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1 ..1 :i.. 1:.. , il ... i .1 1 1.1 , ; , 1 . 1 1,., , . , .1. 1 !...,!. !! iwr in t In mi n i r lor unaided bv eithe r influences:
' . ! . 1 ' . ' 1 1 1 1......:... 1 in iwimilii Irulll
1 . . I i imir .'n 1 ri kMWfinaa 11 1 1 1 wr iniy ri-u
! VII I I" IMS I II CVI'IV SMS II C U !'V. p n ..-.-- o
pretty appearance frotn the se-n, sooti sul- j t lit; y
iWnl them to ge to ruin , when standm;.', jwilh hare My an exception on tin; whole
the; inferior did not present so fVir a pic- isluml. ' Tahiti might fonneily resemble
tun; as liie exte'iien' ; wi; ran safely assert C iheve-i : il is now more like the ur
that three fourths of the present habita- liens of St. (liles in its: customs. We at
tious of the Tahitians an; more like; she!- 'tribute this prollign'-y principally to two
ters for brutes, than elwellmgs for human kndinir causes; tne laws iiiade nominally
their idols, and the great nmrnl retorm which
has followed their labors, are unansweral.le
arguments in favor of missions, fbr no like
changes have; occurred where they have
not been established. Vet they raise a peo
ple only to a certain point, when they cither
bcimrs. I to cheek immoralitv. but which prove a i remain stationary, or retrograde; unle
The honesty of the Tahitiau has ccr- productive; source ed' revenue, and the en- indeed by imitating the Jesuits in Paraguay,
tainly not impmve;!, either fiom the force tire; absence of industry with the voting aiu becoming tlicir rulers, remodel their
ol new l iws, or under the new doctrine. : females. A sensible and reflecting chrts- j j(iiv, iutroelucing the customs, laws and
The thief was formerly at the mercy of Sian, knowii:.: tlio e.vistcne" of iitunorolity 1);uiMta tures ot JCm-'ipe, uml thus force tlicm
the person wlnne property he stole, when n a community, will use every e.er!ion
detected ; if not detected, in most, cases to reform the society by mi! 1 persuasion,
a superstitious 1 1 read hung over him, and nnd dwelling upon the beautiful picture
if a misfortune happened, it was nttribu- jof virtue; in all its forms ; he; will be very
ted to his having injured the party, which , cautious ef (Irnu'uinjg vice; before: the; open
made him .desirous of making sito'iement. jday ; it is contagious; tin; predominancy
Thefts were petty and not freepient ; they jof evil is strong in eur frail natures; take
axe now common, and the; Tahitian bids the entire sense, of shame away from a
fair soon to eep.ial the Kuropcan in that j female, and 1:0 law will prove etlee-tual in
civilized vice. The ediarae-ter of the fe- 'giving a moral tone to society. This has
males in all countries influences the whede been unwise ly done tit. the islamls. The
people. The Tahitian has been re pre- , laws framed by Missioinries, with the best
sented bv the Author as bavi.'rr been iintention. but most crroui'ous iudirmemt.
