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THE GARDEN tsLAND, TUESDAY, SEPT. 23, 1920
THE GARDEN ISLAND
Issued Every Tuesday
KENNETH C. HOPPER
SEPT. 28, 1!V20
f.l.Y YOU AXSWER THESE
QUESTIOXS, MR. VAX 1)1 HATE?
"An Open Letter to All Territorial Candi
dates," by tlie American Legion, published in
this issue of the Garden Island, contains a set
of questions all Territorial candidates should
be able to give intelligent answers to. They are
questions dealing with issues of paramount im
portance in the life of this Territory, and every
candidate should thoroughly understand them
and have decided opinions regarding them.
, SUGARS 1XDUSTRIAL IMl'ORTAM'E
The majority of the consumers of sugar are
so far removed from contact with the sources
oi' it production that they have little realiza
Wo'i o I'll e extent of the industry or of its im
portance as a basis for trade. liven among
busii.ess men who are more than ordinarily
well informed as to general industrial affairs,
surprise is often expressed when statistics
showing the vast extent and worldwide rami
fications of the sugar trade are brought to their
attention. The fact that sugar is consumed
in relatively small quantities by the average
householder and that his direct acquaintance
with it is coii lined to inspection of the. few
barrels, bags and cartons that contain the
stock of the grocer from whom he 'purchases ,
his supplies affords little basis for a true appre
ciation of either the extent or the importance
of its part in the world's industrial drama.
The true index of the position occupied by
sugar in the world's business is jifTorded by the
universality of its use. It is of the few food
products that is demanded by every race in
every clime. liven wheat, though often re
ferred to as the world's great staple, is in
regular use by less than half the population of
the globe. Sugar, however, in one form or an
other, is a commodity that helps to satisfy the
dietary needs of all people and its consumption
increases in direct ratio with their rise- in
civilization and in material well-being.
An impression of the proportions of the
world's sugar trade may be gained from con
sideration of the fact that upward of
000,0(10 will be expended by consumers for the
crop now in process of production and distri
bution. This huge sum includes not only the
amount received by sugar producers and by
the labor employed in the making and handling
of the crop, but represent also a vast expendi
ture for malerials, supplies and transportation
and a liberal contribution toward the (is.-al ex
penses of all the leading nations whose govern
ments depend upon the taxation of sugar for a
material part of their revenues.
As illustrating the position of leadership in
the production of sugar attained by Cuba, it is
noteworthy that the value of its crop for the
season now approaching its close will be up
ward of a billion dollars. Second place be
longs to the I'nited States, with its insular ter
ritories, which will have a combined output
approaching 8000,000,000 in market value.
Java ranks next among the world's producers
with a crop this year that will attain a value
of roundly 4.0,0H).00. All Europe will
produce somewhat less than Cuba alone.
Sugar is the mainspring of the rapidly ex
panding commerce between Cuba and the I'nit
ed States and between the mainh iiil and the
insular territories. Notwithstanding the im
portance of the Cuban tobacco trade, ship
ments of sugar comprise over S" per cent of the
total value of all Cuban exports to the I'nited
States. Sugar shipments from Hawaii to the
continental I'nited States form nearly M) per
cent of the total Vitlue of all products, while
in the case of l'orto Kico sugar's proportion is
over ."0 hv cent. In 1010 shipments of goods
from the continental I'nited States to Hawaii,
l'orto Hi co. the Philippines and Cuba were
valued at . 1 77.000.000, all of which were paid
for. with a substantial balance left over, by
sales of :C1 0.000.000 worth of sugar in the
American market. This year's sales by the
continental .I'nited States to Cuba and the
insular territories probably will approach
jf7r0.0 '0.000. as against purchases of nearly
a billion dollars worth of sugar.
I'ulike many of the principal foreign custom
ers of the I'nite'd States, whose purchases con
sist largely of unmanufactured food products
and other jaw materials, the islands that
supply this country with the greater part of
its sugar take in exchange machinery and man
ufactured products the making of which re
quires the extensive employment of skilled
labor and mechanical equipment.' From the
point of view of the industrial development of
the country the sale of such products is recog
nized as having much greater value than the
sale of raw foodstuffs or other raw materials.
In the internal commerce of the country, too,
sugar plays a much more important part than
is generally appreciated. The value of the
beet and cane sugar crops of the continental
United States amlj their by-products promises
this year to reach a total close to S:ir0,000,000.
In the retining and distributing of sugar and
the production and handling of syrups and
nmlnsscs millions of dollars of capital and tens
of thousands of men are employed. In trans
portation charges alone sugar pays SMiO.000,000
or more a year to the steamship and railway
lines of the country.
