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1 1n iiliva!iiiii Kuakiui. Kekauomdii. Ku
ln.'kili, I'al.i, Konia, Kanhoknlohi. I.elci
ohoku, Kekuannoa, Kcaliiahonui. Kauai
na, Keo:ii Ii, Keoiii Ana, Rial Hn.ililio.
S'fouKl any other person. lie received into
the council, it shall be made known by
law. -Those persons shall have part in
the council of the kimrdom. No law of
the nation shall be passed without their
assent. Thev shall act in the following
manner : They shall assemble annnally.
for the purpose of scrhin:; the welfare of
the nation, and establishing laws for the
kingdom. Their meetings shall com
mence in April, at such day and place as
the King shall appoint.
It shall also be proper for the kinir to
consult with the above persons respecting
all the great concerns of the kingdom, in
order to promote unanimity and secure
the greatest good. They shall moreover
transact such other business as the king
shall commit to them.
T.'my shall still retain their own appro
priate lauds, whether districts or planta
tions, or whatever divisions thev mav be,
and thev mav conduct, the business on
said lands at their discretion, but not at
variance with the laws of the kingdom.
RESPKCBf NfJ TIIR RKIMIF.SF.NTATIVF. IJODV.
There shall be annually chosen certain
persons to sit in council with the chiefs
and establish laws for the nation. Tiny
shall bo chosen by the people, according
to their wish, from Hawaii, Maui, Oahu
and Kauai. The law shall decide the
form of choosing them, and also the num
ber to be chosen. This representative
body shall have a voice in the business
of the kingdom. No law shall be passed
without the approbation of a majority of
RESPECTING THE MEETINGS OF THE LEG
There shall be an annual meeting as
stated above ; but if the chiefs think it
desirable to meet again they may do it at
When they assemble, the chiefs shall
meet by themselves and the representa
tive body by themselves, though at such
times as they shall think it necessary to
consult together, they may unite at their
The form of doing business shall be as
follows : The chiefs shall appoint a Sec
retary for themselves who at t lie meetings
shall record all decisions made by them,
and that book of records shall be preserv
ed in order that no decrees a Hoc ling the
interests of the kingdom may be lost.
The same shall be done by the repre
sentative body. They too shall choose
a Secretary for themselves, and when
they, meet for the purpose of seeking the
interests of the kingdom, and shall come
to n decision on any point, then that de
cision shall be recorded in a book, and
the book shall be preserved, in order that
nothing valuable, atlecting the interests of
the kingdom should be lost ; and there
shall no new law be made, without the
approbation of a majority of the chiefs
and also a majority of the representative
When any act shall have been agreed .
upon by them, it shall then be presented
to the king, and if he approve ami sign his
name, and also the premier, then it shall
become a law of the kingdom, and that
law shall not be repealed until it is done
by the voice of those who established it.
RESPECTING THE TAX OFFICERS,
The king and premier shall appoint
Tax Officers, and give them their certifi
cates of ollice. There shall be district
tax officers for each of the islands, sit the
discretion of the king ami premier.
When a tax officer has received his cer
tificate of appointment, he shall not be
dismissed from ollice without first having
a formal trial, and having been convicted
of fault, at which time he shall be dis
missed. Though if the law should pre-
T II i: V U L V N lvS 1 A N.
l' A lit
Niibe a 'riven number of years
term of office, it may be done.
The following are the established du
ties of the tax officers. They shall asvess
the taxes and uive notice of the amount
!toallthe people, that they may under
stand in suitable time. The tax officers
shall make the assessment in subserviency
to the orders of the governors, and in ae
Cnrdanei! with the requirements of the
law. And when the taxes are to be gath
ered, they shall gather them and deliver
'the property to the governor, and the gov
ernor shall pay it over to the premier,
and the premier shall deliver it to the
j The tax officers shall also have charge
jof the public labor done for the king,
; though if they see proper to commit it to
;the land agents it is well, but the tax offi
cers being above the land agents shall be
'aerouiitable for the work. They shall
jalo have charge of all new business which
'the king shall wish to extend through the
kingdom. In all business however they
shall be subject to the governor.
! The tax officers shall be the judges in
all cases arising under the tax law. In
all cases where land agents or landlords
are charged with oppressing the lower
classes, and 'also in all cases of difficulty
between land agents and tenants, the tax
I officers shall be the judges, and also all
cases arising under the tax law enacted
on the 1th of June, 1SW.
