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TJEU3 G.AUDEN tSlvVND, TUESDAY, SEPT. 7, 1920
THE GARDEN ISLAND
Issued Every Tuesday
KENNETH C. HOPPER
SCHOOL COTTAGES SHOULD BE
The teachers, are flocking back for the open
ing of Hchool. Some few of them are coming
back to familiar surroundings, and to old
homes. Very many, however, are utter strang
ers, not only to the local surroundings, but to
all the conditions of life here.
These malahinc teachers will doubtless find
unpleasant surprises in store for them. Perhaps
they may have understood that there were nice
school cottages where they would be very com
fortably and comniodiously housed; that they
would find all the amenities and pleasures of
civilized life, etc., etc.
They may find, as a matter of fact, that the
cottages are insullicient, crowded, inconvenient
and entirely unfurnished, and that their first
problem and very considerable expense, is to
outfit these cottages to make them at all endur
able, not to say comfortable. They will start
their work disillusioned and perhaps embitter
ed against the board of education, the school
system of Hawaii, the local community, and
the whole, blooming business.
Manifestly this way of engaging teachers
abroad and bringing them here to empty and
often inadequate barns of school cottages is all
wrong. It is a hardship to the teachers which
reacts against the well-being of the schools.
Furthermore it is economically unsound. At
the beginning of every year to purchase school
furniture, and then sell it for a song at the end
of the year, is economic-folly. There should be
some way devised of carrying over that furni
ture for the next teachers. In other words, the
cottages should be furnished.
TUB SUGAR OUTLOOK
No business question can be of more inter
est and importance to the Islands than the
sugar outlook for the future, immediate and
more remote. Facts about Sugar suggests the
following factors for. an intelligent forecast.
The industrial and economic situation of
Europe is such that the most intelligent and
safest authorities declare that it will take at
least ten years for the beet sugar industry to
get back to its prewar standing. Not until
l'J30, or later, can Europe meet her own re
quirements, to say nothing of ministering to
the rest of the world.
Looking elsewhere, Cuba is the most ob
vious source of supply. With hor wonderful
natural resources Cuba, within a few years,
may be expected to produce live million tons.
But Cuba is a laud of uncertainties. Drouths,
storms, insect pests, and labor difficulties have
to be figured on, and these will very material
ly cut in to the output.
Java also has great natural possibilities
for sugar culture, but the Java authorities
themselves say that their sugar crop will de
cline rather than increase, owing to the neces
sity of maintaining the rice crop for the use
of the native population. The same is true of
Formosa. They must go slow on sugar to
provide rice for the hungry home population.
Australia can scarcely meet her own home
needs, and anyway the costs of production
are so high that she can scarcely expect to cut
much figure in the world markets.
India is too mediaeval in her methods, and
too far in the rear to minister to any needs
but her own, and to the vast increase in local
demand should she wake up sufficiently to be
in the running.
Of all the countries in the far East, the
Philippines is the only one which gives prom
ise of cutting much figure in the world mar
kets. There are large areas of laud there
suitable for sugar, and with the modern
methods that are being introduced, a greatly
increased output may be expeteed. But here,
as in Cuba, there are drawbacks to be figured
on, drouths, typhoons, labor difficulties, and
Take it all in all, it looks as though there
will be little danger of an over supply of sugar
in the world for the next decade anyway.
Which means high prices for a good mauy
years to come.
AGAISST THE RAINY DAY
The shrinking trend of the Plantation
Bonus is an indication which we may well
heed, that the Hush times are drifting by.
Meantime juices are still on the upward climb,
and those who are best able to judge, say they
will keep on going up.
These two different lines of outlook are
impressive warnings towards economy and
conservatism. In view of the assured shrink
age of income, and the assured increase of
living costs, beware of extravagance, and of
spending our income as fast as you earn it.
Save up against the rainy day that is surely
THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS IS ALIVE
A recent article in the Atiantlc
Monthly entitled "The League of Na
tions is Alive." sets forth much valu
able information and makes a very
good showing for tho value and useful
ness of the League. We venture to
give the substance of the same, for the
benefit of those who nmy not see the
Nations Join the League
The League of Nations is alive even
though the United Spates hasn't joined.
It Is a going concern. All the countries
that were neutral during the war have
joined, including Sprin, Norway, Swed
en, Denmark and Switzerland. Every
country in South America except Ecua
dor, is now in the League.
At Work On Economic, Social and
The League is hard at work upon the
various comprehensive and pressing
problems that are incumbent upon it
under the constitution; and it is en
couraging to note that these are main
ly economic, social and sanitary prob
lems, rather than purely political onec.
The cry conies up from large areas of
the world, "Men, women and children
are dying by thousands, and over vast
areas there are neither medical ap
pliances nor medical skill sufficient to
cope with the horrors by which we are
faced." The League is endeavoring to
meet the needs of these regions.
The devastating spread of typhus in
Poland .is a matter of menacing pro
portions not only to Poland, but to the
rest of Europe, and indeed to the
world. The League Is making this
a matter of its immediate concern.
Organizes Cooperative Effort
Along this line much of the most
important and salutary work of the
League will be done. Every effort will
be made to bring the administrative
health authorities cf the different
countries into closer relationship with
with a view to more prompt and more
effective action again:, t disease, either
in the line of prevention or remedy. It
will collect and distribute information
as to the existance and prevalence of
such diseases as cholera, plague, yel
low fever, typhus, smallpox, and in
fluenza. It will promote International
arrangements for the check of epidem
ics in primitive countries where local
intelligence and initiative cannot be
Will Fight Enemies of Mankind
In a word its dominant purpose will
be to lead in the fight against the com
(Continued on page 6)
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