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THE GARDEN ISLAND, TUESDAY, MAY, 20,1919
S. E. LUCAS
Removed his office to Kapaa near Court
House. Prompt service as usual
Hapai Ko" Tournament Inter-liland
Cane-Loading Contest for Special
Feature at Territorial Fair
In Honolulu In June
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Honolulu, May 17 Hawaii is to
present a novel and interesting enter
tatnment and educational feature at
the territorial fair, June 9-14, 'which
will, in all probability, attract the at
tention of the agricultural and indus
It is to be a "hapai ko" tournament,
or sugar-cane loading contest.
It may seem strange that no such
competition has heretofore been made
a feature of great exhibitions in t.hls
territory, but it remains for the sec
ond annual territorial fair to utage
what will not only prove a spectacular
form of entertainment for the grand
stand and the bleachers, but will es
tablish a record in the loading of cane
by hand that will serve for compari
son with similar labor accomplishment
wherever sugar cane is handled
throughout the world.
"Back East" the famous corn-husk
ing bees are an inseparable part of
history and romance; America's sunny
southlands have their cotton-picking
contests; the cattle ranges of Montana
and Wyoming have their roping
Telephone 2."S L
P. O. Box 23G
tournaments; in the forests of the
great Northwest enthusiasm" marks
the tree-felling competitions; in Wash
ington State the hop-pickers, and in
California the cherry-pickers, and the
prune-pickers, have their innings; in
Australia and New Zealand the sheep
shearers vie keenly with one another
to establish and maintain imposing
records and now comes Hawaii, on
the auspicious occasion of the greatest
gathering ever held in the islands, en
tering the lists with a cane-loading
contest, an inter-island event which
will undoubtedly become an annual
Maui, Oahu and Kauai are the is
lands to enter this new contest skill.
Since, for the most part, sugar cane
is handled by means of flumes on the
Big Island, Hawaii, that island will
not be included.
The various plantations on the is
lands mentioned will at once enter
teams in the preliminary elimination
competitions, and the winning teams
from each island will compete in Ka
plolanl, at the territorial fair, on
Thursday, June 12.
Two cane-loaders will constitute
team. These two may be a man and
a woman, or both man. A space of 20
by 75 feet will be prepared in front of
the grandstand, on which will be
placed a section of portable track and
a three-ton side-door cane-car. The
sugar cane will be scattered over the
exhibition area, Just as it would lie in
the field after cutting, and each team
of two will be starred and timed in
true Sportsmanlike style. First and
second prizes of $50 and $30 will be
awarded by the fair commission.
Traveling expenses of the teams will
be borne by the plantations they represent.
Plantation laborers embrace numer
ous nationalities Chinese, Japanese,
Filipino, and European which fact
will add to the interest of the tourna
On May 24, Manager Ronton, of Ewa
plantation, Oahu, will conduct a pre
liminary contest. Manager H. B. Pen
hallow of Walluku Sugar Co., Maui
is looking after that island's Interests
Fair Commissioner W. F. Sanborn of
Kauai represents the contest for the
. FOREST RESERVE LANDS
The forest reserve areas of the dif
ferent islands are roughly as follows
as given by the Forester magazine
Kauai 148,000 acres.
Oahu 63,000 acres.
Molokal 45,000 acres.
Hawaii 437,000 acres
from which it is apparent that Hawaii
comes first and Kauai next.
The way-side beauty of the mani
fold varieties of hibiscus Is no where
more effectively evidenced than at
Kilauea where they adorn the hedges
In rich profusion. It is a fine idea
that might well be imitated elsewhere,
Educating Plantation Children
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How often have I heard it said that the
schools are training children away from the
plantation. If this were really true, it would
be a sad condition of affairs and the country
school would be a failure.
If we leave the industrial features out of our
schools and train our pupils solely to the end
that they are fitted to become teachers, stenog
raphers, bookkeepers, clerks, etc., the above
statement would be in some measure true.
However 1 have had this matter under observa
tion for at least six years and it has been parti
cularly interesting to me to note that out of
every hundred pupils released from school at
least ninety-five percent seek employment on
the plantation. A few, mostly girls complete
the eighth grade, and enter the Territorial
Normal School or McKinley High.
'Manual Labor Jlonorable
Every effort should made to impress upon
our pupils the fact that plantation work is
profitable and honorable.
The main reason that many plantation labor
ers find it difficult to live on their wages is that
they depend upon the dollar for everything.
