Newspaper Page Text
Those punishing theft arc suthciently so, was commc ntiug upon, wo think it proper tin the plural number, giving n dissertation on i dent" to show the good company with ul
. . . . . . I . . 'i i .-.Iti i i i .tii . Horn
e on the offender, sunpeisin"' him unable . io inuivo some remariis arm enquire us to its rr rencu protective policy, remarks on me no is associated, in the use of nn-M'
nnv the pecuniary penalty. The amtumt ; api'ln-abllily to the case in question. " "Laplace Treaty,?' and the evils wjiich in j against the French, gives an extract from
auiit is decided hy the quantity stolen, and I , Jl " 1,uu ' . ' ul'" "V"!8 ?"K'J "J . . x ave thought iL
Hon, uuei oroadlv intimating mat ins lla-! selection would have been
- , ti
not iv ciirrrtfuonum.'f circumstances, union
may aggravate or diminish. the crime. Sim
ple restitution is only due to the owner, and
.'is (!n crime is equally directed ngaiust so
ciety, the punishment should he el such a
nature as at the shiiic time to a!lect a moral
change i.i the.' culprit, am! to serve the gen
aiy legal. 1 hey-are many
times formed where there js the most perfect
freedom of action without such conditions.
Hut there are natural and obvious reasons
why such contracts are made, and it may he
well to look at them, and see whether they
existed in the present case. Some nations
possess w ithin themselves such a variety of
lesources that tliev have inte'inallv .ill llin
Such as sfme delinilo period , l.-nii nts i.f i.i.l,.t,ii.,lm'i....
. : i . '
of imprisonment, where he ran he employed
cither on public w'e.iks, or actpiiiing some
uelul trade, by which .an lunet living can
be secured, when he is again restored to so
ciety, lint by these laws, both the govern
ment and the injured person become n tua'ly
the gainers by tlur transaction, if the crimin
al, is detecte'd, and thus the se-n-o of guilt
will be liable to be lost in the desire o pe
cuniary gain, and the efforts for arresting
the offender be stimulated more from mercenary-than
fiom moral unlives. This may be
the mo.'t powerful inducement in a scmi
chrilia:ii.cd conimu'.iiiy, an I is extensively
practised elsewhere, but it imsf 'ee.tainly
tends to perpetuate thee very evils, and to
corrupt the people!. In a civilized communi
ty; where systcinati.ed 'bands of robber ex
ist, they could ail'ud to continue their occu
pation upon a l;.cd cap tab as it
All tin exchanges necessary to be made in
such eases can be made between different
;aits of the same state, and although they may
have surplus produce yet whilst they are en
abled to liv: independent .of their ne ighbors
upon their-own resources, they will not ne
gociate except fi.r their own advantage.
Other stales depend chielly upon a few
article's; raised in great abundance, winch
f oin the Maples of the country, it not being
adajtedto produce a sufficient Variety to
sup 1 v its own wants.
Of course to such states it becomes Ha
waiian Majesty in signing the Treaty did
not act freely; that nothing but the threat
of n, future exercise of force compelled the
King to affix his signature to it; that the
French have, by the strong arm of power,
wrested from him his sovereignty, kc.
Mr. Castle also tedls us iu what manner
the Treaty ought to have been drawn up;
what is most lor the commercial interest of
the T'lench; something about, the Philadel
phia humbug, the Hlack prince, kc. This,
' - a f j
made; for where is the English paper vhiVh
ever spoke of any act of the French in other
terms than those of censure? Of what vijr,t
then is the article? With what truth too
could the author of the extract say of any n I
of the French that "it resembles nothing
have ever heard or read of but the buccan
eering practices of by-gone times." U it to
be thought that he never "heaid or read 0f"
the attack of the English on Denmark (nt a
t i no she was on terms of professed peace and
sir, is the second chapter we have bad from j fi iehdship) of the bombardment of Cope,,!,.,
Mr. . Castle, upon pretty much the siiine sub-jgon, her capital,' and the partial dcstiucliC
joe.t. For chapter the first 1 refer your j and seizure of the whole banish fleet? J
readers to his "Account of the transactions act which even no HrilLsh statesman ever
connected withthe Visit of the A i temise, "-e
published in the now defunct I lawaiiau Spec
tator, Vol. II , No. IV.; Article IV.
