Newspaper Page Text
THE GARDEN ISLAND, TUESDAY. MAR. 30, 1920
We referred bo me time ngo to the
interesting development of mechanical
power from volcanic steam in Italy
We have now fi.rther information in
regard to the matter which would seem
to indicate that Hawaii may have n
store house of natural power which
might be mod in much the same way.
At. iiarucu.no, m Italy, mere are
natural steam springs where the steam
generated by internal volcanic heat
rushes out through cracks and holes in
the ground. Acting on tho inference
that there must be pockets or reser
voirs of thin steam under the ground
holes were bored to reach them,
which they cud In a short distance
varying from 198 to 495 feet. The
holes were lined with 16 inch well cas
ing to prevent escape through lateral
The steam power was converted into
electrical energy by means of turbine
engines and generators, and four over
head power lines were constructed,
carrying cum nt at 36,000 voUs, to the
principal cities of Northern Italy.
With tho enormous amount of im
prisoned heat in the bowela of the
earth at the volcano on Hawaii, it
would seem as though there were pos
sibilities of a Bimllar development
there, and power for all Hawaii.
The drinking cf wood alcohol
misbranded whisker, during the
festivities of Chvi.-tmi.fi week is
the United States resulted in the
death of more than a hundred peo
pie, and brought blindness or
other serious injury to many more
In Brooklyn, eighteen barrels of
denatured alcohol were found iu
one stock,' presumably for sale as
whiskey, which would be sufficient
to kill no less than 20,000 people
Wood alcohol mixed with ordi
nary grain alcohol or doctored
with flavoring materials,, cannot
e told from ordinary whiskey
without a chemical analysis. The
only safe rule is to taste nothing
at all that passes for whiskey, it
nay be wood alcohol masquerad
ing as such, a deadly wolf in
NeeiUess to say okolehao comes
inder the same head.
NOTICE TO BRITISH VETERANS
All British Veterans who expect to
be in Honolulu during the visit of
H. K. H. The Prince of Wales, and de
siring to join the Honolulu Veterans
in welcoming him, will please notify
the secretary of the V. G. A. B. E., or,
If possible, attend the meeting on April
Dth, in the British Club rooms, begin
ning at 8 p. m. Advt.
ELECTION OF OFFICERS
The Garden Island Publishing Co.,
Notice is heroby given that at the
annual meeting of the shareholders
of the Garden Island Publishing Com-
pany. Limited, held in Lihue, Hawaii,
vu tuiiunuaj , iuaiuu diu, iijt llic
following Directors and Auditor were
Alected to serve for the ensuing year,
C. A. Rice,
E. A. Knudnen
C. II. Wilcox
Elsie H. Wilcox
K. C. Hopper
Auditor, C. H. Kuhlman
At a subsequent meeting of the
eaid directors the following officers
were elected for the same period.
C. A. Rice President
E. A. Knudaen Vice President
C. II. Wilcox Treasurer
K. C. Hopper Secretary
K. C. HOPPER,
(Lihue, Hawaii, March 4, 1920.
By J. M.
The taro business for the Island
of Kauai is practically in the
hands of the Chinese. Man Sing
Co., in Ilanalei; Chan Chip at
Wailua; Duck Sing at AVnimea.
They pretty well control the trade.
Of these the largest is 1 lie Chan
Chip Co., at Wailua.
This company does a combined
rice and poi business and they
have some 115 acres of choice land
two thirds of which they devote
to the former, and one-third to the
As the result of experience they
have come to one single variety of
taro, maka-opio, a white variety
much grown. The taro rot, the
great bane of the business, which
lias largely driven the Hawaiians
out of it,' thev do not have much
trouble with. They attribute this
immunity mainly t othe fact that
they have a safe and untainted
water supply. !?y means of their
own ditch thev draw their water
from the north fork of the Wailua,
and there are no taro growers
above them to develop diseases
and pass them on down the line.
For the taro end of the business
they employ about a dozen men.
They manufacture and deliver
twice a week. At present they are
working up about sixty bags of
taro a week. Some of the fields are
a long way niauka from the fac
tory, and transportation would be
quite a problem wtre it not for the
fact that taro will float, and that
they have an ample, swift-flowing
ditch running the length of the
estate. They bundle the bags of
taro into this ditch and then hast
en down along the trail to be
ready to receive it at the other
Ilere it is piled into a big bin
The old Hawaiian cooked his
taro in an iniu an underground
oven. He piled stones into a hole
in the ground and heated them red
hot with a wood lire, laid his taro
in on top, covered the whole affair
up with leaves, grass and earth,
then ran in water enough to make
steam, which iu due time cooked
the batch to a turn.
