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"I'KO IIOXO PUIIMCO.'
SATURDAY, JULY 4, 1810 ,
Since the arrival of the king and his suite
nt this place, we have hern gratified to learn
that his Majesty and most of the chiefs of
the islands have spent considerable time in
consultation for the purpose of farming new
laws. .'Those enacted about a year ago,
where they have been carried into execu
tion, we believe have generally been found
to operate well. Some of these, however,
have a wrong bearing, and others are liable
cal Association at Frankfort,' upon the
Maine, Js.e. &.C.
Potsdam, published nt the Office of the
Engraver's School for Geography, Way
to misinterpretation. Most of the laws which
were enacted several years ago, ns the pub
lic arc well aware, need a thorough revision.
They are not only unjust in some particu
lars, but are very defective even on those
points of which they treat.
If we arc correctly informed, the govern
ment is about to adopt some rules in the
form of a Constitution which will in some
degree limit the power, and define the duties
of the king, governors and other chiefs.
The form of trial by jury which heretofore
has been adopted in capital offences, we un
derstand is to be extended to all high crimes
and to some civil actions. There are to be
di.Torent elates of courts, but the line of de-
- ' . . . i
Royal Institution of the Netherlands for Sci- will flatter their vanity, corrupt their mor
ence, Literature and the Arts, Amsterdam; las nm tj,us blight the hope of their fit
Member of the Royal Geographical and t ' ,f'i,loca
Asiatic Societies, Paris, of the Gcographi- j turo usciulncss. w . , .
I'nnces must tc laugm, x iuu uiunui
so long as he is a child, difi'ereth nothing
from a servant, though he is lonl of all."
Rut this they will not lc taught to good
purpose, while they arc allowed, accord
ing to the custom of this country, to cx-
To many the existence of the young chiefs crcisc power almost absolute, even from
school at this place, may be new. Should bifancy. ' Hence the necessity of the fam
the following account induce any to visit it,!;, whcr(J rcstra'mt, mild and rea-
they will find an interesting group of chil- ,, .,, . i n,i w.
. J . ,eto . Jsonablc, will be exercised. Other rca-
urcn, whoso progress in their studies, and; . , , , A . tV
, 1 , . , , 'sous might he given, but these are sulh-
plcasing manners would do credit to a board- " e '
ing school of the first class in -the United ! cnt to show. that- no mistake was com
mitted in the establishment of the school,
but that the necessity was deep and urgent.
Object. This is to train the young
chiefs, both male and female, so as to
qualify them for their future stations and
duties in life.
It is the object of the school to disci
pline the minds of the future rulers of the
nation to teach them to investigate
to furnish their minds with knowledge so
States. Among them are Liholiho, the heir
apparent, and the presumptive governors of
the several islands. They all appear attach
ed to their school and teachers. Ed.
FAMILY SCHOOL FOR THE CHIL
DREN OF THE CHIEFS.
This infant seminary had its origin in
the desire of the chiefs for systematic in
struction. At the annual meeting of the
American mission, June, 18-39, they re
quested that a teacher might be devoted t,mt ,I,ev nmv depend, under God, on
to their children. In compliance with : t,l0,r own resources, and conduct the nf
this request. Mr. and Mrs. Cooke, who j Mrs of government in an intelligent man-
Cooke and family are comfortably and
pleasantly accommodated. The building
is of adobies built in an economical
style, with a thatched roof, and was erect-
ed at an expense not much exceeding
2,000 dollars. The court is entered from
the street on the west by ample doors,
before which within the court, a lamp is
kept burning during the night. From the
school room another door opens into a
large plat, which when leveled and filled
with verdure and shade, will afford a spa
cious and pleasant play ground for the pu
pils. They arc also allowed to walk and
ride daily, if convenient, with their tend
ers, and w ill in due time take longcxcur
mareation between thr.v.i wo have not learn- 'uid spent two years teaching and s ipor
edr though it is said the highest qourt is! intending the station schools of this vil-
ordinarily to hive no jurisdiction except in
cases of appeal.
