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THE GARDEN ISLAND," .TUESDAY, MARCn 14, 1922
The Russian Division
In The World War
A large audience was present on
Sunday night in Lihue Union church
to hear the lecture upon "The Czecho
Slovak Legion in Russia," The lec
ture was very instructive and most
ably presented by Carles Riley, who
spent two years In Russia, having
been Bent there by the Internation
al committee of the Young Men's
Christian Association, to organize and
carry out Its program.
During the course ot his address
Mr. Riley said In part:
Czecho slovakia is today composed
of four groups of the Slavic race,
who were formerly known as Bo
hemians, the Moravians, the Slovaks
and a part of the Silicians. For
three hundred years prior to the
war these people were under the
oppression of the Hapsburg dynasty.
In their efforts to unite the un
ethnological portions of Austria her
rulers tried in every way to oblit
erate the identity of these Slavs.
To the race known as Czechs
(pronounced checks), which was the
largest of these groups the name
of Bohemians was applied. This name
was not Slavic but Teutonic in ori
gin. The names of cities were like
wise changed, the name of their
capital, Praha, was given the dis
tinctly harsh Germanic sound Pra
gue. At the beginning ot hostlities In
1914, all the Slavs living in the Au
strian borders were drafted Into the
service of the armies of the central
powers. This was done against their
wills because of the natural sympa
thy for their racial brothers, the
Russians and Serbians. Consequent
ly at the first opportunity they de-
serted the Austrian army and gave
themselves over to the allied forc
es. This happened on the Russian
Italian and French fronts, but the
greatest portion got into Russia be
cause it was against the army of
that country that the most of the
Austrian forces were drawn up
Due to the activities of the Czecho
slovaks while still prisoners ot war
in Russia and also , due to the ef
forts ot Bohemian colonists who had
lived in Russia before the war suf
ficient funds were collected in the
Interest of their national cause so
that when the revolution occurred
in 1917 and all prisoners were lib
erated, the Czecho-Slovaka were able
to equip and operate an army of be
tween thirty and forty thousand men
without financial aid from foreign
sources. They said that they were
confident of their ability to finance
their own country if they had one
and that they knew of no better
way to convince the world of this
ability than by giving a practical
demonstration of their foresight
and financial engenuity.
Bohemia having constituted the
heart of the industrial region of
Austria many of the Czechs were
skilled mechanics. Prague having
been the seat ot one of the oldest
universities in Europe, and being
near Germany where larning abound
ed, many of them were well edu
cated. All possessed the education
of grammar and high school and
were intelligent, thrifty, industrious
and cheerful. And above all they
had preserved through all these
years of oppression a vigorous
flame of patriotic and national con
sciousness. These qualities made them a su
perior lot of fighting men. Realiz
ing that if they were recaptured by
Austria they would be shot for de
sertion and that if the war ended
without recognition of their rights
for independence, that It meant per
manent exile from their native
land. Hence they formed a Death
Legion, resolving never to be taken
alive. It was this spirit combined
with their general intelligence which
enabled them to overcome obstacles
which seemed impossible.
The Czechoslovak Legion fought
loyally against the central powers
on the eastern front until the Rus
sians withdrew from the war. It
then was impossible to remain in
Russia, so they undertook to pass
out across Siberia to the Pacific.
The trip wa:i proceeding rapidly, the
first trains arrived at Vladivostok,
the rest were following closely the
rear trains being almost to the
Ural mountains, when the bolshe
viks, who hud promised the Czechs
safe passage from Russia, very
treacherously attacked them and
tried to overpower and put them
in prison camps. The Czech were
not concentrated and were with
out arms. The line over which they
were stretched was four thousand
The thrilling story of the three
months' struggle which then took
place and how the Czech with their
superior brand of patriotism and
remarkable stratagem were able to
retake the Trans-Siberian railway
and with all their forces across that
great expanse, is one which de
mands the pen of a Homer, so rich
is It with dramatic color. They were
truly an army without a country
They were in a foreign land and
were strictly upon their own re
sources, but they demonstrated be
yond all doubt that they were equal
to the occasion.
They organized their own nation
al assembly in Russia and conducted
themselves as Cultured and ; refined
patriots wherever they were.
The Czecho slovak Legion remain
ed in Siberia until 1920, doing ser
vice with the. other allied forces,
keeping open the Trans-Siberian
railway and assisting in the fight
against the spread of bolsevism.
This Legion was evacuated with
other allied forces in the spring of
1J20 and sent back to Europe. Most
of the army was sent via the In
dian Ocean and Suez Canal. One
transport went via the Panama Ca
nal touching at Honolulu en route
home. The remainder returned home
via the Pacific, Canada, the Atlan
tic and Germany, entirely encircling
Everywhere the Czechs went they
inspired the greatest admiration
with their orderliness, neatness and
genuine culture. Their conduct was
everywhere that which becomes a
gentlemen, regardless ot whether
they were men, in the- city, in the
country, in civilization or in the
They are lovers of good music,
art, good literature and sports. The
republic of Czecho-Slovakia, whose
independence was recognized in 1918,
bids fair to take the lead in pro
gressive and constructive advance
in Europe in the future years.
