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'i tr t
Tnrwuinc he paid his adorations to it every
J . ny thing else he had he seemed ready
Vtuith; lut when sometimes we inti
'"fej tli nt this would he a fine curiosity to
j J, Amcrici, he would clasp his hands
Zi brrat. ?,i:llc hi ,lcatl' nn'1 .sav "
hm? wa3the owner of the junk;
il had. it was said, one or two more ves-
'I in his own country, and one on the
,el in in .. .... i i. .. it. i . i
k anu wa pnntuuij wrcuuij, ne nau
and live cnuuicn. nen nrsi rcceiv-
.. . i . i i. i ' i a .
ed on board mo wnaio snip, no pniu 10 ino
otlior si wnx a" hat was due them. In
. .. . .hi n disiute arose anion?? them.
f'icther thoy should receive pay up to the
1. ilinu loll 1 1 1 o ii.nl.' rr riiilu
I 'll" n il (.11 I'"- ,v J " vi winy ij nit:
. .1 : i . t 1 4 1. i i
.i n, u ion it was uisauiuu in mo caie, ami
d-ikon from their own coast. J he matter
nl, referred to Capt. Cathcart for decision.
The second ot t ho three, was probably
a'wit twenty-live or unity years ot age; lor
I d ti t recollect bow old bo called himself.
Ie was a man of middling stature, but ex
ceedingly macular, as may be judged by
the fact, that he has more than once of his
own accord been dawn to the beach, and
l(len a barrel of Hour on his shoulders,
Kr.Mirlit it u!) with perfect ease, and set it
dvvii upon the floor, with as much stcadi-
lit any ma:i V'miiii bii uvmvii a jmiiiu S
wfiht. He was employed probaMy as clerk
of tile junk; was pretty well versed in writ
ing, and had some skill in drawing. J lis
Dane was Iivi'o. in some respects lie was
nitre intelligent than the old man; and be
in much imre ready in catehinir iid both
the Hawaiian and English languages, it was
(r un nun that must ot my information was
The third, named Iv'tmhi, about 1(1 or 17
yfiirs ot age, was generally silent and sc
da'e in his apearancc for a boy; but was,
in every rcsnee.t. a hoy secmimriv ilisoosetl
to nothing hut to spend his time in idleness.
When these Japanese were lust landed
We they went to live with a chinaman;
but becoming dissatisfied, they came to our
Iihhc, in a day or two, with all their effects,
consisting of an iron bound box or two, sev
eral basket trunks, a pretty good supply of
cl itliinj and a bag of money, which belong
ed to the old man. From the first, from the
necessity of the case or from some other
cause, they showed the most entire confi
dence in us. leavinir their money or other
effects with us, apparently without the least
war ot neuig ueiraudcd.
Dining the few weeks they snent at our
lini.se their great object was to obtain a pas-
sie to uatiu; hoping some vessel would
take them to Canton, whence thev though!:
they could make their way by land to Japan.
1 heir desires on this subject were intense.
Whenever a vessel of any description an
chored in our roads, they would come to me
wving," schooner, " or feni( vessel) go Oahu.
The j earnestness of the old man, on such oc
cions, was beyond all description. As be
bowed dmvn humbly before us, bo would
put to our children and say, kwhmo (Jap.
)' ' d at the same time hold up five fingers,
waning that he had five children in .Inn.-
with the other hand, he would point to his
fVP, SavillT. mo nn nn " n-illi n.i rLnn,nnn
ol expression t' be fully understood by no
"u uie tender hearted parent. Alter a
weeks they obtained passage to Oahu;
"here, 1 am so ry to add, in two or three
wvs after their arrival, the old man, after a
s and painful night, was found dead in the
tnmn-.g. He was buried at Honolulu.