No person is to be condemned or punish
ed fr any offence, without a formal trial in
presence of the accusor, and interested per
sons are not to act as judges, or sit on a
Theft, we hear, is to ho punished more
severely than by the laws now in existence.
Several crimes, not specifically defined in
the present laws, arc to be made prominent
in tho new, for instance, Forgery, Perjury,
Burglary, Slander, Trespass, etc.
Instead of the present unjust form of col
lecting debts, we understand they will adopt
the customary mode of civilized nations, at
least so far as to make the debtor liable for
tho cost of collection. Thus says our in
formant. The importance of changing its policy in
regard to taxation, must have occurred to
every friend of the government. A tax for
labor is very undesirable; the labor being
compulsatory, must of course, bo very un
productive. . This fact, we are glad to learn,
tho chiefs are well convinced of, but they
have been as yet, unable to devise any plans
by. which tho people can pay a valuable tax
in any other way so easily as by labor.
Copies of a Chart, bearing the following
- , inscription, have just been received by the
' -. d 1. T..I I t.-..?i . T r rv it i
wunuiiiv.il i.-iiuuu iM.uiiiu;, ivuv. .i. unii, mm
others, from Mr. Deppe, the Naturalist who
recently visited these islands.
Chart of the II awaii Archipelago, com-
monly called tho Sandwich Islands, con
structed from the materials supplied by
Cook, Vancouver, Beeehy, Douglas, Ellis,
the American Missionaries, &c., and par
ticularly from the observations and surveys,
inado by Captains Ilarmssen, Wendt, ami
Itodbertus, in the ships Mentor and Princess
Louisa, of the Iloyal Prussian Marine, dur
ing her fivo circumnavigations in the vears
1823, 1821, 132.3, 1023, 1830, 1832, 1333,
'1834, 1835, 1838, undertaken by the com
mand of His Majesty , u . 1 performed accord
ing to the d:-or-tio : j of His Excellency Mr.
, Jlother, it. ii. - . fee. kc., S2cretary of
-Stute to II. NI.f President of tho Iloyal
Hoard for tho Maritime Trade, &c. &c. &.c.
To whom this chart is respectfully inscribed
by his most obedient humble servant, Henry
, Berghaus, P. I)., Professor at tho Iloyal
Academy of Architecture, Berlin, and &u
perintendant of the Engraver's School for
'Geography, Pottsdam; Foreign Honorary
Member of the Iloynl Geographical Society,
London; Corresponding Member of-tho
lage, and who were selected by the chiefs,
were appointed by the mission to this
work,. and without delay entered upon it.
Mr. Cooke has made his first annual re
port ; a document which we propose brief
ly to examine. With our eye upon it we
shall speak of the necessity and object of
the school, and of its history during the
Necessity. "There is no royal road
to geometry.'' Children, even of the
highest potentate, must be taught the ru
diments of knowledge, must be led along
the same path in which tho peasant boy
climbs the hill of science, though they
may ascend higher than he can find abili
ty to do. Just as tho forest oak which
towers majestically above his fellow, owes
his elevation to the winds which fan, and
the rains which water the stinted growth
beneath his shadow. , The necessity of
the children of the chiefs being thoroughly
educated is apparent from the fact that
they will be called, before long, to stand
at the helm of government. And this is
becoming an exceedingly difficult post.
Once Kamchameha I., unlettered, could
govern Hawaii with honor to himself, and
benefit to his kingdom. In 1850, no un
taught chieftain will be able to save the
ship of state. .The amount of light which
is now diffused, in some measure through
out the entire group, and is daily increas
ing the spirit of inquiry which is abroad
the increase of foreign residents and
visitors, and the spirit of enterprise which
is waking up, all show the absolute ne
cessity of imparting sound and thorough
instruction to those who arc to be the
future rulers of these islands.
The necessity of a family school for
these children is apparent from the ex
treme improbability of their being taught
to any good purpose unless they are in a
measure isolated cut oft from a free in
tercourse with their former associates.
