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IV r!rl)S tin so tl.'tiiil- lllaV Hr teflon-
to the riM.hr. lull t!i- i;ii)'rt;i:trc of
school nml t!i- int-ov-l we l I ill tl'
w- li'inc ',' l li-iii.: '.'i ii'-Mlioii x nit u.-.
is " only ii;;.!'.y tor giin : tbrm. .t
mediicr tin;.; 1 iioju: thro.ijU your :upr
lo say so:in !!iin.'; more to our renders on
tin) sn'.m.'ci ol schools,
I x i'k: ) Ii hi' Hi':!,.! i'mIy'ic i mi.
Sir. !m os. I'J and i.5 ill' y-.'ir pap t,
1 i, iti I vi .!) rt articles i-.!"-1 i : i to the
Silk Piantnti .ii !' .Mr. T;;c".! s Wai !i.
1 am h.ionv Jo adirm t!i:ii the main stn'c
Jil;;!lfs i'l till s ' io'iicles are Ci n'i eel , hut 1 mo
S':'rv to see such :i sta've as a j j -j 1 1 ed in
No. I- It i i in tlic l'il!- inf w ,rds.
'has now eighty acres under c.idlv;. lion."
'j'he trees are o!anted n.it m oo thai cue
yard npait, or one Inc to ea -h yqunre ya:d.
iN'o'.v if there n ro !5l acres under eu'!iv.itiMi
Ihero must be ;v'.7--; 0 trees, jn.-t ;l of
It.).),')):) I suppose there are about JO ae-os
n v covered willi trees, !ii di at one t"eo
per s(iiaio yard would amount to M'!,'.).
trees, a'tout tin ntiiulier on t'i.' ground.
Ml'. 'V. llU.S w ) a'nes t!iat In lione.-i !:ef we
lo:i t: i t eovereil vi!!i ?.! ullteny tries,
and from tliH tart may liavo originated tlnj
lni-tako al)ove nd'errt d to.
It mav lie tlioutlit unwise to jdacc ll:o
IMuilierry trees so near feather. The reason
that the owner of the Plantation has iven, is
that tin; soil is rieh enoii'.di to support ihe
trees thus nearly i i eoutact; hence tin; ti lie
and l;i! r oi'ruuiiin:' oer doii!)U; the, ground
That the owner of the "Plantation jinh-cs
ri'jlitlv vit!i re-iard to the stventli of the
soil, no one can douht uh sees tho wei;,!it
and hcauty of the leaves with which the trees
That one ran see the trees prow would
ho considered a lar;ro t-tory to tell, hut by
actual measurement a sfeni of the Canton
tree; fjrew l feet in days.
I have mado these coi rection.s that those
who have seen the Plantation may Unow h w
to understand tin; statements hetine refers cd
to, and that those cnixaed in th:; sane
enterprise, may judge correctly ot' ifs real
state. Vours, si lltshlt ul rfjuntai.
lo he deixMnhd upon, when any oftheir pas- j
To i n see.l ihi-i s'l'-ieet ill a proper I 'W , I
.v. iiiut lrav ihe nllenli-Mi of our readers hops, wee cull. J into phi.v. If ind-cd a
to the a.'lnal c ndiliou of the - savages 4f Suttrr !is;;oi!i.n whs s-metinies displayed,
Pi.l::r;si:i, n.v. their rhara -fr liecame and t!n ir riailt rlr.u a.!(rs occasionally ynli
m ,!;,;, d .v i.i'e.c .iiise "i'!i f iieiviieix. veir-d hy toiiclus of humaiii'y. tln-y wcie
Tien hv s!iowi:iu wliat causes hae opt lated '.ullicient only to redeem their claiiii t
t . eu. ct the iiumv i-lian-res hiu hae si:n e 'that title. Ar.d when we nn-c t with
'.x-cam l. re.-n'tinin their present slate of jdividuals cnahled hy the forcn of their
semi-ci. iliati m, we i i ; 1 1 1 he aide to jink-e t-natui al talents to rise superior to the com
h .w mm !i of t!,is can he attrihuted to the ! nmu vi: cs of their raM, it niaiks het mote
.inilnc ip ( ofihat da-s ofin li i'!u ds to whiclr ; tn-p-ly tin degradation ol' the remainder,
we have rei( rrcd. It will also he ueccsrary I. a Pcr-use t!i iut!i froh ih-ui the K's
t i n 1 vert t tiu: iai-si i.i.!iy op.c: ations, and 1 .--can school of innoceiu e of savage li e,
ili.'ii- rc:-:;:;s. ' I writer, "The most darinjr rascals of -'uroj:o
es'are !ess h vnecrit ica! than these natives. All
! een rep? at .'illy e.vperi- m v docs not cvjircss a single sentiment of
enced even to this day, hv thxe whose dil-j nitli. The oiiiect most to he suspected is
ties or iatt re.-i shave ledt'iem to visit jnoups iV) uj, , j,, n.-eived a present, or who
t i 1 . ( .
