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THE GARDEN ISLAND. TUESDAY. MAR. 11, 1919
LET US DO ALL YOUR
WE ARE STILL IN
Territorial Messenger Service
BUCKINGHAM & HECHT j
Indian Tan - Wear Guaranteed
Shoes for Men
These have genuine Indian Tan uppers, and
hard Oak soles and heels. Built for thf. out
door man, who MUST
able, comfortable shoe.
J We can fit you by mail
I Manufacturers' Shoe Store
T HONOLULU 1
w - w
ncrwrrM 1 1LII TC
Leaving Lihue every Mcfnday, Wednesday and Friday,
Leaving Kekaha every Tuesday. Thursday and Saturday.
ARRIVING AT THEIR DESTINAT'ON IN THREE HOURS i
ALFRED GOMEZ, Manager.
Telephone 43 W Waimea
Catton, Neill & Co., Ltd.
Workss id and South Streets
Merchandise Dyt T Qm;en mul Alakea Sta
Electrical Iet. f
Ha waiia n liepresen tat ives for
Jeff re Manufacturing Co's
Link Belt Chains
Pulverizers Algaroba Bean, Lima, Coral,
Wffr MICHELIN-FOUNDED-1832 ' jjl II
I MICHELIN I
I Universal I
I ' The New Tire Everyone fwf VSH I I
I 1$ Talking About : O H I I
I The Non-Skid Tread combine - L AJ I
in One Tire all the Advantages fj! ll I
I of both the Suction Tread and 3 I
I the Raited Tread Typea. jj jr I
I Prices Moderate and i l!jJ I
II Quality the Bettl I I
i - - 1 - -
Read The Garden Island
THE BUSINESS '
have a strong, service-
a pair jj
. - 4
P. O. Box 71
A SUlf ABLE MILK SUPPLY
By the common consent of in
itelligeuce und experience, the one
jiatural and successful food for
infants and children is fresh milk.
Such milk, carefully guarded, so
that it may be pure, sweet, and of
(jood quality this is the prime
.necessity for childish well-being.
Without this prime necessity the
child's chances of life and develop
ment are very seriously impaired.
There is probably no more seri
ous single problem of child wel
fare than that of an adequate and
suitable milk supply. And it is
one which stares most rural com
munities in the face, and deserves
the most serious attention. In
most rural communities it is
simply impossible for the ordi
nary laboring people to secure
milk at any price, for the simple
reason that the milk isn't there.
Where there is any supply at all,
it is entirely inadequate to the
needs ; the few get it, the many go
In the interest of proper sani
tation, the milk business has been
so hedged about by rules and reg
ulations, that the small producers
have gone out of business, and
milk is now harder to get than it
used to be.
Those who have had experience,
declare that there is "nothing in"
the milk business under ordinary
conditions, and they are unwilling
to undertake it on a commercial
basis; and only on such a basis,
of course, is it likely to be con
ducted for any length of time by
So vital is milk, however, to the
needs of the community, and the
health and growth of children,
and- so necessary are robust and
healthy children to the ultimate
welfare of the Islands, that it
would seem as though the planta
tions ought to turn their attention
to the solution of the problem.
It would look as though, in this,
as in so many other directions,
already recognized, the planta
tions would have to assume the
the place of a sort of special Prov
idence and provide the indispen
sable milk supply, which no one
else can or will.
In many ways the plantations
are much better equipped than
any other agency to handle this
business. They have, as a rule,
the necessary land for pasture
where they could run the cows at
no expense; they have the green
feed cane tops, alfalfa or other
similar feed, which could be fur
nished to the dairy at a minimum
cost ; they have molasses or sugar
bran which would cost them very
little; they have the means of
transportation, railway or truck,
by which these feed stuffs could
he delivered at a minimum ex
pense; they have the piped water
supply, so necessary for the con
duct of a sanitary dairy; and
last, though by no means least,
they have a safe and easy means
of collecting bills the monthly
The conduct of such an enter
prize is not an absolutely untried
experiment. We understand that
the Pioneer plantation on Maui,
conducted such a dairy business
for years and made a Conspicuous
success of it.