1 bog leave at the same time to refer your
rondirj to the "Suppleinvut of the Samfwich
Inland Mirror," of Jan. 15, 19 10, published
iu a pamphlet' form, wherein tliev will see
restart to make Ibieign exchanges, ami they! the sort of figure which the said "Vnmucl X.
irtaUc lor themselves the most favorable Castle" cuts in. the various tateineot s m:il.
conditions they can. 1 ney musl maUe ex
changes at some rate as a matter of necest'ily,
for the supply of their own wants, but to the
nl'in'ir I) iwco cinrr olt f lr in..iM-nlLi ..('lot ' a .
. .... ll(v. ,vn ,,,n , iuk.iii.ii vions paper. As the sanm opinions, setUi
mdependenee it is a matter of coiiuittrulive iu- n.mo. , ... i .i
... .1 : mo mi ii s i'iiiiii'iii ii; IJIIIJI viii
in the "Account" alluded to.
In your last paper (NV. I I,) is the an-
i 1 1 t 1 1 ; i . j . i . . ' . i
sri)i ;v uesieeui 10 m v iruer oi tne pre-
liljarnct' whether they make exchanges r 1 ronsntwloi!t I sl,:,!l ttn ...i
( ' . I , - ...... . ... I III. II.M I l'
ieexjecled that i;i; addressing fhem jointly or t-ovorallv a.Vmay
IL'CS Will 1)0 Ciflial. t s.oil mo In.cf f.w-t.f
. . . I. I 1 . . . . '
to be supposed that they would be detected. u ' 0,,l' Wu'ro imituai necessity and ccii; loubtless of the same' missionary body with much or more of that article was cniisiinmil
not, and if they d., it canuo
such cases the advantaL'es will
tempteu to speaU ot than as n justifiable
and necessary piece of rohlnvy and murdir."
Your correspondents labor to make yniir
readers believe that drunkenness and crime
are increasing at the Sandwich Islands and
that theso. evils aire consequent upon the fo.
galizathn of the spiiit trade, by the Laplace
Treaty. They also asscit that whale shin
will in consequence,' cease to visit these porta
lbr supplies. ' ., '
That drunkenness and crime are inrrrns.
ing here, may be doubted; if they arc so
the increase ought not to be ntti ihutcd to tho
operation ol the L,aplaee 1 reaty, but to other
circumstances, to the downward nrorre-s ,f
the mass of this people, evident for ten v-ats
CiTU'l I. I'siiil mo lncf i.vix.. - '.. A V " I . 1 iiixt Dmiti.r . ..-,.1 .i I ..'(.",. .. .
i .... .v ......... , . . i .v i.i 1 1 i cio ,i jiirnnill l.n I " i"i""K i nv i i in i in i ii ii rm Sill I IU lu
. u-., ! venience are to. be consulted that entirely
' ,l : i ...i..:. .i .5
i.i every liitli theft, and whenever one, was, i 'V1 " u''. lw. enuieiv , .m,-. Castle, and like linn speaks for them all. e-ro, tlian previously to the enactment of
the redemption wduld be innncdir.tclv forth- :-,;;,i;im' advantages are. to be ixpected.l So far as concerns p,y first article (the in- the law. It is notorious tl,at durin that
coming, and thus his serein be ut m,eo ic-! of ,be Laplace Treaty) I could time many natives, members of the calvinis-
riorcd to his band, ami the criminabiet loose 1 g ! idmit t m ,e, nnv coml 1 Z$ FV"V ? V ' "l ? t0 CXCC"'
. . !' ri! ' ' intm iip(,n ,m con n- U:tii me m that matter) drop the subn et- I win) were never known to use them before'
again upon the community. I he question t.ons I hey consist .of ihe very mtichs Mll ujl(M1 a(tempts.are made by the calvinis- i The legalization of the spirit trade will have
with lum -would not be the fear of punish-1 winch she raises in he'r own territory , and is j jc missionaries of this cbuntry to create j little r ho effect in preventing vessels from
ment, or consequent disgrace, but merely ! m,)St to protect.. Did thg king of j:,r.i fsil-o imprt ssions-as to the jrianncr in resorting, to these pruts. ' Whale shins con.
