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THE OARDEN ISLAND, TUESDAY. MAY, 13, 1919
The arraignment of 1 lit Kauai
school equipment made by Hunt.
McCauglicy before (he Hoard of
Supervisors last Wednesday was
n scandalous one of which Kauai
has every reason to be ashamed.
Crowded, overflowing, inadequate,
school buildings; leaky, ruinous,
unsanitary and in some cases, in
decent places to teach in, or to live
in ; almoners of the .laps or of any
one else who will dispense a cheap
charity; these are some of the con
ditions on Kauai that are retri
ed as "shameful. " And so it is.
and its all true; and when we
come to inquire how it is that this
state of things has come about in
a civilized, wealthy and generous
community, very much given to
good works, it transpires that it
is because the schools grow so fast
that the equipment can never
catch up with the children.
And there is no prophet with
range of vision broad enough to
look ahead two years, or even one
year, and say. "We need to prov
ide equipment for so many child
ren next year, and that will mean
so many teachers and so many
rooms." So we limp along be
hind, alwavs running hard, al
LETTERS FROM THE PEOPLE
Editor Garden Island I am sorry to
have to hold an opinion, after more
than 50 years experience in this coun
try, that the native race has not im
proved as it should have done. Look
ing back to the days when it was the
proud boast of the Native that "l'a
mau ke ea o ka aina i ka pono." I
wonder what insidious and corrupt
teachings have caused some of the
things we are now compelled to look
upon with more than growing misgiv
ings. Lack of voice prevents my attempt
ins to express myself personally. I
wonder if it would be too much of a
favor jo ask the use of your columns
in attempting to trace what may be
the cause of that condition so aptly
described by Shakespear when he
makes Marccllus say, "Something is
rotten in the state of Denmark."
I remember giving my testimony be
fore the Congressional Committee in
Washington. 25 years ago, and in an
swer to a question, saying. "I found
Cuba to be almost tho opposite from
Hawaii in every sense While
Hawaii has, under the fostering in
fluence of the United States, developed
from a state of barbarism in the begin
ning of this century(19th) to a condi
tion of universal education unknown
in any other part of the world. Cuba
has been four hundred years demon
strating the problem of how NOT to
advance. Within less than a hundred
miles of the l'nited States, and receiv
ing from that country nearly its entire
revenue, amounting to. say. $100,000.-
000 per annum, there is not the first
trace of "Americanism" to be found
in the whole island. That the natives
of Hawaii would prove more apt in
acquiring the manners and customs of
the l'nited States, and become better
citizens than the average Cuban, I
have no doubt. If you :.i;k my
opinion why this is so. I answer, be
cause of the Americanism that has
been instilled into Hawaii, even to its
lowest strata. And if this "American
ism' shall be allowe to grow and in
crease under the fostering influence of
a close commercial and political union
or relationship with the l'nited States.
Hawaii will make another Star in ihe
galaxy, not less bright, and repay ten
fold the favors that have been lavish
ed upon her. That is why I am an
Now. Mr. Editor, you see my pilikia.
1 have "sort of" guaranteed to I'ncle
Sam what this country would do! Not
what I might make them do; but what
they WOULIl do. by virtue of. or from.
' the Americanism that had "been in
stilled into them." The boy must be
taught to walk; but if he docs not
learn to run and jump, by himself, be
is no good. The question therefore
is "has my promise been curried out
or fulfilled?" And I don't think, reallv.
its any QUESTION at all; 1 think,
from what 1 see in the papers, and
hear from those who are smarter than
I. and talked the native language, that
It's very plainly just the opposite! And.
mind you. it is the native element I'm
talking about! Not the foreign born,
who like myelf. came here for what
there was in it." I did not promise
that every Tom. Hick and Harry who
might land on these fair shores, should
or would beeonii Americans: but that
the "Americanism which has been in
stilled into Hawaii." if allowed to
grow. &e. ii'., "would repay tenfold I
the favors lavished upon her."
