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THE QAftDEK ISLAND, TUESDAY, AtjGUST 8, 1922.
A TRIP THROUGH FORMOSA
By WILLIAM WATERHOUSE
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The following letter was received
from William Waterhouae concern
ing his trip to the Island of For
mosa. Mrs. Win. Hydo nice here
with offors it to the readers of the
"While at Taihoku, Formosa, on
my trip with Mr. Taul M. Kanumori
we called on the governor general
of Taiwan (Formosa) to pay our
respects and thank him for the
free passes on the railroad which
he had sent us on our arrival.
Durii'g our conversation with
him the subject of savages or
head hunters was brought up, and 1
expressed a desire to see some oi
them, and he -said that he would
nee lli.it my desires were gratified.
"When we arrived at Taiwan, we
met Uovernor K. Yoshioka of Tai
nan province, an exceedingly pleas
ant gentleman, who has spent sev
eral years in England, and speaks
English well. His fine auto was at
our disposal during our stay at
Tainan. He said that on my return
from the southern part of the is
land he would have Mr. K. Saka
kibara, the provincial government in
terpreter and two officers go with
me to see some of the savages at
On my return from the south
I was met at Tainan by the inter
preter and the two officers, and a
representative from the governor,
and we proceeded to Kagi where we
were to take the train for the moun
tains. This was Tuesday, the 17th
of January. That afternoon we went
to call on Mr. T. Nagayama, who is
at the head of the Arisan Forestry
Bureau, who is an exceedingly plea
sant gentleman, has traveled and
speaks English well.
Mr. Nagayama showed me thru the
bin saw mill, which is such as
you find in British Columbia., and
Oregon, and the huge logs that were
being unloaded from the cars. From
there I was taken to ste the experi
mental station which is being con
ducted on a large scale, and is most
I find that many of the trees that
grow on the islands of Hawaii are
found growing here in Formosa, such
as the papaiu, tamerind, cocoa palm
banana, poinceanna, banyan, hala,
and many other varieties, and the
climate in the southern part is very
much like Hawaii. Sugar cane grows
here and considerable sugar is man
ufactured, but the cane is very small
and not to be compared with that
grown in Hawaii.
Wednesday morning, the 18th, we
were up ealy, and Ktartod for the
Araisan railroad station where wa
met Mr. Nagayama and the reBt of
the party. The train left Kagi at
6:25. We rode in a box car opr:n on
either side so we could have a good
view of the scenery as we ascend
ed on our way to the great Arisan
forest. One of the grandest trips I
have ever taken anywhere, Mr. Na
gayama certainly did all in his pow
er to make me comfortable, and' to
give me a good time. It took us
from 5:24 a. in. to 4 p. in. to make
the first 41 miles. The construction
of this wonderful road cost over
four million yen, or two million
dollars, and many lives. It was
l,e,'iui July, 1!I()C, and was about
finished December, 20, 1J12. Forty
four bridges and 45 tunnels, one
of which is 2,475 feet long. The
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country that has to be traversed In
the construction of the road was
exceedingly rough, steep mountains,
ard deep ravine had to bee limb
ed and crossed.
The surveyors and laborers had
to ascend by means of rope ladders,
climbing rocks, holding on to the
roots of trees or projecting stones,
many of the laborers deserted for
feur of losing their lives. It is a
wonderful piece of engineering. At
Shonoryo it circles a peak, three
times, spiral fashion, and at another
point switchbacks have to be re
sorted to. We passed thru the cam
phor gum forest, Formosa being
noted for its production of camphor
gum. This grows up to the 4.000
foot level; and from this point hem
lock, cedar, taiwania pines, a nd
nearer the top the spruce and fir.
The scenery is just grand moun
tains, valleys, lovely streams. From
the 3000 to 4000 level the wild ba
nana and tree ferns are in abund
ance, the trees in many places hav
ing lovely vines hanging from the
branches, the bamboo which has a
tern-like leaf here in the mountains,
adding much to the beauty of the
scenery. Tlte tree ferns are the fin
est I have seen finer than any I
have seen in Hawaii.
We reached Ximondaira, which is
41 miles from Kagi, at about 4 p.
m. Here stands the wonderful Sa
cred Tree, "Chamaecyparis" species,
diameter 22 feet, height 135 feet,
circumference 64 feet, 2000 years
From this point we had to walk
quite a distance up the mountain
to the lovely Japanese cottage where
we were comfortably entertained by
our friend, Mr. Nagayama. It4s sit
uated on a point where you can
have a wonderful view of all the
surrounding country; a huge tree
stands near the house, on top of
which is built a lookout which is
reached by a ladder fastened to the
trunk of the tree. The weather was
comfortably cool. The house is fit
ted up with all modern conveni
ence, which is quite unusual in Jap
anese houses. Dinner was served
in true American style, Mr. Naga
yama having brought with him many
delicacies, and substantial things to
eat. We enjoyed ourselves to the
limit. Mr. Nagayama entertaiend me
with a full account of the workings
of the lumbering business, and of
his trips to Mt. Morrison, Niitaka,
which is 13,075 feet high. Mt. Fuji
is 12.3G5 feet high.