raise;d from a degraded position. V; ,t check immorality, have produced uni-, ir S!im,'s ;in(1 aimisemonts piutake of sen
are; sorry te say that she ins not prf(i:t;l .versal profligacy. " The lines re reived quality. In proportion as they become in
I y her advancement, but has descended jby these laws, are divided between the; llncnerd hy tlie new religion, they discon
te the lowest possible; abyss in the scale : (-lucen, rove.'rnors, and constabh s in-. liuue their old enistonis, ;md the; whole gov-
ol virtue; and morals, and has drawee I the; , forming. iNot'uug eviu beltea prove the; ; e nu n nt must he revolutionized. Despotism
must he abolished, as inconsistent with their
new bclie-f wars cease, ami those sports
its it we re to he civilized. This may appear
to bv an uncharitable conclusion, but it is far
othe rwise, and in making it no ce nsure; is 111-le-mleel
to be? implied upon them. However
faithfully they may devote tliemsedvcs to
theur work, as missionaries, this will he the
inevitable result. The reason is obvious
y their own inclinations and characters as
pirachers of the gospel, they must necessa
rily confine themselves to moral ami doctrin
al teachings. Their beams are engaged in
eerv work of vice and crime, and even all
i . 1 1 1 1 u mi 1 1 . r 1 . . .'.I 1 .1
111:110 population wnn ikt m ne;r i iu. 1 no jticiuornuzeii sure; en mese; j)ee)jie; li.an
Author has -given a thrilling picture; of the Ithc scenes at this tribunal. An oH'onelcr
horrible extent, to which child-murder dmmght up for t!it; first time? s;ppear.s wi'h uh ise only merit consisted in their manly
was curried in iicneaineu state; en inese 1 remciance ; sue; leave's, canons to tl;e in
people;, w!iie!i will e-an.se every feeling jture ; the sharers of the spoil are like; so
mi. id to rejoice with him at. the abolition jmany himr.:ry sharks elariiug upon their
of such barbarou.; practices. We cheer- iprey, and elivide; a plunder that th.e man
fully join eur tribute of praise to the !g;n- jly eli.gnify id t!ie; c.Jiiefs under their ancient
cral voice raised for e.vertiems made tore- system would have; saved tlieni l!:e;e!egra-
nmve such crimes from the face of the; illation of soiling their lingers with.
earth, but regret that we; cannot aelniit
the claim of the Missiemarv, in having
raiscel 1 1 j a virtuous female community at
these Islamls ; and with sorrow elo we;
state our belief that it is not altogether a
sense of religion which has checkeel the;
Thev may not have proved an mrfw.''
che-ck, lint tlioy e'onld not have produced
priilligacy in a nation, among whom every
spe'edevs of lu'emtiousness had hi'vn universal
from time immenmrial. The system so prev-
& To ho coiictisd vl.
great crime. Fear, first undert.be ne;w jalcnt among the native governments, of corn
religion, from the terrors held out by the j'"!1 crimes by lines, tends to produce
Missionary stopped it, and the universal j evils little less if any, those the;y arc in-
horror with which all classes of humpeans tended to check.
lookeel upon it, jgavc durability to the
check ; the frightful instruction of human
life in the interim to the present day, is a
proof that the dread of an otlended Ma
ker is passing away, and that the sense of
l. III". ill uiu IU JIU. V llilS (MIL IK t 1 .1 1 , .
. t ,-, . , A charge frequently brought ngmnst
deep root. 1 he present state of mora s . 4, .
1. ', , .... ., ' , . i foreigners, is their supplying natives with
of the lah.tian le.nale; cammt be express- ; lir(..:irrns aml uttvrwU encouraging then
cd ; their dejgrade.l stale ,s barely to bo jn t,K.ir wars This js tlu ,,1It A ,.(,sll!(f,
I'l.iu'invf'il ' tli. 1 1 1 1 1 11 fi 1 1 1 1- ti'iiii.'i iivi.iii.l L
,l; v..i.w ih.lve on(.raiy hrrn ,(ne-ticial. W find
SATURDAY, JAN i, leil.
