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TOR GARDEN ISLAND, TUESDAY, MAR. 18, 1919
An Undeveloped Estate
The last number of tlie Atlantic
fontaiiiH a very instructive und
Biiftgewlive inliile on this xubjeet
hy A. 1. Lilt h, consulting chem
ist to many large corporations
and to the V. 8. Internal Revenue
Department, and of course, a re
cognized authority of the highest
standing. We propose, in this
and following articles to give the
substance of his significant paper.
Un developed Empires
The United States is an aggre
gation of undeveloped empires,
sparsely occupied by- the most
wasteful people in the world. The
Yellowstone Park is three times
1 lie size of Luxumburg. There are
bolh fipaco. and climate in Cali
fornia for a new Italy and a great
er Greece. Our Gulf States ex
ceed in area, and are incompar
ably richer in resources, than the
German Empire, Holland, Japan,
Formosa and (Swat Britain to
gether. Alaska is twice the. size
of Scandanavia, with more than
twice the resources of that coun
try in arable land, fisheries, furs
and coal, and with metal deposits
of fabulous wealth that have al
ready yielded values exceeding
:50,000,(M, to say nothing of the
spruce ami water-powrr to supply
the world with paper. Yet Scan
danavia supports Jen million
sturdy and prosperous people
while Alaska has only some fifty
11 "t- Produce for the World
Already we produce twenty
live per cent of the world's wfyeat,
forty per cent of its iron and steal,
sixty percent of its copper, and
seventy-live percent of its corn.
But beyond this our estate includ
es countless storehouses of un
touched wealth, whose extent al
most outruns our wildest dreams.
J7o0 Acre Apiece
We have land enough to give
every man, woman and child of
our population about seventeen
hundred and fifty' acres, with
Alaska and some islands to spare.
Little more than two-fifths of this
great domain is in farms, and of
the farm area only one-hall' is im
proved and bearing crops. We are
unellective farmers, growing
fourteen bushels iff wheat per acre
while Germany grows twenty
eight, and England thirty-two;
content with less than half a bale
of cotton to the acre on land
which should yield at least a
bale. In the last year, a year of
foreign famine, .and unprecedent
ed prices, only forty per cent, ac
cording to Mr. Hoover, of
our Irish potato crop of 300 mil
lion bushels reached the market.
Wo ought to double our area of
cultivated laud and quadruple
our agricultural production.
What Furmiinj Oityht to lie
Speaking of him as a class, the
American farmer has been in the
past a t wo-dollor-a-ilay man. His
ordinary field crops have not
yielded him much more than day
laborer's wages. Whenever he has
made more than this he has made
it from side issues, butter, eggs,
honey, meat, milk, the orchard
and the cider mill. But at length
farjning is beginncng to take that
place which its real importance'
and its great possibilities entitle
it. It is gaining recognition as a
business, a business which de
mands technical knowledge of a
high order, management, skill in
cooperation, large scale market
ing, and which oilers in return all
What Will Be
Parm life heretofore has been
so largely a life of doltish drud-.
gery and of isolation from the
cultural influences and amenities
of life, that the better class of
minds and energies have avoided
it, or escaped from it, but this is
all going to be changed in the com
ing farm program. In place of
isolated and lonely farms, there
will be compact farm communi
ties, each with a social center
large enough- to ensure contact
and companionship, "jnod schools,
some reasonable opportunity for
amusement, and a chance to look
into a shop-window. From these
centers concrete roads will radi
ate out to the farms themselves,
whereon will be dwellings in
which good taste and skilled de
sign have had a part. The com
pactness of the social organizat
ion will permit the use of com
munity tractors, threshers, driers,
and will ensure the benefits of co
operative buying and selling. Nor
is this only a paper dream, it is
an actual attainment more or
less completely worked out, in
several places on the Mainland.
Farms for the Soldiers
Already, in many of the Allied
countries, and especially through
out the British colonies, ample
provision has been made to assist
returning soldiers in establishing
themselves as successful farmers.
Australia is spending one hun
dred million dollars for this pur
pose. A proportionate amount
for us would be two billion dol
lars. Advances for improvement may
run as high as $(1,000, and terms
of payment, range from twenty
years in Ontario to forty years in
Queensland. The interest rate is
seldom inoi4 than one half of one
per cent above that paid on the
public securities of the Colony.
The prospective soldier-farmer is
trained on demonstration farms
at current wages.
There are great possibilities in
our own country for the same
sort of thing. Our secretary of
Agriculture is conducting a pre
liminary investigation of lands
suitable for reclamation by gov
ernment agency as sites of model
rural communities for soldiers.
The project contemplates the ulti
mate utilization for farm purpos
es of approximately .'100 million
acres now classified as arid, or cut
over, or swamp lands.
Fortunes In These lleehiimed
Some conception may be gained
of the possibilities of these recla
mation schemes by noting what
has been done. About one million
acres have been reclaimed and
made productive by means of ir
rigation, and have produced mar
velous results. The Yuma project
in Arizona opened up a new valley
of the Nile where four crops of
alfalfa a year are now raised on
what was once barren lailds. The
streets of Yuma and Somerton
are crowdeiKwith automobiles of
farmers, enriched by thousands of
acres of splendid long-staple cot
ton, alfalfa, corn and other
Another irrigation valley in
Arizona, that of the Salt River,
has few superiors in the world,
and has come in three years into
phenominal prosperity. Arizona
planted to cotton last year 92,000
acres. Its crop was JK! per cent
perfect, the best record in the
United States. Settlers in the
Boise River project, in Idaho,
claim to have made it the greatest
potato section in the country.
