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Iv to :is;iji lain hmv many of each lower
1 1 1 1 i it r r undo one of the next higher.
Rut lie would not allow, thiit in any of
I host- cases, there was any error. Proba
bly, however, inoro learned Japanese
would perceive the errors. I think I
have, in the list 1 copied, data enough to
correct the numbers which are wrong.
Perhaps it might be done by the abstract
here given. Hut as I zero would not al
low that there was any mistake, I have
preferred to set all down here according
to his diction; leaving to every one, who
may please, to correct for himself.
I would only add, in conclusion, that
ifanv o'io has curiosity enough to look
oer these numerals, he should, by no
means, begin in the middle ; but let him
h-arn thoroughly the first ten cardinal
numbers, and he will then find he has the
key to unlock tlx; mystery of the whole.
Mu. Moitoii, We now proceed to our
third proposition, viz. that intemperance
is the most fruitful source of pauperism and
crime. To prove this position, we shall
bring the testimony of individuals qualifi
ed to judge from tin; favorable circum
stances in which they are placed to make
observations, also statistical fads. Judge
Acton, Superior of all the criminal courts
of Home, stated that he might attribute
one third of all the crimes committed in
that country to the immoderate use of
wine and frequenting public houses. The
Secretary of War for the United States,
declared that of more than 1000 deser
lions in year, nearly all were 'occasioned
by drinking. Of 5(G(J, in six years, and
7058 court martini nearly all were at
tributed to this cause. Adjutant General
Jones, and other distinguished officer, bear
the same testimony. The Secretary of
the navy concurs in the general opinion
as to its effects and influence. And a dis
tinguished naval officer gave it as his
opinion that nine tenths of all the diffi
culties with the men arise from ardent
spirit. Mr. Wakely coroner of the city of
"Since I have hern coroner, I have seen
so many murders and suicides hy poison,
drowning, hanging, and cutting the throat,
in consequence of drinking indent spirits,
that I nin confident the legislature will before
long he obliged to interfere with respect to
the side of liquors containing alcohol."
"Judge If ale, after twenty years' observa
tion and experience, had declared, 'That if
all the murders, and manslaughters, and
burglaries, and robberies, and riots, and tu
mults, the adulteries, fornications, rapes, and
other great enormities, which had been com
mitted within that time, were 'divided into
live parts, four of them would ho found to
have been the result of intemperance.'
"The Sheriff of London and Middlesex
had said, 'That the evil which lies at the
root of all other evils, is that especially, of
drinking ardent spirit; that he had long been
in the habit of hearing criminals refer all
their misery to this, so that he had ceased
to ask the cause of their ruin, so universally
was it effected by spirituous liquors. ' And
Mr. Poinder, in an examination before the
Committee of the House of Commons, had
testified, 'That from facts, that had fallen
under his own observation, he was persuad
ed that, in all trials for murder, with very
few, if any exceptions, it would appear, on
investigation, that the criminal had, in the
first instance, delivered up his mind to the
brutalizing effects of spirituous liquors.' And
similar was tho testimony from others."
"Jurists, too, of distinguished character,
and judges, in great numbers, have testified,
that this liquor occasions a great majority
of all the crimes which are committed. One
says, 'Of eleven murders committed, nil, ex
cept one, were occasioned by strong drink.'
Another says, 'Of eleven murders commit
ted, all wero occasioned by intemperance.'
Another says, 'Of twenty murders examined
by inc, all wero occasioned by spirituous
liquors.' And another says, 'Of more than
two hundred murders committed iu the Unit
ed States in a year, nearly all have their
origin in drinking.' "
"A young man in Ireland committed a
murder, in March, 1833. He was after
wards tried at Kilkenny, and pronounced
by the jury to be guilty. 'Yes, my Lord,'
said the prisoner, 4I am guilty;' and point
ing to his mother, a woman of more than
eighty years of age, who stood by, be said,
She was the cause of it.' She had agreed
beforehand, for the price of the blood of Mr.
Leonard, the man, who, according to that
agreement, was to be murdered, by her son.