, I i r . i . .. .
V. oii.tta a, I,. ...1.41. I " . " ,. . I
the abilitv to buy himself off., ""V1-" 'S ' "" '" nu nran-iuiueh theTn-nty was obtained, and to excite tmue to flock to Tahiti in as neat hi ml.c.
. . . . " oi' ' ' i imo v , lip on v ii u i ' .v r: t.wi moioi.m i.m... m.. r. . . . . . I ' l r i i w n . ...i .... . , .
An important overs.ght has occurred in French nroduce whleh .ere nr.bildtml n,l 1 : ' ' VTe ' ,r, t n UPM ' . . . . i . i.i ' amount t sp.nt
not f.xin" noon some nbo, or n,1n fo A..ur. ' ' i. .... i. .....i.:li. ... ' g im-j-.c. u, ai;o i,apt. l.aplaee ; mi .oouoeo mere is as large as though the
, " ' ' , , '"-p"! ' " Hi'ii us uimii a in ov ii;en u i t in negotiator of the Treaty, iu paiticular, Ijtnuic was legalize il. They will, as hereto
iiiiMC 1 in m no ttt Mi'in.fnli' ..triMi 1 link- iiiitu-ctH iu i iiimnn.-l ..,.i, Lh-.i .... i . i. ' . . 1 ' . . , . ' "'i lw "llu"
.... . .. ... ... , ' .. . J ( i . j icei consiriimed io say somctlung more, Mvre, visit tle se pfjices afiordii them the
luiaiy suoiiiu noi oe leu to tne loser any i ' " " '" 1 '"nun in iv. kuious mi r i u;ico
more than to the thief for one would be as j !mt, t!"; r,,l,,'!l winch pre-exiing treaties
likelv to over estimate as the ether to depre- iUcr '.sfainOd -to it, . bliged
. " . . , . ; r'hun to receive the produce of all other na
ciatc the real value. A ca.-c ol this kmditions on the same terms; in shortto destroy
came to our knowledge under the- old law, j Jim independence ? Was there any such ex
which will illa.'tratethisopinion. A white n:a?i ; tren'ie necessity existing for thesoartiehs as
had an article of trifling value stolem. and tho!tl,('s0 great concessions would seem to
...i.:i. i. : i ... r ... ...... ' l'e very articles had m
O 11M I '( il l' I OtJ OI I till i i
.... . .....v.. .... j.-hlv,. j,,r the reas.in that tliev were not want
ef samb time afterwards was' detected l),? ,Lct racts srr, they will tell us that
e judges came to him to learn it valno. ".I1 "t7- M;.J' " !. ' from it
. , .. . . . ' tiiese very artrdes had pist been excluded
tnis the poor native was obliged to pay in jed, and to save the people from their demo-'ture to'the '1
atcel or e.btaiiu d from this-government a com
mercial treaty highly favorable to French in
terests. We il, Vir. is there any thing wrong
in his so doing? JJiel he.rmt do right to'fn
ward the interests of Ins country "to obtain
ii treaty as favorable as.pos.-ible, even though
the terms oC it were' not reciprocal and bene
ficial to the other ceintractnig party?. No one
can dispute it. Hut your correspondenjs say
that he obtained the; I !nwai::m Kimr' elo-n;..
bard labor, at the rate of wages which the
white man chose to allow him, who after
wards boasteel of the "pood, bargain."
In the latitude allowed to the judges, in
net "adhering rigoreuisly" in all case's to the
laws, there is strong temptation to bribery.
