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Tftfl OAttDEN ISLAND, TUESDAY, JULY 11, 1022
The University Extension Letter
ONE YEAR EXTENSION SERVICE
The University of Hawaii about
0110 year iiso undertook a new kind
of service for the territory. There in
prolmhly no public service more lm
portiint than tl.u education ot chil
dren the next generation and for
fourteen years this institution h:is
been doiiiK well its part In Hawaii's
educational system. Hut last year
it was felt that that the University
of Hawaii should increase ite use
fulness by making its ulueational
facilities available to those people
thnmshout the territory wl.o are
ambitious to exte: d their know-
1 ".ip' but are unable to go to college.
!,,: l;i:;(iion the University of
ii. v : . . service was organ-
cu .i . ...ir ago.
Four lines have been followed in
this extension service special ex
tension classes, corrsepoudence In
st met ion, lectures, and public sir
vice. Fight extension courses were
given in Honolulu during the year
past-September 1921 to June 1922
with a total enrollment of ovci
3Tai students who were in the main
mature men anil women. These were
given in th evening or late after
noon or on Saturday so that work
ing people could take advantage of
them. Th'.'se courses were on ap
plied horticulture, poultry culture,
pineapple production, marine zoology,
popular astronomy. Japanese history
and educational problems. A series
of four-lessen talks on dressmaking
were given to 200 women.
Correspondence instruction was
offered in a course of 21 weekly
lessons on elementary principles of
agriculture, reviewed in Extension
Letter No. 9, with about 200 persons
enrolltd. This phase of our exten
sion service will be considerably en
larged. During eight months, October to
May inclusive, 104 educational lec
tureJs and informal talks were giv
en to 10,135 persons in 34 towns
throughout the territory. In addition
several lectures were 'given by men
not on the university factulty, as
a part of our extension service
Miscellaneous public service of a
varied nature was rendered in many
parts of the territory in the form
of expe'rt advice or assistance on
many problejns, sometimes given by
personal visit or by correspondence;
consultation on agricultural mutters;
assistance in marketing difficulties;
answering numerous miscellaneous
questions or referriig these to the
best source of information.
Tho university extension service
is enlarging mid in its growing we
are trying to make it fit existing
needs to the best udvantagei You
can help uh greatly by showing us
what are the important needs.
WHAT IS A GOOD BULL WORTH?
The average small dairyman has
not yet realized the great value of
a purobrecd bull in improving the
product of the future herd. The bull
should always be better than the
average cow, for lie is half the herd
as tar as the future herd Is con
cerned. We am assuming that the
dairyman raises tho best heifer
calves to replace the old cows that
di'"i or ::rr sold off, as that is the
only wry a high producirg herd
can be 1'Mi't up. for the best cows
are not ii uaPy for sale at a price
that the average dairyman can af
ford to pay.
A bull from ancestors that pro
duced, 10,000 pounds of milk annu
ally bred to a cow producing only
4000 pounds, should produce a calf
which at maturity would bo capable
of producing 7000 pounds of milk
annually. This of course is rot ex
act, for many factors besides here
dity rnter Into the producing abili
ties of a cow, but this figure will
serve as an approximation. We can
credit these extra 3000 pounds (or
about 1400 quarts worth at 17c,
$238 annually) entirely to the influ
ence of the bull. If the herd has
ten cows we have tho possibility
of $2380 more income annually.
And yet many people will refuse to
pay $100 for a good prebred bull
calf when they can buy another one
that is also black and white and
looks somewhat the same for $10.
It Is a case of saving $30 now and
losing about $2000 per year two or
three years nonce when the calves
from the scrub bull have matured
and arc producing about the same
or even less than their scrub dams.
There are enough high producing
purebred animals in Hawaii to sup
ply all thf bulls needed, and they
are for sale at reasonable prices. 1.'
you want a bull make your wants
known thru the columns of the in
tension letter. Similarly, if you have
a good bull that you wish to sell
advertise in these same columns.
