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' THtf OAttBlSN 'fSLAttDi ttffcBDAY MARlfe'lflM
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WAIALUA-THE HOME OF KINGS
Bf J. M. Lydgate
No chiefi at Waimea
When Copt. Cook discovered the
Islands and landed at Waimea he was
surprled to find that there were no
chiefs of the first rank within im
mediate reach, and only after some
days did any such appear on the scene
from some distant part of the Island.
He was at a loss to explain this de
lay, and comments with wonder on
the same. The explanation is very
simple, Wailua was the capital and
the royal residence, hot Waimea.
Vancouver, who was with Cook at
the time, correctly interpreted 'the
situation, end when some years later
he returned to the Islands in his own
ship "Discovery" he came direct to
t Wailua. and though not daring to an
chor there, he cruised to and fro for
a couple of days, and received the
young prince Kaumu-alii and his
chiefs aboard his vessel and treated
them as became princes of the realm.
Ships Will Not Come to Wailua
From Wailua he proceeded to Wai
mea, whither the high chiefs follow
ed him; and from that time on the
exigences of navigation and of com
merce dictated that Waimea should
be the capital, rather than Wailua.
The big ships moku or floating is
lands of the haole, would not come to
WUllua, but would to Waimea. It
was a case of Mahomet to the moun
Ideaf Place for Capital
That Wailua should appeal to the
tates and Instincts, royal and other
wise of the primitive Hawaiian, Is
perhaps not to be wondered at. Ex
istence for the Hawaiian meant es
sentially poi and fish anything else
In ' the way of frills or delicacies,
could be dispensed with or brought
fvom a distance, but these two essen
tials were vital.
The double valleys at Wailua fur
nish broad stretches of excellent taro
lands well watered and reliable suffi
cient for a large population. The sea
and river fisheries furnished the need
ed fish for a similar large population,
and in adition to this there were
broad stretches of kula land on either
side and m?uka for other forms of
t wv. nrcnrc to rrrvr' yott first
SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES
"A COMPLETE TRUST SERVICE"
We will bond you.
f Henry Waterhouse Trust Co., Ltd. I
Waimea Stables, Ltd.
The most famous Garage on Kauai. The near
est place to get transportation to
The Barking Sands, Olokele Canyon,
Waimea Canyon, Kokee Camps,
Kukuiolono Park, etc.
Do Business all over the Island of Kauai
Our' Autos are comfortable, our Drivers are
Reliable and have been with us for years, and
know every inch of the country.
We Rent Ford Cars Without Drivers.
We have good Riding Horses, accustomed to the
work. We do Draying and Hauling by Trucks
all over the Island We run the Stage Line
between Li hue ami Kekaha three round trips
ALFRED GOMEZ, Manager.
Telephone 43 WAIMEA P. 0. Box 71
Whatever the inducements which
recommended Wailua to the chiefs as
a favorito place of reuldonce, there
can be no doubt that it was such, and
that only somewhat reluctantly was
it given u? In favor of Waimea.
The Royal Domains
' Even to this day tha lands there
bear the Imprint of the royal name.
The largest kuleana, some seventeen
acres In extent was awarded to Josla
Kaumu-alii, Bon of King Kaumu-alii.
It is the tract just mauka of the
cocoanut grove, and was in those
days one of the royal fish ponds.
Some 30 or 40 years or so ago. It was
partially filled up and coverted into
taro or rice land by E. Llndemann,
at large expense, and with unsatis
factory results, since a very good
flsh pond was ruined to make an In
different rice plantation.
