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would follow us lor hours to.elhei and
frequently plunge so near the boat :is lo
throw Wilier into her. Tin; slightest
thutnp against the half inch cedar boards'
of which our boats were built, would have
settled tho business lor us by scltliujj: u in
the depths of the sen. Some such acci
dent wo feared h;id happened to our o u
trides in the miss'itcr boat 1 H si s search
was fruitless we ;rai;i te red our course
in company witli Cap'uin II. Nothing of
importance. oeeurin;4 throuv.h ihe day ex
cept, a slight accident fro:n a living lish.
Those acquainted with the living lis!i may
recollect of having frequently seen them
rise out of the water to windward and sail
oil' to leeward with the speed of 'an ar
row thus did the one of which I speak
and struck mm; square across my mouth
which unfortunately was shut: I was
knocked down by the Mow and. so was
the lish. I not up naain, hut. the lish
never did; poor thintr, it hid risen from
the water to escape the jaws of a pfdphin
only to fall a, victim to mine. To me il
was a severe specimen of lisholoy my
under lip hein cut nearly through so as to
Meed profusely; I felt rithT down in the'
mouth, as did tho unfortunate lish down a
number of them.
To be con'!m:cil.
animals. .The whole roast was lined by
immense barriers of ice, and obscured by
constant fo-.'s. it follows vers nearly the
, direction of the antarctic circle. The
j Fiyinu !"is!i did not make the lamb bu!
e.jxiie:icv d very suvoro weather, by which
' 1 1 : r safety of the vessel was much end. in
'ered." The porpoise nfler purling from
' the other vessels, coasted ;i! :r t i i bur
1 rier of ice, for several hundred miles, seek
ing in wun for an opening. They found
earth and stones imbedded on tho sides
of icebergs, indicating the vicinity of land.
The brijj also fell in with the Trench Dis
covery Ships, and stood down to speak to
with . Commodore D'Urvillc, but when
thev had almost. rea hed the; Astrolabe,
he tacked ship urn! stood away from them,
evidently declining 'any communication. .
The Vinoenncs arrived from Sydney at
the Ihiy of .Islands, New Zealand, March
SATURDAY, OCT. sM, 1H10.
Tho following items of infbfmalio'
which have not previously been published
in regard to the movements of the U. S.
Ivplor'i Squadron ami the countries
visited are in irencral circulation in town,
and we record them for the information
of those who are 'not here n'hcnr.
Sydney is a well built tow-n of about
20,000 inhabitants. Tho offers were
treated with the greatest hospitality while
there. Society much split up into castes,
of every variety of shade, of winch the
European settlers constitute the "exclu
sives," allowing of no mixture with those
iii any way connected with 'the convict
population. Sydney is the dearest, place
in tho Pacific. New Holland suffers much
from want of water and navigable breams.
It is liable ' to p;vc;d droughts, which oc
casion heavy losses to the wool ."rowers.
Tho aboriginal population of tho wholo
continent is dwindling away rapidly, and
will probably, before another century be
extinct. Church missionaries are labor
ing with much zeal among them, attended
howqver with but little success. The na
tives differ in character from all other'
savages, and appear to form quite a dis
The Southern Antarctic Continent was
seen on board of the Peacock several days
before the Vincennos fell in with it, but the
gale setting in soon after, in which she was
so much damaged by ice, compelled her to
bear up for Sydney without making any
further explorations. It was , discovered
by the Yineennes the morning of tlie sanio
day in which it was seen by the French
Discovery ships, thus anticipating their
discovery by half a day, an account of
which will be found in another column.
The Vinccnnes was at one time within a
very short distance from the shore, and
just as preparations were being made for
attempting a landing, a severe gale set in,
which compelled her to seek an oiling.
The land in some places was mountainous,
attaining a height of 5000 feet. All ap
parently entirely barren, and inhabited
only by seals, wahusses, and other polar
moans arc; called a handsome race, some
of the. women being realty beautiful, and
modest and graceful in their manners.
This group was thoroughly s.urcyed,.and
a number of good harbors discovered.
