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THE GARDEN ISLAND, TUESDAY. MAY, 13, 1019
S. E. LUCAS
Removed his office to Kapaa near Court
House. Prompt service as usual
4. a. -4
Let us point out to you the favorable conservative
investments with highest interest yield. Our various
departments are at your service.
The Henry Waterhouse Trust
HONOLULU, T. II.
$ 4 :
COMIM.ETK MACHINERY EQUIPMENT FOR
5 ni . m n "1
Non Partizan League
Many of our readers have dou'ilesa
i 'i-ii references In tho papor i and
ir.nR.ti'incs lo the Non-Partuau League
of Dakota, and have perhaps wonder
ed what It was. A recent number of
the Survey contains an intelligant and
well-informed account of the alms and
accomplishments of this organization
from which we condense the following
Prom the beginning doubtless, or
soon after, the farmer has been the
vlctisi of untoward conditions that
robbed him of the firuit of his toll;
and as the generations have run on the
conditions have grown worse rather
than better. The Nonpartisan Leader
nuts It In graphic cartoon form. A
great hog trough with a dozen or
more portly hogs ravenously devouring
the contents that are being poured in
at the upper end and which filter
down, being gobbled up along the way
by Railroads, Elevators, Brokers and
Gamblers, Millers, Wholesalers, Mid
dlemen, etc., until there Is little or no
thing left The farmer turns In at one
end 42 lbs. of wheat and gets out at
the other only 13 lbs of flour and
6 lbs of feed. The rest hscs been
filched away and devoured in the pro
Frorr. time immemorial the farmers
have complained, and set forth their
Rr'evances, and sought redress at the
hands of political parties, legislators
and courts, but without any consider-
I In with total of 7IS-) b.
p. in list' in I-laii.Is.
operaT-i on gasoline or
distillate. "Fool proof"
so simple any l.v can
run it. l'roiliuvs pow
er c'u-iiply. Sizes -1 to
No. 2 Engelberg Huller
Capacity :!"0 to oOO lbs.
paiMy per hour. I!e
ji;in?s 10 to l'J h. p.
lieiiiires h. p. to oper
ates. Allis- Chahneis motor,
where electric power in
Honolulu Iron Works Co.
Honolulu, T. H.
When in Honolulu
Running water In every room; rooms
singly or with baths; comfortable beds;
close to best restaurants and all car
lines. Highest class service.
Centrally local, la the thcalxc and shopping crnttra.
J. F. CHILD, Proprietor
Kapaia Garage Co.
Automobile Repairing And
stokaci: i:atti:imi:s kkpaiukm
Telephone '2TS L
l'. o. iiox 2.:;
able success until it finally became evi
dent to tho farmers of North Dakota
that the only means of coming into
their own was to organize and build
up a farmers' league strong enough to
make themselves heard effectively and
conclusively by all tho political in
terests in the Btate, so that they could
compel JUBtic9 and a square deal. To
this end they decided to form a non
partisan organization to comlst of
farmers and to work for farmers.
Organization agents were sent cut in
Ford cars throughout the length and
breadth of the State and within a year
a membership of between thirty and
forty thousand had been secured, act
ive members, paying members, who
were thoroughly alive to the issues in
volved. This was enough of a follow
ing to carry an election. They put
their own men up, or backed such men
in the existing parties as they could
trust and approve, and Immediately
they were a power in the land.
In the very first year the League
controlled the lower house of tho Leg'
islature and held the governorship and
State, offices. It had a minority in the
Senate because of hold over Senators.
