Newspaper Page Text
frigate llacoon entered iho Columbia, and
the post at Astoria was formally sur
rendered) her commander, win; changed
its name to Fort (i enure. This post, was
restored as formally to the Cnited States
in October, IHS, by order of the llritish
(iovernmenl. agreeably to the treaty of
Client, without any reservation or excep
tion whatsoever, as the act. of delivery,
signed by the commander of tin; llritish
ship-of-war Blossom, and rise chief agent
of the Northwest Company, di ail pro es.
No atlemi)l to re-occupy it has. however,
been since made on the part of the Unit
ed States, or of any of its citi.e'is; and it
has been almost abandoned by the British,
who still maintain the other posts formed
by the Americans in IS I I. on the north
ern branches of the Columbia.
In the same month of October, .-'l-
;i convention between the BiilUh and
American ( lovernments was signed at
London, by which, all territori -s oil tin;
northwest coasts of America, claimed by
either party, were to remain, during the
ensuing ten years, free and open to the
citizens and subjects of both, without
prejudice to the rights of any third povycr.
This arrangement 'was, in 1-27. renewed
for an indefinite period, each party being
at liberty to annul and abrogate it. on
giving twelve months' notice of its inten
tions to the other, and it still remains in
force. By the same convention, the forty
ninth parallel of latitude was fixed as the
tine of separation between the territories
of the United States on the south side,
and those of (ireat-Britain on the north,
from the meridian of the northwest ex
tremity of the Lake of the Woods wes
tward to the Bocky mountains. This
parallel was chosen chiefly in consequence
of a supposition entirely w ithout founda
tion, that the said line had been settl
ed by commissioners appointed in 1711,
agreeably to the tenth article of the treaty
of Utrecht, as the northern boundary of
the French possessions in America West
of Lake Superior.
In 1819, a treaty, commonly called the
Florida treaty, was concluded between
Spain and the United States, by which,
a line drawn along the forty-second paral
lel of latitude, from the meridian of the
source of the river Arkansas, westward
to the Pacific, was fixed as the dividing
line between the territories of the two
powers in that part of America; Spain
ceding and renouncing to the United
States all her rights, claims, and preten
sions to territories north of that line ; and
the United States, in like manner, coding
and renouncing to Spain all their rights
and claims, ami pretensions to territories
south of the same. This arrangement,
lias been confirmed by a subsequent trea
ty between the United States and Mex
ico, which latter succeeded to the rights
and pretensions of Spain in that part of
Since the conclusion of the Florida
treaty, two attempts have been made to
settle by common accord, some line ex
tending from the Itocky mountains to the
Pacific, south of which the territorv should
belong exclusively to the United" States,
while that lying north of it should become
the property of Creat-Britain. No ar
rangement which would meet the views
of both parties has, however, been devis
ed. The United Slates claim the whole
territory watered bij the Columbia and its
branches, in virtue of the first discovery
of that river by (J ray of the first explora
tion of the country by Lewis and Clark
of the formation of the first settlement in
it by American citizens of the acquisi
tion of all the titles of the possessors of
Louisiana through the treaty of u-
with France and finally in virtue of the
contiguity of that region to the acknowl
edged dominions of the United States,
which should give to the Americans a
stronger riht to occupy it than any other
nation can have. They were, however,
in I H7. willing to give up all claims to
the portion north of the fortyninlh paral
lel of latitude, and to allow the British
the ri'ilit of nai-ratiiiLr the waters of the
Columbia llowiir fioin that portion to the
be in a manner under the direction of Iwccks since in the Polynesian, excepting
Methodist missionaries from New hng- .trnnslcr ol Acting Muster Knox to the Vlv.
.m'lllOUiM iiiiSMOiiiii n r 'linn i ),- n r v.
land. The people of t ie United States in Fih, and Acting Master Sinclair tako
are, however, not to be accused of want jhis place on hoard the Porpoise.
