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THE QARftEN ISIANb. TUESDAY, AUGUST 20. 1922
PINEAPPLE INDUSTRY ON KAUAI
SHOWS EXCEPTIONAL GROWTH
One Thousand Per Cent Increase Is Made by
the Industry in Sixteen Years
The pineapple industry on Kauai
dates back to the year 1906 when
the Kauai Fruit & Land company
first started operations. A small
cannery was built that year and
about fifty acres of the company's
land was put under cultivation. No
pines were packed until the following
year when about 2500 cases were
pat up. The high water mark was
readied in 1920 when 165.000 cases
woi e packed.
This with the pack of the Hawaii
an Canneries of Kapaa brought the
pack for the island up to 225.000
cases, a growth of almost 1000 per
cent in fourteen years.
The acreage of the company un
dor cultivation at present totals
about 1200 acres. This does not in
clude any homestead land in the
Kalaheo district which is one of
the main sources of the company's
supply of fruit.
Due to the inability to get labor
during the high bonus season of
1920 the Kauai Fruit & Land com
.pany's crop has decerased during
the past two years for the reason
that they are unable to keep their
fields in condition. This year's pack
amounts to about 75,000 cases.
Considerable new acreage has been
planted near Koloa by the company
and the yields from this land will
no doubt be unusual as it is virgin
soil and almost ideal for the grow
ing of pines.
With the continued growth of the
two canneries the day when the to
tal Kauai pack will reach some four
thousand cases does not seem so
The officers of the Kauai Fruit &
Land Company are John Waterhouse,
president; Walter Mcliryde, manager
and E. J. Mookler, field superintend
ent. Located in Kapaa, a town that has
showed the largest increase in pop
ulation since the end of the world
war, is the Garden Island's second
and newest cannery, the Hawaiian
Canneries company, Ltd.
Two years prior to the outbreak
of the war, Albert Horner, present
territorial sugar expert, who had
just sold out his sugar plantation
interests in the Island of Hawaii,
saw the possibilities of pineapple
cultivation on this section of the is
land. The first series of homesteads
had just been opened with lands
formerly leased to the Makeo Sugar
company, and with the prospect of
having pineapples grown by outsid
ers as well as by the corporation
to be formed.; the venture was
deemed worthy of a thorough trial.
With Chas. A. Rice, W. H. Rice
Sr., C. W. Spitz and Arthur Rice as
t.is associates, Mr. Horner formed
the corporation known as the Hawaii
an Canneries Co., Ltd.
Work of clearing the old ' Kapnhi
cane lands and preparing for the
cultivation of pineapples was starte
in 1913. Labor was scarce and as is
usual with new enterprises, many
obstacles were encountered. An S
acre lot on the Lihue side of Ka
paa town was also leased from the
government for a factory site, and
the erection of the cannery was
completed in 1915. The initial pick
of this concern, totaling 20 000 cas
es, was packed during the summer
of 1915 and marketed without diffi
culty. In 1916, the pack was increas
ed to 2S.000 cases and . 45,000 cases
were put up in 1917.
In the following year with all the
Kapahi fields bearing fruit, the pack
was 72,000 cases. Then followed two
lean years due to the appearance of
the dreaded wilt. The crop of 19J9
yielded only 46,000 cases, and in 1920
with pineapples selling for the high
est price since the industry was
started in Hawaii, the company
packed 60,000 cases. Last year's
pack totaled 75,000 cases, and 1922
will set a new record, this year's
P4ck being estimated at 120,000
The Kapahi lands having been
fully developed, the company turned
its eyes toward Moloaa and secured
a number of leases aggregating sev
eral hundred acres, in the land
known as the Moloaa Hui lands.
Clearing ' operations began at Mo
loaa In 1918 and the first crop from
theso new lands was harvested in
1920. Last year, harvesting from
these new lands only, the company
broke its previous high record of
1918. On the niakai side of the gov
ernment road opposite the cane
fields, 130 acres were planted last
year for the 1923 crop. This field is
showing up splendid and promises
to eclipse all previous high records
in yield. For the 1924 crop, another
new field of 85 acres adjolnlnir the
new field for the 1923 crop, is being
prepared and will be planted this
fall. With the new fields all bear
ing, the company expects to pack
a mii lmum of 150,000 cases a year
!ue to its location, the company
could not make direct shipments of
its product to the mainland, hence
the transportation problem was its
greatest handicap. In direct compe
tition with every cannery in the
Hawaiian islands, selling in the same
markets and purchasing its supplies
from the same sources, it still had
to pay the additional cost of Inter
Island freight to and from Honolulu
Some idea of the magnitude of this
handicap may be gained when it is
known that in 1920 and 1921, it cost
$5.60 a ton to ship the company's
finished product to Honolulu. The
prevailing rate to San Francisco
from Honolulu was then in the
neighborhood of $6.00 per ton. Ev
en the high cost of transportation
however, would not have been insur
mountable, but the worst phase of
the situation was in the lack of
sufficient steamers to market the
canned pines within a reasonable
The completion of the Ahukini
Terminal & Railway company's line
to Kapaa this year, giving rail
transportation to the company for
the first time to Ahukini, will no
doubt solve some of the company's
problems, but those most Interested
In Its success are still hoping for
the day when direct shipment to
the mainland from either Ahukini
or Nawillwill will become a reality.
Not until then will the company be
relieved of its greatest handicap,
enabling it to compete on even
terms with other canneries.
The company has two camps, one
at Kapahi and the other at Moloaa.
Its working force consists of about
150 skilled and unskilled workers
in the off season and from 200 to
500 during the shipping and can
The present officers are Albert
Horner, president; Chas. A. Rice, vice
president; W. M. Searby,
; S. M. Lowrey, treasurer; A.
Horner, Jr., general superintendent.
Its agent is the American Factors,
Ltd. The Haserot Co., of Cleveland,
are its selling factors.
The Best Policy
Lawyer Now be perfectly frank
with me. Are you innocent or guilty.
Client I am guilty.
Lawyer Ah, nn honest man I
shall bo able to acquit you. Ameri
can Legion Weekly.
What happens when nn irrcstible
woman meets nn immovable man?
She never does. Life.
The Best Photograph Needs a Suitable
TT is really remarkable how
much hciler even the best
pictures look in corretl frames.
Let us show the effetl that an
artistic frame can produce : :
W. J. SENDA STUDIO
Kami) Yirirx, Kmhik I'ihu Fiiiini'ihnj
THE WAY TO GET
BACK TO NORMALCY
I IS TO GET BACK NOW
Theo. H. Davies & Co., Ltd.
HONOLULU AND HILO
Sugar Factors and Commission Merchants
IMPORTERS OF GENERAL MERCHANDISE
Builders' Hardware, crockery, Glassware, Silverware, Sporting Goods,
Fishing Tackle, Firearms, Ammunition, Safes, Refrigerators,
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Canadian-Australian Royal Mail Steamship Line
Upon application information will be cheerfully furnished in regard
to any other lines in which you may interested.
READ THE GARDEN ISLAND
TIP TOP THEATRE
Saturday, Sept. 2, 8 P. M.
Place Changed from Parish House to Tip Top Theatre
Makaweli Community House
Monday, Sept. 4, 8 P. M.
-Pszimv 'I ! 1
RESERVED SEATS $3.00
GENERAL ADM. $2.00
Tickets on Sale at: Lihue Store, Hanamaulu Store, Kekaha Store
C. B. Hofgaard Store, Makaweli Plantation Store, McBryde Store