LIHUE NIGHT SCHOOL
IS WELL ATTENDED
Although this is the time of
heaviest work on the plantations
and in some cases it means a walk
of some distance, students of the
Lihue night school are making a
fine record in their attendance at
the classes. It speaks well for the
work of the faithful teachers and
for the earnest desire of the planta
tion labor to place himself in a po
sition where he can better under
stand his work and the ways ot the
country. The purpose of the night
schools promoted by the Y. M. C.
A. committee is to provide the first
and essential steps on the road to
intelligent American citizenship.
The committee and instructors invite
any interested persons to visit the
school and present any matters that
may help in the development process.
Our shop-work is progressing nice
ly. We are now making candle
sticks, typewriter tables and screens.
The garden is good and we are
selling lots of beans and tomatoes
Last Monday morning Dr. Lee-
brick spoke to the upper grades. He
gave us some good thoughts on
"Why Do You Come to School?"
On Tuesday morning, Mr. Riley,
a Y. M. C. A. worker came and tal-
ed to us about Czecho-Slovakia and
showed us some interesting pic
tures that he had taken while he
was in Russia.
Miwako Sataka has been sick and
absent from the eighth grade class
for the past two weeks.
We have twenty-four pupils in
the eighth grade and they are all
vorking hard and hoping to get
their diplomas in June. We think
that . most of these boys and girls
will go to high school next year.
Our carnival, that was
given last Friday night, was a great
success. Tho money is to be spent
for playground equipment. Both pu
pils and teachers worked faithfully
to make it a success.
Lumber Is now on the ground and
we feel sure that 'by September we
shall have a new school building.
Miss Anthony and the girls of
the eighth grade1 gave a very nice
luncheon to the board of supervis
ors. A delicious lunch consisting of
salad, mashed potatoes and gravy,
hot biscuits and tea, creamed tuna
fish, ice cream and cake was served.
Our boys' volley ball team play
ed the record game of the series
last Friday with Hanamaulu, win
ning with a score 15-7, 15-1. Now
that the . carnival is over we are
going to put forth all our energy in
practicing to win the Hanalel game
Mr. Wilson, son-in-law of Mr.
Simpson, our principal, is here now,
and will work on .the new school
building. Mrs. Wilson is now in
Oakland, recovering from the flu.
But she expects to be here by Ap
The teachers and pupils of Li
hue grammar school wish to thank
the people ot the community for
their hearty co-operation in help
ing to make the carnival a success.
It is to be hoped that a committee
composed of representatives from
the public school athletic league
Mokthana improvement committee,
school officials and teachers can be
formed to see that this fund is used
to its best advantage.
Prof. Leebrlck of the University
ot Hawaii spoke to the class last
Monday . on the essentials ot good
Mr. Riley, who saw service in
Russia with the Czechs during the
vorld war, spoke to the pupils last
week about the new republic now
being formed in Austria.
Trof. Henke of the University of
Hawaii gave us two lectures on su:
par cane culture.
Tho local troop of Girls' Reserve,
accompanied by the Misses Wong,
and Ah Sing, hiked to Waipahe last
t.eek. The girls reported that alt ho'
the Journey was rather long, it was
nevertheless very enjoyable.
Our school garden judges, Messrs.
ijoggett and Horner, visited us last
v eek. The ' home gardens for this
tiistrlct were also visited.
The girls traveled to Lihue on
Friday afternoon to play the Lihue
pirls at volley ball, but came back
Our palatial shop Is about finish
ed. The floor looks fit for a first
class dance hall.
Vaccination of the children will
be finished this week.
The daiy average of five cent
lunches served was 215 for tho
school year 1C-21-22 of 100 days. The
ten cent lunches, for 102 days, av
BALDWIN PLEDGES HIS
AID TO HOMESTEADERS
Assistance for tho homestcadora
la pledged by Senator Harry Baldwin
of Maui if the people of Hawaii vote
on March 25 to send him to Congress
to complete the unexpired term of
the late Delegate J. K. Kalanianaole.
This is one of the points that has
been emphasized during the Big Is
land campaign by Representative
Norman K. ' Lyman who, in support
ing Senator Baldwin, says he has the
assurance of the Republican candi
date of his Intention to alleviate some
of the difficulties under which the
homesteaders are struggling today.
An amendment to the Organic Act
such as proposed in the last legisla
ture by Representative Lyman, re
lieving the homesteader from pay
ment of certain taxes until such time
as the land actually belonged to the
Homesteader in fee simple, has been
referred to. It Is apparent, Lyman has
said, that the homesteader needs as
sistance, particularly with reference
to the property tax on land still own
ed by the government.
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Don't Figure Paint Economy as "Cost per
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quickly eaten up.
Cheap paint starts to crack in 12 months.
Good paint remains good for five or more years.
It la really the cheap paint that is expensive.
Don't allow surfaces to rot It costs less tp
There is no real cost in painting with
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building far exceeds the cost ot paint.
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GOOD MEALS IN HONOLULU
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J.F. CHILD, Proprietor.
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