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Tltfi GARDEN If? LAST). TUESDAY, APRIL. 2'-K 1919
Items of Interest to Our
By G. W. SAHR. County Aeat
Home Mixing of Fertilizing
Manufacturers make manv brands
of fertilizers but they cannot make any
one brand that will suit the require
l.ients oi evry individual planter. For
example. to planters in the same lo
cality with to purchase a mixed ferti
lizer for their C3ne crop. One of the?e
farmers may have applied farm man
ure or he may hive plowed under a
leguminous (rep while the other
farmer has not tufplied tns s-oil with
an., organic xn-tter and his s-oil may
be poor and in need of humus. The
fertiliier agent or merchant in his
particular locality is selling a cane
fertilizer guaranteed to contain nitro
gen, phosphoric acid and potash in
stipulated amounts. Is it reasonable
to suppose that this one brand of
fertilizer is the best fertilizer for both
soils under the above conditions?
The m farmer, who has supplied
manure or plowed tinder a leguminous
crop, would be wasting money in pur- j
chasing nitrogen, unless a little in the ;
form of nitrate, which may he'.p give j
the crop a start. The other man :
would need a fertilizer containing bo:h j
nitrogen as nitrate and nitrogen in
desirable form to help prndute a crop, j
Again a planter may be growing cane j
in a locality where mill potash is ;
available at a very low price. It would
certainly be a waste of money for him
to purchase a fertilizer containing j
V.hen home m.x:ng is practiced the j
farmer can purch-se those fertilizer :
materials that supply neeied const:'.-
uents and in the com desirable forms
for the needs cf his soii and crop.
The large consumer shcuid cer
tainly try home mixing and fad out
its advantages. The small farmer '
may rind i: impracticable 'j purchase
other than factory mixed fertilj vers .
However, several smell consumers
may often advantagc-o-sly ciu'o togeth
er and purchase fertilizer materials
in mixed lots. Manufacturers should
gladly mix fertilizer materials to the
order of the planter when the order is
large enough of course the planter ;
should know just the amounts and .
kinds of materials he wishes when he
orders in this way.
To purchase fertilizer materials to
mix at home, it is ne .essary to order
very t-ariy so that the material w.U
be on hand for mix.ng during a p-eriod
when outside work is held up cn ac
count cf bad weather. ;
The fertilizer materials may be mix
ed in a wagon box. or better, on a
tight barn floor, or a fioor covered
with canvas. Whenever chemicals as
nitrate of soda, jotash saits. etc.. are
used, they should be well broken up
and rendered as fine as possible. In
mixing, the light, bulky materials, as
dried blood, should be put on the bot
tom of the floor and an top of these
spread the other materials. The ma
terials should be spread evenly and
then turned over and over and thor
oughly mixed by shoveling. It takes
considerable time to mix fertilizer ma
terials so that the mixture is uniform.
After the mixing is completed the
fertilizers should be bagged and kept
in dry storage until ready for use.
If the mixture predominates in con
centrated salts, some eirth may be
incorporated to insure a more even
mixture. It should be remembered
that the chief advantage of buying
factory mixed fertilizers is that they
are better mixed and the farmer can
not spend too much time in the pro
test of thoroughly mixing his fertilizer
Get out of the scrub class' and
own a pure bred animal if it is only
a rooster or a chicken. Get up your
pride and get into the ' pure brei
class." Get a setting of pure bred eggs
and put under that brood: hen of
yours before it gets too late for rais
ing chickens economic-ally.
By the way. do not get the idea
that raising pure brel stock is only
a fad for the rich man and the fancier.