After a good night's rest wo start
ed UKain on the train for a further
trip of about ten miles to see the
trees being cut, and tho great logs
hauled up from the valleys below,
with cables and donkey engines and
loaded on cars, a very interesting
sight to one who has never seen
such work carried on. The day was
perfect, and it goes without saying
I enjoyed the day immensely. Wher
ever the trees are cut down, the
underbrush ' is cut awify and new
trees are planted. The forest ex
tends over an area of about 27
thousand acres of land, and th,i ma
jority of the trees measure from
3 to C feet in diameter, (lie (Tai-wan-llinoki)
the kashi (Quercus)
are mostly under three feet in dia
meter. Some, however, measure 8
fret and over.
(To be continued)
The Man Who
Although a successful business
man, H. Brunins, of Van de Kamps
Baking company, of t.os Angeles, Is
a dally student of chemistry In the
technical school of the Y. M. C. A.
Six years ago he was a stranger
today his firm is well known In l,os
Angeles. Then ho baked cookies in
a tinr alley bakery and his wife
sold them now he Is vice presi
dent of the company.
"In May, 1916, in a back alley on
Main street near Second, I found a
small Dutch oven and a working
space about 15 by 20 feet and start
ed in to make Holland cookies. I
made good cookies, nothing but good
cookies and my wife Bold them. In
September of that year my associ
ates and I opened our first unit on
Spring street. Within two years we
had 15,000 square feet of space de
voted entirely to our products."
"I om puzzled to know," said the
listener, "why you should want to
study chemistry with the Y. M. C.
A. with such a locord of recent bus
"1 am sorry every day that I did
not begin my studies earlier. I know
the baking business from A to Z
but in all these years I have never
known how to analyze tho Ingredi
ents." "Is that really necessary?"
"It is when there is competition
and the margin of profit is small.
For instance. I can buy 'a carload
of a certain kind of flour for $!;00
less than -a certain other brand. I
know exactly what the chemical
analysis of each flour and Its bak
ing reaction, I know whether or not
the saving can be made without re
ducing the quality of our products."
"I get up every morning at 5:00
o'clock and study until breakfast.
It is a real joy to find the principles
upon which the practice of many
years was based. Last year one of
our bakers took .a Y. M. C. A.
course. His specialty at that time
was frying doughnuts. Today he Is
working for a San Francisco baking
concern at $275 a month. Anyone
should be able to make a success
in this day of opportunity."
A number of Kauai young men
who have their eye on the future
are taking advantage of the spare
time study courses given by the
United Y. M. C. A. correspondence
schools. The list includes such well
known men as Frank Cox, William
Wright, C. J. Brenham, C. W. Scrib
ner, C L. Lane, M. Ogata, N. Mi
yake, II. Y. Kura. These, with oth
ers, are experiencing the real joy
Mr. Bruning found in enlarging their
circle of knowledge and usefulness.
Information regarding any desired
subject will be gladly furnished by
the County Y. M. C. A. office.
BROTHERS AND SISTERS CLUB
TO PRESENT ROARING COMEDY
The Brothers and Sisters Club of
Kapau is to present, "Wanted a
Maid," a four-act comedy of modern
times at the Kapaa theater on Sat
urday evening, August 12.
The play is a continual laugh from
the very start. A dance will follow
the show with music furnished by
Teves jazz band.
Don't f-.iil to see it! Come one,
come all! Tickets on sale at the
Tip Top Cafe. Will also be sold at
the door. Admission will be ?1;
children 25 cents. Adv. '
MRS. ELLEN BICKNELL,
DAUGHTER OF PIONEER
Mr9. Ellen Mariner Bicknell, a
first generation doscendent of pio
neer missionaries to Hawaii, died
at 3 o'clock last Thursday morning
at her home on Punahou street, Ho
nolulu, after an allnoss of a week,
says the Star-Bulletin. She would
have been 81 years old next month.
Mrs. Bicknell was the daughter
of Rev. and Mrs. Elias Bond, who
arrived In Hawaii with the fifth party
of missionaries in May, 1841. Other
members of that party, brought to
Hawaii by the Glouchester, were
Hev. and Mrs. J. P,. Dole, Rev. and
Mrs. J. D. Paris and Mr., and Mrs.
