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THE GARDEN ISLAND. TUEFDAY NOV. 18, 1919
THE GARDEN ISLAND
'ssu.cl Every Tuesday
-.Ni'i it c. ikmteu
As TO THE LAX GU AGE
1 e Japanese l;uiiu:ipe schools
. ll..w ,ii can he justified, if at all
. v i. ,1 0 assumption that tin.'
: tl.i'u uujilit therein are going
. ii urn to Japan ami spend their
v.n tliat basis it would be a mat
of wisdom, or even necessity,
.hat they should seek to prepare
themselves for the conditions un
der which they were going to live,
..n 1 we could not very well deny
1 cm that preparation.
But if they are going to remain
here, and especially if they are
oing to remain here as American
ilfi.cns, there can be no justifica
tion or sense in them fostering
.Japanese ideals. Japanese loy
alties or Japanese ways of thought
as over against America.
If they are meant to become
American citizens it is going to
take them all their time to acquire
an American education, and as
similate American ideals and
ways of thinking, so that they
may become really intelligent and
loyal American citizens.
Granting for the moment, that
the Japanese children may be phe
nominally smart, and able to learn
more in a given time than ours
can, they are yet so heavily handi
capped by their utter ignorance of
our language and our traditions,
that it will take them all their
time to fit themselves for intelli
gent citizenship; they wont have
any time to devote to the intricate
study of the Japanese written
language and literature, and no
lime to worship at the shrine of
the incdiacvalisni of tlieir ancest
ors. If (hey are going to become
American citizens they had better
hustle along in American lang
uage schools and let the Japanese
-r"age schools alone.
AS A X AT I OX
A I.i n the United Stales declar
on Germany the monthly
i'".i;il revenue was ?93-000,000.
d 1 1 o expenditure SS1,000,000.
end of the year the revenue
f riseu to S 104.000,000, but the
t liture had gone to 010,000,
; Miid in December, 191 s, after
signing of the armistice the
"nth's expenditure was ?1,G70,-
How to accomplish the material
dwHon of this appalling expen-
itiuv wos the question. Having
I irntd how to spend such enor
sums, could we ever stop?
By March of the following year
w- had reduced to $ 1.042,000,000
a month, to 727000,000 in June,
and to ?5(;.",000,nno in September.
Just how much farther this enor
mous expenditure can be reduced
a question. There are some
lines of expenditure created by
the war which simply car not be
cut off, however much we may
strive to do so for instance the
interest payments on tho war
debt. This alone runs to over
1000,000.000 a year.
What we ought to do as a people
is to curtail our extravagances.
compromise our differences, call
off our strikes and get down to
productive business, so that we
may hold our own in the indust
rial world, and make the most of
the natural advantages that Provi
dence has given us.
THE DEF1CIEXVY OF
AM ERIC AX EDUCATION
Dallas Lore Sharp, in a very
racy and entertaining article in
the Atlantic says: "The present
standard of American education is
a fourth grade standard and less,
Only C.3i per cent of all the child
ren enrolled in American schools
finish the eighth grade. This is
not making America safe for De
mocracy. On through the fourth
grade to the end of the eighth
grade, ou from the eighth grade to
the end of high school we must
push the education of the whole
people before "we can trust the
people with democracy.
"Is this a new educational lan
guage? It is no newer than the
new demands, no more foolish
than genuine democracy. The old
order has changed, and given
place to so large an educational
need that we have neither the
mind nor machinery for it. Take
ihe country clear across, and our
educational mind and machinery
are little better than a reproach.
And our machinery for education
is better than our mind for it. We
have better buildings, better teach
ers, better salaries even better
salaries than public sympathy
and support. Poorer than the
poorest piece of kit in all our edu
cational outfit is the individual
American's support of his public
IN THE SCHOOLS
Dr. Bunker, of the school sur
vey, calls attention to what seeins
to him a striking and culpable
lack of interest in the public
schools of the Territory, and attri
butes to that much of the short
coming of these schools.
This criticism is no doubt based
on a comparison with the Main
land, which probably makes a bet
ter showing in this respect. The
reasons for this are not far to seek
There, the schools are made up
mainly of the people of the land
Americans, who realize the val
ue of the schools and who look to
them as the main factor in fitting
their children for the duties and
success of life. As a result they
see to it that the schools are
efficient and that tlieir children
are properly taught.
Farlhermore they are the people
of the land, Americans, on whom
rests the responsibility of com
munity affairs and interests, them
selves the ruling class it is up to
them to see to it that the schools
are properly run.
Here the conditions are differ
ent. The large majority of the pop
ulation are Orientals or others of
that same class, who do not ap
predate the value of an English
education, and perhaps do not
want it. Naturally they do not
bother about the schools. Farther
more, being aliens and dominated
by a small ruling class, who are
supposed to run things, it is not
up to them to take a hand in run
ning the schools any more than in
running the Government.