It is not only a matter of pride to
have good hve-stock of any kind or
treed. Pur-rbred stock pays. Every
one knows that good producers pay
better than poor producers and to get
more profitable an.mals means to use
Working with pure t red stock is
like wo.-King :.h gooi tools. Like
chopping wood with a sharp ax. We
want an engine to respond to the fuel
and we want the engine to g-t the
max. mum power from the fuel sup
plied. Just so should live-coc'ji re
spond to the feed anl care given it.
and to get this an:male must be bred
for the purpose. That means pure
"He who makes two blades of gTas
grow where one grw beJore"
deed a credit to his community, but
no more so than he who makes one
blade of grass do the work of two by
feeding better stock. This man be
comes a better farmer a better citi
zen, and adds prestige to his business.
Eut he does not accomplish this by
raising a scrub and being a scrub
Kep the whole family interested
.n f:,m life but don't expect them to
tuf.e .iny interest in scrubs. Get the
hilclren some p;ie bred stock to
keep thern out of harm and start them
This does not apply only to farmers,
but just as much to the town man
who keeps a few chickens. Its a
small matter to get a setting of pure
bred eggs and hatch them out under
a broodie hea. Get in touch with the
county agent and let him :urt ycu
off with some pure bred poultry or
any other class of livestock.
How to Make
Superphosphate at Home
Saving old bones for making ferti
lizer seen,- iike robbing the family
dog of his dinner but with the present
h.ch cost oi fertilizers a good deal of
home fertilizi-r manufacturing is be
ing carried on Old bones are the
f .undhtioa of a high grade sup-erphos-fhi.te
that may be made as f;l!cw:
Break up the bone-? in as small pieces
-s possible and add one-third their
weight of water to them is a long
wooden trough '..nr-i with sheet lead
or w-j-.h a thick c-oat.ng of pitch: the
lead is better. . the bones anj
watc-r. ail very slowly sulphuric acid
oil of vitriol . This acid must be ad
ded very slowly as a gre-at heal is
evolved on t'ue addition cf sulthuric
a -id to water The amount of acid to
aid depends up:n its strength of con
centration. About one-th-Tu the
acid or one-half of the!
-. - v .
t.-own sulphur.c acid should sufic-e
The w-hoie mass should be thoroughly
m.xed with a wooden shovel, allowed
:o stand for an hour and removed to
some dry place and stored for two
months wfcen it win be ready for the
land. If sulphuric acid rets on your
clothes it will ruin them and it will
bum the skdn wherever it touches ii-
Our Undeveloped Estate
These articles have surely made
clear the vast potential resources
which we have, and the great ends to
which they are available, if they are I
wisedy conserved and adequately ce- j
veloped. And this can be accomplish-!
ed 'only by the harmonious coop-er-j
a'.ion of the indespensible factors of;
conservation and development, labor j
and capital. Without labor and cap!-;
tal working together the various enter- i
prises of conservat:on and develop- j
ment are hopelessly handicapped.
Our arid lands cannot be irrigated.!
our roads cannot be built, our water-!
ways cannot be improved, our water
power cannot be utilized. We are '
All plans for the broadest better
ment. and the sanest reconstruction !
must fail unless they bring reasonable j
satisfaction to the workers upon whom '
their material realization depends, i
With Bolshevism, destructive alike to!
intel.gence and property, spreading in j
Europe, and many signs of unrest and
discontent patent to observers, it is!
evident that the first concern and ef-i
f ort of those to whom our reconstruct- j
ion problems may be intrusted should i
be to reach, if possible, an under :
nding and agreement with labor. '
upon a basis so fair, and so obviously
advantageous to the interests of all. !
that a long period of reasonably har-'
rnonious cooperative effort may be as- j
On 'he other hand it should be made
convincingly clear to labor that the
maintenance of its present returns '
and the (satisfaction of its prospective:
demands are possible only by raising'
'.he productive power of the individual.