W. H. Rice. Mrs. Bicknell was born
at Kohala, Hawaii, Sept. 29, 1841,
a few months after the arrival of
The coral house in which Bhe was
born is still standing on the old
home site in Kohala and is occu
pied by members of her family. Mrs.
Bicknell was the eldest of nine
children, the surviving brothers and
sisters being William L. Bond, of
Michigan, and Dr. R. D. Bond, Miss
Caroline S. Bond and Miss Julia
Bor.d, all of Kohala.
Mrs. Bicknell was the mother of
nine children, those surviving her
being James Bicknell, city and coun
ty auditor of Honolulu; Mrs. J. F.
O'Brien of Honolulu, William B. Bick
nell of Boston, Dr. Henry Bicknell,
now visiting on the mainland; Joseph
D. Bicknell of Muskegon, Mich., and
Mrs. Annie Storey and Robert D.
Bicknell of Honolulu, the latter in
the city and county auditor's office.
There are also seven grandchildren.
Mrs. Bicknell had made her home
in Honolulu for about 35 years.
LATEST PINE FIGURES
The Association of Hawaiian Pine
apple canners predict ja , de
crease of approximately 210,000
cases under last year, according to
the Valley Island Chronicle. The es
timate for the current pack is 5,
262,000 cases, against an actual pack
in 1921 of 5,242.000 cases. The in
dustry's biggest year was 1920 when
6,986,982 cases were turned out.
Tho prices this year are more at
tractive than before, and almost the
entire 1922 crop is already sold.
Holdover stocks of jobbers are mov
ing well and the unusual demand
for the product is no doubt a direct
result of the national advertising
campaign recently conducted.
THE PROBLEM OF THE LONG
AND SHORT SKIRT SOLVED
Be it true that Paris is wearing
the long skirt, but that is only a
matter of taste of the designer in
carrying out Dame Fashion.
Remember that long, skirts are
not becoming to all women. There
is a certain length that is particu
larly adaptable to each individual,
and it's this length we are always
A few words about the skirt: If
women realized just what an ex
tremely short skirt does to the fig
ure surely fewer women would have
adopted this stylo for which we
have been so severely criticized.
Now girls, do watch for becoming
ness. When you approach your dress
maker, consult her and ask her and
ask yourseU: "Is this length be
coming to me."
Your Widow's Best Friend
In planning llii' final disposition of your estate do not overlook tin po
sition in which your widow will he placed. Lacking your experience, it
would lie an injustice to expect her to shoulder the hurdens of executor and
trusteeship in the hour of her liereavenient.
(iive her the guidance and assistance of an experienced Trust Company
such iis this. As your ICxecutor and Trustee we will manage your estate
efficiently and economically and relieve your widow of the intricate detail
of trust accounting.
Bishop Trust Company, Ltd.
924 Bethel St. Honolulu Telephone 6177
FIFTEEN YEARS EXPERIENCE IN SETTLING AND MANAGING ESTATES
jQnger Etigi'ne. life
Dcakn who dnplay the
M Calol PfcWHcjr OU tot naSa,
thorough Asmmg moS Zen
hm, far correct r6Uig.
STANOARD OIL COMPANY
Send for Catalogue
Special Attention to Mall Orders
Honolulu Photo Supply Co.
1059 Fort Street, Honolulu
P. O. Box 2999
I desire to give notice that Mr. Neil
Lydick is no longer associated with ine in the
production of business for the .Mutual Life In
surance Co.. of New York, or in any other
U. V.. OKAIIAM.
The Best Photograph Needs a Suitable
JT is really remarkable how
much better even the best
pictures oo in corretl frames.
Let us shon the effetl that an
artistic frame can produce : :
W. J. SENDA STUDIO
Kauai Views, Kodak Film rinishiiii
f M -? - -- -4- -.
You'll Want More
Maile Butter Because
Maile butter conies from the heart of
New Zealand's famous dairy country and
its rich color, pleasing taste and moderate
price are points you don't want to overlook.
(Jive plenty of butler to the children. It
helps them grow and keeps them healthy.
Kilt plenty of it yourself for it contains ;i
great deal of food value. Order Maile. butter
from your grocer.
Metropolitan Meat Market
Agents for Territory
till ,. AJt
" - 4v
TflST flCCUKRTl INTET3LBNI SERVICE.
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Coublc ium .30
cove " .is
NlfcMT t-ITTtH ( TiIlT It- wows) .00
HT CM BTTUtqTIOM
ttUTURL TELETHON C CO.,
WfREUSS D E "PT ,
TIM! SlbNNlS UtIKil DRILY
t.30Tn to 5 30TV
READ THE GARDEN ISLAND