The ruling class on the other
hand, the people of means and in
telligence tlieir little handful of
children, as a rule, go to private
schools upon which they bestow
their interest and tlieir assistance.
There is one other aspect of
the matter that may not be for
gotten in the light of recent hap
penings. Sometimes when people
of altruism, public spirit, and in
telligence devote themselves to the
interest of the public schools they
are flouted and berated and
thwarted by the school authorities
themselves, and are practically
told to mind their own business,
and let the schools alone. That
sort of thing goes far to discour
age a live interest in the schools.
A PUBLIC SCHOOL ATHLETIC
ASSOCIATION FOR KAUAI
By E. L. Damkroger
I am sure most of the schools of
Kauai have often desired to have
the opportunity of meeting other
schools on the Island, in competi
tive sports. But there seepis to be
no opportune way for schools to
get in touch with each other, for
this purpose. Therefore, why not
a Kauai Public School Athletic
Schools all over the country are
organized, in some way, for the
furtherance of athletic competi
tion and recreation. It is a means
of bringing the schools in touch
with each other which no other
way can accomplish. It encourag
es loyalty among the children to
tlieir school, not to mention the
benefits from good, wholesome rec
Each school could send a repre
sentative to a meeting at which
time an organization could be per
fected. This organization to have
control of the conipetative sports
among the schools. The Island
could be split up into divisions, as
a means of eliminating transporta
tion problems, and winners of di
visions compete against each oth
er after a schedule of games.
Such sports as baseball, basket
ball, soccer and volley ball could
be encouraged. An annual field
meet could be held at which time
all the schools would send repre
sentatives to a central point.
The Y.M.C.A. ;ould be invited
to assist in such an association, as
they have done work of this nature
before on the Island.
LETTERS FROM THE PEOPLE
Editor Garden Island In tha edition
of the Honolulu Star-BulIc'Jn for 3rd
Instant there wag a prominent editori
al headed "Tba Case of Leonard
Wood." I confess that I was shocked
at first sight for, as you krow, we
generally us?- the word case in matters
or events in medicine or law-. Well, it
seems this was neither: only "a case"
of opinion on the part of the Star
Bulletin concerning "Leo-iu'd Wood."
I am not going to copy it, for every
body reads the Star-Bulletin, while
only a few perhaps of the more dis
criminating pcrtion of the people who
don't care much for ada read the
Garden Island. The gist of tho article
was that wi'lle Leonard WoyJ was not
sent over to Europe to flUi. under
more experienced General;,, he has
been "put in command of military
forces in the industrial war now rag
ing in the central United States." 1'
confess thp'. It relieved my anxiety
when I red the rows, al'.'ioug'.i it evi
dently iucrciised that of the Scar-Bul
letin, a source of knowledge, to which
we are supposed to bow.
A3 I happen to know I'omo little of
General Wood s actions as well as his
performed servic33, your readers may
De pleased to read a row unsb con
Leonard Wcod was born in 1860, and
graduated at Harvard M-sd.;cal School
in 1884, and in 1885 became a contract
surgeon in Ibu U. S. Army. In 1886 as
1st Lieutenant and assistant surgeon
he cerved in tho campaign arainst the
brute "Geroncmo." I don't remember
much about this particular, case, but
I have always considered that Feni
more Cooper had a morj correct opin
ion of the Indian race than Wm. Penn,
allowing for differenco of time. Any
how, it is cure Lieutenant Dr. Wood
saved his scalp, for we nox find him
when In 1898 tho great war with Spain
began, organizing a Battalion of
"Rough Riders" (former compatriots
of Theodore Roosevelt) of which, ow
ing to his previous military oxperience
Lieutenant Dr. Wood considerately
took the Colonelcy and Private (I
think that, like myself, he was a
"Private" in tha N. Y. Miir.ia) Theo
dore Roosevelt the Lieutent-Coloncl-cy,
and' proceeded to straighten out
matters. This was done with credit
and dispatch, for early in July of that
year (1918) we find Colonel Wood a
Brigadier General of volunteers, which,
of course, required Lieut.-Colonel
Roosevelt to accept the Colonelcy.
This, the war records show, happened
on the 8th of July, 1898, and further,
that on the 8th of December, 1898,
Brig. General Leonard Wood was pro
moted to be Major General of Volun
teers. Meanwhile, Colonel Roosevelt,
from the promotion of Wood on July
8th, 1898, was mustered out September
1898 in time to be nominated on the
27th of that month as candidate for
the Governorship of New York, and
was electpd by the flattering pluralty
of over 18,000 votes.
There were some blackguardly re
marks made about "marching up the
hill and .marching down again," in
imitation of the old distich about "the
King of Spain and his men," but, I am
proud to say that in my opinion these
two men did their best to serve a
government they both honored and
loved. That they both made mistakes
afterward, is not to be wondered at.