This service is free. A really good
bull should I'.ot be sold to the slaugh
terhouse just because is five or six
years old or is a little cross or
when you can no longer use him
because of inbreeding. Perhaps some,
other dairyman has an equally good
bull, which he can no longer use
for the same reason. An exchange
of bulls would be mutually helpful.
A bull's real value is known only
when his calves start producing, and
many a good bull has been slaughter
ed beforo his owner realized how
valuable he was. An exchange of
bulls avoids this tremendous loss.
L. A. Henke.
Avocado or alligator pear growing
in Hawaii is hindered by a few in
sect pests, but not as badly as in
Florida, if we may judge from a re
cent bulletin just published by the
V. S. Department of Agriculture
(Farmers' Bulletin 1261, "The Ava
cado, its Insects Enemies and How
to Combat Them"). We have a num
ber of copies of this interesting bul
letin for free distribution. Drop us
a postal card if you want a copy.
While most of the Florida insects
are different from ours, still there
is a good deal of important informa
tion in the bulletin which applies
ORANGE GROWING AS A
The orange and tho genus citrus
in general, is well represented in
Hawaii. Possibly of no. other tree
fruit have so many been imported
into Hawaii as of the orarge, and
practically every variety existant
has been given a more or less ex
tended, though not necessarily
thorough, trial over the territory.
During the past twenty years the
writer has import! d approximately
a thousand trees, several hundred
of which were set out at Kamehame
ha schools in 1903-D. A recent sur
vey showed a Bingle tree of these
original plantings remaining, which
is but typical of many other plant
ings. However, woj know of many
Imported orange trees that are fine
specimens and bear regularly as
choice fruit as we have seen in
Southern California or Florida. Am
ong the varieties wc have In mind
are the Washington and Thompson
navel, Mediterranean Sweet, Valen
cia Late, Mandarin, Tangerine and
Satsumn, all of which hnve been
grown almost to perfection on, Maul
as well as in other favored districts
when well cared for. At the Hawaii
experiment station, situated between
Punshbowl and( Tantulus there has
been established an extensive plant
ing of many varlties of citrus, in
cluding practically all available va
rieties of oranges. Will:s T. Pope,
horticulturist at the station, show
ed us some Golden Buckeye navel
trees that were heavily laden with
well formed, well flavored friuts,
comparing favorably with those we
have seen in Southern California,
although we consider the location
of the station nursery anything but
ideal for citrus culture.
All old residents know of the fire
quality of our native seedling or
anges, among which ninny of those
grown In the Kona district on the
island of. Hawaii are famous. The
fine quality of the fruit from this
district is doubtless largely due to
the ideal soil and climatic condi
tions which prevail there.
Hawaiian seedling oranges are at
a discount in our local markets be
cause they lack in uniformity and
general outward uppearance, and al
so because much of the fruit contains
an excess of seeds. However, the
Hawaiian experiment station has
well under way the propagation of
superior Kona seedling varieties, se
lected for Heedlessness and fine
quality. Furthermore, these uniform
strains are to be set out in quan
tity, in favored sections in regular
orchard plan. It is possible that these
local varieties may in time super
cede the best imported varities and
establish orange growing on a com
mercial basis. We would suggest to
all those interested to get in touch
with our federal experiment station,
J. M. Wpstgate, director. P. 11.
IS ALMOST TO FINALS
The trl-plnntatlon singles are down
to the semi-finals, tho results of the
third round being as follows:
Brenhnm defeated Sinclair, 6-2, 6 2.
Damkroger defaulted to Burns. Nunes
won from Glaisyer, 4 6, 6-3, 6-4. Bald
win won from Eby by default. In the
semi-finals Baldwin won from Nunes
last Sunday. Brenham and Burns will
meet in another match, the winner
meeting Baldwin for the chnmpionship.