Wealth which is non-existent cannot '
be divided. Undeveloped resources ',
are net wealth. They were here with
the Indians. Their potentialities can
be realized by, r.ot by labor alone. '
not by capital alone, not by labor and '
capita! together even, unless through'
the cooperation of the executive brain
and science. The war has at last plac
ed science above the salt, even at
Increased production means more
efficient work and a new attitude to
ward work; the desire o make every
stroke tell to the utmost. It means
gang-plowing with a tractor, intensive
n- '.ruck farming growing cane which
jieii 15. IS. or 29 per cent of sugar
instead of 1 or 12, retting rid of leaf i
brpper. and borer and root disease. J
It rne-iB microoopes and pyrometers, j
alide rale and graphic chart, record
ing instrument, wise planning, and
the laboratory control of materials and j
processes. In a word, it means will-j
ing, painstaking, and well-paid effort. '
backed op by capital, guided by .
To do the things we have to do de- J
mands vision and wise planning. na-
tion-wide coordination of amc k. ef
fective and economical administration.'
technical knowledge, and much re- j
search to bring more knowledge. The
conjunction of thess essentials is hap-,
pily not unknown in the larger aspects
of American business life, and it is to '
the American business man in his
higher stages of development that we
must turn in this day of opportunity. .
He is fresh from great achievement
as a volunteer, in extemporized relat
ions to the Government in the emer
gency of war. We must cow. in our
own interest, as pro prieors of tie '
estate, provide for aim an authori
tative and permanent place in our
The Lihue Union held a meeting at
the church Friday evening to act on
the resignation of Mr. Lydgate, which
was well attended and most harmon
ious in sentiment.
Being apprized that the resignation
was f nal and decisive it was accepted
and a committee was appointed, con
sisting of Judge Dickey and Miss Mc
Intyre to draft and forward a letter
that would express the large apprecia
tion and regard cf the church and
community for the long rears of faith
ful and efficient service rendered by
Mr. and Mrs. Lydcate. and the earnest
hope that they might remain in the
In this connection we are authorized
to say that Mr. Lydgate has purchased
lots across the street from the Garden
Island, and will build a comfortable
home there. He and Mrs. Lydgate
tC'pe to devote themselves to child
weifare work as a labor of love, and to
continue their interest in the general
welfare of the community.
The Gasoline Problem
of Supply and Demand
The second of a. series of three statements
The war directed attention to the need of petroleum conservation. Speaking on
this subject, Mark L. Requa. General Director, Oil Division, United States Fuel
Administration, recently said:
"The disproportion between the supply of and demand for gasoline is enormous
and constitutes a critical problem.
"Projected at the percentage of increase, 1904-1914, we should require in 1927
something like 700.000.000 barrels of petroleum. In 1918 our total production was
only 350.000,000 barrels."
To meet this situaticn both tie petroleum and tu
taciobile industries have for several years been mak
ing every eort. The problem has bee approached
from every angle:
(a) The cU producers are constantly prospecting
for tew fields. They have sunk many wells
and axe ocing everything possible to increase
(b) The c2 renders, with the he'.p cf their chemi
cal engineers, are ever devising new and im
proved prcesses of rering by which they
squeeze every possible drcp cf gasoline out of
each barrel of petroleum,
(c) The automotive engineers have aided much
is gasoline ccruservntkn by their constant
improvement cf automobile engines and
rruellods cf carburirntlon. Their efforts are
to secure the cperrtioa of automobiles on
graces cf gaA.iiin.e tlat permit the maximum
prof action cf this meter fuel from each bar
rel cf crude cil nnd which, at tie same time.
w2 give tie greatert power and mileage
from each unit cf gaseiine consumed.
AH these methods are succeeding to a marked de
gree, and yet gas-: lite consumption is increasing
much faster than production.
Facing these bald facts last summer, it became
evident 10 President Wilson and the United States
Fuel Administration that there was virtually as great
teed for gasoline conservation as for food conserva
tion. . - -..,'.
In consec,ecence the United States Fnel Adminis
traticn requested Eastern states to discontinue en
tirely all ton-essential use of passenger automobiles,
and for a time this request was so extended that
only automebiles in Government, emergency or war
service were in use on Sunday. These limitations
were not extended to the Western states, because at
the time there was enough gasoline being produced
in California for Pteic Coast needs and its distri
bution did not require the use of transcontinental
transportation facilities needed for war.