They received from each acre of
land in 1918 from !?:S50 to 400.
From the Yakima project in
Washington were shipped 5000
cars of apples over one railroad,
witli as many more to follow.
From two and three-quarters
acres were picked 2044 boxes of
pears which sold for $",rt4.
These are just Hashes of indi
cation which suggest the possi
bilities of these reclaimed regions.
Even Garden Isle
.Has Some Fault
(S L. Morrill has returned from
a tour of Kauai and says a fit
punishment for the Kaiser would
be to sail for two days on the Ki
nau, says the Advertiser.
''To paint this rainy isle one
should use water colors anil-frame
the picture in a rainbow," says
"The Waimea Canyon is not
the Grand Canyon of Arizona but
a "baby grand'' where the golden
and silver lingers of day ami night
day symphonies and noi l ni nes
most harinonius colors. Here 1
found brilliant sermon in stones
and not as iliv and barren as
many I've preached und heard.
"The Olokele canyon drive is a
Jiteral highway where the bandit
death waits to rob one of life.
Canyons to right of us. left and
in front and behind our auto vol
leyed and thundered with gaso
line explosions. There was plenty
of scenery and sensations. One
is glad his soul is safe and his life
insurance premium paid.
"I was intoxicated with the
scenery some of the people I
met, were full of native 'swipes'
even the mountain peaks were on
i jiKt while the sands burked and
the horn spouted.
"The tourist is welcomed not
only by the hotel and garage man
but by the mosquito, whose bill is
as big as theirs combined. They
can pick up a child, knock down a
man or bore through a wall. They
are able to asault the tourist,
throw him down and like, a vam
pire, suck all his blood before he
can call for help. However, a wire
netting and a gallon of coal oil
can defend a man if he has timely
warning and is prepared.
"Hanalei is a paradise of scen
ery. Just before entering it we
were stopped by a quarantine an
gel who was guarding it against
the 'flu' visitor from, the other
side of the island.
Last year's attendance, 100,000 '
This year, even bigger and better.
HONOLULU JUNE 9-14
Get ready your Exhibit !
This is your opportunity to
boost for home produds in
the Honolulu market. Show
the consummer what you can
produce, and how it is.
Get your name on the Fair's
mailing list, for direct informa
tion concerning those exhibits
in which you may be interested.
PAULTRY & RABBITS
PLANTS & FLOWERS
Help promote the Arts of Peace
the possibilities of development
and increased reward that busi
ness as we have known it affords:
This wakingup comes at an oppor
tune time. Never has the world
been more in need of an increased
food supply, and never have the
promises of large reward been
more alluring. These promises are
to be realized through a more in
telligent development of our natu
ral resources, and the recognition
of a better and more' satisfying
tyjK of rural life and the making jf
of adeipiirie provision for the if
Fill in the coupon print
ed here and mail with
out delay to the Fair
Hawaiian Trust Bldg.
Mr. J. 'Vulter Boyli Exec. Scc'y,
Territorial Fair Commission,
:w:i Haw'n Trust Hldg., Honolulu.
Place my name and address on your iniiilinn list for
information sent out ciinccrninjr exhibit cheeked below.
Also send me formal aimHcation or entry blank.
ARTS & CRAFTS
PLANTS & FLOWERS
i KM iS
I'Ol'LTRY &. RARI1ITS
Town or P O.
be made later concern
ing Special Exhibitors'
rates on steamer and
Fair Commission of Hawaii - 303 Hawaiian Trust Bldg.
Silvkr and Ciouv Link,
Rich Cut Glass and
MkkCHANDISK OF THH
Rf.st Quality Only.
r. O. Box 342 Honolulu
Household Needs Reduced
Percolator Tops 10c each; 3 for 25c
Parker's Coffee Mill 75c each.
White Enamel Trays, 10x20 inches
White Enamel Pitchers, G quarts
Aluminum Wash Hoards 75c each.
Wood Salt Boxes 35c each.
O'Codar Polish 20c per bottle.
Bread Knives 25c each.
Tin Pish Pans, 8 quarts 50c each.
Wire Child's Coat Hangers Gc each.
Paper Towls (50 to plvg.
2 packages for 25c.
Nut Bowls with Cracker and Picks
Folding- Sleeve Boards 50c each.
Ideal Ball Bearing Lawn Mower, 14
Can Openers 5c each.
Cork Screws 5c each.
Many other actual everyday needs
are reduced. Also closing out incom
plete Dinnerware patterns and lines
that are to be discontinued.
W. W. Dimond & Co., Ltd.
The Home of Houseware!
.".)-() S Kini; St. Honolulu
Bank of Hawaii, Ltd.
E. F. MORGAN
Real Estate and Insurance
NO. 125 1J1 MERCHANT ST.
P.O. Box No 594 Honolulu
. 4. f 4. 4
Kuraoka & Co.
CONTRACTOR AND CARPENTER
Building, Painting, Moving
Buildings and General
Manufacturer of All Kinds of
P. 0. Box 265 Lihue, Kauai
Famous general line used by
engineers w lio dug tlie Panama
in aeeuraey and frnish.
Inclineds Blueprint papers,
tracing cloths, drawing papers,
profile and cross-section papers
Hawaiian News Co., Ltd.
Honolulu Young Hotel Bldg.