.They shall moreover perform their du
ties in the following manner: J'lach tax
officer shall be confined in his authority
to his own appropriate district. It a diffi
culty arises between a land agent and his
.tenant, the tax officer shall try the case
and if the tenant be found guilty, then
the tax officer, in connection with the
land agent shall execute the law upon
him. Hut if the tax officer judge the land
no-out to be in fault, then he shall notify
iall the tax officers of his particular island,'
and if they are agreed, they shall pass
I sentence on him and the governor shall
execute it. Rut in all trials, if any indi
vidual take exception to the decision of
the tax officer, he may appeal to the gov
ernor who shall have power to try the
case again, and if exceptions are taken to
the decision of the governor, on informa
tion given to the Supreme Judges, there
shall Ik; a new and final trial before them.
OF THE JUDGES.
Each of the governors shall at his dis
cretion, appoint judges- for his particular
island, two or more as he shall think ex
pedient, and shall give them certificates
of ollice. After having received their
certificates, thev shall not be turned out,
except by impeachment, though it shall
be proper at any time for the law. to limit
j the term of office.
I They shall act in the following manner :
They shall give notice before hand of the
'davs on which courts are to be held.
When the time specified arrives, they
shall then enter on the trials according as
the law shall direct. They shall be the
judges in cases arising under all the laws
excepting those which regard taxation, or
'difficulties between land agents, or land
lords and their tenants. They shall be
sustained by the governor, whose dufy it
shall be to execute the law according to
their decisions. Rut if exceptions are
taken to their judgment, whosoever takes
them may appeal to the supremo judges.
OF THE SUPREME JUDGES.
The representative body shall appoint
four persons whose duty it shall be to aid
the king and premier, and these six per
sons shall constitute the Supreme Court
of the kingdom.
Their business shall be to settle all cases
of difficulty which are left unsettled by
the tax officers and common judges.
They shall give a new trial according to
the conditions of the law. They shall
give previous notice of the time for hold
ing courts, in order that those who are in
difficulty may appeal. The decision of
tl,e?e shall be final. There sluill be no
further trial after theirs. Life, death,
confinement, line, and freedom from it, : uad they drilled away from the .ship
are all in their hands, and their decisions
tackle to Imist them out had been ,urn,
way, hut their united efforts soon laum-h,
j them over tluside. In their confusion
I had neglected to secure them well Ity r,M
OF CHANGES IN THIS CONSTITUTION.
This constitution shall not be consider
ed as finally established, until the people
have generally heard it, and h ave appoint
ed persons according to the provisions
herein made, and they have given their
assent, then this constitution shall be con
sidered as permanently established.
Rut hereafter, if it should be thought
desirable to change it, notice shall be pre
viously given, that all the people may nu
de island the nature of the proposed
change, and the succeeding year, at the
meeting of the chiefs and the representa
tive body, if thev shall agree as to the ad
ditiou proposed or as to the alteration,,
then they may make it.
The above constitution has been agreed
to by the chiefs, and we liave hereunto
subscribed our names, this eighth day o(
October, in ihc year of our Lord id 10.
at Honolulu. Oahu.
(Signed) K amf.u :;:h III. .
SATURDAY, l'Kli. i, 1 rill.
com m u a i : a t i: i).
A TALK 01' HAWAII.
TWO IlLNimi .1) AND HITV VI.AUS- SINCE.
C'oiiliinicd fioni )iii;e 1S3.
ClfAlT! II II.
Don Juan do Alvirez and his sister Julia
were natives of one of the maritime towns
of Spain, nobly related, but like many ot her
families of rank at that period, impoverished
by fruitless enterprises to the new world.
They were young and full of hope, and re
ceiving a letter from a wealthy relation in
Mexico inviting them to try their fortunes in
the country of his adoption, they sailed for
Soon after, arriving at the city of Mexico,
they learned that their relative had received
an appointment in the government of 31a
! 1 1 i ! a , iifuj had sailed for that place but a short
time pievious, leaving instructions for them
i to follow. They hurried on, and reached
L'Vcupulco in time to secure a passage in the
annual galleon for the Phillipines. Their
passage had been rapid and pleasant, and
!thc vessel being crowded with young adven
turers with more of hope and spirits than re
sources, mirth and frolic held high sway.