She watched for the coming of the unfort
unate and unsuspecting man, and when she
saw him approaching, she handed her son
the pistol, with which to take his life. Hut
there was not enough wickedness and hard
ness iu the young man to commit the deed,
lie instinctively shrunk back, saying, 'How
can 1 murder the poor gentleman.' His
iiM.ther handed him tho whiskey bottle, which
she had got for the occasion, and said,
'Take that.' He took it, shot tho man, and
"Another young man who had committed a
crime, so horrid that it was thought to be
incredible, was asked by the magistrate in
his examination, how it was possible, that he
could commit such a crime? He answered,
'Wuli the help of whiskey I could commit
twenty such crimes.' "
"Of 04 adults, who died in one city, irj one
year, the deaths of more than one third were,
according to the testimony of the Medical
Association, caused, or hastened, directly
or indirectly, by intemperance.
"Of 334 paupers iu one county, Q00 were
made such by strong drink; of 5253 in
another county, 2 tG were made paupers in
!he same way ; of SO in another county, 48
were made paupers by intemperance; of
1134 iu another county, 10-09 -were made
paupers in the same way; and of 1969 pau
pers in different alms-houses of our country,
1790, according to the testimony of the
overseers of the poor, were made paupers
by intoxicating liquor. Of 634 persons re
ceived into the alms-house in this city in
1U33, GIG were intemperate. Of 24,329
persons relieved in New-York, three-fourths
was occasioned by intemperance."
"Of 23G persons in the Lunatic Asylum in
Dublin, I 5 were known to have been de
prived of reason by intemperance, ami there
is reason to belive that this was the case also
with many others. Of A'J'j patients which
were admitted into the Liverpool Lunatic
Asylum, 2G7 were known to have brought
on their derangement by drinking; and tin's
was supposed to have been the case with
A Friend of Temperance.
SATURDAY, OCT7T7, 1810.
IMlMlOYOir.NTS AM) CIIA.W.Krt IN AND
The past twelve months have been full
of activity. Streets have been widened,
straitened and opened, houses and stores
built, others demolished; public works
commenced, anil every thing now wears
the appearand of progressive improve
ment. In comparison with preceding
years, quite a spirit of enterprise scctns to
be awakened both among foreigners and
Uawaiians, which wc surmise, is the re
sult of a general prosperity. To a stran
ger nil may still appear rude and scmi
civili.ed, but to the resident many cheer
ing alterations are to le seen, which indi
cate that the means rather than the will is
wanting, for a still more rapid improve
ment. The broad avenues which now in
tersect the town, will become eventually
fine streets. If they could be lined with
trees, it would add much to the comfort
of the pedestrian. Carriages, curricles,
itc, are becoming quite common, and
add to the liveliness of the place, and bet
ter still, the shoulders of oxen are now
substituted for those of the human cattle,
who formerly were the carriers of stone
and burthens. Native women are begin
ning to inquire with eager interest for the
"patena hou"(n.cw fashions) and the more
substantial articles of civilization arc in
It would not be amiss to record some
of these improvements, for the benefit of
those who take an interest iu this infant
metropolis, and are not here to see ; and
if the record should live long, enough to
meet the eye of some brother quill, who
may be fifty years hence editing a huge dai
ly iu the then populous city of Honolulu, it
may perchance draw forth a smile, as he
compares our notes of "improvements''
with the time worn and dingy buildings
of antiquated style, which the depraved
taste of his ancestors erected; devoutly
wishing that age, Cloth, or Vandal would
speedily work their ruin, that room might
be made for some more modem and ele
gant style. 15e that as it will, he shall
have the benefit of our list at least, con
sign it to whom he may. Firstly, by the
water side we see a new store, built of
stone, by Mr. F. J. Green way, in a neat
and handsome manner, and adding much
to the appearance of that part of the
town. Continuing our search for siims
of improvement, we behold the sign of
SAM &. MOW, RAKERS, from the Ce
lestial Empire, adjoining a new and neatly
built retail shop, which looks much like a
retired post office, from some nourishing
village in the United States. Six more
have been recently opened in other parts
of the town, with the benevolent purpose
of easing their customers of all superflu
ous cash, and if a pretty display of goods
will work so desirable effect, they may be
assured of success. Then we have Rev.