THE GARDEN ISLAND
Kauai First, Last and all the time.
ways out of breath, but always;
And as usual, it doesn't seem to
be anybody's (fault, at least any !
body that you can get at. It's an j
unfortunate combination of cir
cumstances; its the outcome of
the system, etc.
In the meantime the pot of pub
lic indignation is warming up,
and threatens to boil over ami
And meantime we are being hu
miliated throughout the Territory
and discredited as a wealthy and
callous community that cares for
none of these" things.
ih)'t fhiu; ft Tin: lfssos
One of the signal advantages ac
cruing from the war for the
American people is the valuable
lesson of thrift. It was a com
pulsory lesson which we didn't
want to learn. We didn't want
to buy bonds, or. thrift stamps
we had to. Now we hud that we
have been entertaining Angels un
awares, and they have dune us a
lot of good.
Now (he question arises. "What
are we going to do with the lesson
we have learned, and with the
good habit we have I'oimed? Are
we ";oiny to throw them awav? Or
.... ., . "ill , . , 1111.1,1 , .- ,t
permanent asset ?
Presumably there will be no
more Libert v Loans to invest in.
Has this been accomplished? Is
every Native in the country a good anil
true.vinertcan? Is he living according
to the principles taught him by his
friendu the American missionaries and
their successors? Does every Native
exorcise his rights of franchise accord
ing to the principles of right, honor,
and justice instilled into him by the
teachings of his churches and schools?
If not why not?
Now we have something to work
upon. 1 think there are few districts
where the Natives are not in the ma
jority, or a leant would be in majority
if combined with the best men of the
district. Not being a politician. I am
not well informed; but 1 think Natives
are in majority.. Now what influence
or influences are at work to make tho
Natives bad men and perhaps bad
voters? There are no rules, nor princ
iples, acknowledged by either of the
two great parties that should influence
a Native against his judgment or
preference for one candidate over
another, in this Territory, because
here we have only local questions, and
the great questions of revenue and
tariff ore beyond our influence at the
polls. When the First Congress met
in 17S7 the first Law passed was one
for Tariff, or the collection of revenue,
and the present Republican parly
favors protection of American pro
ductions by Tariff or Duties, while the
Democratic party opposes. Whenever
you are allowed to vote, on that ques
tion, you can help kill the sugar Indus-
t ry by voting with the Democrats, or
help sustain it by voting with Republi
cans. Meanwhile it is my advice to
vote for the most honest and intelli
gent candidates, regardless of other
considerations. Where both are equal
ly good, vote for the one who promis
es the least and does the most and
Hut I am sure there is some insid
lous and perverting influence at work,
to break down and destroy the good
that has come to these Islands with
and through, annexation to the l'nited
States. Again 1 admit that 1 am not
an expert on the "ways that are dark j
and the tricks that are vain." for.l
which ISret Harte's heathen "was pe
culiar:" but I take it for granted that'
even Bolshevism may be traced, to a
eonjointure of Communism and.
Socialism, both perhaps in their lowest;
and worst forms. . (
At any rate it may bo w ell for us to i
know what these two high sounding'
names mean or convey. Communism '
is defined by our best Lexicographers !
as "a scheme of equalizing the social
conditions, of life, especially by the
abolition of inequalities in the possess-,
ion of property." To reduce this defi
nition to a more simple form of words
we might say Communism is the name
given to the idea or iil.oi for dividing
up all property or the sharing of ail
tilings in common between parties in- j
This, of itself, could not be consul-!
eted illegal or even immoral. In fact.i
the experiment was fried, in my early
lifetime, by the establishment of ftlia't '
was known as "I'.rook Kami." a imu-,
inanity organised near We-t Iloxlmry. '
Mass.. and composed et" siuli bono: '
able names as licortrs Ripley. Nathan
iel Hawtho! :,e. Charles A. Dana. Kdali .
