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J,..' -'-"-in-T-n-r- r- ,,,,.77
J l' IT.
r , - ; ... - - ' " M 1-
THE POLYNESIAN. IK"'1 7 "1 dc,T'"
- - . . . A Kamchameha s house
'Vita pino viitutd atqnr orti'liliono ntilliu prrtii est.'
SATURDAY, JULY'&j, 18-10.
in mechanical skill.
isc of gods," a small
Trass building, is still Standing, built upon a
mole jutting into the sea. Near it, remains
one of the many wooden gods, with its hide
ous grin and sphynx like head, which former
ly graced its exterior. Near by is the an
cient house of audience, where Kamehamcha
,i:....w llij t.,...:..i ..i. i;i.n t...
following sketches aro dashed eiff; the inter-; r . , . ....
. I of IMoses, n known to none. Some thirty or
est manifested by his friends to become itn-i.. . ., . . . , .. A
,. : i i , i ,. . . I forty ilHUiantl'edtiiirtytwo pounders bestrewn
tnoilinf rli .neniiM mteil Willi the Ir.'idmfT hum-I . . . .....
GLr.AMNC. HtnM TIM', r.DlTOR'5 NOTE
KOiM.-irAll'Jll. No. 1. '
In justice to himself the editor apologises
for the haste and roughness -with which the
vanced inland became
dant, with a ridge of wooded mountains on
Half wav. fhe temperature changed sud
denly, accompanied with a strong breeze audi
it I 1 if . 1
a colet, 'driving rain, tailing uirecii)
facets. Night soon shut in,
mediately acquainted with the leading inci
dents of his tour, precludes all possibility of
that attention to correctness of diction which
otherwise he would gladly aspire to. A fi
delity of detail and description will be all the
merit that he can claim.
On the afternoon of June Ufi, the Clemen
tine in which, Mr. C. of the United States
Exploring Expedition, another friend, and;
the Editor, had taken passage for the pur
pose of visiting the scene of the late erup
tion, came to anchor in the open road
stead of Kailua, a quarter of a mile from
shore. The town wore an interesting ap
pearance, and at a distance looked much
like a flourishing fishing village at home.
The land rose with a gentle swell to the
height of five thousand feet; well wooded
and green almost to the water's edge
where were fine groves of cocoa nut trees.
upon the beaeh. In strolling along, we could
not but notice the prince like care with which
CJov. A. had provided for himself, lie has
two excellent dwelling houses, good'tanoe
houses, in short, every thing for himself is
on a very comfort able scale, while no im
provement is manifest in the miserable dwel
lings of his retainers. His spirit of enter
prise is particularly awakened when it prom
ises to be a pecuniary benefit. In no other
place have I observed so painfully the dis
tinction between chief and .people. Good
roads are made, and great works undeitaken.
All this gives A., at first glance, the charac
ter of a public spirited governor, but when
we look further and see that these worlisare
; costing the life blood of the nation, that the
j people are overtaxed, overworked, and made
like the enslaved Israelites, to make their
I 1 1 . i . i . ...
Landed at sunset, and was met on the beaeh . , K u notit straw, to support a system
o rm.iiiy carry out , would require
by a crowd of natives, rolitnUering their ser
vices to transport our baggage, and whose
demands afterwards would not have discred
ited the uodeslij of a New York hackmnti.
On our left were numerous whitewashed
totalis, pleasantly contrasting with the rocks
about tl lcm. In the evening we called upon
Kuakini, (iov. John Adams as he is more
commonly called. Ho is not only the biro-
est but the wealthiest of the chiefs,. and i
nOW laniC. Sllfielill'r innrli firm, .ii. nttnr.. ,.Ci
palsy in his legshut h,ls not (),t Jmirh uAiUl ehieken sold, ir a pot'atoe dug,
inshuik. He is now about fifty, and has ' s" ,ll'ilC( " tUosc- who hold the
. . ' ' Ml IT. l
the efforts of a free and civilied people, (he
conclusion force it-elf upon our minds that
there cither must bo a lamentable? want of
judgment in the rulers, or a concerted policy
of tyranny. The. new laws passed by the
chiefs arc forcing their way into this island,
notwithstanding the opposition they meet
with, and with them better days will dawn
upon the natives, and this petty system of
extortion, which descends even to demandiu '
the reputation of being a shrewd, intelligent
man. lie certainly is "cute" at a bai
judging by some practical lessons we re ceiv
ed, lie converses fluently in English, with
much naivete. His house, which he shmed
us, with not a little apparent self-satisfaction,
is a fine two-story building, with a neat por
tico in front. The interior is beautifully
pannellod with koa, and also handsomely
furnished;' a centre table made from the ko
sway, will be destroy eel.
