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THE GARDEN ISLAND, TUESDAY, JULY 18, 1922
The University Extension Letter
Mnile Hut (or conies from New Zealand
and in the short time it has been known in the
Territory it has won for itself an enviable re
putation. Requests now come for MAILE But
ter that formerly specified no special brand.
Its price is decidedly in its favor, and it comes
to your table wrapped in dust proof wrap
per. Ask your grocer for it.
Metropolitan Meat Market
Agents for Territory
The Best Photograph Needs a Suitable
JT is really remarkable how
much better even the best
pictures look in corretl frames.
Let us shots the effetl that an
artistic frame can produce : :
W. J. SENDA STUDIO
Kiimii Yinrx, Kadik Film Finixhitifj
GOOD MEALS IN HONOLULU
Await you at Child's
New, modern, high class restaurant, cen
trally located. Cool and comfortable.
Intelligent, courteous service. European
plan. Operated in connection with the
J.F. C1IILT), Proprietor.
YUEN KEE CAFE kapaa, kauai
GENUINE CHOP SUI on Order by Phone
Pies - Cakes & Confectionery - Catering
'Cry Our Ice Cream
i m- - IIALL & S0N
W: Distributors lij J
mk TERRITORY 0F hawaii ffjjm
vi. st our 'aes Pr'ces Jug- 'J Wjj
READ THE GARDEN ISLAND
fiffnl fTl.' H71BTiHTIPrm
Prof. D. L. Crawford, director of
extension service, is now on Kauai
and will remain there uhtll July 22.
While there he will spent! some time
among the homesteaders In the Ka
paa section and Investigate the possi
bilities of further enlarging the ex
tension activities of the University of
Hawaii. Anyone interested will be able
to meet him at Lihue, during most
of this time. L. A. Ilenke.
For a good many years we have at
tempted to build up in Hawaii a mid
dle class of "small farmers" by offer
ing government lands subdivided into
small blocks of five to fifty acres.
Much of this is very good land, some
planted to cane at the time of sub
division." Although several thousand
small farm sites have thus been
marked off and handed over to as
many persons, not as many have been
developed into farms nor are there as
many of what the American under
stands as "small farmers" as most
of us have desired.
One of the causes of this condition
is the fact that the farm sites were
sold on a lottery basis and sometimes
upon terms more attractive to land
speculators than to genuine farmers.
Many of the people who took up farm
sites on the lottery basis had a serious
purpose of really developing farms,
but unfortunately, many others did
not Intending to sell at a profit as
soon as the land had been proved up,
meaning doing little or nothing as far
mers. Many, moreover, who have genuine-
tried to farm have encountered
great obstacles in the lack of proper
marketing facilities and sometimes In
the expensive transportation. As a re
sult, many have fallen by the wayside.
But there are a good many left who
have succeeded In spite of obstacles,
and these prove to us that it can be
done. Homesteading as a whole has
not been very successful, but it sure
ly can be made to be successful.
Dr. Elwood Mead, expert in land
settlement in many countries, and
during the past month special advis
or to the Hawaiian Homes CommiS'
sion, is pointing the way for Hawaii
to obtain success in this big job be
fore us. Here are the cardinal points
of Dr. Mead's advice:
1. Instead of resorting to lottery, se
lect carefully the occupants of farm
sites, get farmers, not lnnd speculat
2. Provide roads on tho land and
remove enough of the many obstacles
of getting started, so that the farmer
has a chance to succeed.
3. Provide market facilities and
such expert advice as the farmer
needs. Help him to help himself
This is not spoon-feeding.
4. Give the farmer all the land he
can work, but no more. Don't hand!
cap him with a farm that is too large
5. Remove the temptation to specu
late by retaining some "strings" on
the land. Give the farmer full title to
the land, but retain the right to help
select his successor as he waB select
(d for his job.
6. To the former: Make the social
life of a rural community so pleasant
that your women folk and children
will not hanker to go to the city to
Hawaii owes much to D.r. Mead for
his assistance in what is probably our
greatest problem getting men and
their families on the soil. There is
enough intelligence and energy here to
"put this over," and from the pres
ent indications we are on our way.
MACADAMI A NUTS
Of all the nut trees thus far tried
in Hawaii, the Macadamia or Queens
land nut, as it is often called, has
thrived the best. First introduced
into Hawaii by Messrs K. W. and R.
A. Jordan many years ago, we now
find a considerable number of fruit
ing specimens throughout the terri
tory. While of fine rich flavor, resem
bling that of the brazil nut. Its com
mercial value would appear to be at
a disadvantage, owing to its hard
shell and comparatively small kernel.
However, much credit is due the Ha
waii experiment station in sending out
large numbers of seedling plants and
as the fruits of these will probably
show considerable variability, it may
reasonably be hoped that superior
Btralns may eventually bo developed
and established. The tree is worthy of
trial by everyone. They are said to
begin bearing in from four to six
years. It propagates readily from the
seed. By filing thru or carefully break
ing the bard shell, germination is
somewhat hastened. Well developed
seedlings may be obtained from the
Hawaii experiment station by special
request. F. G. Krauss..