W. Kmerson. Tlfodore Parker. Amos
1!. Aloott, C.eorge W. Curtis. Margaivt
Fuller and many others whose names
were above rcproaih. True they were
as afterwards proved, carried away by
the glamour of -Foiirierism." or the
social sytem advocated by Fourier, a
Krein h social economist who. having
inherited a small formic, which he
lost in the disorders of the times,
"began to question the righteousness
of the existing indnsin.il system and
to develop bis own social theory,
known as Kourierisin."
I quote from my au'!i.r:ty: "Four-hris-m
was based on the theory that
the social order Uepcliils Upon fixed
moral and inte'.Ycma! laws. nd that
man must discover and live according
to these laws. According to Knuri.-r.
society must be so organized as to
r:v I : i ; v
1. 1 ii i' i:
K A I ' A I
but Thrill and War Savings
Stamps- will slill be available.
I'ltt iimr xiihiH Niir'ut; iiiht thine
N((;iis.' It will be clear gain for
you. In most cases it will be
money that you would waste nr
squander, or lose, and one of these
days it will come back- to you as
a ureal liml.
ro i;i;t a m ; x
A petition to the Commissioner
of Public Lauds has been quite
widely circulated and generally
signed during the last few days on
behalf of the labile public school.
The petition sets forth the fact
that an appropriation for new
school buildings was made over
four years ago. and the present
bii'ld'ngs are more inadequate
now than I hey were then; that at
a piil lie meeting a year ago or so
il was voted to acquire from Lihue
Plantation, by ex: hange "or other
wise, what is kiiown.as the Trash
Field; and that the school attend
ance is steadily growing, the
crowding is more serious and the
ruinous condition of the buildings
more menacing. Accordingly it
is respect fill' V requested (hat the
j necessary sieiis be taken, just as
' soon as possible, to secure that or
j soiae other suitable site for such
; school buildings, to the end that
the interests of education may no
J longer be sacriliced and discredil
! ed in our midst.
! This is being forwarded lo the
Land Departnieiit.aiid.it is hoped
I mav lead lo results.
give freedom to tho passions or de
sires of men, since these are naturally
capable of harmony, and. if developed
under proper conditions, would, in
accordance with the taw of attraction,
lead to a perfect society. In this
society industry shouM be carried on
by phalanxes, each phalanx to be di
vided into series, and the .-erics com
bined in groups; each group was to
have (barge oT one Kind of work, and
each series of one special branch of
that work. In tho distribution of pro
duets a certain minimum was to be
assigned lo each member of the soc
iety, whether capable of labor or not;
tho remainder to be shared in certain
proportions to be previously determin
ed among the three element.-'., labor,
talent, and capital. The capital of tha
community might be owned in un
equal shares by different members of
the community; inheritance was to.be
permitted and the individuals could ex
pend the remuneration as they pleas,
ed. The government was to be repub
lican, with elective olticcrs."
It is hardly necessary to say that
the experiments in the l'nited States
were not successful, in the way of at
tracting a people so independent and
practical in their methods of self gov
ernment; hut some credit may be .given
to the fact that at this time our coun
try was rapidly expanding, and extend
ing its boundaries of cultivation, as
well as advancement in all matters
and upon all lines loading to the great
est and most rapid prosperity ever
known in the world's history. The
first and tho greater! real Republic
ever known, had no time to waste
over the chimerical vaporing--, of theor
ists who preferred the splitting of
hairs, in controversy, to splitting the
wood for the cookstove. Communism
can never bo but at a difference to or
from the freedom of America and the
true dignity of labor."