L. Smith's new church, a neat and large
building of adobies, capable of accommo
dating two thousand persons, and not far
from that, to the westward a new and
substantiabbridgc, with a causeway, cross
ing the ricr and low ground in .that vi
cinity. Its expense exceeded $1200,
and it has proved of great utility, being a
great thoroughfare, and affording a pleas
ant road for Kwa, instead of the long ride
through the water as was formerly the
case. Another prominent object is the
elegant mansion recently erected by Mr.
IT. Skinner, an ornament to the town and
an incitement to a better taste iii build
ing. Resides this there are many other
dwelling houses lately finished, or in prog
ress, of improved appearance, and con
venience to those ship-like houses which
have been so much in vogue, and appear
to have been planned with one eye at sea,
and the other on shore. A new stone
Chapel for the Catholic congregation has
been commenced, to be one hundred and
fifteen feet long by fifty in breadth, and
of a chaste style of architecture. The
young chief s school house, though plain
externally, has a very neatly finished in
terior. Rev. Mr. Bingham's new stone
church, has been completed as far as the
third story, and when finished will be an
imposing structure, of one hundred and
ten feet iu length, by seventy in breadth,
with columns in' front, and capable of ac
commodating upwards of three thousand
individuals. The style is somewhat 'anti
quated for our day, but has the merit of
convenience. An enterprising German
has established a copper foundry, and a
press for the extraction of oil from the
Kukui nut, w hich is used largely in paint
ing, tfhe king
a new palace of stone, which when com
rtltttml will n n mnnrmiu nn.l -t.
. ... s unit UK 'nr
. ...... '
building. And last but not least, is
UIU IJIIOOIVH iiuuov) vtuivil 111 llJj jj
dress, quite outshines some of its mor
i .:r..i xt i
Duuuiuui iiiiuuiiu is ueeuwung jjlOr
picturesque than ever. Mr. Peirce's com
try lodge is a very pretty and convcni.r,
illlilll, tllUl IMHU 1.1 lliwivj lld.l lllllUCeU S('V
eral others to follow his example, in rr
tiring to the cool shade of the valley, an
shortly wc shall see its surface dotte
with neat cottages. This is as it shou!
be, and could all the merchants he indn.
ced to dine late, close business, and t!m
retire for the remainder of the day tothf
country, much health and happiness won!,;
ensue, and quite as much business I
We have been at some pains' in obtain
ing the following list of the stores, pu,j,
buildings, trades, professions, etc. of th
town. There arc doubtless sonic error-
hut it will serve to give an idea of tli
present condition of the town. AVc Inn
not included many native mechanics, wh
arc more or less employed among for
cigners and their own countrymen.
Public buildings, institutions, &c.
Two Protestant Churchcsi Pastors, Rev. R
Armstrong, and Rev. L. Smith.
One Seamen's Bethel, Rev. J Diell.
One Roman Catholic Chapel, Bishop ofN
One stone School House, for Charity Schno
Teachers, Mr. and Mrs. Johnstone, eig
. ty scholars, of both sexes.
Four other schools, for native children.
One tor teaching the English laiifriuw
' Uawaiians, J. M. Steele, Teacher.
A large adohic building for the young Chief
L.-'.A I l I. 1 . i-
nciioui, eieven scnoiars, statues pursue
in the English language, Teachers, 31
and Mrs. Cooke.
Singing School, every Friday evening at tli
Sandwich Islands Institute, small Mirscnii
and Public Library, three to four huudr
Reading Room for Seamen.
American Hospital for Seamen.
British Hospital for Seamen.
Stone Fort, mounting sixty guns.
Battery on Punch Bowl Hill, fourteen fort
Halo Kauila, or Government House.
Prison. One Sugar Mill.
English Consulate, It. Charlton, Consul
United States Consulate, P. A. Brinsmud
French Consulate, J. Dudoit, Consul.
Sailor's boarding houses, alias
Paint oil manufactory,
Cabinet maker's shops,