"BUSY AS A BEE"
Some very painstaking studies car
ried on for two years in Iowa by Wal
lace Park have brought out some
very interesting Information on how
busy is each individual bee. The av
erage worker bee on a good day mak
es about 14 field trips tor nectar,
I I ly
ii mam iipim tc . rmmrar
each trip averaging something less
than one hour. Upon her return to the
hive each trip the worker passes
quickly to the honeycomb, deposits
her load of nectar, and In about four
minutes is out again in the fields. No
loafing around home for her! On an
average day she gathers about 1-00
of a pound of nectar. This is not much
of a showing for the Individual bee,
but the colony Is so large that a to
tal of five pounds of nectar is com
monly gathered by an average swarm.
Here we have a splendid example of
the advantage of co-operation in in
dustry. PLANTATION DAIRIES
It Is safe to predict that there will
be a large Increase In the number
of dairy animals in Hawaii in the
next ten years and this increase will
be brought about largely by the for
mation of new dairies on the sugar
plantations. Ten years ago there were
very few dairies that were being op
erated by and solely for the employ
ees of the sugar plantations. Now a
number of such dairies are being op
erated by the plantation interests and
some of them in completeness and
quality of equipment, and grade of
cows compare very favorably with
the best dairies in the highly specializ
ed dairy sections of the mainland. A
dairy on a sugar plantation is merely
a part of the general welfare work
that has been so generally Introduc
ed in the past few years. Milk Is uni
formly recognized as an ideal and
complete food, especally for children
and the plantations realize that the
best milk can be produced only by
healthy cows, well cared for under
sanitary conditions. This welfare
motive rather than the hope of any
profit has been the cause of the rapid
increase in plantation dairies, and in
many cases milk is being supplied at
an actual loss.
This dairy expansion on the plan
tations is doing more than supplying
milk. In most cases the plantations
have secured excellent pure bred an
imals and the offspring from these
are bound to find their way thru the
territory, thus increasing not only the
numbers of dairy animals owned by
individuals, but greatly improving the
quality as well L. A. Henke.
WALNUTS IN HAWAII
Ordinarily we think of the walnut
as a California crop or an importa
tion from .the orient and assume that
it is not a crop adapted to Hawaii.
And yet there are enough walnut trees
growing in these Islands to prove that
It is considered a real possibility for
our agriculture. Choice walnuts have
been exhibited at all of our agricul
tural fairs, grown mostly in the upper
mauka lands where the climate is
more suitable. Worth Aiken at Idle
wild on the northern slope of Hale
akala (elevation about 5000 feet) has
some splendid walnut trees and pro
duces very fine flavored nuts. Prof
Krauss advises the trial of successful
Japanese varieties along with the ap
proved California sorts. The best way
to propagate these is by budding or
grafting on California black walnut.-
Teachers desiring to spend the
summer vacation In Honolulu,
by communicating with the
Roselawn, 1366 King St., Hono
lulu, celebrated for its excel
lent cuisine, reservations with
board can be secured, and at
the Beach Annex, 2517 Kala
kaua Ave., Waikiki, at reduc
ed summer rates.
Your-lagging palate can be
startled into taking a double
somersault of pure joy with
the first bite of one pf
They're sure snappy, and they
come in a handy, clean,
good-looking orange package.
Look for the name.
"Goodness Knows They're
Love's Biscuit &
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TI1IK SEHVICE 1H AHSOLUTELY F1JEE.
Benson, Smith & Co., Ltd.
SERVICE EVERY SECOND
Waimea Stables, Ltd.
At Waimea and Nawiliwili
The Most Famous Garages on Kauai.
The place to get transportation to
The Barking Sands, Olokele Canyon,
Waimea Canyon, Kokee Camps,
Kukuiolono Park, Wailua Falls,
Hanalei, Haena Caves
Our automobiles are comfortable, our drivers are re
liable and have been with us for many years, and
know every inch of the country.
We rent Ford Cars Without Drivers.
We run the stage I'ne between Llhue and Kekaha
three round trips per week
We do draying and hauling by trucks all over the Island.
A. GOMEZ, Mgr.
CLEM GOMES, Mgr.
All lubricating oils form carbon when burned in the
combustion chamber. The important thing to deter
mine is the amount and kind of carbon formed by
Some oils form a good deal of carbon, some a small
amount; some produce hard, flinty carbon which will
cause a great dual of trouble ; others produce a soft,
flaky carbon that will do no damage.
The important factors determining the amount and
kind of carbon formed by a lubricating oil are the
crude from which it is made, the process and care of
refining it, its purity and stability.
Advantages of Crude and Vacuum Refining
Great care is exercised in selecting the crudes from
which Zerolene is made, to secure only those which
contain the most desirable lubricating values and at
the same time as little as possible, if any, of the un
desirable hydrocarbons such as wax and asphaltutn.
In selecting crudes for Zerolene, the Standard Oil
Company has the advantage of its own large produc
tion of practically every type of crude oil. For this
reason the company is not compelled to use any par
ticular crude because it happens to be the only one
These selected crudes, carefully refined by our own
patented, high-vacuum process, produce in Zerolene,
oils of the highest lubricating value, which, when
burned in the combustion chamber, develop a very
small amount of carbon of a soft, flaky nature, which
can do no harm and usually blows out entirely with
STAN DARD Oil. COMPANY)
less friction and wear
thru (bmd lubrication
Honolulu, T. It,