All tue c.lv p,".vp".r:vrs tiMiini tiie r,:;:i(
ei-i-ed to treae'p'i'v and plunder, charae- t ! l : i r caresses were !a!se
i . i s him iia
either v!i l!y or paitially unknown. When
e.cej:tions occur, t'.iey appear to he rather
the rciailt of li iir or cupidity, than of a
iViendiv s; irit. A. supreme selil.-hness dotn- a, ,.r? it must he a worse than heathen e
appears to he the most earnest in rendering i
a thousand little services." Vol. I. ). o"77. j
If such then, in jdain reality is their char-!
mated in the hrea-!s of these savage
lording a 'painful contrast to the hospitality
vJiich the Ameiicau Indian exercises to
wards these who.;e ncv-cssities are greater
than !iis own. Tasman and Mai ion were at
tacked at New 'calami, Wallis at Tahiti,
ruption that could add am tiling to their,
vilemss. Still we have heard much of the,
sad results which have followed from tin; in-!
tndiictieu of tin; vices and mal-practices of 1
eivili.ed nations anions tin; simple iuhahi-j
ta;its of these secluded isles of these Mii!e-i
l.a I eroiis,. at tae avnrators, ami i.icm. i ..s rj,ihhen of nature hut until some proof
I ler --est cor i m in i Pier ol the Dedal us, with .Mr.
SATURDAY, NOV. 11, H!o.
Wc fre(juently hear it sail hy strangers,
"What a p it v that so much ill-feeling should
exist hetween tin; missionaries and other for
eigti residents in these islands." Wo arec;
that it is a matter of regret, hut tit the same
time, we think that it has hecn exaggerated,
and not a little heightened hy tin; j artial ;.,nd
ill-judged representations that have Ik en
given to tin; world. Kvory writer, of 1 :te
years, who has treated o:i the suhp ct,
has thought it necessary t dwell upon
this j)oint. If his tastes ami connexions h ad
him to favor the mis-a mai ies, his pa( s are
filled with eul opiums on their y.eal, lisi:it m
estedness, w isiUm and purity, mid witlidi
atrihes against the vice, selfishness and vio
lence oftheir ojiponents. If, on the contra
ry, ho tonus his ideas from intercourse with
the residents, he lauds, in equally stro i
terms, their liherality, enterprise and inti !li
jence, while In; accuses tin; mi.;.-iouaries of
hiotry, worldliness, ainl)ition and many
other had qualities, o-.v in th"se, as in all
partisan accounts, there is a mixture of truth
and error, and the latter is jiaiticulaily c n
ppicuous in the hi;;h coloring which is ;icn
to the animosity which revai!s hctweeu the
two classes. In our opini.jn, it is little, if
any, stronger than that hetween the j;ol:ti:al
parties in our own country. At the ju-es' nt
moiiKMit, there is I(ss of it than we have be
fore known, and it may therefore aii'ord m a
good ojijiortunity for examining into the res
pective merits of hoth in advancing the cause
of improvement and civilization n .t merely
here, but through the islands of Polyncia.
Wo berin with that class whose ir.llueree
has been least understood and greatly mis
represented even by writers friendly to their
caUso wo mean the foreigners, di uiuct from
ComcIi the a-tronomer were massacred at
this inland. T!:is vcy ye;.r we have to re
Cord the minder, in a most tiea herons man
ner, of two of tin; officers of the I.'. S. Kx
)loiing lvj. edition, at the Fiji;, evidently
done with ho other motive than to ju.ssess
'themselves of their arms ami clothing. There
is scarcelv a trou ) of islands which has not
hern the scene of some dejiloruldt; cruelty,
at the commrn-emcnt of intercourse with
the w hites. The first iiPjuilse of the natives
at siir'it of a ship npcars to have; been to
surjuisc and capture it, and it has been only
by repeated defeats, or prompt and efficient
punishment, that they have been taught their
own weakness. In some; instances the na
tives have rc'iarth il their first white visitors
,as gods, and a such, revered them. While
this ojiinion obtained, they were civil, hos
pitable, ar.d obsequious. Put this dcort
. ment was the result oftheir tear ol' disas
trous consequences to themselves, should
.they olfeiid the deified strangers, and con
tinued no longer than their belief. They
Were kind or cruel, as their immediate self
ish interests plight direct. Even at this dav ! times unsafe
the I'iji islanders consider the shipwrecked That we are nt all times obliged to submit
'mariner and his prMcrtv a; lawful prizes 1 V Jm' '"'i'"'"1' !"' !" by the au-
. 'ii.-4 i.i ! thorities, having no one to represent or sus-
the one to j'ra'-e Ins canni'ial least, and the!. 1
. . tain us.