Other royal fish ponds were those
which were awarded to Debora Ka
pule, Kaumu-alii's young and pon
derous queen. These are the ones
noar the road now given up, partially
at least, to the cultivation of aspara
gus, The cocoanut grove, of course,
is a comparatively recent growth
dating back about 25 years. Before
that there was quite a village there,
.the royal palace, if such simple
igrass house can be called that, being
iituated at the rear behind the cocoa
nut grove at the foot of the Puuki
The Romance is Gone
To the ordinary visitor who sees
the spot now it is prosaic and unim
pressive in the extreme, Japanese
'cabbage gardens backed by scrub
lantana and inhopitable rocky pali.
with no outlook and no suggestion
of history of romance. But 100 years
ago it was all different and to him
who has gleaned somewhat of its
s.tory, and who calls in the aid of a
fertile Imagination, it is replete with
the romance of bygone days and a
bygone condition of things, now un
Happily, fact being lost sight of.
The Altar for Human Sacrifices
Within a stones throw of the
royal grounds, and within the house
lot later awarded to Queen Deborc
Kapule, was the famous helau of Ka
Iei-o-manu, a stone corral of perhaps
TAX RATE FOR YEAR 1920
Fourth Taxation Division, County of Kauai.
To correct an error in School Tax Fiyidu reported $32,500 short, a new
tax rate of .02,364, $2.36 per hundred or $23.64 per thousand dollars of valua
tax rate of .02,364, $2.36 per hundred, $23.64 per thousand dollars of valua
tion, for the purposes set forth in Act 136 Session Laws of 1919, is hereby an
Rate for the County 01.000 Tax $233,219.69
Rate for the Territory 01,234 Tax 288,111.65
Rate for Memorial Hospital 00,130 Tax 30,000.00
Assessed valuation of Real and Personal Property
of the year 1919
Amounts estimated by Supervisors of County
Current Expenses 710 of 1
Permanent Improvements 310 of 1
Interest and Sinking Fund Territorial Bonds allotted to
$177,754.97 7,110.18 3,200.69
Spec School Fund as per Act 232 S. L. 1917, $254,000.00
Less amount unexpended or unappropriated....67,941.22
One-halt for year 1920
For General School Funds as per Act 222 S. L. 1919
9.67 of $1,567,989.65 to Fourth Division
After the deduction of Personal School Taxes collected
during year 1819 of $15,615.40 and addition of Teach
ers' Pension Fund of 2V&.
Most of Assessing and Collecting Taxes as per Act 222
S. L. 1919 $28,560.00
One-half for 1920
Tax Books and Blanks 10,000.00
Taxation Maps 12,600.00
Expenses Tax Appeals 3,000.00
4th Division's Proportion of 9.67
Memorial Park at Honolulu . 60,000.00
4th Division's proportion of 9.67
Teachers' Salary Increase during year 1919 as per
Act 22 S. L. 1919 108,000
4th Divisions Proportion of 9.67
Additional Supplies and incidentals for Public
Schools as per Act 38 S. L. 1919
4th .Divisions Proportion of 9.67
For Additional Maintenance of Normal School
4th Divisions Proportion of 9.67
Claims against Normal Training School as per
Act 95 S. L. 1919
4th Divisions Proportion of 9.67
Fund for Samuel Mahelona Memorial Hospital at
Kapaa as per Act 136, S. L. 1919, $30,000.00 a year
for four years
Excess for County
Koloa, Kauai, March 15th, 1920.
Feb. IS, 22, 29.
J. K. FARLEY,
Tax Assessor 4th Taxation Division,
Territory of Hawaii.
half an acre in extent, at the south
west corner of which there is a pecu
liar agglomeration of large flat
rocks piled up considerably higher
than a mans head, manifestly natural,
not artificial, commanding the whole
taelau. This wns the sacrificial altar
widely known all over the Island as
devoted to human sacrifices on a
large scale whenever great things
were doing In tha religious world.
