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THE GARDEN ISLAND. TUESDAY, MAY, 6, 1919
Home Economics Section of
the Second Annual
At the Territorial Fair to be held
in Honolulu from June 9th to 14th of
this year, special attention is to be
given the Home Economics Section.
It is hoped that the people of Kauai
will take great interest in preparing
exhibits for this section, as this is a
branch in which every one has an
opportunity to compete and the re
sults to be obtained will be of general
benefit to all.
Intending exhibitors will find below
the rules governing exhibits; also the
divisional and group classifications.
Further particulars may be had on
inquiry of Miss Elsie H. Wilcox or
Mrs. Philip L. Rice, the local members
of the committee.
1. Exhibits must be at the Fair
Grounds not later than 10 a. m., June
7, or in the case of perishable foods to
which special days have been assign
ed, by 10 a. m. of the appointed day.
2. Exhibits of cooked products
must be accompanied by typewritten
recipes and statements of cOBts.
3. No entrance fees will be charg
ed; articles which the exhibitors wish
to have sold should be marked with
the price, and if sold, the proceeds will
be turned over to the exhibitors by
the Committee at the close of the
Fair. No articles Bold may be remov
ed until the close of the Fair except
perishable foods, which may be re
moved at tho discretion of the Com
mittee. 4. Containers for food exhibits
must be furnished by exhibitors, and
should be white or of glass. If the
exhibitor wishes to claim the contain
er at the close of the Fair, a label
showing name and address must be
securely pasted on the bottom.
5. Awards in the form of ribbons
will be given for the 1st, 2nd and
3rd places in each class of competi
6. Only one entry in any one class
may be made by one person. If tho
class calls for a group exhibit, the
number of articles in the group is not
limited, but should be held within
reasonable bounds. Exhibits must be
entered in the name of the maker of
the article exhibited.
8. In Judging sewing and clothing
exhibits, notice will be taken of work
manship, cost, style and material. A
fine result achieved by skill rather
than by lavish expenditure will be con
sidered meritorious. The same prin
ciple will bo applied in judging food
9. Entries close May 31. Entry
blanks may be obtained from members
of the Committee, or from the Execu
tive Secretary, 303-4 Hawaiian Trust
Division A FOODS
Group 1. ALL ARTICLES TO BE
MADE FROM HAWAIIAN. FRUITS
Class (a) Best exhibit In jellies.
Class (b) Best exhibit in Jams. .
Class (c) Best exhibit of canned
and preserved fruits.
Class (d) Best exhibit of pickles.
Class (e) Best exhibit of fruit
Group 2. YEAST RAISED BREADS
Class (a) Best loaf wheat bread.
Class (b) Best loaf bread using
Clnss (c) Best biscuits.
Class (d) Best rolls.
Group 3. QUICK BREADS (Wed.).
Class (a) Best loaf breads.
Class (b) Best biscuits.
Class (c) Best corn bread.
Class (d) Best muffins.
Group 4. CAKES (Thursday).
Class (a) Best plate cookies.
Class (b) Best loaf fruit cake.
Class (c) Best loaf layer cake.
Class (d) Best loaf plain cake, no
fruit or icing.
Group 5. HAWAIIAN VEGETABLE
. DISHES. (Tuesday).
Class (a) Best exhibit of dishes
made of taro. .
Class (b) Best exhibit of dishes
made from sweet potatoes.
Class (c) Best exhibit of dishes
made from cooking bananas.
Class (d) Best exhibit of d;shes
made from bananas other than
Class (e) Best exhibit of dishes
prepared from one or more Ha
waiian vegetables not In Classes
(a) to (d) above.
Gaoup 6. DAIRY PRODUCTS.
Class (a) Best pound of Hawaiian
Class (b) Best exhibit of Hawaiian
A Standard Test for
The third of a series of three statements
War needs made prominent the question of a standard test for gasoline. On July
31st; 1918, President Wilson ordered a committee appointed under the United
States Fuel Administration to establish specifications and standards of test for gas
oline supplied to the Government. This committee consisted of the United States
Fuel Administration and representatives of the War and Navy Departments, the
United States Shipping Board, the Director General of Railroads, the Bureau of
Mines, and the Bureau of Standards. Standards were adopted for aviation gasoline
(export, fighting and domestic) and for general motor use on land and sea.
The Gravity Test Discarded
The Government's Committee on Standardi
zation of Petroleum Specifications stated in its
report : "It will be noted that there are no grav
ity limitations in the specifications for aviation
gasoline, nor in the specifications for motor
gasoline which are given later, for it has been
found that gravity is of little or no value in de
termining the quality of gasoline." The stand
ards adopted by the United States Government
are based on boiling points.
Boiling Points the Real Test .
Gasoline is known to the refiner as one mem
' ber of the petroleum family. He distinguishes
each member of the family, not by gravity, but
by boiling points. Gravity is a fleeting stand
ard of test, but boiling points are unchanging
in their value and always determine the quality
of the product. Knowing them the refiner can
keep his product uniform and reliable.
What Is a Boiling Point?
A boiling point is the temperature at which
a liquid will begin to boil or vaporize.
In distilling a given quantity of gasoline the
refiner ascertains at what point each 10 per
cent will boil, until the entire quantity is evap
orated or distilled. In this way he determines
what is known as the initial boiling point, as
well as all intervening boiling points in the
chain, up to the maximum, high boiling point.
Boiling Points Tell the Story
Boiling points determine the vaporizing and
combustive qualities of gasoline. They decide
the action of the gas developed from gasoline.
