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- f THE GARDEN ISLAND, TUESDAY, DEC. 28, 1920
Kapaia Garage Co.
U. S. TIRES
Automobile M o t o r cy c I e Gas
Engine and General Repairing
Tel. 228 - - - P.O. Box 236
Kapaia, Lihue ,
To make room for new stock we are now selling more than
twenty thousand rolls of wall paper at discounts varying from
fifty to twenty per cent. This is your chance to replace that
old, soiled wall paper with something bright, artistic and up-to-date
in every respect.
Call or write for samples and make your selections early.
The Ilouie Beautiful Department
Lewers & Gooke, Ltd.
Lumber and Building Materials, Honolulu
1GU-177 S. King St., Honolulu
The last word in
Novelty Low Shoes
They are just received from the factory and are the prettiest
-hoes that we have seen for a long time. Made with'turn soles,
long narrow toes and slender French heels.
Buckles of different designs to suit the individual taste.
Black Satin $8.50 to $12.50
White Satin 10.00
Silver Cloth 12.50
4 White Kid 12.50 to 15.00
Black Suede 15.00
Manufacturers' Shoe Store
1051 Fort Street Honolulu, T. H.
Waimea Stables, Ltd:
At Waimea and Nawiliwili
The most famous Garages on Kauai. The
place to get transportation to
The Barking Sands, Olokele Canyon,
Waimea Canyon, Kokee Camps,
Kukuiolono Park, Wailua Falls,
Hanalei, Haena Caves
Our nutos arc comfortable, our Drivers are
Reliable and have been with us for years, and
know every inch of the country.
We Rent Ford Cars Without Drivers.
We do Draying and Hauling by Trucks all
over the Island. We run thetage Line
between Lihue and Kekaha three round
trips per week
Tel. 43 W
A. GOMEZ, Mgr.
Tel. 492 L
CLEM GOMES, Mgr
The November number of the
Atlantic Monthly contains an Inter
esting and illuminating article on
Cotton from which we condense the
A Rapidly Growing Demand
The demand for cotton and Its
consumption are growing apace.
In addition to the normal and trad,
itlonal fields, which it has long held,
it is steadily and rapidly invading new
fields. Fine cotton cloth competes
with some classes of silk goods. For
other purposes, blankets, and sum
mer clothes for men, for instance,
cotton fabrics compete with worsteds.
For still other purposes, cotton
fabrics have largely supplanted linen.
Supplanting Other Fabrics
Cotton is supplanting the other
fabrics in another way. It is very
largely used in combination with
them, to save the more expensive
fibers and cut down the cost.
In industrial lines the use of cotton
is steadily increasing. For belting
in factories, for typewriter ribbons.
for book binding, for bags, for shoes,
and many other similar ways vast
amounts of cotton are used.
A Vast Automobile Use
But by all means tho most portent
ous new demand for cotton comes
from the automobile business. The
phenomenal demand for cotton for
auto tires has fr.irly upset the cotton
business, has been one of the
primary caines of the high prices ot
cotton stockings and other cotton
14 Lbs. in a Truck Tire
An ordinary .Ford, or other similar
tire, contains about 3 pounds of the
cotton, the larger tires contain 5 or 6
pounds, while the heavy pneumatic
truck tires call for 14 pounds. Dur
ing thecurrent year it is estimated
that 15 or 20 per cent of the world's
entire production of long-staple, high
grade cotton will be consumed in the
manufacture of auto tires in the Un.
lted States alone. Pneumatic tires
for trucks are just beginning, and in
tho future they will assuredly make
very heavy inroads on tho world's
The U. 8. Sets the Pace
This phenomenal demand for cotton
is as yet confined to a comparatively
tew countries which lead in indust
rial civilization. The rest of the
world uses cottoa much more sparing
ly. The per enpita use of cotton in
the United St Ues, some 5 or C
years ago, was la pounds, for North
ern and Western Europe 6 poundj,
tor Russia 4 pounds, for Asia 3
pounds, and f.;r Africa 1 pound.
The Rest Will Follow
These shrinking demands arc partly
because they have not learned tha
the uses of cctton, and partly because
they haven't tho money to buy it.
With increasing prosperity,' aad in
creasing civilization will come largely
increased demands for the fabric, and
no ordinary industrial prophet can
forecast to what limits the demand
for cotton will run even within tho
Now, as over against this phenomen.
al and increasing dema nd, what may
we expect in the way of supply?
Three Limiting Factors
The problem of meeting this demand
Involves three mam factors, equip
ment, labor, and raw mat erial.
Equipment. Cotton mill m achinery is
complicated, intricate, ami delicate.
It cannot be produced "rtijlit off the
bat" on short notice . Machinery
manufacturers are fairly jsnowed un.
der with orders now, rh.lch cannot
be filled for two years. NeA'ertheless,
given a reasonable time,, tho mechan
ical factories will undoubtedly meet
the demand and produce tho machin.
ery that may be required.