Now as to that sister vagary called
Socialism. 1 am sorry to say the clown
hoof is even more apt to be cleverly
disguised. In fact there are two dis
tant mean'ngs to the word itself, and
it is easy for the Socialist to fall bad;
upon the excuse that he had been
misinterpreted. or misunderstood,
when finding bis victim too wary. A
"Socialist" may be only a good fellow
and full of fan. or be may be one of
the class of "mouthers." if I may in
allowed to co'n a. wor. I. like Krioiirich
Kngles. born iu. Prr.s-iia but living
mo-tly in London am! being the auuior
or one of the authors i,f the m.te.l
"Communist Manifesto'' which 1 cop;,
to show you the .-light p.acficabil ty or
good sci:s-.' oi ' mom'.ri-. -" o.Verc.l t"
the pr: ctlcr.l and sensie'e work, rs of
the I i : i t - I it.-s. t r o n- i'n:;i ry
"Cti.:it:..ini.-t V-u!;'.'-i..," ow v
historii : I epoch t !e ; i -..; 'iii:g m V !'
i lor.oi.-.n i r. r.",. '. :cr, ...... I . x !..
end '.he social ,,! ,;', u .... ai ilv
f.-.'.l.i'.vii.g f:-or.v :Vr:.i i .. b-.'s ,-.
whii !l i! is bill'-; i p. ,.; i v. i.
a'.")-. -a r. be pi . ;: e th p I- !-..!
and ir.t.-lle. tual hi ,.; -i t'.i t ,-;.. !;:
and . . n.-iqut n:ly the v.ln.'e h; t :y , f
:n:;r.k:m! -:iu t a. d..-ob. ,.t n. ::.
it ive trio.-1 - oej. t h. .1 ii:r; l,.u I ip
1 1 quire "'. 'Wr.e!-a! p. It .s b in a '!.:-:
of vl.i.-s . struggle, cunt- t 1-ctw--xploitlr.g
and exj.Ii.it ii ruline an!
oppressed classes: the history of the-.-
class snuggles f.nii'.s a i.i cv.
hit Ion; now a i;.;v s. a s'.cl. has 1 1 " t
reached where the explelb 1 avl ,,p
pressed --the prol.-tari.it - cannot at
tain its emancipation tne-.i the sv.ty
of the exploiting an I ruling class -the
bourgeoisie without at the same
I 'me. and o:n e and i..r all eman. ipat
ir.g so.ictv at Lai'., from all exploita
tion, oppression, c'as-dis-i:;ei; ,-,
This woaiieiial .tocui... i,t is the
Alpha and Utr.ega. . who!..- the :y i,i
he i him. ri. .-.1 ,,i . p.r i . t -ning to
the or g'tial i en' i. .a of A i -.:a a? . I
i'lve. we are . ':.. ! th .' ,-v.-n it.
i-id. n there was a s, tier.' tt'.a' ..it:. i
trouble, llav.- wc : p -pp. t "av
er woul 1 these iiiit.t... I'ifi.rm. l-
kiii on an l ii.- c nr. t !' ::'. i
would be ashamed lo t-. '.apt to point
out to men having tha honor of being
citizens of these l'nited Stutea the
childish folly of such a conglomeration
of words, and the 111 disguised threat
against the peace of mankind. Hut 1
do warn you against the advise or in
sinuations of any nian who dares to
offer you the desperate chanco of im
provements through the channels of
cither Communism or Socialism.
If you think my warning is unneces
sary, let me remind you of the words
of ex President Roosevelt, in his last
message to tho American people,
wherein he declared: "Any man who
rays he is nn American, but something
else, also, isn't an American at all. We
have room for but one flag, the Ameri
can flag, and this excludes the RED
Hag. which symbolizes all wars against
liberty and civilization, just as ninch
as it excludes any foreign flag of a
nation to which we are hostile. We
have rdom for but one soul loyalty,
and that is loyalty to the American
Z. S. SPALDING.
Editor Garden Island:
On t.ll .-Mies, while !:i Honjiulu, 1
was assailed with: "What's the matter
Willi Kauai." in reference to the dele
K.uion wo sent to tho House. Then
usually, "if it hadn't been for Aguiar.
y.m had might as well not been repre
From frequent inquiry among men
iii touch with affairs, I have made the
follow in.-; deductions:
Chandler:. Earnest in his desire to
legislate for the so-called common
pei. pie. but unable to distinguish
where the line between legal and class
legislation came, so that practically all
bis proposals were unconstitutional.
