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uotry, and whose pecuniary interests are
'lanced, just in proportion as habits of iu
Ctrv enterprise and civilization increase
Uyt the natives, should countenance a
liJ'which, making brutes of men and de
riving their faculties, depraves their minds,
Jid'niaics tbom mure than savages? A
tratic which just in proportion as it advances
.'rcatcs an idle, pauper population, in fine,
:lioa lli. rmintrv. and rnimennontl v
nn - - j i . i j
the natives, as it makes them indolent and
numeral, and prevents the accumulation of
Here appears to he a dead loss, to the
merchant i of just so much business as what
! monev sper.l in liquors would have pro
(jveil.ii' invested in some honorable trade
r (ireupati n, and the gains invested yoar
iv a iVcs'i 'capital in the same pursuits. In
j,.!iti'iu t this, the time spent in dissipation,
in consequent fruits disease and
iTIIII' i ii "- , ... ,
JeJacted fro n the available industry
,t' the country and ol course, by so much
!i less, arc the means of purchasing the
i . v. r :ii V 1
,r!l iiioa explain to me h iw they, with a
-ircle eye totheir real profits, can encourage
i rvc, so much against their true inter
'A luukcr on in Vcronu."
Extract from a letter dated,
i', A;rx. '23, IT. 10.
I r:x;brcd the new eruption pretty fully.
I u ';i'l Ti'u! ! I dund the spot, when; the
i,!:i stream first broke out. It is about
m miles fr.'in Kilauea After running two
vie alnvc ground, it again disappears, and
Us in a subterranean channel at a great
:;.;!i Ixlow the surface; its "course bring
v.-ry wh?re marked by seams and deep
-'ires in the earth's surface, and by. the
n;."i'n of s:irke and passes. ' About twen
viuile.i from the sea it breaks out again, in
li'rriiii.' sea of lire, and rolls on above the
irili'.-c to the ocean. The whole length of
i? stream' rnav.be thirtv-livc miles; more
i.n ni' third of which is underground, I
uiiiii'i sav inucu ot wuat 1 saw. hut tune tails
i', ami I only allude to the subject . now.
I '"i s. Cotithoijy and .btrves examined a
.:i;i!l part of it. 1 regret that they could not
v.i' pursued it farther, and given the matter
more full ihvcslio-Mtinn.
I went to the old crater of Kilauca. An
uire cinage wmim: fot a teature.ot lor
r tilings b'ft! Every particle of lava has
fa recently fused, and vthe whole area of
vast caldron has been one horrid sea of
'! This was the state of the crater for a
'A he-lore the eruption; at least, this is
miiihriM testimony' of a great number of
l ives w,m saw it, and the whole", appcar
vi'ot the lava, and the pit, warrants, Uhe
" i!iii. All is new. AO has recently
M n in a liquid state. ' Only one-lake of lire
wnperi. The action of this, was v ehement
I' ll 1 was there, and it is increasing. More
"k'lit than I have ever seen before.
SATURDAY, SEPT. I!), 1810.
A considerable portion of the pages of our
'i'' numbers has been . devoted to the dis-
"n of the merits of the French treaty,
!"1 in this number it will be brought to u
' for the present.. Political controver
ts are use ful so far as they tend to enllght-
amc public mind, and by clicitinc the tal-
31 and virtue of a country, subserve the
Ju.st,ce and freedom. Rut if con
beyond a certain point, when all le
gitimate arguments are exhausted, and the
M'ct thoroughly examined, personalities,
- 'auiig into mere wrangling, are too
V1 to take the place of reason, and excite
passions. Even whcn.tho principle in
;"s:i"n strictly kept in view, all offence
.inn, , I ... . .
no avoided, as nlhrr Kidn m.-iv rrrt
... i j ei-
1 "'iter of their opponents. Nor is.it to
" otherwise than expected, for truth, like
lP,"inc, though frenuentlv nansentinrr nt
.ultimately produces beneficial -results,
le cotitiovorsv in niinwL... .. :n i.:r,i, k
fifluctive ofi,,rw1 ir : ...:n -i .1.-
., b ,uu- nciu ii win uraw iu
i en,'' of the public to the principles in
"'Hj discover thn il
V... -....pin UlUIJliJ lirillVII
ui irum mat or similar acts of policy,
Rnd also suggest the cure. Abroad, it will
give all the facts and arguments connected
with it, and thus form a proper basis for the
expression and action of public opinion.
Our journal has now been open to both par
ties, as long as wc can consistently with
other claims upon it allow, as wc have much
on the docket to present to our readers, fully
as interesting, and quite as useful. Neither
do wc see that any new arguments are ad
vanced, or that it further discussion will
produce a change of public opinion. The.
case now lies between the two governments,
and probably long before these articles could
have any inlluencc elsewhere, the treaty will
no ratilieU or not, according to the views of
the French government. We have been as
sured that no requirements will be enforced
ollhis nation, iniurioiis to t tntnnt irwl
if such have been made, upon a proper rep
resentation to l.ouhPhilfmiM!. fvepv uri.l-
ful concession will bo .allowed. -Such we are
told has been done long since, and nothing
now remains but to await patiently the result.