otuer to grati'y lu-i vam'y. o other right T,.t American citizens when nrrcst d.
than that of the str,,:v,..;t ,,r mot- artful, isj;,n. allowed no judicial trial and therefore
a; knowlw edtj'cd. eiiher must we sup: ise; are obliged to sull'-r aecoitling to tin; whims
is adduced, more cogent than the sighs of
poetic, sentimentality, w e must be j;ermifled '
to doubt the correctness of the opinion. Wei
believe, in fact, that so far from any h teri-;
orr.tiou bavin;; resulted from foreign int"r-J
course, that its inlhienco has been decidedly j
hcnef.eial. In future numbers we jrojosc !
to jiursue the subject further, and to trace its
rogress and results t'o the jueseut day.
A num'oer of documents have been handed
to us, relating to the atrocious treatment of
foreigners in California last s)iing. They
contain in substance, the same statements
certified to on oath by a large number of
witnesses, which we published in Xo. l2
of our journal. They were addressed to
Cajjt. Forrest of tlic U. S. Ship St. Eouis,
and by him forwarded to his government,
which no doubt will act ' promptly and ef
fectually in the case. 'J'he following are the
juincipal causes of coinjdaint on the part of i
the American citizens.
That transient vessels are not fully au
thorized to redress our wrongs.
That our jiersons and jiroperty are at all
thr.t this spirit is .-mcwii only in their re
lations to foreigners. J-'el.'ih and cruel as
of 'the powers that be.'
That many have been threatened, with be
inn compelled to labor at noMir worL wiili.
ravages are toward, st rangers, they are none , ()1f j,. vifi.l!t.tS ;lws ,,!, r,il'll!tl.Vf
the less so to tin ir own race. Navigators That property to a large am nut has been
differ somewhat in their resjiective accounts taken from American vessels to satisfy the
of (he various lii!.es they have united, ,t ! demands of a party or the government, aid
,i it . ii no restitution as vet made,
ir. t mot o so than would natura.lv ause Irani . , . ... .
, ..... , , . , . J iiat tjie j;e!if ial opinion is, that the .roV.
t he inherent circumstances under which their '..i;c ; o i c
(ein,nent ot t atitoruia is not responsible lor
acquaintance was made. o one can e-, imy ov,.,t . t it may commit, the (General
riHc tip ir pages, wi'liont being convinced .( Jovcrnnicnt of .Mexico Ik ing alone liable;
that the c;iv:;-o.s of IN lvnesia were at J,0 ; sd-- ihat the I'. States' government will take
'date of their ,li,cov rv, a 'b spo, at lv wi-U- J,w n'i,i,,,1! .,,r :m' .il,",,,,s lo "r ''":ges done
1 -'lit- 111.
lncc.st ami sensu;. li
cit i.ens of the Cnittd s!tates, then in
IJesolved, That the opporltme ariin f(
the Saint Louis at this Pot t Las trndect Hi,,,
to lessen the evils and distresses (if (
Ann rican Citizei s as well as lh itish .siil,j,,.j,
r.ri- ing out of tiie late political distiii!,';,.,
in this Territory.
Uesolvi 1, That Catain Forrest isontrV
to our warmest aidaiov, ledgments for
prtijiijit arrival at this Port and for his p,,.
investigation of the causes of our recent th
I'culties, and lr demanding of tin- j,,,,;
authoiitii s, redress of past wrongs and 'nilr
i : ...
sccui ii v iuto pi um;iinii ikiuei lean f,
Ilesolved, 'i'hat Cujitaiu I'orrest bp r,
questeil to represent to the ConunaiKlcr j
chief ot' the J. States naval forces in .
Pacific, the necessity ol the more I;ti;um
visits of the .ships of war under his cuinniiu
to this coast and that the (o( riuncnt I,
informed of the inqiortauce of a consul i,
other authorized agent to reside pcrinain 'iit
in this depMitment of Calilinnia, and tlnnf,
be respectfully solicited to leave a coinpi u
. . .... I .' I 1
oiucer in lemporary cnarge oi sin ii cuiisn',,
duties, until the lcaure of the (iovcriiui,
be known, as without such an arnin: ino
this meeting iivo great reasons to fear
ditioiiid outrages upon their jiersons an
Kesolved, That the appearance liereti-!' ..
ol our ship.s of war has been too transient t
afford anv protection or securitv to our i 11,
coiintrviin n residing on this c ast (oalv i
ship and a schooner, exclusive of the S:ii:
Louis having ever entered tins Port) and u
cannot but indulge the hoe, that the ii
enising commercial interest of this sccti
of the ceitntrv iMinsidered with re fen nee t
its unsettletl condition, as well as tlic in,,
portance of securing the ri o lit s and :im
leges of settlers in the neighbouring tcnit
rv of Oregon, niay inuuediatcdy imiuce lii
(jovernniiMit to emjiloy a jicnnameiit nau
force on this coast.