It was part cf this same campaign to conserve
gasoline that led President Wilson to appoint a Gov
ernment committee to determine and adopt standard
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
Advantages of Bonds
According to a cabin which wii t
celv;d in Honolulu IhmI Tunmliiy worn
ing, Inventor In Victory hornl ran
use them for thn payinntit of wlnln
and Inheritance taxen, provhlwl thity
have he;n bought nix nionllm buforii
the date of death. Thin mean Unit If
a man wlHhea to Invent MUlllelent Fifth
Liberty lunula to lake care of Ihe
entate and Inherltniire taxed Hfler hi
death, leaving the main part of hlH
j entitle Intact, he may do ho iuhI the
notea will not then ho Hiibjecl to In
heritance tax. Thin doeM not apply to
j the 3 per cent aerlen, oh Ihey are
exempt from taxation anyway. The
j cablegram which was received by I.
Tenney Peck, from Secretary WeekH
i at Kan FranclHCO reads hh followH:
i "AoHiHtant Secretary Lelllngwell
I states that Victory Noten of 4 per
' cent BerleH which have been owned
; by any pernon contlnuouHly for at
j least nix rnonthH prior to the dato of
his death and which, upon Huch date
j constitute a part of hl eHtate, ahall,
! under rules and regulationa preacrlbed
specifications for gasoline and other petroleum prod
ucts. This committee consisted of the United States
Fuel Administration and representatives of the War
and Navy Departments, the United States Shipping
Board, the Director General of Railroads, the Bureau
of Mines and the Bureau of Standards.
The committee was assisted and advised by tech
nical experts from each of these departments and
After extended discussions-, exhaustive tests and
experimentation, this Government committee adop
ted standard specifications for gasoline, not only for
aviation purposes, but also for general motor use on
land and sea.
These United States Government specifications
were drawn up with a view to providing a grade of
gasoline that would meet every practical require
ment and yet allow maximum production. They deal
with the problem on the basis of the best utilization
of our petroleum resources, and the maintenance of
reasonable prices to the consumer.
Drafted as they were, by impartial Governmenfex-
perts, these United States Government gasoline
specifications are today being generally considered
as the most practical standard for gasoline. They
insure an efficient and satisfactory gasoline and at
the same time have due regard for the necessity of
The gasoline being furnished today is more pow
erful and gives greater mileage than the gasoline of
tea years ago. Its use is made possible by the im
provements in automobile engines and methods of
carburization. To go bsck to the gasoline of ten
years ago would be to accept a more highly volatile
but less powerful gasoline giving less mileage. It
would also result in decreasing the production and
increasing the cost of gasoline.
All Red Crown gasoline now being supplied in the
Pacific Coast states is refined to conform with the
United States Government standard specifications.
It has the full, uniform chain of boiling points nec
essary for full-powered, dependable gasoline: Low
boiling points for easy starting, medium boiling
points for quick, smooth acceleration, and high boil
ing points for power and mileage.
by Secretary of Urn Treasury, bn re
ceivable by the United States at par
mid accrued Intereat In payment of
any entitle or Inheritance Use lm
poHeil by thn United States under or
by virtue of any preaent or future law
upon auch eitlate or the Inheritance
thereof, Victory note of 1 per cent
HrleN are not receivable In payment
of oHlato or Inheritance Uxea."
INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENT COMPEN.
The attention of the employer of
labor on Kauai la called to the ruling
of the Accident Board to the effect
thut prlnclpala are liable for accident
competition under the law. The fact
that the owner haa contracted out
work to a middleman doea not relieve
him from the liability, even where he
relegate that liability to the middle
man In the contract. In caae of the
failure of the contractor to meet the
liability, It remain with the owner.
The attention of employers is also
called to the position of the Board
that "average weekly wages" under
the law ahall Include bonus.