A moment's reflection will show tho im
portance of snving them, if possible, not
only from the contagious example of chil
dren of their own age, but of older though
ignorant and superstitious persons, who
It is an object to break up the indolent
habits of the children to accustom them
to habits of industr? to teach ilwin iiie
exceedingly great value of time and h"W
they may turn it to the highest account,
become punctual, business-like jnen and
Another object is to teach civilization,
to. relax no means of cultivation till they
shall be rc.illy gentlemen' and ladies, un
affectedly dignified and affable in their
manners ; courtqous and gentle" in their
intercourse with all, without cringing to
any. In short to teach them every thing
that is lovely and of good report.
Finally, it is the great object to train
the hearts of these children ; to teach cor
rect morals, and the rciigion of Ih'j Bible,
without any regard to sectarian peculiari
ties. It is the earnest desire of the teach
ers that the children of the chiefs com
mitted to their care should "seek first tho
kingdom of God and his righteousness,"
imbibe the spirit of the gospel and avoid
sin in all its forms, that they may eventu
ally be qualified to take the lead of a civ
ilized and christian nation.
Such are, in short, the principle objects
of the institution such the points to be
aimed at, but time alone can show with
ow much success.
The children, of whom there arc now
eleven, on becoming accustomed to their
new mode of living, seem contented and
happy. They are more easily managed,
than, considering their want of training
heretofore, could have been expected.
They have made commendable progress
in their studies, both English and native,
and will doubtless progress more rapidly!) ru'
with their present facilities. At mornini'"'0
nravers. thev read a norlion of sr.rinti'-. li blot
i , ' ' . 1 1 , J
jand sing a hymn in their own langiwt- A t!,(i
History of the school during the past year.
June 12, 1839. the school was opened
with six pupils, four boys and two girls.
This was the average number till April,
1810. There being no suitable buihlin
for the accommodation of the pupils,
Mr. Cooke opened his own house, and
instructed them daily at stated hours,
though they lodged and boarded with
their parents and friends.
A considerable portion of the year was
occupied by Mr. Cooke in overseeing the
building for the school house, which was
erected at the expense of government.
The house on the outside is 16 feet square,
at evening prayers, they read the same
portion and sing in English. Their tea h-
era converse with them chiefly in English,
with the design of familiarizing them with
the enunciation -of difficult sounds while
their organs are flexible. From the ex
treme case with which Hawaiian words
are uttered, and the simple idiom of the
language, it admits of a question whether
the pupils can be made. familiar with the
English without a more careful seclusion
from all use of the Hawaiian than would
otherwise be desirable.
April 15, 1810, the school house was
dedicated to the object for which it was
erected. After an excellent dinner, (pro
vided by the Governor,) the company,
consisting of the King, Kekauluohi and
other principle chiefs, together with pa
rents, guardians, children and teachers,
also several individuals of the American
mission, assembled in the school room
where the objects of the institution were
explained in several addresses.
The following are some of the points
illustrated. Importance of good princi
ples to the character of rulers. Religion
the only basis of good . principles. The
fundamental principles of the christian
religion the only infallible directory in
the formation of laws and administration
The happy adaptation of the well di
rected family, and the family school to
qualify children to act the part of rulers.
The law of love and kindness to govern in
stead of that f physical force. Value
of an English education to enlarge and
discipline the mind, and open wide and
extensive fields of knowledge' on all sub
jects, especially the laws and customs of
Importance of physical education to the
character of rulers. Energy of body as
well as of mind essential to rulers. Ne
cessity of regularity in taking active ex
ercise ; in the quantity and quality of food,
. . . - . .
enclosing a court of M feet square. The in tho hours for retiring and risin
building contains 17 rooms, of various
dimensions, including a kitchen, din
ing room and parlor, lodging room for
the pupils and servants, and a spacious
school room. In this buildin
ing, study, amusements, &c. Connexion of
physical training with health and cheer
fulness of temper : happiness and useful
ness most intimate.
Importance of the institution in 'apolit-