C - . . C .1.., i ii 1 1 i lji g id m '
oi cueigy on account oi mo miimvn m ,
dare, that luey claim no t
wcm coast and territory of America ex- climate, in their immediate vicinity
cli!sie!y, hut that they have; a right to
trade and settle in any part of it. in com
mon with other nations, the sovereignty
reinaiiii.'i.r in abeyance.'" This riyht thev',
in IS','7, insisted 1o rest upon the stipula
tions ol the convention ol 171)0, between
SATUKDAV, NOV. -!, 110.
'An fi 'i.l!lif iwilllnif i.f 1' i
4lii i.ivv.lim i'viiiui, in JMWiiii;ri(
has lately been struck off, on copper, t L,.
hainahina. v Those who have .seen the old
warrior-king, call it a striking likeness
very good engraving of the mission Iwildi,,,,,
... I I.I. I I . I ... . ... I
i' ii i 1 1 i 1 1 U 1. i '
ifcii i 1 1 1 1 1 1 r nil nii u i i'K i v i
(i seat-Britain and Spain : and they refus-' ..u.ts Km, ,.l( ,,.s jVoll tllu L;ai.
... .... .... Mill.. .C... 1 . 1 . 1 1
MTUiATriti: i. Tin; iwriiic.
v.....: :.. ci nv
, . .-..MUMiumr,, , ,!,,, u ami cairns on t(H, Sal ITI.civr ,v ,l0 PIiilaiilliroiM-. ! t i inmsi,,
the part of the Unite. Slates, excel)! MM . ,u .the title of a new work, printed at Lnnvii
. . .' I he general aspect ol adairs appears much 1 j''w.ii.
those derived Irom that convention, mam- . . , , ,,n . Ill 10 and handed us recently, and Vi.,
, - 4i . 4t . i , . .1 the same as by previous dales. I hosting- I .. , , . 1,1
t;umng that, as the United States had, . ,.,,,,.,,,,. I which we make the following intciTstiii-r cv
.,, i i ,i . i. .... t, r e o rnrlanil with tlio Chinese creates ' . , , , 1 . -
suc-eeel to tha rights d Spmn, thev r , . , ,, , tract. 1 he truth and the beauty of the
i... 1 ., ... Al? i .. ,i, , . ' i; .,,;,, niurh interest, ana all paities seem to he ' . t , . t ( ., "'
Ma. I al.-o M! ceeuea U the o.;Ir.-an;r.s and , . .. . ' . timent cannot but strike every one who n ad.
it. Ti.i'. r i i. i ii .i i'iiixiiiikv nvt'-iiiiiitr 1 1 in urn r i-cj in r rr ir
iimuaiio.is oi inose rign;s, as ueu ov thei """'n !
said conenlion. Tiiev were, nevertheless ! 1 b'weverunjust the occasion of it maybe,
i we cannot but think that the results will be
in IS 27. wiiliii''' to admit, as a boumiarv
betw"( ii the exclusive possessioiis of the ! prodiu the of good to the Chinese theni
two Powers, a lino drawn from t lie nioun-j selves, by opening their empire to the intro
tains westward along the JSth parallel to duction of the arts, sciences, and iniprove
the r.earest braneli of the Columbia, and ! incuts of Christendom. This done, and the
thence down the middle-of that stream to I exclusive policy of Japan will likewise per
the Pacific, giving to the United States ' is!,f and. thus these two powerful countries
all tlie country cast and south of such a i i,P stored to the civili.cd wo ld. The
one. ..M.i .eum.mg ior ureal i:uau, a:i l)rut., t,eat.n e.i of the American Mh-p Mor
....... i i . . 1 1 i i
norm ami wesi oi n. exceni a sma noi
tion ol detached territory in the angle be
tween the coast of the Pacific and the
south coast of the Strait of I uca, contain
ing two good harbors, which they were
willing also to cede to the United States.