Alter a short time, no vessel offering for
W'ln a, Ijero returned to this place, accom
panied by the three who had been originally
"'ided at Oahu, named respectively Uoqf,
'Jap. si Shrift .q.,k. 1
A 'jero and one of the three now snent n still
''jnger time in our family, I occasionally im
Prved the opportunity to learn more respect-
,,V"""i l'-ir language, their religion and
. vomniuiucniions were, as
any stated, at first, very limited and clitic
M mil as mey gradually came to under-
a d I im K,,Slish a,,,J Hawaiian words,
nn learned some Japanese terms, we
"l"td it easy to make each other understood,
on any except abstract subjects.
I lie f,)wing nre important items of in
jnimtiori respecting this unfortunate compa
, the name of their vessel or junk, was
ynmur. Both the vessel and the owner,
cniVl ifH n11 1,10 cr.0wi helonged to a place
, My i'i bi MIIUUI 1 1' B PIUIIVV" l
n rillllllrn n..i iL . .1 1 ?j ! . . f .1
What the addition of the
n , :
, ' ' OUIIIVC
l part signifies I am unablo to snv Tbi
f oh the islan(1 of NPn, the largest
foari r L0pan is,ands; is situated on some
uu wusi siao oi uie island
which is laid down about halfway between
the northern and southern extremities. It is
neany opposite from Jcdo, the capital, and
probably about in a north west direction from
it. They say that Iko is one hundred miles
Irom Jcdo, and it takes them ten days to
travel it on foot. Its situation may be known
by that of the island of Sodo, which is north
of the above mentioned bay, and is seventy
miles, or one day's sail from Iko. The island
of Sodo abounds in gold and silver.
The Choajamur was engaged, it seems, in
the coasting trade. They 'had on board
rice, nn intoxicating liquor made of rice,
and dried fish. They bad proceeded up the
western coast of Nipnn, and passed' through
urn Mraus on uie north ot the island, i. c.
between Aipon and the island of 1 csso, or
Matsmai. Here they wcie oveitakcn by a
violent gale from the west, which drove them
into the J'acific, out of sight of land, and dis
masted their vessel, leaving them but a
wreck. The hull of their vessel does not,
however, seem to have been greatly injured,
or at least, was not very lea v nlVeru-.n-d
They must have known pretty well the di-
rucwon oi me land alter the gale, as the old
man had a small compass, which he ordered
to be brought to me after his death. They
had also contrived to erect something like a
jurymast in order to manage the vessel. Hut
owing, probably to the insufficiency of their
spars and rigging, to the unfavorable winds,
and frequent western blows which prevail in
that part of the ocean, during winter, they
were unable to make the island aigain; but
continued to be driven farther and farther
east. It must have been about the first of
January, hSiO. that they nn t with their first
disaster; as they were lloating in this sad
condition for five long and weary months,
until they fell in with the James Loper, on
the sixth of June following, about halfway
from Xipon to the Sandwich Islands. A
short time before they fell in with this ship,
their supply of water failed; and six days
they were without any thing to drink, watch
ing the heavens for signs of rain. Their
rice was gone, and nothing but their fish re
mained. All their number, which was ten
at the commencement of their voyage, had
survived all hardships, till this overtook them.
Their sufferings, during this period of thirst,
w ere intense. They speak of putting pieces
of silver into their mouths to cool their parch
ed tongues. Three of the ten died during this
period; and thr remaining seven were re
duced to such weakness that not one of them,
no not even the sturdy Ijero, could stand
alone, or do any thing but crawl about the
deck. At the end of six days, they w ere re
lieved by a fall of rain which they caught, at
first in their hands; and afterwards in such
containers as they had. This furnished
them a supply till they were taken from the
wreck. These are the most important par
ticulars which occur now to me respecting
There are many interesting items which I
gathered respecting their country. One is,
that they themselves know nothing of the
name Japan, by which we designate their
islands. Their largest island they call Nipon,
accenting the last syllable. The island north
they usually call Matsmai, but are acquaint
ed with the name of Iesso. The place on
Kiusiu at the south, where the Dutch are
allowed to trade, which is called on all our
maps, Nangasaki, they call only by name
of Nanasig, accenting the second syllable.