'To err is human:" only perfection is
divine. It 13 certain, Mr. Editor, we do
not have to go far to see General
Leonard Wood doing man's work in a
manly way. He undoubtedly advoc
J. I. SILVA, Prop.
ALWAYS LEADS IN LOWEST PRICES ON
Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes,
Mens Furnishings, Cigars and
Tobacco, Notions of all kinds.
MAIN STOKE, ELEELE,
PHONE 72 V.
ated putting the Army upon the best
possible footing for the best possible
service in the interest cf thj owners
of that Army. Now who Is to be
Judge, and decide? Evidently the Con
stitution. Well, the Constitution saya,
"The Congress Bhall have power (12)
To raiso and support amies, etc., etc.
(13) To provide ar.d maintain a navy,
etc. (14) To make rules for the gov
ernment and regulation of the land
and naval forces;; 15) To provide for
calling forth the militia, etc., etc.;
(16) To provide for organizing, arm
ing, and disciplining, etc., etc; To
make all laws which shall be necessary
an proper for carrying nto execution
the foregoing powers, and all other
powers veBted by this, Constitution In
the government of the United States,
or .my department or officer thereof."
"Article II, Section I. The executive
power Bhall be vested In a President of
the United States of America, etc."
"Sec. 2. The President shall be com
mander in chief of the army and navy
of the United States, etc., etc."
Is there my suspicion that the
Congress, or the President went be
yond the legal rights and powers
granted by this authority? If so,
when and how? If not, are we to
agree without reason? The news
paper says, " In any event," (meaning
perhaps, "truth or not") "it is clear
that Leonard Wood has not been fav
ored, etc., etc" Then quite a number
of lines about his friends, etc., etc.,
followed by a remarkable conclusion,
viz, "If this has been the case. It is
apparent that the eventual adoption
by the United States of the war pro
gram laid down months before, by
Roosevelt and Wood, did not include
forgiveness for the tatter's presumpt
ion in deviating from the course of
his commander in chief!" Well! Well!
After getting the apple, they so longed
for, the bright "Star-Bulletin" finds a
rotten spot in it!
I must, however, congratulate them
upon their Improvement over the old
conundrum of "Button, Button, Where's
the Button?" They could not resist,
so we are told that when the Ameri
can troops arrived on the "other side,"
that Prince of Wire Pullers, Lloyd
George, asked, "Where's Leonard
Let us admit thai if Theodore
Roosevelt had been taken at his own
offer, and been appointed Ex Officio
Generalisimo, and sent over in com
mand of all the guns that could be
raised, there would have been no
conundrum. But how could Mr. Wil
son do that without acknowledging
Colonel Roosevelt's kindness in form
inc the Mucwumn Partv. that eave Mr.
'Wilson the election? There's the rub.
What right has the Star-Bulletin to
ask the President "to show his hand,"
when the President knows that the
"S.-B." has nary a trump!
Now, if the "S.-B." will agree hot
to display one 61 it's caricatures upon
me, I might be grateful enough to
give him some information that I think
he doesn't want to know. Speaking of
General Wood, the "S.-B." asks, "Why
were his high abilities denied his
country in her hour of greatest need?"
One reason was that Gen. Wood
allowed (no encouragement was need
ed) ex-president Roosevelt to deliver,
within territory under Gen. Wood's
supervision and containing U. S.
troops, speeches more or less disre
spectful regarding the President of
the United States. I have no means of
verifying my memory, because my
library is limited; but a few quotations
from "Fear God, etc.," by Col. Roose
velt, will serve to show what I mean,
and give some little idea, of Col.
"After tho Lusitania was sunk, Mr.
Wilson stated In effect that such a
time was not the right time to stir up
patriotism,, Also that he "was too
proud to fight." "When Mr. Wilson
and Mr. Bryan made this nation shirk
its duty, etc., etc." "The fuglemen of
President Wilson, etc., etc." "Mr. Wil
son has been president when the ur
gent need of the nation was for action:
he has met the need purely by elocu
tion." "The President in his message
to Congress, four months after the
beginning of the war took ground
against preparedness, etc., etc." "His
action, or rather, inaction has been
such that It has become a matter of
high patriotic duty to oppose him."
"No man can support Mr. Wilson with
out opposing true Americanism." "No
man can support Mr. Wilson without
supporting a policy of criminal Ineffi
ciency." Modesty requires me to stop quot
ing. Having been a "Free Democrat," as
the party opposed to the Fugitive Slave
Law, was called in Ohio, and Ihen a
Republican, vo.ting twice for Abraham
Lincoln, I claim, to be an American,
and under that title I claim the right
to be bound by no authority save the
laws of the United States.
I might close by saying I still believe
in the words of Patrick Henry, oft
quoted in school boy recitations, "I
know not what course others may
take; but as for me, give me liberty,
or give me death."
Z. S. SPALDING.
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