in their unsepbisticateel state id' nature,
now assumes a character of fixed ami 1111-
Thisdcciiption will eepially apply to ve'ry
many 'habitations among the Hawaiians,
but they arc ef the; lowest class, and the far
thest removed from foreign or missionary
influence. Any improvement in them we;
consider as resulting from those causes, and
the actual condition of such ns are? n!to"eth
or isolated from their operation, as a good
typo of the primitive condition of the island
ers generally, w hen heathens. Whe n ( .k
and the early navigators fmt. visited these
islands, the natives interested themselves on
all occasions, to make the most pleasing ap
pearance possible, and it is not at all strange
that the voyagers shouM have be e-n deceiv
ed. They were always rece ived inte their
best houses, in which the finest mats and
tapas were spread, w hich are usually re serv-
aclivity while' they depraved ami corrupted
the mind, aie necessarily forsaken. Indus
try is inculcated both by prece pt and exam
ple by the'ir te achers, and every aelvice ami
diree-tioii for culture of the earth, instruction
in simple trades, ami engaging in new avo
cations, given. Hut until some rmne; power
ful me live than the; mere desire to be indus
trious is prcse tite el, cr the're is a demand for
labor, men w ill not become so. Hope ef re
ward is necessary to stimulate them. Thus
at Samoa the manners of the natives arc fast
becoming revolutionized, but the novelty of
the change will soem wear away, and unless
something occurs to employ their time pro
fitably to themselves, a moral reaction will
necessarily take place. Their nature re
main much the; same: at present the desire
for learning, attending meetings, and other
sources of missionary instruction, which are
necessarily multiplied in order to keep the;
minds of the natives alive to these subjects,
will occupy them. IS tit the experience of
missions shows that this soon palls, and un
less some thing ebe is brought forward, they
will elo those things in secret, which their
sclu'eding will fill, their moral habits wi"
but slightly changed. Severe laws mav
press open iec, but they cannot pro(lu,(,
fineinent of feeling, or elevate llm nature
such wretched beings, until thpy tvuvu,
c auses of their degradation. Coiii
to live in a similar manner, and tlicy w ',
rapidly de-generate. Indeed, we j,,,
the condition of the serfs of Ilussj;, j
The lioman Catholic missionaries ,it
(lambii'i islamls have he en cmiientv
ccssful in convening the people to t ltt-ir f." .'
but in this they have been aieleel bv ni;im
cidental circumstances. The iskuiel js,,,,
ami contains hut 12W inhabitants.
are; far separated from either islamls,
no shipping touching there, and tlm .,.
conse'epiently were; w ithout any previimg!
and undisturbed by conflicting eloctrinesli
m temptation to forsake their present fj,,,
The population is now on the incna.
the men are empb)ycd in shelling, w,j,,.
tlie women learn to spin. Tlie i!)Vr
ef the island compels the natives tei 1;, I,,,r ;
their subsistcnce,-und the varienis nrtsul,,,
they are taught, keep them industrious.
lli.'il nt rriinl vi 1-v li i mr I. . '
I" ' j i"'q nnn; in hi j)
In many parts of the United Slate s .,J
Year's day is made; a festival of the m .
ph-asant nature. Ve)t te speak of the t
changes of wishes nf good w ill, and ;it'is!
tweeu acquaintances, the family niecti;:.
and the little gatherings nf friends to rJ
social hour, ami the throwing open the ln,i
to the full current of domestic happim.
when young ami olel meet around the htnr
of the ir common home, it is alsonelavil
voted te reconciliation. Calls arc 11m
upon all acquaintances, ami the ocensi
iui)ioved to bring those tegcthcr, wluuni
cident or mutual unkinelne.-s has istriin.
The past is to be forgotten, and only i
present kindly greeting remembered. 1
frtriflfti-trvir v 4 el I . I . . ' . a a 1
iu,uu"-; ' m luippiesi naiure, anil inai
a family feud has been healed in this ma
ner, which otherwise might have riiiikl'
through long years. Well would it be f
mankind if the custom be universal. lu
nesa is olso closed on that day, place si
amusement open, and the streets thronr
by thousands of light-hearted pedestria
......n uiiiS uj iinir uevoirs 10 inc ",'uir,
tt'lk I'nitin ! HA I - a .1
ionium in noun 10 receive ttioir ma
friends. This over, and if snow is e.n I
ground, vehicles ef every size and elewi
lion turn out, up to those mammoth ski-
(peculiar to America) holding frlv
that wars lune ce ased, s ..,n as one leading nfJW iUVS may forbid, bt which have been ! Vdua, .m,tl uwaY ll,tT npee.!, the
1 . " """ - j! iwiimi, win iiicu inive necn
jeluet se cured the aseendene-y, and his power s:iction'.l by usnge with them from time
uis been frequently establishes! through the
assistane-e of w hites. 'J'liey would naturally
prefer the; service of the most energetic and
capable man, as he? would best appreciate
their services, and we rarely hear of their
joining indisciimate ly both parties, and aiel
ing in pretrncting a long ami bloody warfare.