Over thla was built a lofty peaked
ibuildlng which was the home of the
gods, and of the more important
priests who ministered to the gods
and took care of them. This acrifl
cial stone la close to the base of the
low. pall of Puuki, and on top Is the
burying ground where the remains of
the sacrificial victims, such as es
caped from the voracity of the gods,
the temple priests and the temple
dogs, were buried in shallow graves
as thick as they would stick, and there
the crumbling bones may be seen to
Great Doings at the Heiau
A solemn period of bal-ful tabu,
with sacrifices, and other religious
rites, and oppressive silence, then
the tabu war: over and the pleasures
of life were free once more. Then
all the common people gathered in
and there was a grand hula In the
temple court and there were bands of
dancers doing special stunts in hulas
that ran night after night uni.il
everyone was surfeited and worn out.
The Patrician Birthstone
A hundred yeards or so to the
north, and also at the base of the low
lttll, there is a conical rock callsd
Holo-holo-ku with a singular and in
teresting utory. It was what may be
called the Blue-Blood Birthstone for
the Island of Kauai.
The Mecca of Blue-Blood Mothers
Whenever an alii lady of rank
rank felt that her time was drawing
near she immediately set out post
haste for this place, and travelled
night and day till she got there. Of
ourse this was In the days when
there was nc other means of convey
ince than by foot, or manele carriage
on the shoulder of stalwart retainers.
If she wa.i overtaken prematurely on
the way, and gave birth to her child,
it could never be of high rank or
really blue-blood no matter what the
parents were. But if the child was
properly born at this famous place,
then it would surely be a high chief.
The prospective mother, of course,
came with a retinue of attendants,
ind an outfit for herself and the com
ing child, and all these had to be ac
commodated, and this was somewhat
of a problem, as when a really great
chief wa3 born the heavens were fill
ed with thundep and lightening and
i great down-pour of rain. JuHt back
of the birthstone thera is a cramped
1x8 cave in the side of the poll which
was the exclusive perquisite of the
nappy and fortunate mother and the
The Last Traditional Alii
The last child born here and thus
signally clothed with the superna
tural purpio was Kaumu-alii liilil, the
youngest son of King Kaumu-alii and
his queen Debora.
Hllo Has One Also
This birih-stone in spite of its
magical powers, is a most unimpres
sive and ordinary looking rock, no
bugger than an oil barrel, and giving
no indication of Its great importance
and it Is pretty hard for the ordinary
visitor to awaken much enthusiasm
about it, and perhaps he is inclined
to discount the whole story as the
bogus Invention of a later age. But
the credibility of the story is con
firmed by the fact thut Hawaii has
lust such a story and just Buch a
atone called the Pohaku Naha, which
had very much the same magical
properties; and strange to say this"
stone is credited by tradition to this
same Wailua region from which it
was transported in a big double canoe
to Hllo, where it still remains, now
In the grounds of the Hilo library.
Five Big Heiaus
Within a radius of a couple of miles
there are five famous heiaus, any one
of which is a monumental work for a
primitive people without tools or
labor-saving devices, which bear
witness to the enterprise, patience
and perhaps devotion of a great
To these unproductive works of
architecture may be added more
practical ones in the way of ditches,
fols, fish ponds and roads which
made Wailua from their point of
view a thoroughly developed king'
dom adequate to the requirements of
W. M. MULLIN
Acetylene and LIHUE HOTEL
Electric Welding Kauai.
t The Bank of Hawaii, Ltd. j
f Lihue Branch
The Bank of Hawaii will close
It three o'clock each afternoon
until further notice, commen
cing Monday, March 8th 1920.
"We have not studied
cost nor economy at
we should, either as
organizers of indus
try, statesmen, or as
But there is yet time
to start to save and
that time is NOW.
Bishop & Company
The One Store In Honolulu
That Sells Dependable S7to.'
Our mail order department
is always at your service
Our shoe repair department
is the best in the city .
It pays to have your shoes j
"IX THE REGAL WAY"1:
Vi soles and heels sewed....S2.25
Whole Soles & heels sewed 3.25
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Regal Shoe Store
Fort and Hotel St.
Honolulu, Hawaii i
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Young Hotel Building
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