The Fiji group, to the number of three
hundred island, of which upwards of two
hundred are inhabited, form a labyrinth
of reefs, rocks and dangerous straits, which
had never before been accurately survey
ed. The highest mountains range at about
live thousand feet. The population of
the whole group is estimated at .'100.00;).
In features and color they appear a distinct
race from the. rest of. the Polynesians.
They art; dark, but not so much so as the
negro, neither have they the woolly hair:
but theirs is long, ami crisped. In intellect
they appear to bo quite equal to any other
of the Polynesian tribes, but destitute of
their engaging gentleness of' manner.
The Fiji Islands are spoken of ns vcrv
fertile, and under a high state of culih (.
lion. Rewa is the principal town 0f
group, and contains 10,000 inhabitant
Two Mmdish missionaries, Messrs, Cari
and Jagger, reside here, but have as (
been unable to make any converts.
All that wo have heard of tho Fijian
their manners, customs, religion and pn
out condition, is both novel and inlcres!
ing, and that part of tin; history of ,(.
voyage which relates to this group, will
not yield in interest when published lo
that of, any other.
Toiigatabu is a low island, being most,
ly a dead level. It. "is exceedingly fertile,
tho soil being composed of several feet in
depth of vegetable mould, and overgrown
with a dense forest of cocoa nut trees.
At. the time tho Squadron was there,
in April last, the war between the heathen
il , and found the brigand schooner al- while in savage ferocity, treachery, and j and Christian parlies, whic
ready more, wan ills' nor arrival, i ne . canmoaiisni, tneyiar exceed tne worst oi tPHMit.n'eo so iiimM v tr, ft,., i..,, .
Peacock was ordered to rejoin them at them. Their blackest designs are concord-' ha I just broke out. The heathens out.
Tongatahu as soon as her repairs were jed under a smilingar.d apparently hospfca- numbered their adversaries, but the k
ompleted. Tho native population of j bio exterior. IVrpctually at. war among i ter were assisted bv Taufahnu, or Kin-
themselves, their evil. passions are ever mi (Jeoi-ge, sovereign of Hapai and Vuvau
play, and the highest aim of their life, np- j yviilj nI ,js warriors. Capt. Wilkes en
pears to bo to see who will accomplish the (leav'ored to effect an mineable adjustment
mosi wrong. Age, nusiormne or opprcs- of the diilerences between the two par
sion nmolig them find no sympathizing, ties, but their mutual fears and jealousies
nana n aid or console, and instead oi up-' were loo powerlul to bo overcome.
pealing to tncir pity, but draws upon the
heads of those too powerless to rt
i' I 1 1.1 1ITI
iresn injuries, and even (leap, v hen ' t ;? l.o ! l possession of the ship, and put of
old age becomes, a burthen, death islfiecrsand crew, 'hors cnml.nt' ,,,.,,
Xow Zealand is estimated at between -3
ind 400,000, divided into several power
ul tribes. Flax and timber are at. pres
nt its chief, productions. Since Mr.
Ilobson was appointed to bo governor of
he Uritish residents, emigrants are rap
idly nocking in, although suliering much
it first from want of the necessaries of
life. Speculations in lauds were running
.'ligh, and somcdaYgo fortunes have been
made by individuals who purchased their
titles for mere trifles of the natives. The
American Consul, who is an Knglishinnn,
recently sold a lot of laud at the Jiay'of
Inlands lb;- $ 150.000, which ho purchased
for a musket. The former white -population
of New Zealand was of the most
abandoned character, being mostly esca
ped convicts from New South Wales, who
upon arriving there, gave themselves up
to a life of crime and debauchery. Un
der the present administration, a better
order of things is being introduced, and
tho colonization of the country by the
Fnglish will no doubt have a favorable
inlluonco upon its desliny. The 'chiefs
are fast alternating their lands to foreign
'The Church of Fngland Mission has
been established there thirty years, and
the results of its labors consist merelv of
a translation. of the Now Tesiameut, and
a few small books. The natives have Ipst
their old rolb'mn without substituting any
other in its place. The missionaries are
represented as living in good. style, on large
e-states, and enjoying as much of worldly
comfort and aggrandizement as their situa
tion and circumstances will allow.