The delivery, of course, is one of
the most expensive and dillicult
items of the business, and would
require special study, especially
on places where the camps were
scattered, and some of them per
haps inaccessible. But as even
these camps get the other neces
sities of life regularly as they
need them, so they could surely
also get milk, and perhaps by the
same means, in conjunction with
One of the conditions, that
would have to lie' most carefully
guarded, would be sanitation and
cleanliness, both in the dairy, in
the handling of the cows and the
milk, and in the treatment of the
bottles, which probably could not
be trusted to the washing they
would be apt to get in the homes.
We are assured by those who
know that the first pre requisite
of success in any such dairy ven
ture, would be good milking
stock; that it wouldn't be worth
while to fool with any other kind.
The good stock would cost no
more in the keep than poor stock,
and would give two or three times
as much milk. Such good stock
would, of course, involve a very
much larger first cost, but would
be the cheapest in the end.
. The business should be under
taken by the plantation on a cost
basis, or with the very smallest
margin of profit, so that the poor
est families might be able to take
enough milk to meet the needs of
the family; and they should be
encouraged to put into milk the
money which they now put into
other less nutritious and less nec
In the interest of an efficient
and abundant labor supply, pres
ent and future, and in the interest
of a sturdy stock, resistant to di
sease, chronic and epidemic, we
would recommend the dairy
scheme to our intelligent and pro
GOOD WATER FOR
A careful study of over 50,000
rural homes in the United States,
as reported by Dr. Lumsdeu of
the U. S. Public Health Service,
shows that two great evils are al
most universally prevalent. These
are the improper disposal of hu
man excreta, and the lack of
Of the 51,000 homes visited
only a little over one per cent
were equipped for sanitary dis
posal of human excreta. In G8
per cent of these homes, the water
used for drinking and cooking
purposes was obviously exposed
to dangerous contamination from
privy contents, or other foul de
posits, such as stable yards, pig
We fancy that a similar ex
amination of our rural communi
ties would disclose a similar state
of affairs. Plantation communi
ties are increasingly well provid
ed for in the matter of water sup
ply, for most of the camps are
equipped with piped water, ob
tained from some source, far en
ough mauka, to be free from con
tamination; and if people will
only use the water from the pipe,
instead of from some ditch, or
stream, or spring, they will be
But those rural communities
which are not under the patri
nrchial and sheltering wing of
the plantation, and there are
many such their water supply is
apt to be very defective and un
sanitary. They must depend on
the open ditch or stream that
Hows past their doors. And this
ditch, or stream, is apt to be the
drainage channel for the whole
district through which it flows.
The household drainage of all
kinds, as well as that from the
stables, pigstays, chicken yards.
etc., fiows into, or filters into, the
stream, which, in time, becomes
the water supply for the people
In some cases, to be sure, some
effort is made to protect such
streams, in a measure. Occasion
ally one sees a sign, ''Tabu. No
Washing or Bathing in this
Stream." But generally it is a
dead letter to which nobody pays
any heed. And even if it were not,
it would be comparatively fruit
less, for the infiltration of house
hold and stable drainage is far
worse than a little soapsuds or
Stream or ditch water, in a
populous community, should not
he used for domestic purposes, at
any rate not for drinking. For
tunately, the Orientals, who lar
gely occupy these regions, drink
mostly weak tea, which means
that the water has been boiled
and thus rendered safe. But even
so, there are manifold occasions
when the tea may not be at hand,
but the stream "or the ditch are,
and the risk is taken.
This is practically a problem of
child welfare. The elders may
realize the danger of stream or
ditch water, and many, more or
less carefully, guard against it.
but the children can hardly be
expected to do so; water is water
to them, and the clear, cool, spark
ling How of a natural stream, or
shaded ditch, is just as good, and
more palatable, than the boiled
water in a bottle or pitcher.
The matter of foul, unsanitary
deposits, of whatever nature, in
close proximity to the commun
ity water supply is one which the
Board of Health authorities
'hould give careful attention to.