Kesolved, That a Qtpv of these proceed
ing signed by the Chairman and Secretarv
be immediately jirc.scnted to Cajtiun JV.
rest, with the request that the same may I"
transmitted through Commodore Chixtuii t
the President of the IJ. Slates.
I'. S. ;ship St. I.oui.--, ?To!itcrey, July 1, 1
(icntlemen, Vour letter of ystcrday eii
closing the jiroccedings of a meeting held ii;
.Monterev, setting lbith the necessity fur:
Consul or other authorized agent at .t!i;r
jdace, and requesting me to leave an ellio
capable of jirotecting the interests of en
count'-ynien, and to whom they could a j j r.
in any enso-of emergency, ;c, ;c, togetiu
with a communication iqon the same miIjc
from other respectable citizens of the I
States, residing in this territory, has lire
received. 1 have to rejdy, that the i ec :
political disturbances, added to the )Icmi
excited and. unsettled state of the comiln
fully demonstrate the importance of
one clothed with official auth uity to rni:
Ihe ii'tcrrs's of nch a numerous (hi
of respe tabb iiulu-tri'uis, and enti rpri'i:'.
American citizens, and 1 have acconJin.
Iv appointed E. Jsta!)rook, J'sj., Consul;.
Age'.t to reniaiii among yon, until tl.ejden
ure of the Couiiiiauder in Chief of our HjiiU'
I ''or the kind manner in which allosi
has been made to inv srrvipo in tiie .n
thnneut of the recent outrages upon t!;
rights of our citizens, fce. is.c., allow nie t
make a tender of my acknowledgement
I am very rc-i uctl'.lly your olujib' iit sior:int.
T ,1 r. t r' l,l,:-T-
I o iJiairni'iii, kv.
( d' and ieious ra"c
y were universal, and ro.luced no j.bamo.
That the amount of property here belong
ing to Americans nt this lime, from actual
Lying win not con-t iered a fault, v hud calculation, is worth ope million of dolbirs,
'murder was common, and not regarded a a! 1 -whole of which is liable to lie confiscated
crime. Human sacrifices were required hv ut "'' "",,"L .
, ( , , , , i I hat hasty and arbitrary alterations are
aw. ( anuibah-iii extensively prcvai -d. i . . .
- i ; made in laws, lelativt-to trade, much to tiie
None were sup nor to thclt. Cruelty was . ury ()f business, after vessels have j.assed
tin; boa1 of the warrior, and not even the all the forms and roqui -ites of the customs.
ties of kindred were proof against treachery, j L is our opinion that the Fr nob gov-
intoxieatin" or rather stiijiiiy ing drinks w.-ro r'iniieut being ju-ompt j the redress" of
in daily use. Always at war, their ultl"!" tu '"T " -"'ducetl
, . .. . I'liudi to thmr wi ll being ami that they i n'iov
juissions wore ever dominant. Ihe duels h more uuinterni,te,ly than Americans
practised the most grinding tyranny, and the their rights and ii ivilejcs, many proofs
common eoph; had id I the nu amiess and having been given of ihdr d termination to
'cunning id' slaves. Their most attractive l,rntl (;l '"'r '','l,",J ! any erm rgeucy.
quality, il cannot be called a irtuc, was a The follow mg-Uesohtmns were addresed
kind otVav and listless g-ood natuie, never to Ciij.f. I 'oi re. t , of the St. Louis, by the
1y the Alciope we have 'received Chin -papers
and the Rejiository iij to Juno U
They contain much of local interest, vii
the usual (nuintuni of 'special edicts.' J5u
ness is at a stand, and every thing wear
gloomy aspect. The papers hope I'd- '!l
best, but far the worst. The Chinese wit
busy fortifying the nqrnaches to (kinM
though they jiretend to disbelieve the coiinn.
of the 'liritish Kvpedition.' Opium sn'11-'
gling still jnevailod extensively on the r"a
TIk; Euqircss of China "went to ram!'
among the immortals" in February
The Ucq ository is filled pt iu ipally with di
missions upon the ojiium trade, and the si'"v
ing dilliiMilties hetween China and Kn.-'l'11"
At California all was quiet.
Much eiuio,iiy has been excited 1"'
among the natives ami foi i igncrs, ut