Towards the. mountains there are many
raves, some of which exte nd for mile s inland.
They were forihcd'eluring eruptions of lava,
by its suddenly cooling on the surface, and
running underneath until the stream dis
charged itself at some outlet. The course
of tin; one we explored was towards thevscn ;
narrow at its mouth, obliging us to creep,
and expanding suddenly ., j,;,js twvlt'
r.. c ....". . .
. . .v. iii.iii uiv nu r-. . ...... it. tin'
tree is particularly if.n,,f ;r,,i t ..i,.,j...i.. . five fe et er more in heerhf
i. it "liwivll, i-i -l y "j" in mi-
anglicised "e shooting nlm;" or Hilly Pitt, ! nt,?,.v The floor was -trewii with huge
, as he is familiarly called, the vernier (i.tv .',r
Hawaii, is a line looking young man, but
with a rakish eye, which gave sure evidence
of all it promises.
Jane '21. This day was spent in lionizing
of which for a small tow n like this we found j
sufficient work for our short stay. The'
stone church is a capacious edifice accom
modating 'JO00 people, with externally a far-
tory-like look. The interior is "ood with
fragments of lava in great confusion, while
the roof was" covered with it like; icicle s
Wo followed it about lifieen huuehcel feet
and were stopped by a pool of water, which
had a sulphurous taste and odor. After
bathing in it, which produced a prickly sen
sation on the skin, wc hastened back to
It would bo unpardonable to take leave
of Jvailua without noticing the delicious mul
more redling, and ver-j mel scratching for somo minutes, we can
tei tnc unanimous decision, that tins Wlw
species of martyrdom altogether inconsistent
with the objects of our journey, anej we kit.
ed. An hours search by twilight freed us of
the most implacable of our enemies, and tllrn
we sought a new resting place, with the co..
prospect of sleeping blanketless and siipprr.
h'ss, as our men hael not arrived. Ilarin-r
prepared abed of dried ferns, wc turned in
brimful of wrath at our lazy kanakas. lj,m.
ever before nine o'clock they came strnggliti
along, made us a fire, and wc passed a c.,m.
fortable night. Thermometer 4G at sunrise
Jul; 1. Started early, our course brin
eiircciiy lor the summit, the sltoitest but steep
est way. Aflcr n few hours slow prerrrcM
we passed the line of vegetation, excepting
sjiecies of fern, and a few stunted grasso
and came upon a bed of scoria, and rough
lava. I his led to a large crater, apparently
the great terminal one of Milium Ken. Tli
ci.l.. .) , ll,,i ... 4l. 1. 1
.-mi. 1'nniiin iiitv llllOUgll WHICH VP
entere d was torn away, and here" the lata
appare ntly had discharged itself. Including
the numerous sand and scoria eemical shaped
ehimnie's, -vvJiich have an elevation of from
live htuidive! to one thousand feet, ami appear
to hare be en as it we re blown up, by the ex
pansive force beneath, its circumference va
I a I fit. . .