PLAYED NEXT SUNDAY,
FINALS FOLLOWING SUNDAY
The all-Kauai doubles semi-finals
will and must be played by rext Sun
day afternoon, and the finals on the
following Sunday, according to an
nouncement by the committee in
charge. Frank Burns of the team of
Burns and Burns leaves for the coast
on the first of August making it ne
cessary that the games be played be
fore his departure.
The results in the doubles tourney
to date is as follows:
Brenlinin and Glaisyer sprung a sur
prise of the year by trimming Horner
ard Baldwin last Sunday by the score
of 7-!, 6-3, 10-8. No report from the
Ballhis and Rice vs. Case and Morgan
match. The winner of this match is
to meet Allen and Knudsen in the
semi-finals next Sunday. The winner
of the Burn and Burns vs. Nunes and
Richter wil meet Brenham and Glais
yer also in the semi-finals.
Wifo Where, might I ask, have
you been till (his hour of the morn
ing? Husband W-why, round at the
c club, of eourac. c c consiredin'
of a strike.
Wife Well, you go back to your
club and consider it a lockout!
Buy a &ywl
and Spend the difference.
Notice to Shippers
Outbound Inter-Island freight
must arrive at Ahukini wharf at
least one hour before steamer sails.
Inter-Island Steam Navigation Co., Ltd!
Ahukini Terminal & Railway Co., Ltd.
-.k...5 I I XTl 1 1 J ft r VL' I n I 1 i iii mi .
t iTiniiar - w & r r .irr
j. - jixa -
. : Hi'
Many Persons Leaving
for a vacation or (Mildness trip follow our advice iiml draft a w ill
This is a very sensilde thin; o .do, and is surprisingly easy. .Insl
ask for one of our "Will Hooklets," and by using it your attorney
will be aide to have your will ready for signail tire within it lew
hours' tot ire.
Mir officers are always pleased and willing to advise and assist
Bishop Trust Company, Ltd.
924' Bethel St. Honolulu Telephone 6177
rirT;f:N YEfARS EXPERIENCE IN SETTLING AND MANAGING ESTATES
YUEN KEE CAFE kapaa, kavai
GENUINE CHOP SUI on Order by Phone
Pies - Cakes & Confectionery - Catering
cCri Our Ice Cream
P. O. BOX 42
the Prest-O-Lite Battery is Superior
1. Plates. ' Plates are the most Important element of a storage
battery. "rrest-O-riates" for Prest-O-Lite batteries are made
from a secret formula developed by years of research ard ex
periment. "Prest-O-Plates" are famous not only for their strength,
rigidity and long life In servl :o, but they are designed to give
the highest average amperage i er square inch of plate surface of
any battery plate made.
Waimea Stables, Ltd.
At Waimea and Nawiliwili
The Most Famous Garages on Kauai.
The place to get transportation to
The Barking Sands, Olokele Canyon,
Waimea Canyon, Kokee Camps,
Kukuiolono Park, Wailua Falls,
Hanalei, Haena Caves
Our automobiles are comfortable, our drivers are re
liable and have been with us for many years, and
know every inch of the country.
We rent Ford Cars Without Drivers.
We do draying and hauling by trucks all over the Island.
We run the stage line between Lihue and Kekaha
three round trips per week
A. GOMEZ, Mgr.
CLEM GOMES, Mgr.
JOT BIG AUTOMOBILES
Yon wlerr your car caivl'iilly for
Quality and J'owi'r. Select your
motor l'ui-1 tin Name way. 1 1 is un
fair to feed a jood car from which
you must exact power and per
formance an inferior yasoline.
'."J. ' l Crf-'Wn" arswerr completely the
i. . om ):. .Ju dcinnnd for a
iioijriii' i tl vt por'ue rapidly and
iiiuu;r:i!y ?.- I'.-.- carburetor and ex
plode cleuii! in tbe cylinders. All the
heat units it cents: ii.s are converted into
power at the drive wheels.
"Red Crown" is uniform in quality
every gallon is the same, wherever and
whenever you buy it.
Fill at the Red Crown sign at Service
Stations, at garages, or other dealers,
STANDARD OIL COMPANY