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THE (UfiD.fiK I.StAHD, tUSabAt SEPf . 28, 1920
Eliminate waste and error in your
business. Base your actions on
sound theories, then work out
cash in on them.
This Bank will be glad
, to aid you
in every way possible.
THE BANK OF BISHOP & CO., LTD.
Kapaia Garage Co.
U. S. TIRES
Automobile M o t o r cy c I e Gas
Engine and General Repairing
Tel. 228 - - - P. O.-Box 236
Thirty Day Economy Rug Sale
Bare floors are expensive when they can be covered with
At these prices
80c 8x10 feet
1.80 9x12 feet .
7.20 9x15 feet
27 inch runners 68c the yard. 36 inch runners 80c the
yard Bag Rugs, Rush Rugs, Fibre Rugs, Congoleum Rugs.
At all bargain prices
Buy now and save money on your rugu and floor coverings.
Lewers & Cooke, Ltd.
Lumber and Building Materials, Honolulu
Due to the great success of the Holt Caterpillar engine
for tractor work The Holt Manufacturing Co. now have
on the market a stationary engine suitable for all classes
of work. This engine operates on gasoline, distillate or
kerosene. standard sizes are 30, 45, GO and 75 horse
If you know engines you will be pleased with the Holt.
Write or see us for particulars.
Catton, Neill & Co., Ltd.
Horner's Open Letter
The Kapaa Homesteaders and Co
operative Association, in a meeting
held September 12, ordered the follow
ing letter to be written in answer to
Albert Horner's "Open Letter" to the
Mr. Albert Horner, Sr.,
Territorial Sugar Expert.
Dear Sir: In reply to your "Open
Letter" of September 9, 1920, we beg
to make the following observations:
Highly Cultivated Lands. Only the
fourth series, Kapaa, were highly cul
tivated lands. Previous to homestead
ihg of these lands they were leased to
the Mtkee Sugar Company for one dol
lar ($1) per acre for the first crop and
five dollars ($5) per acre for a second
First, Second, Third and Waialua
Series were all pasture lands and leas
ed to the plantation at twenty-five
cents (0.25) per acre. Homesteaders
have developed to Us present con
dition, to such an extent that their
taxation value today amounts to $252,
215. This includes the Fourth Series.
Would the government derive such an
income from these lands if they were
yet leased to the plantation?
High Priced Wages and Profits. Con
sidering the abnormal conditions of the
sugar market, is it surprising that
homesteaders should have received
such prices for their cane and real
ized on their crop the sums that you
claim? If sugar was at 10 cents, in
stead of at 23 cents, what then? Fur
ther, no homesteader with twenty
acres acres of land could obtain a
profit of from $7000 to $12,000 on his
crop. Even if the average expense of
these homesteaders was as they
claimed, from three hundred and
twenty ($320) to three hundred and
fifty dollars ($350) per acre for bring'
Ing their crop to maturity. The' high
cost of labor applying in this case
only for harvesting, and costing from
one hundred to two hundred and
ninety-six dollars per acre.
Could Not Pay Bonus
To your statement that the high
wages paid to laborers by homestead
ers caused you great astonishment, we
beg to state the following: Home
steaders weren ot able and could not
pay their labor on a yearly bonus
basis. At the time the Waialua and
other Series were planting, culti
vating and harvesting their cane the
plantations were paying their laborers
from $4.30 to $5.70 per day, this in
cluding the full bonus for May, June
and July. Add to this housing, medi
cal attendance, wood, water, etc. Do
you blame a laborer for demanding
from the homesteaders $4.50 and more
per day without these conveniences?
Would you blame the homesteader for
paying such wage if he wanted his
homestead cultivated or Harvested?
Further a number of these homestead
ers to whom you are giving such pious
and kind advice had to pay to the
plantation from $4.50 to $7 per ton of
cane harvested, while other home
steaders, hiring high-wage laborers,
were paying from $3 to $4.50 per ton
hurvested. Have you also Investigated
this? We agree heartily with
you that some ot us were stung
by unscrupulous laborers or contract
ors in the supplying of seed cane. Who
i was to blame? Who furnished the
seed? How many homesteaders have
you visited and advlsetl on this sub
ject? Speaking of wages, we again ask,
who was the first to boost labor wages
in the Kapaa district? When home
steaders were paying from $1 to $1.25
per day, who went around and offered
ifrom 25 cents to 50 cents more per
Extravagance. . You make mention
ot the expensive automobiles purchas
ed by homesteaders. Well, we are not
interested enough to enquire how
many autos you have, or how much you
paid for them. Why should you? We
are more interested to find out the ex
pediency of employing a sugar expert
at five hundred dollers ($500) per
month, when in return the homestead
ers receive so little. For these are the
ones that are supposed to be benefited.