There is a place, probably in Corca, where
many oi the jMponeso junks go to trade
which they call Chusing, and which is twt
they call i.diusui'r. and which is two
day's sail from Ninon.
Another item of information I learned is,
that a very creat proportion of the neonlc of
these islands are given to excessive intem
perance. They say, they do business in the
forenoon, and lie drunk the rest of the dav.
The liquor they use is made by the fermen-
tation oi rice, in immense cisterns made lor
the purpose. The process for making it, I
believe, is generally, if not always, by fer
mentation only, without distillation.
On beinir 'asked what their food was in
Nipon, they replied, "All the people eat
rice for breakfast, rice for dinner, rice for
supper, rice to day, rice to morrow, rice next
day, and rice every day." Fish is generally
used, animals th' ugh plenty, are not eaten.
The most interestinrr item to me of all
which I lenmed from these men was their'
system of numerals, an abstract of which I
might, hereafter give for your paper, if de
sired I copied their numerals up to egif
one places of decimals as expressed by our
figures ; and yet, what is truly wonderful,
this immense number is expressed, by them,
by the combination of only eighteen different
Of their system of idolatry I learned but
little. They had some books with them,
which treated of their religion. They said,
they had five principal gods in Nipon, and
a multitude of inferior ones. While they
were with us, I tried every expedient to in
terest them in the Christian religion, but pro
bably without much success. They often at
tended our meetings, at which they appeared
attentive and thoughtful but after a conver
sation on the subject, Ijero, would generally
say, "the God of Americans is good for
Americans ; and our gods arc good for us.
The six surviving Niponese are now nt
Oahu, waiting anxiously for some opportuni
ty that shall convey them towards their home.
Some of them have w ives and children there,
and all of them friends whose looks are as
fresh in their minds as though they had left
them but yesterday ; and they long to meet
them again. They might possibly reach
Nipon by way of Canton ; and perhaps by
way of Kamschntka. Any merchant ves
scl, or vessel of war, which can aid them in
their return, will not only confer a favor on
them, but on all who love the cause of hu
manity. Yours truly,
To the above letter we add the following
items, collected from Izero, while in this
town. The list of prices of their domestic
manufactures, taken mostly from samples,
was given in Japanese coin, and is now re
duced to the American standard. Thev are
I the prices in Japan, and may be of
I (no service to any enterprising merchant
who may make the attempt to open a traflic
with that country hereafter.
Cottons, blue, brown, striped, Stc.,
14 in. wide, by the piece of five
fathoms, according to quality,
from 16 cts. to 50 cts.
White (Jrass Cloth, same width and
length, from 04 cts. to 80 cts.
White Cotton, do. do. 1G to 43 cts.
Silks, do. do. 4il to 06 cts.
Ucst, one yard wide, heavy silk, 5
fathoms, . . . . 4 80
Figured Crape, 12 in. wide, 5 fath. 80
Dro. made of silk and linen, 6 fath. 1 12
do. 1 yard wide, . . . 1 7G
Velvet silk, 14 in. wide, 5 fathoms, 1 iI8
Calicoes, 5 fathoms, 48 to G4 cts.
Raw silk, per I Of) lbs. . . .04 00
Foreiiin Broadcloth, imported from
Chusin-Corca, fine per fathom, 2o GO
Coarse do 19 4S
Blankets, each, . . . . 32 00
Silver bears a much greater relative value
than uold. One ounce bciiiL' count tn f,,u
of silv er.
America is called Augusto.