To neither of these propositions, however,
would the party to which it was address
In the mean time, each of those Pow
ers had separately concluded a treaty of
boundaries and navigation with Russia,
by which Russia engaged to make no es
tablishments on the American coasts or
islands of the Pacific, south of the latitude
of 5-1 degrees and o1 minutes, while the
other parties were to make none north of
that line; although by each treaty, the
subjects or citizens of either of the parlies
were allowed to fish and to trade with the
natives on any portion of the northwest
coast, not occupied by the other, except
in spirituous liquors, or arms and muni
tions of war ; and the vessels of each were
allowed to visit the interior seas, and arms
of the sea, on the whole coast, during the
ten years immediately following the con
clusion of the treaty. These latter, stipu
lations have not been renewed. The
Russian possessions in America are utidcr
the direction of a company called the
Russian American Company, which pos
sesses the exclusive right of trading in
that part of tue world ; the residence of
the (jovernor (leiieral is at Si lea, on one
of the islands in the Northern Archipela
go, railed by the Russians JlaranolV's Is
lands, near the 57lh degree of latitude.
At present, the liritish Northwest Com
pany occupies all the most important points
in the whole region drained by the Co
lumbia, in vittue of licenses granted by
their (lovenimeut ; and Uritish justice of
the peace-enforce the laws of (ireat Prit
ain over llrilish subjects throughout it.
The number of citizens of the U. States
settled beyond the Rocky Mountains is
inconsiderable, ami fhey have no trading
establishments of any kind in the country.
Americans, are, indeed, almost "entirely
excluded from the trade on the Columbia,
and their commercial enterprises are near
ly all directed towards the territory south
of the forty second degree of latitude,
which is recognized as belonging to Mex
ico. The small American settlements on
the Multanoniah or Willamet, and the
Wallah-Wallah, the principal branches of
the Columbia which flow from the south,
rison, whiie on ('"-. r ; of the laitcr, is
making a noise, u i-' a writers urge the
occasion as one w hich requires tlio presence
of an American envoy and armed force, to
demand satisfaction, or at least secure' the
civil treatment of American citizens, should
accident ever drive them upon their shores.
General Harrison's chance lor being elected
President w as dailv growing stronger. thouh
it still remained quite doubtful. John Tyler,
of Virginia, is the w hig candidate for the
Vice Presidency. (jovernor Morton, of
Massachusetts, was elected by a majority
of ONE. The fifteen-gallon license law has
been repealed. Jiusiness was dull but im
proving. All goods arc very low. Cotton
from l to cents. Domestic goods from 7
to 3 cents, such as formerly brought lOto il
cents. so say our private letters.
The pressure of the money market, and
great scarcity of money still continue. Sev
eral banks have suspended specie payments.
It was thought the sub-treasury bill would
n:i;; I ii f Ii I ti
ir i i- in i" , .. I A petition was lately Dn-sontefl' tn tl
iu. iiimim jtiuuiiii i as rescued ins ol- i- . i- i . ,
nYo.a-p, M,. , . -nate ,i the United Slates, and o, demit
. " r ., v"L,,t "u' " he printed, lrom Charles llullinch and oilui
riu ! li,.. s.t l.,. .',..... O. I . - ... ."1 i . i I l I . i
tlio article, and wc recommend the whuk
work to a careful -perusal.
"Wialat tamaunin. Ata ins hiuinuka tit
tiunausa. Ahuanih silakt, inaali! lauki lii
wupaliksa. Mis kinch kalu hiwihnasa." p.
JOUJJM'.V OVI.U I.AM) TO IXDIA.
