next session of tho Legislature in 1921. The amount of
additional sinking funds that will accrue by that time, on the basis outstand
ing bonds, will be $325,073.04.
Act 115 of the Laws of 1917 has placed upon the Insurance Department
large duties which provide for the protection of property. When the full
provisions of the Act can be carried out there is certain t'o be a large saving
to the people of the Territory in the rates paid each year for insurance
premiums. To carry out these purposes fully, requests for appropriations
will be made to this Legislature, and 1 trust that you will give the Department
the necessary funds.
Iteceipts of the Department of fees and taxes amount to between$70,000
and $S0,000 per period. In the States this tax is levied primarily for the
supervision of the Insurance business and not as a mere revenue producer.
I believe the Legislature should mako proper provision for carrying on the
work of the Department.
INCREASED INCOME FOR THE TERRITORY
It is absolutely necessary for tho Territory to issue bonds to provide
for public improvements needed to place the Territory in a position to take
advantage of the increased business likely to come In the near future.
As it will take considerable time to build these utilities, as they will not
produce any revenue until completed and as the interest on the bonds will
need to be paid in the meantime, the Legislature must provide some method
of procuring the revenue in order to meet the interest charges.
I suggest, therefore, that in renewing the Income Tax law known as the
Conservation Tax, tho rate mentioned therein be placed at two per cent
instead of one per cent.
As our public Improvements depend so closely upon the sale of bonds,
I believe your body should be given some information as to the condition
of the bond market. "
Owing to the vast amounts required by the Federal Government it will
not be possible for some time to sell any Territorial bonds. But I believe
that conditions will reach a normal stage before the end of the present
The nation is now a creditor of m.iny Eurouean countries. It is estimated
that the interest which will be due us from foreign countries will amount
to more than ten billion dollars each year.
With this large sum coming into the country. I do not believe the Ter
ritory will have trouble in floating any of its loans after conditions have
I beg to call the attention of the Legislature to the provision of Section
55, of the Organic Act, which says:
"The Legislature, at its first regular session after the census
enumeration shall be ascertained, and from time to time thereafter,
shall reapportion the membership in the senate and house of rep
resentatives among the senatorial and representative districts on the
basis of the population in each of said districts who are citizens of
If tho Federal Government adopts a policy of stationing a large number
of legular troops in Hawaii, I feel that it will not then be necessary to
maintain 'so large a National Guard as we had prior to the war. It may be
thit the Federal Government will decide to abolish the National Guard en
tirely' and depend upon Compulsory Military training for the safety of the
country. As definite action by the Federal Government may not be taken
until after the adjournment of this Legislature, I am recommending that
you appropriate for the support of but one regiment of infantry and one
company of coast artillery, which organizations could be mustered out if
the Federal Government makes other arrangements than the present ones.
TERRITORIAL MARKET COMMISSION
Reports from the Territorial Market Commission Bhow that tho business
done by this bureau has increased in the eighteen months ending December
31st, 1918, by more than 25 per cent over the two year period ending June
30, 1917. The cost of marketing produce has been reduced from 12V4 per
cent to 9 per cent, which shows that in a short time the market should be
nearly self-supporting. Consignors have been paid within 30 days after the
sale of their produce and the market has been able to help small producers
in many ways.
SPECIAL FUND FOR ATTORNEY GENERAL
For various reasons I hold it advisable for the Legislature to provide
a Special Fund to be set aside at the disposal ot the Attorney General for
wiping out gambling and the illicit manufacture of liquor.
For many years, even prior to annexation, Hawaii has had a Republican
form of government. When the Commission provided by the Joint Resolution
of July 7, 1S98, examined our laws they found that with very few exceptions
the laws of Hawaii were in every way, except for the titles of some of the
officials, adapted to a Republican institution. We had in successful operation
a Postal Savings Bank, a Parcel Post System and vurious other beneficial
laws which Were repealed by Congress. Since that time Congress has re-
enacted some of these same laws fur the benefit of tho whole t'nlted States.
While our population is more or lc is cosmopolitan our people are imbued
with the same spirit that animates tie- people or the several states and are
fully as competent to conduct a state government as any state In the Union,
We have shown our patriotism by providing n National Guard greater in
proportion than any state in the Union, and in a spirit of patriotism we
went "over the top" in Red Cross work and subscriptions, in Liberty Bonds
and with Nebraska, were the only state or territory to reach our quota in the
War Savings Stamp Campaign.
In revenue paid the Federal Government for Income Tax and Excess
Profits for the year 1918, Hawaii stands thirty fourth among the 48 states,
two Territories and the District of Columbia, as shown by the Report of the
Internal Revenue Commissioner.
In population, wealth and Intelligence. Hawaii will compare favorably
with most of the older states. ,
In view of our qualifications I recommend that the Legislature adopt a
Concurrent Resolution memorializing Congress to pass an Act giving State
hood to Hawaii.
HAWAII AND THE WAR
In conclusion let me pause to pay respect to all those persons in Hawaii
who have so nobly helped their countiy in the war that Is now happily com
ing to a close; not only those in camp and field but those who remained
behind to serve the Army at Lome.
Hawaii men and women have nobly served in Red Cross work, their
efforts having received high praise from the national organization.
In every Liberty Loan, in every campaign, whether of War Savings
Stamps, Red Cross or United War Woik, Hnwail has always exceeded its
quota by a generous margin.
Let me express my appreciation also of our loal boys in khaki our
National Guardsmen, who were called upon to fill the places left by regular
troops, and who answered the call in splendid spirit, even though their routine
duties lay far from the glamor of the front that called so persistant to
The record of this Territory in all ways during the war is one in which
all ot us may take an honest pride.
Strongest of its type n t he market.
Built of very heavy Lake Superior euld-rolled copper.
Will stand more wear and tear than any other Extin
guisher. The hose in .so securely attached to (he extinguisher by
a swivel that it cannot be d taehed without a wrench
Examined, Labelled and approved under the direction
of the. national board of Kiiv Undei writers
Lewers & Cooke, Ltd.
Lumber and liuilding Materials IC'l-lT" So. Kini? Street
Theo. H. Davies Sl Co., Ltd,
HONOLULU and HILO
Sugar Factors and Commission Merchants
IMPORTERS OF GENERAL MERCHANDISE
Builders' II.ird.vare Crockery (ilassware Silverware
S; i. rt i ng ( ;.. N Killing- T:t Ule Firearms Ammunition
Safes Uefri.rerat.ir Spark Pum Flashlight
I'aints Varnishes Bri-lns Oiln Ureases
Harness Saddlery .t'i m.lt Trunks Suit Casey t
Fancy and Staple Lines, Feed, etc.
Toilet Supplies Stationery
etc. etc. I
Writers of Fire, Marine, Compensation, Automobile and Miscellaneous
x Instirancv Policies.
CaUiidiau-Aii'tr.iliaii it yal Mail Steamship Line
Upon application information will be cheerfully furnished in regard to any T
of our lines, in which you may be interested.
: ! . : 4 ,4, 4 .j. J
T vhi TERRITORY OF HAWAII J: &