" Joy for the present, banish thought for the
future," seemed to be the motto of all; even
the commander, u veteran sea-farer, whose
experience had secured for him the command
of this Argosy, which was freighted w ith the
product of the gold and silver mines, iclaxed
his discipline, and frequently joined the rev
ellers. , The fairness of. the breeze, and
j smoothness of the sea like the song of a
syren, lulled even the usual cure lor the ves
sel. One night, having abandoned themselves
as was their wont to the song and wine-cup,
and prolonged their carouse to a later hour
than usual, the alarming cry of fiic reached
their ears. Hushing upon deck, their situa
tion und danger burst ut once upon their
view. All was riot and confusion, some call
ing upon the saints for aid, others endeavor
ing to arrest the (lames by violent but futile
efforts. In vain the Captain endeavored to
restore some degree of order, their horror
and allVight was now as great and inexpress
ible as their former vain confidence. The
w ind had increased, and the flames were fast
spreading to every part of the ill-fated ship.
Some one called out that the fire had reach
ed the magazine; a wild cry arose, and as if
by one instinctive impulse, that crowd of two
hundred beings rushed for the boats. The
prefe rring death by water, leaped overling
and were drowned; others raved, cursed v
blasphemed in the agony of their d( v
while one party hod retreated to the i
and gathered about the Captain, v, ,,,
folded arms stood quietly awaiting t)(M
meat when the ship should bhw up
rez and his sUtcr, lidded in each otlu,,,
brace had retired to the farthest part of tj
deck. The guns, as they became ln!lt),
exploded from t'unr. to time a nimirniiiU
lute in anticipation of the coming death.
it drew nearer, all cries were luislinl ,
excepting the crackling of the flames, j,.,
reports oi'the cannon, all was silence in .,
flouting pyre. Suddenly the vessel treni!t
and shook violently: a clash like a ,(.,
peal of thunder followed, and in ono P(.h
more a mass of blackened timber and di .
urcd corpses Hunted on the ocean.
When the explosion took place, ,h;r,
had retained his original place, and stum,,
by the n ise, knew nothing until lie ii,,,,
himself in the water, with his sister Mi
senseless in his arms. Something
lloated by him; he grasped it and b Iiisj
found it to be the yawl. Climbing in.
dragged his sister after him, and found hk.
. .. Li ! . . . ? ....... ll'i
M'fi iii comparative security, u lien nrnm-
ing bro'e but a few traces of the urn
could be seen the wind was hlowiii" Inn
and the boat drifting rapidly before it. )v
ing the day Julia somewhat revived, ai
cheerless as was their situation, hope
stronger. Ity night, overpowered by Hitii
and hunger they fell asleep. They we
awakened by a violent shock which pieci
itated them into the sea, und neither kne
what afterwards occurred until opening ik-
eyes they found themselves in a hutsuriouJ
cd by a crowd of Indians, who were stark;
in amazement ut them. Upon showing sip
of life, they began chaffing their limbs, an
soon brought them some fruit to eat win
they recognized as bananas. A loud allo
cation now took place between two indi
ualswho appeared to exercise authority nv
the rest. They were rival priests, and (:
contending for the possession of the stra:
gers, whom they pretended to regard i
gods, or what w as probably their true mutr
secure them to sacrifice at some high Ik
val, and thus add to the reputation of tli'
temples. From words they were prneff
ing to blows, the partizans of each l.aur.
arranged themselves on their respectk
sides, while our friends, ignorant of tLe"
. i . . . ...
casion oi me contention, lav tremb niir. ni-
mentality expecting to be sacrificed toll
fury of the savages. Spears hud been 'f
cured and daggers were raised to htril
blood would have been shed, had not niu
of gigantic pn-poitions but prepossessing1
pearance entered the dwelling. The di.
ceased as quick as it begun, when lu '1
quired in a stern voice the cause of'
Pointing to the strangers, thev explain
that they had found them upon the beat'
and what followed. He approached as
gazed steadily at them, riveting his eyes pa
ticularly upon the female. ' Priests ar
people, as chief of all these lands I
these strangers," said he. and making a1?'
to sonic attendants they bore them to t-
Their preserver was Kiana, supr
Wi it o
chief of all this portion of the island
was one of nature's favorites, and if we f t
sider the sphere he moved in, of fortune
likew ise. His Passions though strong f L
under good control, and in all his actiew-; rj
was governed by a strong native eense.
gled with a love of justice. Ilnd circ
Lilnnino r.!..l I . II I . 1 gift) ft F' ' '
ter the Great; the superiority of hi (
i . . ... - . . . ... ll'N A
nau raised him from a mental station n -i