A little later it "captured" the State
Supreme Court and later still the Sen
ate. Naturally all this was not accomp
lished without opposition. At first the
politicians made light of the move
ment; it would blow over just as so
many other similar moves had done;
and the farmers would soon awake to
a realization of the Utopian felly of
the scheme. Later on the politicians
awoke to the fact that they had a fight
on their hand's that was different, and
they were driven to the most desper
ate and disreputable methods to dis
credit the movement. The.leaders of
the league they declared were mounte
banks, socialists, confidence men, agi
tators, grafters anarchists. I. W. W.s,
traitors, charlatans, visionaries, ideal
ists. Especially did they berate them
as slackers, and pacifists and pro-Germans,
and even took these charges
Into court, but failed to substantiate
Another line of opposition was the
refusal to them of the uses of halls,
assembly rooms or other places of
public meeting, sothat they had to
meet in private grounds, or extempor
ized sheds. And when this resistance
was ineffective the opposition went
further and made compacts with the
townspeople go that the league meet
ings should be prevented anywhere
within the town limits. In such cases
the farmers met in the open outside
tho town limits, transacted their busi
ness, and said their say, and then by
way of vindicating their loyalty pass
ed resolutions backing President Wil
son's war iims statement, took up a
collection for the Ited Cross, arid had
their pictures taken as patriots and
men of sand and ginger. These pic
tures show great crowds of men, in
tho midst of a Dakota bilzzard, with
a heavy snow on the ground and more
falling, and with overcoats on, high
collared up about their freezing ears.
What is this Nonpartisan League
(Continued on Page 6)
everything ik the
Silver and Gold Line,
Rich Cut Glass and
Merchandise op the
Best Quality Only.
P. O. Box 342 Honolulu
Some of the Landmarks in the. Development in
Hawaii's Public School System
Jiy T. II. GIDSOX, Principal of Litiimliithini School
1. Tlie ih'st schools wore for the adult popu
lation and attendance was compulsory.
"lief ore the end of two thousand
people had liwrned to read, and a peculiar
system of schools was spreading over the is
lands. Each chief sent the most proficient
scholars in his retinue to his different lands to
act as teachers, with orders to his tenants to
attend school. The eagerness of the people to
acquire the new and wonderful arts of reading
and writing was intense, and at length almost
the whole population went to school. The time
of school was from one to two lumrs in the
afternoon, and the pupils were called together
by the blowing of a conch shell."
by the blowing of a conch shell." Alr.rni(hr'n
'2. In IS.'! '2, schools began to be opened for
native children, which gradually took the place
of those for adults.
The Oahu Charity School for the instruct
ion of the Knglish speaking children of Hono
lulu was opened January 10, 18::i. This school
through a series of changes of location and
policy, developed into the present McKinley
4. The commencement of Lahainaluna Semi
nary, which supplied teachers for the public
schools, took place in IA'51.
.". The Ililo Hoys' Hoarding School, which
became the model of the schools on the main
land for the instruction of the negro and
Indian under the leadership of (ieneral Ann
strong, was established in 18:i7.
(. In May, 1810, the Uoyal School was open
ed for the purpose of educating chiefs of
high rank through Ihe medium of the English
7. in 1 SI .", Mr. Uichard Armstrong, the
father of (Ieneral Armstrong, and an ardent
disciple and admirer of Horace Mann, succeed
ed Mr. Uichards, on Ihe hitter's death in 1S17,
as Minister of l'ublic Instruction. In 1S"i5 the
department was organized but Mr. Armstrong
continued his work as President of the Hoard
of Education until his ilea Ih in lSliO.
'.I. In lSti.", the ollice of Inspector (ieneral
of Schools was created by law. The tirst lo
till this ollice was Honorable A. Pomander, the
most scholarly and most distinguished man
who ever held this ollice. His most distinctive
work was the separation of the sexes in all
the government schools. As a result of this
movement the Hoyal School became the most
Pohiikaina the most important day school for
10. In 1S70, Mr. I!. II. Hitchcock was appoint
ed Inspector (ieneral of schools, and there fol
lowed seven years of revival and improvement.
11. In is"), Mr. H. I). Paid win was appointed
Inspector (ieneral. During his incumbency,
1S7IMSS1, English day-schools, or "Select
Schools," as they were called, increased from
live to forty-four.