In the matter of cultivation and ma
chinery: Would you, Mr. Horner, ad
vise a homesteader with small capital
to invest, say, two thousand to three
thousand dollars in a tractor, mules,
etc., and pay interest at 8 on same
(for he would have to borrow this
amount), when he can hire the work
done at a far less outlay of money?
Would it pay a homesteader with a
tract of land, say twenty acres, to in
vest in farm implements up to three
thousand dollars to be used for the
period of six months in two years'
time? How do you know the home
steaders are 'idle while their lands are
being cultivated by others? Can you
mention an instance where a home
steader is out at work at the wage
lesR than that paid by him to his labor
ers? Have we or have we not the
right to hire necessary help or con
tract for the cultivation of our crops
the moment we make the homestead
our home and supervision over our
work? Did you or did you not approve,
as government expert, in conjunction
with the Governor and Land Commis
sioner, some ot these contracts that
you write about? Did you at the time
advise the homesteader to enter into
contract for the cultivation of his
cane? If you did not, why come out at
this time in the public press and give
us advice when by your actions you
have shown small interest in the home
Alien Contractors. In your letter
you state that if the present practice of
homesteaders in entering into con
tracts with aliens for the cultivation of
their crops was to be brought to the
attention of congress that body would
immediately put a stop to any home
steading. All homestead agreements
require that contracts for the cultiva
tion of crops must be approved by the
Governor and Land Commissioner;
more recently the new homestead
agreements require the approval of
the sugar expert. Now we ask you,
at the time ot approving these con
tracts did you know the contractors
were aliens? Why, then, did you ap
prove the contract? Who broke the
spirit of the homestead laws? Did you
not have the power to prevent such an
J. F. BETTENCOURT. JR.,
President Kapaa Homestead and
DR. SAU YEE CHANG APPOINTED
GOVERNMENT DENTIST TO KAUAI
Dr. Sau Yee Chang, a graduate r.i
Northwestern University Dental school,
who has been in private practice in
Honolulu during the past year, has
been appointed government dentist on
Kauai, and as such will have charge
of all dental work required by the
school children in all the schools on
Kauai, except Lihue. He is now busy
attending tothe Kapaa children.
In addition to his government duties
he will also engage in private prac
tice in Kapaa, and tentative plants
are" at present being drawn for a
spacious office building for his occu
Dr. Chang is a local boy whose
parents are at present residing in
In the account of the meeting of the
Kauai soccer league, appearing in
last week's Garden Island, the name
if E. Allen Creevey was Inadvertently
smltted. The officers elected were:
M. O. Greenly, president; Dr. L. C.
Smith, vice-president; E. Allen Cree
voy, secretary and C. O. Kuhlmann.
Hanapepe, and secured the degree ot
D. D. S. from Northwestern Univer
sity in the year 1918.
VARIETY REPAIR 8HOP
Lock and Gun 8mith
We repair Electric Irons, Percula
tors, Phonographs, and all other elec
trical and mechanical appliances.
Shop on King Street, opposite Young
Hotel, Honolulu. Advt
for self independence by opening
a Pavings Account wilh us. We
pay four per cent.
'THE BANK FOR EVERYBODY"
THE BANK OF KAUAI, LTD.
ir.0 LOCAL STOCKHoLDViS
ASSETS H7i. ("!i. (!;
HOLIDAY GIFTS THAT LAST
Diamonds, Watches, Silverware
and Many Other Novelties
MAKE YOUR SELECTIONS EARLY
Our representative Mr. Geo. Michopulos is in Kauai now at the
LIHUE HOTEL and will be very pleased to help you choose your
gifts and remembrances for the Holidays.
Detor & Company
COR. HOTEL AND FORT 3T8.
The last word in
Novelty Low Shoes
They are just received from the factory and are the prettiest
shoes that we have seen for a long time. Made withlturn wles,
long narrow toes and slender French heels.
Buckles of different designs to suit the individual taste.
Black Satin $8.50 to $12.50
White Satin ; 10.00
Silver Cloth 12.50
White Kid 12.50 to 15.00
Black Suede 15.00
Manufacturers' Shoe Store
1051 Fort Street Honolulu, T. H.
Waimea Stables, Ltd.
The largest Garage on Kauai. The best place
to get transportation to
The Barking Sands, Olokele Canyon,
Waimea Canyon, Kokee Camps,
Kukuiolono Park, etc.
We Do Business all over the Island of Kauai
Our Autos are comfortable, our Drivers are
Reliable and have been with us for years, and
know every inch of the country.
We Rent Ford Cars Without Drivers.
We lmve Rood Riding Horses, accustomed to the
work. We do Draying and Hauling by Trucks
nil over the Wand We run the Stage Line
between Lihue and Kekaha five round trips
Tel. 13 W
A. GOMEZ. Mgr.
Tel. 492 L
CLEM GOMES. Mgr.