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TITE GARDEN ISLAND, TUESDAY, MAY, L'lt, 191!)
I Items of Interest to Our
I ri . i
By G. W. SAIin. County Agent
OVER IRRIGATION OF SUGAR
Results of observations on the use
of irrigation water in Hawaii by ex
perts from the Hawaiian Sugar Plan
ter's Association Station show that
excessive irrigation of sugar cane is
quite frequently practiced by cano
growers at an extra expense to the
planter with no beneficial result de
At an experiment harvested at the
Waipio Substation last year to which
irrigation water had been applied in
varied measured amounts it was
found that practically the same yields
were had from plots receiving 2.45
5.59 8.79 acre feet per crop. An acre
foot is 325,850 gals of water or the
amount of water that will cover one
acre to a depth of one foot.
The experiment was conducted by
applying the water in fifteen day in
tervals; great care was taken to pre
vent any water being lost by surface
run off and the experiment was irri
gated by the same man throughout
the season, thus eliminating the per
sonal factor always present in an ir
rigation study. Measurements were
made by means of a twofoot crippo-
letti weir installed about 500 feet from
the experiment field. During each ir
rigation, a flow of .431 cubic feet per
second, or a "man's water" of 110,000
gallons per day of ten hours was
maintained, and the stated amounts
of water were obtained by applying
this flow to the various plots for va
ried lengths of time.
The results of the treatments with
varied amounts of irrigation water
are given by R. M. Allen who conduct
ed the experiments os follows:
800,000 gal. 56.G0 tons cane.
1,920,000 gal. 57.48 tons cane.
2.8G0 gal. 57.46 tons cane.
Juice samples from the experiment
were somewhat unsatisfactory and al
though the sugar yields were in ac
cordance with the above results they
were not considered reliable, hence
only the cane yields were reported.
It is interesting to note the uniform
ity of the yields under the three wide
ly different amounts of water, and al
though there is somewhat of a ques
tion as to the applicability of these
results on a large scale, it is believed
that the general tendency of the re
sults is reliable.
BEST WAY TO CONTROL HOG
Lice on hots can be controlled in
various ways, but complete eradica
tion is best secured by the use of dip
ping vats, experiments conducted by
the I'nuited States Dept. of Agricul
Medicated hog wallows and rubbing
posts, the experiments showed, kept
the number or parasites reduced so
that they caused little or no damage, I
but neither of these methods des-1
troyed all the lice. Crude petroleum
was used on the rubbing posts and the :
wallows were medicated with coal-tar'
creosote dips, pine tar, crude petro
leum and creosote dips proved to bo ,
leum and creocote dips proved to be j
more effective when applied from an j
ordinary sprinkling can than when
used in wallows or on rubbing posts.
One of the greatest difficulties in t
connection with cattle raising lies in
the uncertainty as what the stock-carrying
capacity of a pasture will be in
any given season. A pasture may
carry its stock satisfactorily up to the
time when the drouth gets severe and
again after the drouth is broken, if
overgrazing does not take place dur
ing the dry period. This fact suggests
the desirability of providing a "safety
valve;" in other words, suplementary
feed to be used when the vegetation
in the native pasture is threatened
with serious damage.
We are not lacking in supplement
ary feed crops. Certain of the sor
ghums, can be used eflectively as sil
age and fodder. Sudan grass, which is
itself a sorgham can be used for hay
or advantage can be taken of its high
carrying capacity as a pasture crop.
In many parts of he island corn can
be raised successfully. The stover or
dried stalks are good emergency feed,
in time of drought, but cattle will not
always eat the stover unless the
pasture is very poor. Then of course,
there is alfalfa, the greatest of all for
age crops, which does well in Hawaii
when once a stand has been obtained.
Advantage can be taken of one or
more of these crops to relieve the
pressure on grass lands when the lat
ter are undergoing a drouth. To do
this requires an expenditure for pre
paredness, but it is a good investment
when it prevents damage to the native
pastures which may require years to
repair, and the lo.ss of c.ittle fleh
which does serious injury to the in
dividual han't account and lo the
beef industry. To grow and use these
supplementary crops requires that the
cattle lalser becomes, in part, o farm
er. This combination is not unknown
on Kauai now. The prospects are
that with the growing need for greater
productive efficiency in the beef in
dustry the tribe of cowman-farmers
Helping the Homastncd'r
Now that Governor McCarthy has
appointed a sugar expert to assist the
homesteader, the next tiling to ler.rn
is just what the new official will be
able to do for the small planter. The
field is certainly u wide one. Agri
cultural advice is badly needed, esnc
li'lly along scientific lines, but the
gve.it drawback connected with this
of advice Is that one man would
have very little time to devote to
each individual homesteader, avd he
would hardly have time enough lo ecu
iiue individuals regarding the Jigri
(iiitml needs of theft- respective
plantings. The result woyfil be a lot
of good advice tlv.'t would not be car
Probably the greatest good could be
done by having an expert lojk into
the homesteaders' contract? with the
various mill'n;; companies to insure
fairness to a'l parties concerned. A
man who could do this and who woidd
be fair to both homesteader and the
sugar mill wou'id be of great v.iluo to
the Territory and would more than
deserve the salary appropriated for
the work. ,
Governor McCarthy has shown great
farsight in providing for such an offi
cial, and there is no doubt but what
unlimited good will result from his
policy. Nobody knows this better than
the homesteader. Nobody knows bet
ter than they that the terms of the
contract more than rny thing else are
tl:e limiting factors of the'r profit and
I'very homesteader ought t have a
small flock of poultry as a means of
keeping down the high cost, of l:ing.