'ri.: . i i :o .
a ma niiiiu in iMMiiuu) miii soon uocdim
general and popular: The London Time
states that it takes eleven davs to "i (n..
that place to Marseilles, and costs "?0; lion
iMaisenles to Alexandria, by steam, 11 dav
at an expense of I'Ji): from Alexnniliia'
jSuez, G days, costs $-30; and from Suez
lom!,ay, Id.ilays, costs ftajl). '1 he expt n
is mgii, nut Hit" route is sure ami easy, i
will become popular. Half wav hrnu
, , . , , . . . .
v.au-o and Niez there is a'llotwl, kept In
Vaukce, at whivh all travelers stop who iir
hunting for autimiitics. or bound down ti,
Red Sea. What new interests are cn:ito
by the. new route a traveler writes:
"We anchored here this morning, after,
voyage of seven days from Suez. The Iici
dow n the lied Sea was excessive. On Christ
mas day, w hile you were blowing your finger
and seeking a warm corner, we were looking
around for some shade, and seeking for cok
water to bathe. . Our steamboat can accom
modate between 30 and. So passenge rs. Wi
are -lii now, including ladies. Nearly i
gentlemen sleep on deck, where, iioUvitL
standing the crowd, good humor prevails.
"Aden is an interesting place, and hin:
a peninsula, is easily defended. The heat i
very great. The troops are generally hcaliliv
This will soon be one of the most importm;
points on the way to India, being halfwa
to Pombay." A. Y: Jhtn'uiz Star.
Till: OiK;). TKIiHITOKV.
as Editor of the F,x!ru Globe, until after the
1 residential Election. He states in hs let
ter, that ill-health compels him to resign.
The Court Murlial on Com. Elliott was in
session at Philadelphia, in May last.
.bulge White, late Senator in Congress
from Tennessee, died at his residence, in
The following deaths of othYers in the Na
vy, were reported in the. papers. Commo
dores Patterson and Chauncy. Ca'pt. David
Deacon. Commander John White. Lieu
tenants 11. 11. Pinkham, and Lambert.
Tt was supposed that the ditliculties which
existed between (ireat Pritain and the Uni
ted States, relative to the N. E. Poundary,
would be amicably settled by ncgociation!
.). (I Adams had expressed such an opinion
on the floor of Congress. The commercial in
terests of the two countries would be so deep
ly involved in case of such an event, that
a war will be avoided if possible.
The suh-marino dress hJoiiTin'r to the
Exploring Squadron, has been aain used
in which they represent that they were tin
owners, oi are the heirs and legal lc prcst n
tatives of the owners of the ship Cobnut
and sloop Washington, which in the yrm
niiS), 'IK), and 'ill, made a voyage to tin
Northwest Coast, explored the coast to;,
considerable extent, and the masters of w bid.
made purchases of lands from the nativo
making payment therefor in muskets, inm
copper, and clothing. On one or nmrc ol
the tracts of land so purchased, on the bank
of the river which they named the Columbia,
taking possession of them in the name oi'tU
United States, the crews of the said vosi!
erected foils, and resided for some time, ev
aminiug the country and trading with tlie na
tives. The petition is accompanied with
era! documents, in proof of the allegation
therein contained, and describing the adven
tures referred to, more in detail. Anion:
the documents are the descriptive parts oi
tlie deeds, by which the several traetsol'l:in
were purchased. These deeds are to Cut
John Kcndriek, master of the Columbia, n"
allerwards of the Washington. They con
vey five distinct tracts of land, three of'wlii''
are lb miles square, one is circular, of u di
ameter of 18 miles, and the lifh is 3G mil'
square. The first has in its centre the liar
nor oi ijiastactoos, the second the liarhon
timing this week, lor repairing the connerof Chenerkintan, the third tbo hm-hor of Hoot-
the Peacock. seo-ess, in hit. .Of) de.r 4a . tin, r,.ui'li
.. I.:.. i. : . . M". ".,. .
imu j. rueuiar, has tlie village olCa.-H-'
il - i . ...
The U. S. Prig Porpobo, Lieut. Co,,,.
1 1 oiiriri ilil ' i'i Li.l ...
, ... ! . ' Po i ."n.n nil h trillSC. Oil lll( I III iit
.l-l-oar ti. I,c -,lly ngnculturul, and toTl ulV,c,,;s aro ,l,c Sa,c a.s ublic 'l
in iof eemre, ami the filth has the village t
Oplsitae in the centre.
The memorialists, in L,Ainf,tf ilumselve
land the heirs of the original owners, and 1
i al I