At these Islands, the Society, ami indeed
immemorial. Tlu; guilt in their view will
lay more in detection, than in any criminal
act itself. The brightest examples of true
conversion among the natives ore those who
arc the most engaged in stcaely occupations.
A nation may change its religion, ami by so
eloing those sources of activity by w hich" its
.ii. un.riy i.nmmi.i. mil 11111,1111. cum till I U I . .1.
,1 .1 1 .i , c''f,'i(' (however wrought y e rected were
others, we? perceive that the wav wns opened i. 1 , , . , , l
tried, ami hopes stimulated, are dried up; be-
When missionarcs have succeeded ..,,!.-1 ' "nt"1 mo spirit ol the
'I' A 1 . I- .1
ier e:ui iMi.r.uey iniemgii inese very me'ans.
lishing themsedves befene this has occurred,
wars have resulted between the advocate's
of the new re ligion and the adherents of the
jold. The christaiu party has linally tri-
jUmphc d, but by the aid of lire-arms, and the
superior knowledge derived frean more im-
jmciliafe contact w ith the w hites. This year
11 1 ... 1 1
we nave nearer 01 tne msastrous ttnu'-'Me; at
cd for such occasions, and all the tinery e,f Tongnf which, although the heatliciMarty
llm ofiKdnnj n lllili it ml 1?i....,..llll I . . . '
ine suvukcs cwuiuueei. jui couui ine'y nave
returned unexpectedly to the same places,
they doubtless would have found it ditiicult to
have recognized the neat habitations, in the
filthy interior in which they would find them-
havo been victorious, will eventually teriniu
ate in the success of the better cause, as a
powerful nation has become involved in the
Missionaries have been at the Samoa ami
selves. Every body knows the fondness of , Friendly groups several years, ami the na-
the savages for display, and the various prae- fives have made rapid advances in elnistiani
tices common among them of borrowing Su jty, These islamls having mi fore ign popu
whenever there is an occasion of show ing j lation, ami being but an occasional re sort for
their uaiwat, lint their common maimer of j shipping, show conclusively how much can
living, one must witness to believe. ihe accomplished by missionaries, undisturbed
new. Something must now intervene, for in
these islands the mere labor for subsistence
occupies hut a small portion of time, else the
j nation w ill perish, or return to their fermcr
practices. Agriculture, trade ami commerce
are now the resort, nnd ns missionaries enn
not engage profitably in them, .and retain
their original characte-r, tor reasons whiedi
we have previously given, men. whoso busi
ness these are, shoulel be encouraged to set
tle. In this way the dormant industry of
the country will ho awakened, its natural
resources developod, and the natives movi-
. 1 ded with the means of becoming civilized
wune.ut which it is vain to think oi'hapurj;
them christianized. Evejy one who knows
any thing of native, character, is aware that
while! they her.l together liko swine, in mis
erable and filthy huts, their time unoccupied
or only to such an extent as prcachim- or
ringing right cheerily in the clear air, U
rule or dance. As we have no hi" slri;
u cjumoi mviic our patrons to arm
but we can ami do wish that the pre
year may be to them the happiest of t!
. Guess Auun. No lady in floiml
wrote the pe.etry published in our last.
Another year has melted into ctcrni"
Its hopes ami fears, smiles and tears a
mingled w ith the past, and we are one i"
nearer our "dark inn," the grave. Ik'
many of the lovely ami beautiful have pre
ceded us in that drear journey! How man
that our hearts held dear, whose ineiiiw
are enshrined in our natures, w ill be tliu
to welcome us! They teo have playcelllif
part in this busy scene below, have miiigl'
their tears with the sorrowful, and njoi
with the joyous. Hut friendship could n
stay them, and when their turn camc,tli'
passed from our sight like a fleeting clou
Time rolls sternly on the great, the grH
as well as the bad young and ngrd-a-alike
crushed beneath its "wheels. NaM'
herself grows grey, as its furrows deepen uj"'
her bosom. What does this lesson trai
ns? Do rolling years weave a wreath
virtue and wiselom around our brows?
w e be prepaieel fr the perfect society,
unlimited expansion uf happiness ami kno