To be sine, poultry feed is high, but
if you tike into consideration the
scraps from the kitchen the returns
from a small flock of good poultry will
fir exceed the expense of upkeep. The
small flock, on acco int of scraps and
leftovers from the household, is al
ways a profitable proposi! ion. The
h'fch priced feed is, less economical
economical, and requires clo- e ntten
ti4) to maintain a profit to the owner,
but the small flock that consumes the
waste from the table is invariab'y a
Waste Baskets 1
not merely liuluers of
pajTi- I nit
Ki'iil ratlier Ihan loosely wov
en ; iittnielive, fin) in i if ami
pl'iiclieal. Will out-wear ;i
dozen of anv oilier kind.
Hawaiian News Co., Ltd.
Young Hotel Buildi -g
! Nawiliwiii Garage
Successors to C. W. SPITZ
.. A. cnCKKTr, Maiiufrr
NAWILIWILI, KAUAI TELEPHONE 494
Automobiles to ail Parts of Kauai,
all hours, Day and Night
AUTOMOBILES AND LIGHT
? CALIFORNIA Fi
I.I M I I II.
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HY, (iKAIX AM) OlICRI
Int.-. ... ii
aid i . i r -eoiiliii'j
nh, f d
A I- 1
FORD CARG, McFARLAN, STANLEY STEAMER, LOCOMOBILE,
COLE, REO, CHEVROLET (except Model "490") AND SAJON, also
REO, COMMERCE, L0C0M03ILE AND MORELAND TRUCKS.
We carry a complete ctock of U. S. L. Eattcrici and Battery Part
also Ai'totnobire and Tire Accessories.
A COMPLETE LINE OF FORD PARTS
Goodyear Tires and Tubes
Tha best in t'13 Market of tha Money.
1. 111. k i-'ion
I $ Sj A O N
$6,000 in Purses
will be given in 3 -Day
HORSE RACING MEET
Honolulu June 9-14
Original 6-day program
is now to be concen
trated into 3 big days,
MONDAY, JUNE 9
Four furlong Free-for-all .Purse s -1
Six furlong Free-for-all Purse :i()U
Three furlong Hawaiian Pred,
Two years Purse l."0
Polo Pony Free-for-all Purse "
One Mile four foot lain lit Free-for-all
Four furlong Hawaiian P.reil,
Free-for-all Ptnsc 1T.0
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 11
Free-for-all trot or pare: :' in "---Purse slOOO
Four furlong, Ollierrs and (ieiitle-
nien ... . Pillar o"
Twemv t vo elcnm rooms
In Main H-iiMin
Tlnce Airv Cottages
Cuisine unexcelled m country
W. II. Rico, Jr.,
Pi oj! k ior
urx v iVu.ci
i .... .'. ,.r ..
ii itn ui
: al Plantation
NAVSILIW1LI GARAGE, Agents for K
Ladies, one-lmlf mile....
One mill Free-for-all niMiii K- Pi im
witli i? lo added if t Kiel; record ishi i,
's Mile Polo P.oy, .lr
Six furlong - Free t'or-a!l Pr,r.-e
Individual hili jump Frrc-lVr-a!! Purse
SATURDAY, JUNE 14
2:lo Class trot or pace; .'! in ." Purse ;
Seven furlong, running Free-for-all
Six furlong, Hawaiian Intel
Six furlong, .lapaiieM Free-for-all - Purse
1 1 7 Mile running Free-for-all Pur-"
Six furlong Free-for-all . ...Purse
Vx Mile Polo P.oy, Sr Cup
Paces will lie tell (l'O pounds liclow scale of weights in a
Free-for-all running races.
k i ii.
ji it i
! .") i
."! II I
Chairman Pacing Coniniitive.
EDWIN H. PARIS, Chairman
J. WALTER DOYLE, Exec. Sec.
303 Hawaiian Trust B!(k
.4. 5. 4. 4. .. .;. . 41 4 4. 4, 4.4, 4.4, 4.
"We have not studied
cost nor economy as
we should, either as
organizers of indus
try, statesmen, or as
Dut there is yet time
to start to save and
that tirr.e is NOW.
Bishop & Company.
I ' . j ;.r5 i
Coirit'i Hail StbJttncr tc Man
Silva's Toggery, Honolulu.
4. 4. 4. -.j. !-
4.4. .;. .j 4. 4. 4. I
For men and
pcom o lore
Fort Ai -1 Il.tel!
ELEELE STORE !
;j. I. SILVA, Prop.
ALWAYS LKAHS IN I.OWKST PltlCKS ON
Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes,
Mens Furnishings, Cigars and
Tobacco, Notions of all kinds. 3
MAIN STORK, KI.KKLK.
PHONF 72 W.
' MUNCH, STORE f
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