V2. In 1NSL Mr. IJnldwin prepared a Course
of Study for the Select Schools, which provided
for the usual eight years of elementary and
four years of hili school work. This course
of study was framed in accordance with the
best educational ideas in America at that time.
i:. In ISS2, a National Teachers' Association
was organized in Honolulu, whose membership
included teachers from all the islands.
11. In 1SSS, tuition fees were abolished in
examinations for teach-
certilicates were inaugurated.
practically all tffe select schools.
15. In the s;niie year a new course of study,
prepared by Mr. Atkinson and JLr. M. M. Scott,
was adopted by the Hoard of Education. For
over two years there had been little or no
supervision of schools. It was not possible to
provide competent teachers for the rapidly in
creasing English schools. Hence, it was neces
sary to simplify the course of study and make
it more formal. The previous one, rich in con
tent matter, was thought to be beyond the cap
acity of many teachers whose employment was
necessary at that time.
1. In 1SSS, Teachers' Conventions were re
vived. These were held sometimes on each is
land and once a year a general convention was
hehl in Honolulu. Teachers' traveling expenses
to and from Honolulu were paid at two of these
general meetings. Tertchers' Conventions had
been a feature of the school system from the
time of its organization, but were mostly local
in character. The general convention called
by Mr. Atkinson, Inspector (Jeneral, in 18SS,
and continued for more than a decade, develop
ed into the Summer School of 1000, and has
become an annual event, with few interrupt
ions up to the present time.
These conventions were productive of more
uniformity in the work of the schools, increas
ed interest and esprit dv corps among the
17. In the same vear
IS. In September, 1SSS, Mr. M. M. Scott,
Principal of the Port Street School, started a
class for teachers after regular school hours,
which was the beginning of the present Normal
1!). in 1S05, a Normal School department was
organized in the High School. In the following
year Ibis department grew into an independent
school with-1 wo lower grade rooms for the
training of teachers.
L'0. In 1S!M, the Hoard of Education was reor
ganized and again became a department of the
government, with the Minister of Foreign
All'airs, ex-oflicio Minister of l'ublic Instruct
ion. In 1S!)7, the ollice of the Deputy Inspector
(ieneral was created, as the need for closer
supervision of schools was felt.
'2'2. In December, 1S07, a salary schedule for
assistant teachers was adopted. This schedule
was based on grade of certilicate and length
of service. The minimum for teachers holding
first class primary certificates was !?50 a mouth,
and the maximum, reached in 14 years, was
$75 a month.
2:!. In 1S0S. this ollice was changed to that of
Traveling Normal I nsl ructor, and this official
combined the work of instruction and super
vision on all the islands. The Deputy Inspect
or (ieneral's work was limited to the Island of
I'l. In 1S0S. Colonel Parker, at that time one
of the foremost educators of America, gave
thirty lessons at the Summer School. His
work is to be remembered as an important
event in our educational history.
-5. .June 1 1. 1000, the Organic Act, or the Act
to provide a (ioveinnient for the Territory of
Hawaii, went into ell'ect, and the Minister of
Public Instruction became the Superintendent
of Public Instruction.
for Baking '
Sanitary, Easy to Clean, Eco
THE NEWEST METHOD
dainty bake and
spotless serve in the
practical same dish
Bread Pans $1.15 each
Pie Plates, 10-Inch $1.25 each
Custards .25 each
Bakers $1.00 each
Casseroles $1.35 each
Etc., Etc., Etc.
New shipment just opened.
Brass Candlesticks at half price.
"The House of Housewares"
53-65 King Street Honolulu
A neat, smart Shoe for
men's Spring and Summer
wear. Every bit as good aa it
Upper leather of real calf
skin; sole leather likewise is
made to give long wear ami
walking comfort. No. 8S7.
Similar models at $10-$11.
1051 Fort St. Honolulu
Real Estate and Insurance
NO. 125 1J1 MERCHANT VST.
P.O. Box No. 594 Honolulu
Kuraoka & Co.
CONTRACTOR AND CARPENTER
liuiMinp, Painting, Moving
Buildings and (ieneral
Manufacturer of All Kinds of
P. 0. Box 265