Louis 'Philippe is a king eminent fur his bc
nevojent spirit, and domestic virtues, and
having known what adversity is himself, will
be naturally Jed In relieve it in others. No
sovereign of this age Would bo more inclined
by character ilnd education to grant all that
justice and benevolence may require, and wo
cannot entertain a doubt but that such will
j bo his conduct in this instance, should not
the interests nl these islands be.engulphed in
the mouienloius-changes which arc rtoW low
ering upon the political, horizon offhc globe.
Those who are so anxious that the sover
eign of Hawaii should lie considered and
treated as upon a looting with civilized and
powerful governments, should remember that
powerless as he is, and inexperienced in their
polity, a.more dangerous situation could not
be found.''. Errors of judgment or even faults
would be overlooked in the semi-barbarous
or ignorant', which in a civilied cornmniunity
would' be considered and treated as inten
tional "He cannot assume the rank and
privileges without incurring the correspond
ing responsibilities. "'Sec what De Toque
vi'Je says upon the sad experience of "right
against. might." ' .
, "It profits a people but littlcto be nf
fluent and fine, if it is perpetually ex
posed to be pillaged or subjuited ; the
number of its manufactures and tiieextent
of its rpmmeree are of small advantage,
if another nation has the empire of the
seas ami. drives the law in all the markets;
of. the plobe. Small nations are often
impoverished, not beeausei they are small,
but because they are weak ; and great em
pires less because they are great than be
cause they are strong. Physical strength
is thereore one of the first conditions of
the happiness and even of Uie existence
of nations. Hence it occurs, that unl'ss
very jwculiar circumstances intervene,
small nations are always ipiited to large
empires in the end, either by force or by
their own consent : yet I am unacquain
ted with a more deplorable spectacle than
that of a people unable either to defend
or to maintain its independence."
-V 1. .. .A. ....
POUT OP HOEJOLULU.
Sept. 12, lluvv. Sch. Pualua, Jihaiua.
" 1:3, A in., VThaleship Fuma, Iloyer,
IJoston, 'J.0 bids., '2A mo.
" lt', Pr. Prig Ckmentine, Powbys,
Sept. I'J, Haw. Sch. Paalua, Lahaina. ,
" 11, Am. Whaleship L. C. Pichmcnd,
Wood, New IJcdford, IJ. 5.
Paalua, IMessrs.II. A. Peiree, .1. P.
Couthouy, and J. INIeek. Fa:na, IMrs. Hoy
it. 'Paalua, (low K i !vuana(Ki and suite.
Lah.u.va, Sept. 1 1, Am. Whaleship, Win.
Penn, Podllsh, -17 mo. KJO:) bids, sperm, 'J00
right whale Sailed on the t'th f r the IT. S.
Am. AVhalship Cadnnis, IWuybcw, Ni.'W
Pedford, 2000 hhl.?.
1 case $ White do. . do.
15 cases 1-4 JJlue Cottons, China.
10 cases Pluc Nankins.
, 1 case. Fine Cambric.
G cases assorted Prints.' '
'25 kegs White Lead.
'25 kc's Plack Paint. '
'2o kegs Green Paint.
I case of Verdigris, in tin cans,
49 canisters best Unseed Puint Oil, each
5 gallons. . '
B canisters' , do. do. 10 do.
25 bolts Russian Cunvass.
I - kegs assorted Nails.
20 coils llussian cordage. ,
00 .coils Manila Hope.
l2 Chain Cables. '
4 Kinall Anchors.
cases Sheathing Copper.
30 barrels Peef and Pork.
'22,01)0 lbs. Navy and Pilot Bread.
G boxes China Shawls. .
1 1 box Satin Figured Handkerchiefs.
1 box Pono-ec Handkerchiefs.
ft Octree muu
"lonoluln, Aug. 22, IS W. tf.
10,000 Coral Stone,
50 Piles Lime Stone,
100. Cords Wood,
-100 bids. Salt,
2,000 lbs. Arrow Pvoot,
50 Pbls. Pcans,
20 " Corn,
For Sale by LAI)D & Co.
June, G. if.
A sail-beat, with three uicn in it; has put
into Kailua, Hawaii. Supplied to he the
boat stolen from the biir Friends. -If so'
the men will b.; immediately apprehended by I Imnd nnti lorsale, Anicruan,
Gov. Adams, as despatch inlonniog him I
..-ii.n.rt c. ... ;I!tu and brown Co ton Drills Linen
... . .. , - - u u iu nun j Drills llulinb -Cloth Ulcachcd and
Lnbleached Cottons H.amilton Flnn-
nel F)igli:b Cbiut'z Chally Dresses
as the newG reached Lahaiua.
100 barrels of Salt for sale by
IL PITMAN '& SON.
Sept. 19. . tf.