They are the only true measure of gasoline
An ideal gasoline has boiling points in a con
tinuous, uniform chain. There must not be too
many low boiling points, otherwise the loss in
storage by evaporation would be great. There
must be just enough low boiling points to va
porize freely and give easy starting. The higher
boiling points are necessary for quick accelera
tion, high power and long mileage.
As combustion starts with the lowest boiling
points and flashes on through the gas, the con
tinuous chain of bcilinjj points from the low
to the high is necessary for instantaneous,
full-powered combustion. Only a straight-distilled,
all-refinery gasoline can have the contin
uous, uniform chain of boiling points.
The United States Government
The United States Government standard
specifications for gasoline are based on boiling
points not gravity. Drafted as they were by
impartial Government experts, they are gener
ally considered.in the light of conditions today,
as the most practical standard for gasoline.
They insure an efficient and satisfactory gaso
line and at the same time have due regard for
the best utilization of our petroleum resources,
and the maintenance of reasonable prices to the
Red Crown Gasoline Conforms
to United States Government
All Red Crown gasoline now being supplied
in the Pacific Coast States is refined to con
form to the United States Government Stand
ard specifications. It is straight-distilled, all
refinery gasoline having the full, uniform chain
of boiling points necessary for full-powered,
dependable gasoline: Low boiling points for
easy starting, medium boiling points for quick,
smooth acceleration, and high boiling points
for power and mileage.
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
Group 7. SWEETS.
(.'Ins (a)Hest exhibit of home made
C'luss (b)liest exhibit (if candled
Class (c litest exhibit of Hawaiian
Group 8. FATS.
Class (a) iiest Hawaiian lard.
Class (b -Hest Hawaiian lard sub
stitutes. Class (el .Hest Hawaiian butter
Class (di- Uest exhibit of home
made soap accompanied by
Group 9. ECONOMY MENUS.
Class (a l Hest menus for one week
for a family of two adults and'
three children. w;es 2. fi. and 12;
cost for materials not to exceed
$10 per weel:. .Menus io be work
ed out with quantitif of mater
ials to In; pun base j . .1 1 costs
The Committee Is planning a num
ber of non lonipetitive exhibits and
demonstrations, a full li. t of which
will be anounced later. We are assur
ed of exhibits of
1. Distinctive Hawaiian foods.
2. Chinese foods.
3. Japanese foods.
4. Diets for children.
5. School cookery and lunches,
ti. Fireless cookery.
Division 13. HOUSEHOLD ARTS.
Group 1. SCHOOL SEWING EX
HIBITS. Class (al-IVst school exhibit ol
plain sewinn and underrcaruicnts
Class (bi -liesl school exhibit of
dresses (by students under 21
Class (c)--Ilest exhibit from sewing
classes not connected with
Group 2. CLOTHING EXHIBITS.
( las) (a) Afternoon dresses.
Class (b) Evening dresses.
Class (c) Cotton house dresses.
Class (d) Holokus.
Class (e) Japanese costumes.
Class (f) Chinese costumes.
Class (g) Korean costumes.
Class (h) Filipino costumes.
Class (1) Trimmed hats.
Class (j) Lauhala hats.
Class (k( Hats made from Hawaii
an fibres or materials, other
Group 3. NEEDLEWORK, KNIT
Class (a) Iiest embroidery done In
Class (b) Iiest embroidery done In
cotton or linen.
Class (e) Hest original design ex
ecuted in embroidery.
Class (d) Iiest article crocheted
Class (e) Iiest crocheted lace.
Class (f) Hest article, not lace,
crocheted in cotton.
Class (g) Best original design ex
ecuted in crochet.
Class (h) Iiest pair knitted socks.
Class (i) - Hest knitted sweater,
Class (jt Hest knitted sweater,
Class (k) lie.st knitted article not
in (h) to (j).
Class (1 1 Iiest embroidery by child
14 years or under.
Class (in) Iiest crocheted article
by child 14 years or under.
Class (n)--liest knitted artlc'.e by
child 14 years oi under i
Class (o) Hest tatting done by
child 14 years or under.
Class (p) Hest handbag.
Class (p) Hest handbag made by
child 14 years or under.
Class (r) Rest lauhala mat not
larger than 6x8 ft.
Class (s) Hest Niihau mat.
Honolulu Music Co. Ltd.
JAMES W. BERGSTROM, Manager
Ampico Reproducing Pianos, Knabe, Fis
her, Haines and Kroeger Pianos, Victor
and Columbia Machines and Recorc s.
Latest Sheet Music and Player music rolls,
Pianos and Player Pianos on small mon' li
ly payments. Phnos tuned and repaired
and rented by Jack Bergstrom, Kauai
Honolulu Music Co. Ltd.
Telephone - - Lihue Hotel.
TERRITORIAL MESSENGER SERVICE
TA K ICS 01!l)Ki;s I'Oli AM, kinds of
Dry Cleaning and Laundry Work
SK.NI 11Y I'AIICKI. l'OST TO
1112 UNION ST.
A garment is never old
unless it looks old
Vim will lie surprised at I lie newness ami
frecliiiess of your naiiiienls when we
r l tu n I In in tn ii.
j J. Aliailie, l'ro.
TIP TO? TAILORS
Makers of Dress Suits and Business Suits,
Summer Suits and Uniforms
Clothes Neatly Cleaned and Pressed.
TIP TOP BLDG. LIHUE