It was the best that he could
do, but it was an extravagant way
of beating the devil around the
bush. It was the best he could do
because he hadn't any more direct
way of creating steam.
The Chinaman knows how ex
travagant that method is he
Knows a better way. At the Wai
lua poi factory there is a treat,
big, oblong box, about eight by
ten, with a sheet iron bottom and
a wooden grating therein. The
taro is piled up in layers on this
false boltom, thirty of forly bags
at a time, a thin lilm of water is
,. j, lho top is v covered
..,1 ,1 1.1 l V .i
, j i it u i ii i iv iti cc ill un $;s, I lu
ll re is made in the great furnace
below and the process of steaming
begins. The charge is generally
packed in the afternoon, and the
lire made in the evening and kept
up during the night, so that the
batch is thoroughlv cookd bv
The next step in the process is
the cleaning or peeling, rubbing oil'
the soft, dirty skin and washing
up the steaming hot, sticky heads
of taro. This is done over a runn
ing stream, and takes half a day
or so, with four or five men.
Finally the taro is ground in the
' poi mill which is a sort of mam
moth sausage machine or meat
grinder, which is run by a big
overshot water wheel. The paiai
or hard poi conies out like a still'
paste, smooth and creamy and free
from lumps, a much better pro
duct than that ordinarily made by
Only within a few years, since
Chan Chip took over the business,
has this machinery been installed.
p Before that men had to pound ii
by hand. Think of the job it must
have been to pound thirty or forty
bags of taro twice a week, and the
brawny battery of sturdy pound
ers it must have taken!
In the olden days the pai -ai was
packed in 2."-pound packages,
round or oblong bundles, done up
very deftly in ti leaves a cleanly,
artistic and durable package thai
would stand rough handling and
long distances. lint it was extrav
agant on ti leaves, and was long
since given up for the common
jute bag, which of course, can be
used over and over,
A big half of any such business
handling a perishable article
is the delivery. The factory is far
up the river, just beyond the forks,
on the North Branch, and at the
head of navigation. It is absolu
tely inaccessible, by road or in
deed even by bridle-path. Lighters
and gasoline launch transport the
product about half way down the
river to where the road is avail
able, where it is transferred to
wagons which make regular trips
(to Lihue and Kapaa on a regular
time schedule, so that Ihe hungry
Hawaiian may await at ihe coin
er, or by the roadside for his daily
bread, with confident assurance
that lie will get it, and that it will
be "kupono" find not "kapulu."
At present the price of taro
is a bag. or about Ihree cents
a pound, and pai ai is live cents a
pound, but it is down in price now,
so that the taro growers wish they
had their areas iu rice instead.
One of the drawbacks of the
taro business is the limited market
and consequent fluctuating prices'
and corresponding fluctuating sup
ply. When prices are high every-'
one goes into taro, and iu a year
or two the market is overstocked,
and ju ices drop down. The Wai
lua people complain that they are
not doing their usual business be
V'uuae there is so much taro on the
market. Formerly, when prices
were good, they used to do a busi
ness of 700 or s(i() a month,
whereas now it has dropped dow n
to rl0 or $000. .
Chan Chip and his men deserve
much commendation for the clean
fly, sanitary way in which the poi
is made. Thev have an abundant
supply of water, and they use it
cll'cctively iu keeping things clean.
Cement floors and grid draiiiave'
further this policy. j
It seems there is a plant grow
ing in South America that pro-1
duces a sugar lM limes sweeter j
than ordinary sugar. Kimiors to!
that cllect current some years agoj
were generally discredited. Int
now, at length, have been confirm-'
ed. and several ounces of ihe dried
leaves which produce the sweet
ness, ami a small quantity of seed!
have been received by the depart-1
men! of agriculture at Washing-'
ton. It transpires, however, thai j
it is a ghcerin ami nwl a truei
C. B. HOFGAARD & CO., LTD.
Waimea, Kauai, T. H.
KVKK VTHI.VG IN THE
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The Paint for Everything
Being made by W. I'. Fuller & Co., is a recommendation in itself.
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It has a covering capacity on iron of J'.OO square feet to the gallon, on
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Carried in convenient sizes for everv use wood barrels of about 50
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And the rim is wide enough for a comfortable set !
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Specify "Pembroke Built-in Baths."
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Read the Garden Island