ii 'i less man siy no es. m i.nwi.i n
Night seioii shut in, and alier an
hour's more tediems walking we' lost emr way,
and wandered at random until we rcacheel
some native hocuses. From them, a guide
was obtained, who soon brought us to a pleas
ant roof, but thoroughly dteiieheel and slid
with cold. Here, for the first time at the
Sandwich Islands, I enjoyed the comfort ef a
goeiel fire.. Indeed, much of the time Wai
niea'is scarce endurable without, the average
of the thermometer one season, as Mr. I j. in
formed me bging ( 1. Ice forms here during
v inter. The native inhabitants are fi'w ami
scattering, but it is the resort of about sixty,
foreigners, principally bullock: catchers ami
mechanics. Mr. French has a store here,
and an extensive establishment for curing
beef and pork. This year he puts uptwe) hun
elred barrels of pork-and lard. A sugar mill
has bee n erected in the vicinity, but the? su
gar is poor. It would be difficult to ceine-cive-
a more dreary place than Wahnoa. It is em
a great plain, composed of graved, and but
scantily clothed with verdure. The wind
f blows furiously, driving the sands in elense
' - ii'm iiifiii mx nines i no iinwin
clouds before it, cutting the face and hands, i .. i . . , ,
... . ' n . .' bioken up info lakes, crested waves, cone
-aiv ! "ioini.7 v wiui ll Mill iih, iiPMiiiiiiiii ,,! 1 i t l 1 f
, i .i ' , , , '"iKl all the; elilorled shapes ef an active na
I 1 l'f ' I W I l 1 I) r Hw f riei ,,v it-if It unii'i.olr i imiii. 1
i v i nun iv i j u mi Pbun v i ) u u (ii ir
Food for the natives is difficult to be
, .. . . r r viivi.iii.niim.
lofty galleries, and a beautiful pulpit made let m hie h are reared there by fioy. A. They
C rrii 1 1. r A . .1- 1. 1 II. .1 . . . ' 1 1 . .... . . . .
from the dark striped koa. than which w.,,,,1
there is none finer for cabinet work. A
short distance to the right, is the cotton fac
tory which has attracted so much curiosity
I. ' 1 1. . 1 1. .... j '
11 is a inaicneu tnuMmg, containing two on.
. - C5 '
tivc made looms, and some dozen spinniii"
certainly do infinite credit to their " brourht-
en up," and wc as certainly diel cepial credit
to them. Let no stranrrer leave Kailnn u iili.
obtained, and is brought from a distance e!
twe lve miles. (ood saddlery is made here,
and as an anomaly in the culinary art, tedora
hie breael from poi and nrroirroot. A lew
miles elishmt ae flu sepulchral caves, which
have been so frequently elisturbed by the;
craniological propensities of travehns that
the natives have taken away the remains of
their ehie'fs and relatives, and hid them in
some more secure place.
It was with gre at difficulty that men could
be procured for our route, which was to as
cend Manna Koa, Manna Loa, thence to
the volcano, new streams of lava and Ililo.
Too trip to occupy fourteen days. After
considerable negotiatie-n, twelve were pro
cured from the headman, and a guide, named
lleuioa, who profossed to know every path
ami remte upon the island. When they were
mustere d a more cut throat looking se t never
made the- ir appearance in New (Jate or Hride;
wellv One; of them would have set to ael
vantage for the original of Micluel Angelo's
Satan. A more demeuiiaeal head was never
placed upon shemlde rs; the whole expression
and contour, joined with the rigidness and
profusenessof his hair rendered him horrible.
So strong was the impression that with us he
always was known by the cognomen of Sa
.tan. Aneithor Mas the very image of David's
Cain. Ilowcve'r, as looks eiften belie men,
we heeded them not, .but divided eur loads
which consisted of a calabash eif foe.d for our
selves, a change of clothe, several blankets
apiece, se ven hundred pounds of poi one
hundred of fish and dried beef, and our -water
among them, ami despatched them ahead.
I5y twelve o clock the .thirtieth of June, we
out paying his respects to their fishships, if
he would not be esteemed a more than (Joth.
At midni'dit. havinc reioineil tlu 1 t-i r ' It lil'n .tfrt.l I
ri.i e , - - . -j ...... ... , en,; . t v. t.KMiiiii ,4 mm on. our way, lor WC Imil
jennies. I no cotton grows luxuriantly in ! crot underwefoh. and tnlvlurr 1
4k . . ., , .. v - , " n--i r. wniAH.iuttoi ""i s n iisceuo me mountain n f ir
: -""vh. iiiscaru- Num. mr jvawa.nae nay, wncro we arrived as it was practicable to go with (hem The
eel by hand I he factory has been in opera- late the following morning. The coast pro- plain remained ep.ite level tor tvvol vc mile,
en rZr0,rr; M H UU a hrk occasionally into crater-like Tils.'