' The value of the sugar industry's products
measures its importance as a market for every
kind of material and supplies employed in the
agricultural and manufacturing phases of
sugar production. Front plowing and cultiva
ting utensils to railway equipment, mill ma
chinery and supplies and containers for the
finished product, the sugar industry of the
United States ami Cuba will disburse a billion
dollars a year in material, labor, machinery
and supplies. At the present time, when the
production of sugar is entering upon the great
est period of expansion in its history, the man
ufacturers of the vast variety of equipment and
supplies adiipted to its operations are finding
in this field a market of unrivalled appeal and
Do yon believe In economy? Sd do I?
Economy In assessing taxes. Eco
nomy In upending them.
Less dead heads and bench warmers
on the pay roll: more live wires at
tending strictly to business. Economy?
Hut! That kind of economy which
leaves public buildings neglected, and
public roads unrepaired; which lets
the kids run wild and unschooled until
they become the community's goats;
which allows cattle and horses In the
nubile streets unrestrained; which in
differently observes the continued use
of Intoxicating liquors with a laugh
and a shrug of the shoulders; that
economy which permits these things
because of a lack of funds or a lack
of public spirit is an economy which
closes the Spigot and opens wide the
nunc! A wise taxation applied and
efficiently expended should be the most
cheerfully paid of all ones bills. Selah.
L. C. JOHONNOT.
I desire to announce to the voters
of Kauai County that I will be a can
didate for nomination to the House
of Representatives on the Republican
ticket at the forthcoming primaries.
I will apreciate the support of all
those who believe in a square deal.
THOS. M. CUNNINGHAM,
Aug. 10, 17, 24, 31. Sept. 7, 14, 21 28,
AN OPEN LETTER TO ALL
Gentlemen On the eve of a Terri
torial e.ection on the results of which
will depend the hopes of these Islands
for good government and proper laws
for the ensuing years, It seems fitting
that the members of The American
Legion should be advised as to the
stand to be taken by the various can
didates on questions which are of im
portance to them and to the Territory.
Because the questions in which the
members of the Legion are vitally
interested are those of broad public
policy, it is believed that the Legion
will represent public sentiment in ask
ing an expression of opinion by the
candidates on these issues.
The questions as to which the candi
dates are asked to state their positions
are as follows:
Where do you stand on the doctrine
that Hawaii is an essentially American
Community, and that existing and
future laws and policies should be,
tested by the standard of full Ameri
canism as reresented by the princi
ples of the constitution of the United
States and a form of government
which should represent the interests
of the whole people?
(a) What are your views in regard
to the possibility and advisability of
trying to Americanize the aliens In
our Territory, that is, both those who
are by birth Americans and those who
may by law become Americans?
(b) What steps should be taken,
along sound, sane, conservative lines
to carry out an Ame ricanization plan,
sards school building?
(b) What is the situation as re
gards school equipment?
(c) What is the situation as re
gards school teachers?
and what form should the plan take?
Where do you stand on giving to
each child in this Territory an oppor
tunity for an American public school
(a) What is the situation as re-
(d) What action xhould be taken,
mid how promptly, to place our edu
cational system on a sound basis?
(e) If additional funds are needed,
even in large amounts, should they
not be raised, and how?
(3) Foreign Language Schools:
What remedies do you advise in
dealing with the 1'n-Ainerlcan educa
tion of children in schools conducted
in foreign languages and under ideals,
leadership and doctrines foreign to
(4) Public Health:
Are you satisfied with the present
conditions of sanitation and health
throughout the Territory, especially
ns regards tenements, camps, water
(a) If not, what should be done to
Improve existing conditions?
(b) How do you propose to carry
out your ideas?
(5) Class Representation:
Where do you stand as regards the
vicious tendency to class appeal, class
representation, and class legislation?
(a) Are you for or against a cam
paign on Labor vs Capital. Haole vs
Hawaiian, Missionary vs Liberals, Pro
letariat vs Uurgoisio, or the like?
(6) Juvenile Courts:
Where do you stand in regard to
Territorial support of the Juvenile
Court and its welfare oflicers?
(7) Public Improvements:
Where do you stand as to the rais
ing and expenditure if public funds?
(a) What is the situation in regard
to the $2,400,000 of liotu'i the Terri
tory is now trying to bell?
(b) What is the m..iuy to bo u;:od
for, that is, for what projects and
(c) Are all these projects import
(d) Should the bonds be sold and
the money used as quickly as possible
(e) Can you suggest any way to
help bring this about?
(f) What other public improve
menis are needed and why?
In requesting a public response to
these queries, we desire only to place
intelligently before our members some
of the information necessary to enable
a voter to make an Intelligent choice
in exerc ising his franchise.
Yours for American ideals and
THE AMERICAN LEGION,
Department of Hawaii.
