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t THE GARDEN ISLAND, TTJESDaV, NOV. 2, 1920
Wall & Dougherty
Mr. .. ). Dougherty is now touring the Island
of Kami with suggestions for the Holidays in
thr form of previous stones, jewelry, engraved
greeting cards and stationery, and the latest
importations of gift novelties.
Young Hotel Building
VALUE QUALITY VARIETY
The Oldest and Largest
in the Territory of Hawaii
Capital, Surplus and Undivided Profit
Oyer One Million Dollars
INCOME FROM INVESTMENTS
is a point of exceptional importance at this
time because of the uncertainty caused by
Get in touch with us we may have in
formation that will help you Come in and
talk it over.
We Are Here To Serve You
SAFE DEPOSIT VAULTS
Due to the great success of the Holt Caterpillar engine
for tractor work The Ilolt Manufacturing Co. now have
on the market a stationary engine suitable for all classes
of work. This engine operates on gasoline, distillate or
kerosene. Standard sizes are 30, 45, CO and 75 horse
If you know engines you will be pleased with the ilolt.
Write or see us for particulars.
Catton, Neill & Co., Ltd.
J. I. SILVA, Prop.
ALWAYS LEADS IX LOWEST PRICES ON
Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes,
Mens Furnishings, Cigars and
Tobacco, Notions of all kinds.
MAIN STOKE, ELEELE.
PHONE 72 V.
HE AND OUR
Dr. Ernest B. Hoag, the mental ex
pert, who arrived last Friday morning,
occupied the Lihue Union Church
pulpit last Sunday end spoke sub
stantially as follows:
"We speak of the last as the Wom
an's century, with even more of truth
may we think of the present as the
childrens' century. Looking back a
few years to a more primitive period
we realize that a wonderful advance
has been made, for which we are all
profoundly grateful, but after all we
have hardly made a beginning aa yet
on an intelligent understanding of
children, and an intelligent treatment
"For convenience we may consider
the Child under three aspects, in the
Home, in the School, and in the Social
"It stands tq reason that the first
prerequisite for dealing with the child
is an understanding of him. Now it
ought to be an easy thing to under
stand a child, for we have all been
children, and all we have to do is to
go back into our own childhood and
recall how we looked at things and
how wo felt. But, as a matter of
fact, that doesn't seem to be such an
easy thing to do. We have forgotten.
and only the high lights stand out in
our memory and the consequence Is
that we more or less read back into
the child's mind the outlook of the
adult, and attribute to him our own
ideas and ideals, or the ones that we
think he ought to have.
"In order to be convinced of this we
have only to look over the great mass
of childrens' literature which we have
as the outcome of the interest in
children of late years. It is almost
all very strongly stamped with the
adult point of view. It is the adult
translated, and very often very poorly
translated, into the language, but not
the thought of the child.
"The child is in a way a savage
that is, he is undeveloped, and simple
and primitive. Now one of the
strongest characteristics of the savage
is self expression through dramatics.
You find this strikingly indicated In
the language, as well as in the habits
and customs of the American Indians.
Their vocabularies and their language
idioms, are strikingly picturesque and
"The same is true, I understand, of
"The dramatic avenue of self-ex
pression is one of the utmost Import
ance to children and should be culti
vated much more sedulously than it
"A sence of humor is one of the
most valuable and redeeming assets
for any child. The youngster who
has an eye out for the funny side of
things, who can stand to one side as it
were, and can look at his problems
and his troubles in an impersonal sort
of way, will be saved a whole lot of
heart-ache and disappointment. One
of the world's greatest child psychol
ogists, though he didn't know himself
as such was Charles Dickens. In
some of his immortal books he has
interpreted to the world the child mind
with the child experiences and the
child outlook, and he has done it with
that large sense of humor which has
made them doubly interesting and
entrancing. More than any master
of literature he has understood the
"Above all things else in a child's
life, fear is a thing to be deplored and
guarded against to the uttermost.
Many a child's mind and imagination
are poisoned for life by some vague
but horrible sence of fear at the dawn
of his developing powers. Some
times it is fear of the dark, of ghosts.
of goblins, of nameless terrors, the
subconscious memory of which be
clouds and darkens the whole life.
The utmost care should be taken to
preserve children from any such
threatening cloud of imaginary evil
"We are at length beginning, soma
what dimly, to realize the exceeding
value of play in the edu?ation of
children. Two or three generations
ago play as play, as a recognized pre
rogative of childhood, and a recognized
element of education, was an unheard
of heresy. Sunday was a day of
prison walls and silence, the word
play, might not even be whispered
And during the rest of the week only
such play could be sneaked in as
might be able to escape the vigilent
eye of parents who didn't believe in
play themselves, and who would tol
erate it only when nothing else could
be found to do.