Indeed the whole principle of the laws ap
pears to be thoroughly aristocratic, .resem
bling in that particular the defects common
to the Fuglish and
encel future exe
'reaty by coercion, by a-threst-xercise
of force,' This is a
e leave me reader to judge how far the very se rious hai o-p and oimht. I conks to
remarks quote el Imm "A Mereliant," bear : induce the French government to consent Iit
upon tho treaty which he has under consiel- the annulment of the treaty, when leonetrd
It would seem from t ho Consul's exnosi
tion of the treaty- that the single end aimed I
to do so by iltia goveTiime-nt.
Having sought for the fact, I am nrvv sat-
icf'iiiil (d'tlm I'llili. ..I'll... ' I I 'i
. .i . i . i i i i i - v.. . . - i 1 i ti i , i ti 1 1 rv.- 1 1. ii i " f. i nave, i lie
at was tne introduction ed aleohu ic drinks. i,r.t !lllti1Ml.;tv ,
i.i .. i.i . of st autiioi ity lor saving, .ap ace used none
as it not enough that misery, wre tched- .0 ,.,.. '.n.. ,,,J (lf . f ' ""'-
i- v i . . i . I lMt- nuans iiiuuieu to aoove on the; e'on-
ncss, elise'ase and ele guie ati in we're t he- m- ,....,. iiri i.. . i e . ,n V.
.. i f.. ll: i tisnj , ho cleaily anddisimcfly-gave the King
O'lin .1 in in ii i t t lt lt l u ' " I I III I I'T a 1 I ' '
iVineiican code-s. .whore I .i . .. .. i unnersinnei, Dotn Peioie. ami at the snnoo.r
l .' . iineir conniiiieei uiiueiices t ,e na ion was ' .c il... ri i ; .i
io rich man can escane nut en Uv ,, v .,:... .. . ... . . . . . .. . a Olthe 1 reatv, flint there was no ed er.-.t ,.,
, . lapi.uy wasnngawayr must the llooel gatos ' , ' '
am. Die-axinghan: ami Io ,,' by paying u In,,, of inte'inperam o be raised ami its bu rnin ! v V V ' 7 ' : ' V ,,ul
he escaoes tho . i-mv of ilu. i, i.:i.. .i.!. .ill ... i ' "iklt lt Ut 'is plensniv (.. sign the e.fb'red treaty
.. . .... i .i i m i " i i . i r not, desinng him to ucl Inv u in the mat-
even ,1 his gu.lt is less, suflers ' their pn.hib.tory laws; ,u their dying torns no rM1Ul(llls:l)11 U!1 ' lir L .uV- ll
.ii . i ........ i .i. :..i.i ' i .,, 'iwuim uu ul-
ii-naltv. f" "g"-. i eie, us ine ir lai nope, metr h.
Another eletee t is inlillowiug the thief to
compromise the matter with the person lit
has stolen from, or iu other words, to com- j temperance? IMust they admit j
pound lus felony a dangerems license aud j frc which the strongest and most, highly cul
one which in civilized communities is cure- ' tivatod intellects have been unable tei stand?
pr, m vi r .
.1.,.. . I . 1 . ... . .1 . . . .1 I I IV.... MV...
- . .......... , a o n, rc ,ney cui ne.r eauie, ,fwo ))C toJ t , Kj fr y i
ami puss.ve ly a ow their national bark to go nl, t,,c Trent (J,ro , f 7 Xc-itcc in
to pieces upon the destructive, shoals e4 ,a- ,lis t hv : fruL t ehn L ' k . '
in nvil I i. I i i ' " " uu Kxnx
III l I II lV. I .-.111.. "IV 1.1 O .. . .. .!... T 1 1 . 11 ' .
in ciwinii, lion iiis lajesiy was
Hilly guardeel agaiaist.