. sent to the United S :itei for nivtnr.t. nt. i i.i i i ... . - J inns,
S " I'.vj'vi IIHli. I11U-
cry. It employs thirty girls, who receive a
third of the quantity manufactured for waos
1 no tirst cloth was of a eoarsc twilled warp,
exceedingly strong und durable. Since that
much improvement has been made,- and the
present cloth is of gooel quality, and promises
well for the future. Several pieces have
been dycel in stripes with logwood. At pres
ent tho wholo management is with the na
tives, and though tho quantity made is small,
it serves to develope their capacities for civ
ilized arts, and is another proof that the Ha-
V v...,,-lllYU JUUtf.
craters, and blackened streams of lava, with- our course at first was e. s r., then diverged
out vegetation. Manna lluala ai. with its'to s. r. hv p. nnfil n rm,i,,i i. . .
j " vivuv w iuu mouruam.
craggy peaks rose abruptly in iho back
grouiiel, and occasionally Mauna Kea gleam
eel its snowy tops from out the surrounding
The first portion of ascent was frrndiinl
through a scanty forest. At sunset wc stonne-il
at a cave, about seventhousand feet up, where
mist. Kawaihac is a barren, cheerless place, we were to nass the nl.rl, u
. . . , x . . ' - i - v n,u common
containing but few houses and a store, as a caution to beware of these places and
depot for goods for the interior. A tolerable
cart road leads to Waiinea; distance fourteen
miles. We started on foot at four o'clock,
the day excessively hot. The country reise
gradually toward Waimea, about two hun
dred and fifty feet to a mile, and as we ad-
was the caution more needed than in this in
stance. Scarcely had we set foot within its
precincts, before wo were literally jhiml
alive. Our clothing was immediately lined
with them, and such stout ones; their very
kick was painful. After grinning, twisting
ter, rendering traveling exceedingly rough
our-men giving out every few rods. ()i
'these c-himuic", were herds of bullock?
which scampered eifi' at our approach, and
plunged, elown the-ir ruggeel sides with n
rapidity which defied pursuit. Their only
ohject in frequenting this region, where then
is no trace eil vegetation, is to avoid the pur
suit of the barely hunters, erto lie k the snow.
After pushing our way until within two thou
sand feet of tho summit, our horses gave out
and were sent back. This was at the bed
of a large lava lake at the south eastern ex
tremity of the crater. Hero wc found a se-rie-s
of minerals, such as we had not noticed
before. They were augite, hornblende, oli-
vine, etc. Leaving the lava, we struck
upon volcanic grave 1, loose and slippery tr,
the footing. At this height my respiration
was sensibly aUeeted, lips cracked, eve ball-
inlhuned, with a dizzy, swimming sensation
in my lieael. bonm ol the natives were sim
ihulv attacked. By the time we had reached
the foot of a sand hill, about three hundred
feet above us, which the guide insisted vva
the highest peak of the mountain, these
symptoms hael increased to such a dcmc
accompanied by lamtness, that I could not
walk without assistance, and but a few rod-
at a tune. Some peppermint and brandy,
mixed witli water, relieved me a little. 31 v
companions were not so much afTected. Ji
was now sunset, and we were on the highest
visible point but'one, surrounded by ascetic
of infinite grandeur. To the south lay Mau
na Loa, with its dome summit, on which wo
could distinctly trace the great crater of
Douglas, now at rest, for no smoke was visi
ble; M auna Hualalai roso precipitously fin
our right, and such was the clearness of the
atme.sphcre, that they both' appeared close
upon. us, though thirty miles distant. On
this sido we hael an adequate conception of
our elevation; thirteen thousand feet. The
.i . ll! . f , . ...
gieni piain ucivv cen tlie two mountains, which Fj
is.iwo days walk aeross, appeared but a mere
valley, while immediately beneath us Mauna?
Kea, descended so precipitously that its base .
could not be seen. Tho sky was cloudless, t
and of tho most perfect transparency. I.ook- r
ing back, from whence wc had ascended,
our gaze rested upon an ocean of clouds, pild
in gorgeous nhd dense masses, or lying like
drills of the whitest snow. The last ruyaof
the sun played upon this airy sea with the
most dazzling brilliancy.'giving it those ethe
rial shades, which are beyond description
and no artist can catch. This belt of cloudi