Izero says he has read in the books of his
country, "Kiristoii shunam padere," "that
Christians are very bad men." Ic has as
strong an antipathy to the narrc of christian
as the nboriginies of America had after the1
bloody attempts to proselyte them to that
faith. He was much astonished to learn that
those who had rescued him from shipwreck,
and had protected him since, called them
selves christians. Said it was impossible,
' Christians no good these men very, very
lie also states that a teacher of that re
ligion, whom he calls "padere," probably
padre, came to reside at Ktusin, Amasaka.
That he was at first poor, but having made
many converts, obtained great possessions.
The king hearing of it, ordered every vestige
of the religion to be destroyed, and compel
led the people to trample upon a certain sign
they had. He does not know what it was.
The priest then encouraged them to keep it
in their hearts.
Japanese books represent tropical climates
as insupportable. Izero has seen the heat
represented by a man standing and pouring
water over himself.
Tinshukoati (the divine sun) name of the
present king, or dairi, now in the eleventh
year of his reign, lives at Kiuto near Osaka.
Like the sun he cannot be looked nt. lasko
Oo, is Diquon or high officer, lives at Jed
do f Ama) and rules the realm.
Tinsh is the name of present dynasty. Sev
eral dialects are used in the country. Written
Jangunge is uniform throughout the islands.
Murder, theft, arson, kidnapping are pun
ished by beheading. Adultery by 3 months
imprisonment. Polygamy is unlawful, four
to six months imprisonment. Deception and
same other crimes by flogging. Marriage
is contracted by the parents and solemnized
by the priest. Divorce, by the priest. Wars
are uncommon. Osaka was burnt five or
six years ago in a civil commotion. Slavery
is unknown; also, counterfeit money. Izero
has handled coin eighteen years and never
saw any that was bad.
The public will be gratified to learn that
through the liberality of Mr. II. A. Peirce,
of the firm of Peirce St Brewer, the Japan-
cse have been offered a passage to Kam
schatka in a vessel upon the eve of sailing.
Upon arrival there, Mr. Peirce will afford
them every possible facility for reaching their
native land, and it is to Lc hoped that a few
months more will sec them restored to their
families and country. They arc themselves
sanguine of success in being allowed to en
ter, but it must be confessed that after the
hostile reception of those who went in tho
Morrison, there is but little chance of a
friendly welcome for this party.
Two months have now elapsed since we
first endeavored to coax the little Polynesian
into existence, a very difficult job, ns all
brother excissori.ers can bear us witness,
with a lean subscription list. However,
better times nre in store for us, if we may
judge from asubstantial proof (our first,) of
support received to day in the form of an
enormous potatoc. It is of pure Irish ex
traction, raised at Maui, weighs 27 ozs.,
measures sight and a half inches in length
and ten and a half in circumference. Wo
are not at all particular. If wedding-cake
is too good for editors, send us more "sich
taturs." The smallest favors gratefully re
His Majesty, Kauikeaouli and suite arri
ved on Tuesday, from Lahaina.
By oversight our last number was dated
the 28th instead of the 25th.
Press of copy obliges us to crowd our col
umns, and defer many communications to
&1t " still?
PORT OP HONOLULU
July 23, sch. Clarion, from Maui.
'28. sch. J'aalua, from Lahaina, Maui.
July 29, S. I. brig Itosa, Metcalf, Hawaii
" 31, sch. Paalua, for Lahaina.
Sch. Clarion, Kcv. H. Armstrong and fami
ly. Mr. Armstrong supplies Rev. Mr. Bing
ham's pulpit during his absence.
Br. Rosa, Messrs. W. W. Wood, Mich
ellini, and J. Howard.
HOUSE TO LET.
The Dwelling House of the late Thom
as Crowell. For terms apply to
P. A. BRINSMADE.
August 1. 3w.
For Mew York.
The Bark Flora, Spring,
master, win sail lor the abovo
port, the first of August.
For freight or passage apply to
LADD & Co.
The good Schooner Clarion,
33 tons burthen, well found in
tackle and apparel; good sea-
boat and fair sailer.
Apply to ;
PEIRCE & BREWER.
July II. tf.