On the other hand we find those who directly
or indirectly, through the influence of manual
training, are making creditable looking furni
ture for their homes instead of buying it. We
find them raising chickens, keepiug cows, pigs,
bees and cultivating vegetable gardens. Some
of the latter class have bank accounts and it
goes without saying that they live better and
are more contented than their less provident
neighbors. Most of the vegetables sold in our
community are raised by former pupils who
took an interest in school gardens.
.Train for Work on the Plantation
Give our pupil the training they need and
they will not want to leave the plantations.
In every school of ten or more teachers there
schould be one whose entire time is devoted to
Industrial Training, another to Domestic
In the shop, the boys should be taught to
make mission furniture, I say mission because
of its simplicity of design and neatness in ap
pearance. They should do some cabinet work,
learn to frame houses and work at the forge.
Of course we should find out what each is best
fitted to do and let him specialize.
In the field, they should be taught the culti
vation of cane, rice, pineapples, taro, etc, in the
garden, to raise vegetables and fruits adapted
to the soil and climatic conditions. The select
ion of things to be grown on the school farm
would depeutl largely, of course, on the locat
ion of the school and the particular industry
in which the plantation, upon which the school
is located, is engaged.
Plantation Would Cooperate
I think there would be no difficulty iu get
ting the plantation managers to turn over to
the "Class in Farming," sufficient ground to
teach the cultivation of cane, on terms some
what similar to those extended to contract
Every boy who is old enough, say from ten
years old and up, regardless of grade, should
have five hours of ''Industrial Training" a
week, and more if possible. It has been my ex
perience that boys come willingly at eight lu
the morning and some times earlier to shop and
garden and few ever object to staying until
three in the afternoons
lines A'of Interfere With Academic Work
Manual training does not as some may rea-
son, interfere with "Academic Training." In
lact, it has been my experience that it awakens
an interest in the latter. Besides Industrial
Training takes care of the boy, so constituted
mentally, that he cannot accomplish much in
his grades. Such boys often become expert
gardeners or skillful cabinet makers, though
their grade work may be considered a failure.
Valuable to Plantations
It stands to reason that plantations would
prefer trained employees. How many planta
tion laborers today know the value of putting
humus into the soil, the art of supplying the
proper plant foods, how to properly cultivate
the soil, or why they do these things? They
labor faithfully enough, undoubtedly, but the
most beautiful part of their labor is lost in ig
norance. The Dignity of Labor.
We must educate our boys away from the
the idea that clerking, office work, etc., are
more dignified than using tools and making
things grow. ..It was the mechanic and the
farmer that helped our soldiers to wiu the war,
rather than the clerk or the office man, though
each had his place in the great struggle for
''right against might." The farmer boy has a
freer, happier life than the boy cooped up in a
store from morning until night.
Domestic Science has a place no less import
ant than carpentry or field work in the planta
tion school. It was the food saved that won
the war. The proper and economical prepara
tion of food in the home promotes health, hap
piness and prosperity. The Domestic Science
teacher steps in and takes up the work where
the teacher in Industrial Training leaves off.
..Teaching patriotism, politeness, kindness
and thoughtfuluess of others should have a
prominent place iu our schools. I would rath
er see a boy kind, honest, earnest, a good citi
zen, then to see him highly educated and lack
ing in these essentials to true manhood.
We should cultivate iu our pupils the desire
to read the current news and suitable books
selected from the school library, and from the
Library of Hawaii. Instead of roaming the
streets and getting into mischief as uncultured
children are wont to do, you will see them dur
ing the evenings reading the news or interest
ing stories to their parents, brothers and sis
ters. It is interesting to see how eagerly the
children of the upper grades devour every pa
per and book that they can get hold of.
A large per cent of plantation children leave
school before they reach the Eighth Grade. All
pupils should be encouraged to complete the
eight grades if possible. By so doing they will
be better prepared to meet the more practical
problems of life. Of course where a boy in
tends to specialize in some such branch of
plantation work, as a chemist or surveyor, he
will find high school and college a necessity.
This Article is not written to discourage
higher education. But iu as much as we know
that the majority of our pupils will never go
beyond the Eighth Grade, it is our duty while
we have them under our tuition to train their
heads, hands and hearts, so that they may not
only become good citizens, but be able to suc
cessfully cope with such problems in daily life
as they must necessarily meet.
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