"The real American knows less
about play than any other modern
nation. The English are more given
to play than we are, and get far more
out of it. Gradually the spirit of
play isleavening our people. The
automobile is an important factor of
this change. . For mafy a business!
man, his car U the only recreation,
the only play he gets. Roosevelt
was one of the great men of our
time, with a personality that has left
its impress on his time in half a doz
en different ways. I venture to pre
dict that the- quality of Roosevelt
which will carry his memory the far-j
thest' was his enthusiastic devotion to
play. And that In the popular mind
he will bo remembered not as a pol
itician or a statesman, or a builder of
the Panama Canal, but as a father
among his hoys, ever ready for a
game. Even when in the White
House with all the cares of state, he
managed to have the regular games,
in which not only the children parti
cipated, but diplomats and senators
as well. Read his letters to his child
ren, if you want to know what the real
"Now.on the other hand, while all
sympathy and Interest and kindliness
should bo shown to the child, there
are evils on that side of the line
which must be carefully guarded
"Beware of pampering a child, es
pecially beware of pampering the only
child. Because of his position in the
family he is very seriously hand
icapped. Where there are several
children they educate one another.
This thi only child misses.
"Every child at an early age should
learn to face the problems of life as
they come to him, fairly and squarely,
and should not be allowed to evade
them, or squirm out of the issue. He
must learn courage and persistence,
and patience and responsibility, and
solf control, and if he fails to do so he
will almost assuredly fail all through
life. Over 90 per cent of the failures
of life come from this class they have
been only children, spoiled, and not
trained to face the problems of life
squarely, and meet them manfully. It
is from this class too, that suicides
and drug (lends come.
" Look out for the solitary child,
who wants to crawl, into his shell, and
live in an imaginary dream world of.
practical Inactivity. He is a poor
mixer he can't give and take he is
contented to enjoy his visions of
great things, but that is as far as he
wants to go or at any rate, as far
as he gets. This is really a form of
mild mental derangement, known as
dementia precax, which should be
guarded against and corrected as soon
"In regard to the child in the school.
The ideal education is the education
that you don't know that you are get
ting it comes so easily, so naturally
and so pleasantly. The education that
involves drudgery and grind that is
irksome and unpleasant there is
something fundamentally wrong with
such a system of education. Educa
tion ought to be a thing of joy and
happiness a delight, just as play is.
The things that we do best are the
things that we like best to do, and
every child should be encouraged to
do these things. Of course this does
not mean that he should be turned
loose in the whole intellectual bill of
fare to take or neglect just what he
likes best, but that he should be al
lowed to learn in his own way, and
that children shouldn't be run through
an educational mill as sticks of cane
are run through a sugar mill.
"And in this connection I venture to
propound the worst kind of education
al heresy. Our educational system as
at present run has been a deplorable
failure simply atrocious. It involves
a vast amount of Inefficiency and
wastage. Less than 50 per cent of
the children of the schools ever get
through the eighth grade, even where
the age limit is sixteen years. They
have been flogging away on an eighth
grade course when they were really
on a fifth grade run. Individuals differ
very early.These differences should be
recognized, and the children treated
accordingly, otherwise their education
is a failure.
"Very few people probably, realize
that we have in the United States
half a million feeble minded persons
persons whose development was ar
rested early in life at 9, 10, 11, 12
years. They have never grown ment
ally beyond that. Now these people
are a burden on the community. They
have no means of usefulness of sup
port because their education was not
suited to their needs and their capac
ity. It is out of this class that the
degenerates come, the tramps, the
ne'er do wells, the rifraff, and a large
proportion of the criminals.
"Special attention should be given
ot this large class, and such special
education as would fit them for use
fulness and self support."
VARIETY REPAIR SHOP
Lock and Gun Smith
We repair Electric Irons, .Pecula
tors. Phonographs, and all other elec
trical and mechanical appliances.
Shop on King Street, opposite Young
Hotel, Honolulu. Advt.
Registered thoroughbred Berkshire
hogs one boar and five sows. En
quire of K. C. Ahana, County Bldg.
Kapaia Garage Co.
U. S. TIRES
Automobile M o t o r cy c I e Gas
Engine and General Repairing
Tel. 228 - - - P.O. Box 236
To make room for new stock we are now selling more than
twenty thousand rolls of wall paper at discounts varying from
fifty to twenty per cent. This is your chance to replace that
ojd, soiled wall paper with something bright,' artistic and up-to-date
in every respect.
Call or write for samples and make your selections early.
The Home Beautiful Department
Lewers & Cooke, Ltd.
Lumber and Building Materials, Honolulu
1GU-177 S. King St., Honolulu
The last word in
Novelty Low Shoes
They are just received from the factory and are the prettiest
shoes that we have seen for a long time. Made with'.turn soles,
long narrow toes and slender French heels.
Buckles of different designs to suit the individual taste.
Black Satin ...$8.50 to $12.50
White Satin 10.00
Silver Cloth 12.50
White Kid 12.50 to 15.00
Black Suede 15,00
Manufacturers' Shoe Store
1051 Fort Street Honolulu, T. H.
Waimea Stables, Ltd.
The largest Garage on Kauai. The best place
to get transportation to
The Barking Sands, Olokele Canyon,
Waimea Canyon, Kokee Camps,
Kukuiolono Park, etc.
We Do Business all over the Island of Kauai
Our Autos are comfortable, our Drivers are
Reliable and have been with us for years, and
know every inch of the country.
We Rent Ford Cars Without Dri
Wfl lini'P (THAil Pi.tirw Tfyw.-An i 1 .
........... w-iiu uuiora, uceusiomeu to tne
work. We do Draying and Hauling by Trucks
all over the Island We run the Stage Line
between Lihue and Kekaha five round trips
Tel. 43 W
A. GOMEZ, Mgr.
Tel. 492 L
CLEM GOMES, Mgr.