.The tabor problem Is one more dif
ficult ot solution. With the upset
condition ot labor in tjje United
States, the practical ;esatlon of
Immigration, and the shiorter hot'rs
of service, the cotton Industry ht's
been seriously handicapped. The
present outlook for the future does
not seem to Indicate any more hope,
ful condition so far as labor is con
cerned. Labor Saving Machinery
The most hopeful line of relief
seems to lie in the direction of labor
saving machinery. The automatic
loom is the latest thing in mill im.
provemcnt. One weaver on the
ordinary plain loom can tend six to
ten machines, while with the auto
matic he can tend twenty to twenty
five. The general adoption of these
looms will save a large amount of
labor. Other countries are far more
backward than the United States in
this respect. In Europe one weaver
tends two to four plain looms, while
in India, Japan and China one weaver
handles only one or two such looms.
Much more costly still in their
demand on labor are. the thousands
and thousands of hand looms in the
homes of the rural weavers. A hand
loom produces about four yards of
cloth a day, while a power loom
turns out fifty yards in the same
time. Which would mean with tlie
automatic, 300 yards a day as over
against four yards for each weaver.
Manifestly this is the line of solution
for the labor difficulty.
The Lack of Raw Material i
Dut the supply ot raw material is
the real stumbling block in the years
U. S. CO Per Cent of World's Supply
The United States, during recent
years, has furnished about GO per
cent of the world's supply ct raw
cotton. Most of this is what is
known as Upland cotton with' short
fibres, varying from three quarters
of an inch, to a little over an inch in
The Valuable Sea Island
In addition to this we produce Sea
Island cotton with l.)eq fibres run.
ning from an inch and a half to over
two inches in length. The process
of spinning is a twisting together of
these fibres, so that they overlap
just enough to give strength to the
fabric. Sea Island is valuable, but
its amount is limited.
The Boll-Weevil Menace
The very formidable, if not enti
rely insurmountable obstacle, In the
way of producing larger crops of
raw cotton is the boll.weevil which
infests and consumes the ripening
cotton in the pod. Despite the ut
most efforts of the Federal govern
a:ent, as well as the cotton interests
morft directly ccncerncd, this pest
continues to spread. It ruins mil
lions of pounds of cotton each year,
and in addition to the direct loss
which it inflicts, it tends naturally to
discourage, and thus rodiice tho
culture of cotton throughout large
areas where the evil is the most
prevalent. Cotton growers natur.
ally turn to other crops.
Started in Texas
Starting on a email scale in Texas,
near the Mexican border in 1892, the
bollweovll has migrated steadily
eastward and northward until it
has Infested the entire cottcn belt,
with the exception of portions of
Tennessee, North Carolina and South
Carolina. Unless some mcaus can
can be found for getting rid of the
boll.weevil, the supply of cotton must
remain increasingly inadequate to
meet the world's needs, especially
that v of tho United States, and the
prices must tend to go higher.
Requires Much Hand Labor
In the growing of cotton, as well
as in the manufacture, the ccarcity
of labor is a menace. Cotton, lika
cane, is an exacting crop on labor.
Two' or three times as much labor
is required, for example, io grow and
pick an acre of cotton as to cultivate
and harvest f.u aero ot corn.
Wanted a Picking Machine
In cotton, as in car.e, it is the
harvesting that is expensive in labor
It must be picked by hand; no
machine thus far is Intelligent
enough to discriminate between the
ripe and the ' unripe pods, or careful
enough not to damage and injure the
plants. Another difficulty lie3 in the
fact that the harvesting calls for
large bodies of men for a short time;
there is a grand scramble for men for
this short time, and oftentimes they
cannot be had. A universally sue
cessful machine, with practically
human intelligence, for picking cotton,
would be a godsend to the South and
to the cotton industry of the world
Perhaps it will come sometime, but
it is not in sight as yet.
Kauai Glee Club
The Midnite Frolix
Ball En Masque
New Year's Eve
There is a Cause
Are you run down ?
JDo you feel shaky all over?
Are you weak?
Do you lack ambition and energy?
Do you have that "all gone" feel
ing when you get up in the mor
ning? Do you get up depressed, low-spirited,
out of sorts?
Do you get exhausted and "played
out" after very little effort"?
Are you troubled with headache,
neuralgia, pains in the joints
Do you have dyspepsia, heart burn,
belching, gas in the bowels, sour
Do you suffer from Uheuinatism,
Catarrh, Kidney trouble, Bil
Are you subject to colds?
Have" you lost hope of regaining
your old time strength and
Do you know that all these ills
come from one CAUSE f
Do you know that the only way to
permanently rid yourself of
these troubles is to eliminate
Your case is no worse than hun
dreds of others that have come
to us and regained Health and
Strength through our Natural
Health System without Drugs
or Medicines. Do vou wish to
know TIJE CAUSE of your
trouble and how to eliminate it?
If so, call and consult
DR. Wm. S. HAMACHER
Til' TO!" BLDG.
j Order It By Mail! j
Our Mail Order Department is excep
tionally well equipped to handle all
your Drug and Toilet wants thorough
ly and at once.
We will pay postage on all orders
of 601 and over, except the following:
Mineral Waters, Baby Foods, Glass
ware and articles of unusual weight
and small value.
None-Mallable: Alcohol, Strychnine,
Rat Poison, Iodine, Ant poison, Mer
cury Antiseptic Tablets, Lysol, Car
bolic Acid, Gasoline, Turpentine, Ben
zine and all other poisonous or In
flamable articles. ...
If your order is very heavy or con
tains much liquid, we suggest that you
have It sent by freight.
Benson Smith & Co., Ltd.
'Service Every Second"
The Rexal Store
READ IDE GARDEN ISLAND