Tho missionaries at the Samoa Croup
are spoken of i:i the highest terms. Their
j nuuia'.'oment of the .natives has been some
j what tliilerent from that of previous mis
I sioiis having profited by their experience.
They have been there but three years, and
have already produced the most favorable
results; having succeeded in introducing
the Christian religion, alolishing the
heathen customs, and bringing about a
general peace. We have received some
specimens of their printed works, which
speak volumes for their taste and industry,
and the commercial code which the chiefs
have adopted, manifests a strong interest in
them to preserve good order and promote
the prosperity of their country, by the
enaelii nt of wholesome laws. The Sa-
i the Tt.j. 4 ... i i
' iiiu.-Mjm mt M uie saio io do pnsi hi
esist, i endurance; having in one niht fairly
dealt, when lire consumes a house, b'io
neighbors assemble to plunder, and
ing the men even lo the top-gallant cross
trees, where some l ad lied with the vain
work of extermination. If a wife offends
a tyrannical chief, she is .knocked on the
head, and a feast made of. her body, for
tho remainder. Polygamy in its greatest
extent is practised, some chiefs having
forty wives. .'
The natives oT the interior are said to
differ in character and manners from thoe
of the sea board, with w hom they are
continually at war. Notwithstanding the
ferocity of the Fijiaus, a number of white
men hrtvo settled "among them, of much
better diameter than those commpnly
found in such situations. In some in
stances they have had sujiicent inlluonco
to do away cannibalism in the districts in
which they were settled.
Some of the surveying parties were out
forty days in open' boats, being obliged to
sleep in them at night, anchored at a suf
ficient distance from shore to prevent sur
prise.' In their intercourse with the na
tives, the officers had repeated proofs of
their treacherous spirit, in various qttempts
to elude their vigilance, and surprise them
while unprepared. In biie instance 'they
surrounded and captured a boat, and com
pelled tho crow' to jump ovolboard and
wade to another, which was at a short dis
tance. Within 4S hours, severe retribu
tion followed, for their town was attacked
and burnt, but without loss of life to the
natives who had lied to the forests. .The
stolen boat was then recovered,' and all
other missing articles. Whales were verv
abundant among the islands. The ship
Leonidas,of Salem, collected among them
$:10,00() worth of beach la mar in eight
months, during the last year.
II. 11. M. Surveying Ship Sulphur,
Capt. Belcher, ran aground, and damaged
her rudder, and wvas supplied with new
pintles from the Vincennes..
when a tribe is conquered, all join in the ; hope of .escaping their pitiless pursuers.
liie officers and crew of the Squadron
have thus far enjoyed almost uninterrupt
ed good 'health, and out of the whole
number of the latter, amounting to five
hundred men, four only have died of any
disease. Two seamen have been drown
ed, besides-those lost in tho Sea (lull.
Some weeks ago we received a present of
an Jrisn putatcc, which to all appearance
was a whopper, nui we gave its length, and
hrciidth, and depth that all our renders inijilit
i'ldgc for themselves of its claim to that title.
We have received one recently from the
same locality, to which its predecessor miM
knod: unler,'heing sixteen inches in length,
and eleven and three fourths in circumfer
ence, and weighing fifty eight ounces.
. HAWAIIAN SPECTATOR.
Those who wish to procure complete sets
of this periodical, should apply soon (see ad
vertisement) as the edition is almost ex
The fiiends of the Charity and Native
Schools, will be gratified to Jearn, that not
withstanding the badness of the weather,
Hint wns obtained for tho aid of their funds,
from tho Ainatejir Concert given on Friday
evening, the lb'lh.
The murderers "Kumanawa and Lono
puahau expiated their crime on the scaf
fold on Tuesday last, at the fort, in the
presence of a larc concourse of people.
The Henrietta brings news from the Uni
ted States up to June,' the particulars of
which we have not been able to lenrn, I"1'
hope, to present it in our next. Wo lunr
that the Jlouudary Question will he ainicabK