Which has excited the principal agency in
cir ..... i , . . , ,
These views occurred to ns ... ........ ..t I ,u m" cvuizou count, .es with pauperism and
... r ., , . . . crime and swe
perusal of the laws, and are given for what
age's and barbarians?
pt away thousands' of sav-
4 I 1 . .1
im,j may oe worm, in a rude state of so- Hut so it is, the blighting influence of that
ciety, those niceties in points of. law, which evil of evils has lighted on these shores to
arc essential to rigid justice cannot be ex- I au to the already wretched condition of the
pected. . I lie discussion of them however !'col),c uml 11,(1 m hastening their extern). na
may alTord the government some useful hints' H'0'1' Ml Kllit,ilr ihi:ro.'i reponsihility rest-
mul thov am r...hinlv m i,n ' ' '" '"here for the influence excite d in
tiiui iney iirece i itUuiv to e eneoura'rpil m : i .i . i .i , , ,
.. " . . Ir'!rl" 1,1 bringing about this state of things which I
establishing and executing an impartial code
Mr. Kpitoii, We are informed bv "A
Merchant," in your paper of the 6th "inst,
'That' reciprocity iu commercial contracts
among nation is not, nor ever has been,
considered necessary or essential to justice
in forming them."
As the remark was evidently designed to
bear upon the contract which "A Merchant"
would not sustain for the universe.
September I I, 1810.
Mn. Kpitoii, Sir, Your paper of the 5th
September contains a loiig-aiticbrsigned by
"Samuel X. Castle," generally believed
here to speak the sentiments of aud ibr the
ealvinblic missionaries, and written oi'coursG
peulraps unfortunate in his councils, ami that
neither the French er the public can be an
swerable for what took place behind the cur
tain the responsibility must rest on the in
dividual actors, as they must .have taken it
upon themselves te do-so without" authority.
The King, in a letter to the French Con
sul, declares "that he never mentioned to
any native cr foreigner his reason for siM.in"
I inepiiVo of "Samuel N. Castle," (who
seems to know every thing that takes place
in the King's councils) whether His Majesty
did, iinmedialely subsequent to the aflixiivr
his signature to the Treaty in question, send
a protest or remonstrance to the French gov
ernment, complaining of illegal means having
bcen'used to obtain his assent? If the Kill"
did so, the fact will have great w eight in sup"
porting Mr. Castle's charges.
Now, sir, is "A Resident V supposed case
of the street robber applicable to tho French ?
Docs Laplace merit his vile epithet ? A Kcsi-
mpst cheap and plentiful supplies. ' That the
King signed the law prohibiting spirits with
great reluctance, is a well known fact. I
shall c)irer no apology for asserting my belief
that'iu all this outcry against the French and
tho Treaty, tho mWionarics (Mr. Castle
speaus in the plural number) are actuated hv
uo other feelings than the so of spleen and
venom, created by the transactions of Cant.
Laplace during the "glorious three day's"
the 9, JO, and J Ith July, 1839, in which'thc
grievances of French subjects were redress
ed, the rights of conscience restored, the
worship oflhc Ho.nish religion declared lire
throughput the . Islands, and a fatal blow
given to the domination and unholy influence
exeicised ov.er the government of this coun
try. "Let the galled jade wince."
It is not my desire any more than "A
Resident's" te bandy 'words, and do not
lhercfe.ro point, out the contradictions and
false arguments and reasoning of many parts
of his letter. That many of Wis premises are
false-, I hope has been made apparent in this
my final letter.
Lot me close, then, With an earnest re
quest, through Mr. Castle, to the cnlvinistic
missionaries that they do not involve this
naturally well disposed people in further
broils with foreign powers. One treaty with
the French h as been broken; let them not
influence this government to break the last.
Remember that rthe $,.0,000" aro yet in
the hands of the French. Yours,
Scl)t- 'S- . . A Merchant.
INIr. KniTort: .Sir, Will you allow me
to ask a solution to tho -following questions
through your paper.. There are many per
sons in this town, intelligent and benevolent
men, and evidently well wishers to this na
tion, who are at the same time aiding in its
ruin and demoralization. To speak plainly,
they are those who arc fully aware of the
evils of intemperance, daily witnessing and
acknowledging its destructive ravages, and
yet continue to deal in ardent spirits, and to
send it abroad among the natives, thus con
sciously augmenting the evils w hich they pro
fess to deprecate. To me it would uppcar
more consistent either to advocate intemper
ance openly, else use all lawful means to ar
rest its progress. Can a man bo a friend to
' Again; why is it that merchants, who are
men of forethought and calculation, whose
business is to develope the resources of the