As far as possible, and as soon a.
possible, at: abundance of pur?
vater, free fiom contamination,
should be delivered by pipe to
every rural community, and to
every rural household. In the
meantime a rain water supply
might be med exclusively for
Americans in Canada
Consul Samuel C.Keat, at Cal
gary, Alberta, Canada, reports:
According to official figures,
specially furnished this consulate,
the total number of Americans
that have taken up residence in
the Province of Alberta since
11)05, including five months of the
fiscal year lt)18-l!), reaches 275,
093. In 1905 the Province of Al
berta was organized, and statis
tical information has been kept
since that date of the immigration
into the three Provinces Manito
ba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta,
with 220,330 immigrants, and
Manitoba third, with only ' 78,
789. The largest immigration in
to Alberta from the United States
came in 1909-10, and numbered
34,503; the smallest in 1913-19,
The total population of Alberta
in 191G was given officially as
The British immigration during
the 13 years since the Province
was organized was 7:5,082, and
other than British, 40,282, mak
ing a total of 113,3(14, as com
pared with 275,093 immigrants of
American nationality. The pre
dominance of the American im
migrant over all other nationali
ties is nearly 70 per cent. Assum
ing that the propotion of immi
grants from the United States re
siding in Alberta prior to the or
ganization of the Province was
about the same as is now existing,
the total American population in
Alberta today is probably 325,000
out of the entire 490,525 popula
tion, or about 05 per cent. Of
course, hundreds of Americans
have taken up (iovernment laud
and have become naturalized,
and many hundreds of immi
grants have left the United States
before they have completed their
naturalization there. But the
predominance of Americans in Al
berta is very marked and this
predominance has a directing in
fluence upon trade with the Unit
Medical Achievements. Dr.
Woods Hutchinson recently gave
some remarkable figures relating
to the influence of medecine upon
the military death rate. By large
ly wiping out epidemics phisi
cians have kept the death rate
among the civil populations of
the Allied countries as low as it
was before the war, and in some
cases lower than it was. By re
doubling the care and protection
of young children almost as many
young lives have been saved as
there have been adults killed on
the field of battle; so that the
populations of the Allied coun
tries are about holding their own
The control over infected wounds
I TVio t nl1r'(n tr llat ara ncrnnna tL'flfl
have taken out their first papers
(Declaration of Intention) for natura
lization at the Circuit Court, Lihue,
and who have not, as yet, called for
the petitions for second papers, al
though entitled to do so, as two years
John Saramento, Kalaheo, Oct. 25,1911
Anton Vasconselles, Koloa, Oct. 28,
Manuel Nunes, Lawai, Dec. 9, 1911.
Manuel Corrigidore, Kalaheo, Jan. 6,
Jose Andrade, Kalaheo, Jan. ,6, 1912
Manuel F. Jesus, Kapaa, May 1, 1912.
Jose Martins, Kapan, May 1, 1912.
Antone Pataca, Kalaheo, May 8, 1912.
John Souza, Koloa May 31, 1912.
Manuel Vielra, Kalaheo, Sept. 28, 1912.
Francisco Gallego, Kalaheo," Nov. 16,
Simao Moita, Kalaheo, Nov. 16, 1912.
Antone Teixeira, Kalaheo, Feb. 3, 1913.
Francisco Ruiz, Koloa, March 12, 1913.
Juan Ruiz, Koloa, March 12, 1913.
Manuel Bre.id, Kapaa, April 26, 1913.
Joe Correia, Lihue, May 20, 1913.
Placido Pare3, Koloa, June 7, 1913.
Rieardo Almendros, Koloa, June 7,
Pedro Martinez, Koloa, June 9, 1913.
Aitobas Eipin, Koloa, June 9, 1913.
Marino Marin, Koloa, June 9, 1913.
Miguel Ruiz, Koloa, June 9, 1913.
Antonio Marin, Koloa, June 9, 1913.
Manuel Blanco, Koloa, June 13, 1913.
Felis Gonzales, Koloa, June 13, 1913.