; E. E'G'PENER, '
Hnsjirat received per Panpic Forager,
direct from London, tlic following articles,
which he n now retailing at the
reasonable prices :
Pest wide and narrow Pr'mts. Printed
Muslins. Luilies" and rientlemen's fine
cotton Hose. Plack and China silk Hose,
and Cloves. Patent leather Dress Shoes.
Strong calf leather Walking Shoes, and
Poots. Fine 10-4 damask Tnldo Linen.
Fine 4-1 Pird's-eye Diaper. F'ine Irish
Linen. Fine ong Cloth. Stripel Shirts.
Fancy striped Shirts. Jled and blue llain
Pelerine and Scarfs Plack, CJrecn
and While Veils ; -Fine Cambric Mus
lins ('beck Tape Muslins Spri
unci Mull M n si fn s J Ji si i op Lawns La
dies' Silk Gloves Plack Crape Pink
('rape Petticoat llobcs Silk Cord
.Men and women's Hosiery India
Rubber Suspenders Cotton 'Suspend
ers Worsted Suspenders Bed Tick
ing Men & Women's Shoes Calico
niostnd striped blurts Kendy-made
I Clothing Silk Handkerchiefs China
Pocket Knives; Spring Balances,
Knives and Forks; Scissors; Pins and
Caps, and Sad Irons; Braces and Bijts;
Soup, Ladles; Gauges; Chisels; Hooks,
and Hinges; Files; Iron and Brass
Putt Hinges; Cast Steel Hand Saws;
Iron Pack Saws; Compass Saws; Cut
anil n rouglit. JNuiJs; Cut and Wrought
lie! Shirts. Kcadv made Cloth Chtl.iii-r
fancy Rummer I.-mvsers. Sa. or s Sheet- !Tacks; Hat Pins; Cast Iron Furnaces
mir and CIowi J rowsers. 1 1 .inuiiKiIji t .-.i..,.,. tj..j,. c:i n
Y . !""Hiiri, jjimip, ciin venues; iross-
I ea Jackets. A good assortment of jetit and Pit Saw Files; Door, Chest
II aid Ware. Double Gloucester Cheese, jand Armor Locks; Shovels; Sauce
Coifee. Orange Neclar. Superior Port. iPans; Try Pans; Razors; Spoke Sha
and Sherry, from one of the lirst houses jvers; Hammers; AVood Saws; Jews
in London. jharps; Drawing Knives; Iron Squares;
, -ft 71 & O , ' Adzes; Brittania Table k Tea Snoons:
Fowling-iiees. Muskels. Fine snort- Axe Handles; Curtain Rinirs: Hoes:
ipwiler. Manila Mats. Manila i(l'nTier,s Knives; Bonnet and Brass
-c i . .i , onu- i inner. a a
, r i iCii'-ars. Manila Ci'jur Cases. Ginidiams.
ittoh responsibility ofthis Hood of uitcmncr- n. i rP , ..... '"r-""'"-
,. , . i i , , nun aim loom jrusues. undies, -l a- hi.ij.
ancc ..which is now deluging he land, upon . . Lm (Jj , ! Verdigris; Chrome Yellow and
the framers of the 1 reaty. I his is unjust. &Cf itc Ati". 2') tf ' j VHlow Ochre; Litharge; Spirits Tur-
Since it became the law of the land, spirits . ' ' ipeiitine; Paint, Brushes; Lamp Black;
are freely introduced and openly sold, and
drunkenness is evidently on the increase.
Still that but turned the key, and this gov
ernment has left open the doors. . This treaty
no more affects their right to inako and en
force internal regulations than it takes away
the liberty of speech. Not a grog shop need
exist, or a drunkard be seen in the streets,
if proper police regulations bo adopted.
Until this government exerts itself to its
full ability to arrest this growing evil, the re
sponsibility rests with it, equally as much as
upon the Treaty. However, as this is too
important a subject to trtat in a few words,
we leave it for the present.
For I5? civ York.
4J T"c fi,,e Npw Ship Lacsannf.,
fv(HS Ur m,,urc ,ons burthen per
SkL, register, J. Spalding, Master,
will sail direct for New York, on or about
the loth of October. For freight or passage,
apply to the Master or to
PEIRCE U BREWER.
5 hales Brown Cotton, Nashua. Mills.
S bales 4-4 Brown Cotton, Trcmont do.
3 bales Brown Drilling-, do. do.
Ground Log Wood, and Copperas.
Plain Letter Paper Foolscap ;
Playing Cards; Quills; Blue and Black
Ink; Inkstand, Penknives; and small
Coffee; Olives; Cigars and Tobacco;
Stoughton's Bittersf Pepper; Currants
rind Almonds; Dried apples;. Cham
paignc; Cider; London Porter; Hams;
Cheese; Pickles; Ginger; Prunes;
Peppermint; Swaim's Panacea; Mo
Assorted Crockpry Ware; Glass
Lamps, Tumblers. &c. &c. of.