VARIETY REPAIR SHOP
Lock and Gun Smith
We repair Electric Irons, Percula
tors, Fhonographs, and all other elec
trical and mechanical appliances
Shop on King Street, opposite Young
Hotel, Honolulu. Advt.
A few white Leghorn cockrds.
.Mrs. L. C. JOHONNOT
Box 91, Kapaa
ANOTHER PLANK IN MY
PLATFORM REGARDING TAXES
TO THE VOTERS OF KAUAI
von i iii-:
STUDENT - TRAVELER HOME
Produce the same perfect typewritten copy that any
$110.00 machine does
mcA HAWAIIAN NEWS CO., LTD.
JpjZ.UU Young Hotel Bldg. Honolulu
TO THE VOTERS OF KAUAI
I hereby announce that 1 will be a
candidate for the Legislature on the
Republican ticked and herewith re
quest the support of the citizens of
this County at the forthcoming Prim
J. von EKEKELA.
Kealia, Kauai, Aug. 30, 1920.
TO THE VOTERS OF KAUAI
I beg to announce that I will be a
candidate for the House of Represent
atives on the Republican ticket, and
request the support of the voters of the
County of Kauai at the coming Pri
TO THE VOTERS OF KAUAI
TERRITORIAL MESSENGER SERVICE
TAKES ORDERS FOR ALL KINDS OF
Dry Cleaning and Laundry Work
SEND BY PARCEL POST TO
1112 UNION ST. HONOLULU
OTTIt AIM IS TO GTVK THE VEIiY I?EST IX
We will gladly assist you with estimates and guarantee Sat
I Henry Waterhouse Trust Co., Ltd.
I desire to announce to the Kauai
public that I am a candidate for the
House of R?f rescntatives on the Re
publican ticket and will greatly appre
ciate the support of the voters of this
County at the Primary election to be
held on Saturday, October 2nd.. 1920.
TO THE VOTERS Or KAUAI
I will be a candidate on the Demo
cratic ticket for Representative, at
the coining primary election, and will
ippreciate the support of the voters
of this County.
S. E. LUCAS.
Kapaa, Aug. 17, 1920.
NOTICE TO THE VOTERS OF
I beg to annouce that 1 win be a
candidate on the Republican ticket,
nomination to the House of Repre
sentatives, at the forthcoming prima
ries, and solicit the support of the
voters of Kauai county.
D. K. HAYSELDEN
Lihue, Kauai, Aug. 17th.
IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE
FIFTH CIRCUIT, TERRITORY OF
HAWAII AT CHAMBERS IN
REAL ESTATE AND INSURANCE
No. 125131 Merchant St.
P. O. Box No. 594 Honolulu
Probate No. 7C7
In the Matter of the Estate of
ERLING E. MAHLUM. Deceased.
NOTICE TO CREDITORS
Notice is hereby given that Letters
Testamentary have been issued to
BISHOP TRUST COMPANY. LIM
ITED, as Executor of the Last Will
and Testament of Erling E. Mahlum,
deceased, late of Waimea, County of
Kauai, Territory of Hawaii.
All creditors of the deceased, or of
his estate, are hereby notified to pre
sent their claims, with proper vouch
ers or duly authenticated copies there
of, even if the claim is secured by
mortgage upon real estate, to the said
Bishop Trust Company, Limited, at its
place of1 business, No. 924 Bethel
Street, Honolulu, City and County of
Honolulu, Territory aforesaid, within
six months from the date of this
notice, which is the date of the first
publication hereof; otherwise such
claims, if any, shall be forever barred.
All persons indebted to the said
estate are hereby notified to make pay
ment to the said Bishop Trust Com
pany, Limited, at the above address.
Dated, Lihue, T. H., September 7th.
. Bishop Trust Company, Limited,
Executor, Estate of Erling E. Mahlum,
Philip L. Rice,
Attorney for Executor.
Sept. 7,14 21,28 ;Oct.5,1920.
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of lubrication, engineers
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car at your dealer's or our nearest station. Use
. Zerolene for the Correct Lubrication of your au
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Theo. H. Davies & Co., Ltd. I
HONOLULU AND HILO
Sugar Factors and Commission Merchants
IMPORTERS OF GENERAL MERCHANDISE
Builders' Hardware Crockery Glassware Silverware
Sporting Goods Fishing Tacklo Firearms Ammunition
Safes Refrigerators Spark Plugs Flashlights
Paints Varnishes Brushes Oils Greases
Harness Saddlery Roofing Trunks Suit Cases
Fancy and Staple Lines, Feed, etc.
Shoes Toilet Supplies Stationery etc. etc. 1
Writers of Fire, Marine, Compensation, Automobile and Miscellaneous
Canadian-Australian Royal Mail Steamship Line.
Upon application information will be cheerfully furnished In regard to
any of our lines in which you may be interested.