Juan Silvan, Koloa, June 13, 1913.
Manuel Novareto, Kealia, June 13,1913.
Alfonso Remeza, Kealia, June 13, 1913.
Cristobal Tejada, Koloa, July 7, 1913.
Nicomacles Tejero, Koloa, July 7, 1913.
Antone Mansano, Kealia, July 21, 1913.
Miguel Melchor, Kealia, July 21, 1913.
Manuel Lopez, Kealia, July 21, 1913.
Juan Martin, Kealia, Aug. 11, 1913.
Antone Ferreira, Kalaheo, Aug 18,
Mrs. Mary Silva! Kalaheo, Sept.,2 1913.
Eulojio Martin, Kalaheo, Sept. 24, 1913
Manuel Martins, Makaweli, Oct. 27,
Pedro Cabellera, Kalaheo, Dec. 17,
Juan Cascale, Kalaheo, Dec. 17, 1913.
Francisco Fernandez, Kalaheo, Dec.
Francisco Ruis, Kealia, Feb. 6, 1914.
Gabriel Lopez, Koloa, Feb. 16, 1914.
Joao Barera, Kalaheo, July 6, 1914.
Jose Galindo, Kealia, Nov. 21, 1914.
Lorenzo Rame, Kealia, July 6, 1915.
Rubustiano Sanchez, Kealia, July 6,
Francisco Lazaro, Kealia, Aug. 6, 1915.
Enriques Blanco, Kalaheo, Aug. 13,
Anton Faria, Eleele, Oct. 22, 1915.
Jose Mora, Eleele, Nov. 27, 1915.
Manuel Quintal, Eleele, Dec. 9, 1915.
Francisco Rodriguez, Lihue, Jan. 11,
Fidel Santiago, Koloa, Jan. 12, 1916.
Juan Vegas, Kealia, Jan. 29, 1916.
Antone Nabla, Kapaa, Feb. 7, 191-6.
Joso Capitan, Kealia, Jan. 7, 1916.
Manuel Vallejo, Kealia, Feb. 9, 1916.
Francisco Silva, Kealia, May 3, 1916.
Francisco Aguiar, Kapaa, May 3, 1916.
Jose Silva, Kapaa, May 3, 1916.
Jose Gouveia, Kealia, Sept. 20, 1916.
Jose de Souza, Kealia, Sept 20, 1916.
Jeraldina Ilerrero, Kealia, Sept. 25,
Pedro Hernandez, Kealia, Sept. 25,
Cosimina Sanchez, Kalaheo, Sept. 30,
Francisco Jitninez, Koloa, Dec. 1, 1916.
Antonio Brlz, Kekaha, Dec. 8, 1916.
Serafino Corral, Kalaheo, Dec. 8, 1916.
Manuel Corral, Kalaheo, Dec. 8, 1916.
Antolin Corral, Kalaheo, Dec. 8, 1916.
Tomas Martin, Kekaha, Dec. 8, 1916.
Tomas Hernandez, Kekaha, Dec, 8,
Casimiro Sanchez, Kekaha, Dec. 8,
Pablo Hernandez, Kekaha, Dec. 8,1816
Francisco Fernandez, Kekaha, Dec ?,
Antonio de la Torrez, Kalaheo, Dec.
Francisco Pedro, Kalaheo, Dec. 30,
Jose Albarez, Kealia, Jan. 26, 1917.
Angal Arteacho, Kalaheo, Feb. 5, -917.
is so masterly that of the wound
ed who survive six hours ninety
percent recover; of those who
reach the field hospitals ninety
five per cent recover; and of those
who reach the base hospitals ninety-eight
per cent get well. Anaes
thetics and antiseptics have not
only diminished pain and agony
but have made amputations rarer
and grave cripplings fewer than
ever before in war history. Barely
live per cent of the wounded are
crippled or permanently disabled.
Statistics that have been made
public seem to show that the
death rate of this war, in spite of
the ((dossal increase in the means
of scientific slaughter, does not
much exceed five per cent a year.