Nearly always voted ns did Lorrin An
iln vvs. which alone should condemn
him for re-election.
Kaahu: Led by a nose ring with
Andrews hold of the other end. Never
ready to support any good government
measure, but always ready to vote his
personal likes and dislikes toward the
introducer. Disgracefully drunk the
la- t night ha'd to be repeatedly pulled
into his seat by his coat tails by the
members near him; usually surly and
dv.agrceable. He should never again
be elected to any place higher than
dog-ci'teher or pound master.
Werner: Jumped as the string was
1 uiled by Andrews. Introduced silly,
Illegal measures one, relating to gar
nlsheements. strongly suspected of
being for his own particular benefit.
Aguiar: Saved our good name in
th" House. Alway? on the job'and be
hind every good government measure.
Chairmr.n Lewis, of Uo very import
ant finance committee, told me that
' Aguiar was a very capable member
and we should, by all means induce
him to stand for reelection.
E. M. CHEATHAM.
To the Supervisors of tho
County of Kauai.
Gentlemen: The Mokihana Club
Contmittee wishes to bring to the
notice of the Supervisors the following
most necessary measures for the im
provement of our school conditions:
We ask the supervisors to deliberate
and confer as to the possibility of
commencing the building of the new
Lihue School this summer. Our pres
ent Lihue School is a miserable make
shift, in size, entirely inadequate, un
sanitary in every way. Our commun
ity is heartily ashamed of it. Were it
not for the use of four rooms in tho
Japanese School. 200 of the Lihue
children would not be able to have
any schooling. As it is. two classes
have to be held in one school room,
Indeed a return to old time conditions.
Your chairman, on whom our com
mittee called, told us of an excellent
plan: to build one wing first, to hold
a portion of the 24 rooms necessary.
This could be followed later by the
erection of another wing. An Admin
istrative P.uilding to unite both wings
might become a reality in later years.
Sif.ly thousand dol'ars are available
now; j.-, ini.i the end of this year. We
beg ou to give this matter your earn
i .t consideration.
The teachers' cou.ige needs to be
enl iivcl. It has on'y three bedrooms.
To cif ' matters. . hree teachers were
plac. .1 in the Haw -pan Minister's cot
t.'.ge. in -:i vacant. This cottage will
n .ii be available when the new school
.';: begins. The teachers' cottage
v 11 have ;, house nine to ten teich-
vi s. a l. ige .-let-pins lanai should be
.."".-.I. six tx.r.i cloihes closets built,
!.' p. n: '. ..-.thro, in divided into two
compl. p. b.a'.! oeie-. a coat of paint
i: ! a i w nri.or changes male. The
i'---'-' w Mr then be only a temporary
..-I;. : f.,r we do .-.-nu-nd. t'aat every
'...'. 1.. r shoalb have a b-droom to her-s'.-li.
Y.V h pe ti;;, will be realized-.
I.i'.. .e Selijol nas been
I. iir.ii' :;i l'.oel ..'.': i K.namaulu School
! tn .1 kitehei; for the new school-y.-:
r. lutcli! u.. similar to the newly
l.ii:'.: en. in Kuj.aa school, ci.ly the'
kitchen for Lihue shouM be larger'
h.tii the one built in Kapaa School.
Han '.:.u ulu alo i.e. :1s a :-niall dis-
I.i'rue can wait fo' this Uis
uni.'l the ;'ew building is er-
sped fully submitted.
ANNA C. WILCOX.
HIXKX K. LYDGATE,
IiOIJA R. isexi;erg.
M All Y A. RICK.
M'.ki'.v.ma Health Committee.
I 1. h
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