Newspaper Page Text
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JtU-B-LTSlIKl) WEEKLY, AT HONOLULU, OAHU, SANDWICH ISLANDS.
j. JARVES, Editor.
SATURDAY, MARCH (, 1841.
vol. i. xo. .
Tranliitt'd from tlio Hawaiian.
im of W ?'?atoa((au Xslantis.
111 ct presrrihing the manner in which the
Laws snail oe promuigaieu.
. . . . i i , .1
T!if snhject ion oi mo people to. the
i. ... r.iiii.M) nrrri; 1. -.1111 i a i e 1 1 1 .
( illt'l II'MII nliiiyi ujin uimiii u, ctiiij-
,e wrW understood ; so also arc some ot
I - rill. I ! 1
jincii'iii laws. i Mai suo ecuon aim
I...... tut rwttt f 1 i wrtt ti Miirwl ic i
natter of course, out there are many new
i at i lie present tune, and it is well that
io people should all become acquainted
f it!i those laws. It can be done in no
ihi rwav so well as in writing, wherefore
"I tlw. ....wi,,.,..in..'t C.vllntir-
J! ( O'.llll II 'I IIIU pllUIIIUIUIIL IIIU lUUUtt-
Ij.mcN were passed.
I. Hereafter no law of the kingdom
Ji;i!l take effect without having been first
tinted and inculcated at large.
. Copies of the law shall be given to
J tin. following persons :
To all the Chiefs belonging to the Le
To each person of the Representative
To all the Judges.
To all tax officers.
To all poliee olficers.
1ml should a Hawaiian Newspaper be
rintt d, they shall be published in that,
id Consuls of foreign countries shall be
irnished with ten copies.
:j. Should the purport of any law be
dtful, or should the judges hesitate for
ant of clearness in the law, they may
leu ask explanation of the Supreme
kL'cs, who will make known the true
Should anv two laws be at variance with
id i other in their meaning, then the one
. i .i. i 1 1 i i
eming the latest uatc snail ue consiucreu
' the true existing law.
This act having been passed by the
'ivcrnnient, we have subscribed our
lines this second -day of November in
t' t arof our Lord 1810, at Lahaina,
Of the Representative Rody.
In accordance with.'the requirements of
''if Constitution, ccrtam persons shall be
'i'ii to sit in council with the chiefs,
"r the present they shall be chosen in
w following form, but at some future pe-
"I tlio number will perhaps be incrcas-I-
''it at this time it shall be done as
; I. Two shall be chosen from Hawaii,
puo iVoni Muni and the adjacent islands,
Iroin Oahu, and one Irom Kauai.
! The choice shall be made as fol-
Invs: whoever pleases on Hawaii may
iite to the King mentioning the names
d any two persons of wisdom whom they
ti!uno to sit in council with the chiefs.
fliu-y may write in the following form.
STo Hi.; ...... .1.- l.'i.w.
The object of our writing this letter
r i' intorin your Majesty ot certain per-
"ls "a the Island ol Hawaii, whom we
piN.h r men of wisdom and prudence.
I J'iie name of the first is
I name of the second is
It is our desire that these two persons
r'""hl it in council with the chiefs the
The above letter when written may be
circulated among the people, and all who
are pleased with the candidates mention
ed may subscribe their names. And even
should there be many such letters written
it will be well, for the persons having the
majority of names in the letters will be
the representatives from Hawaii. In these
ballot letters there mav be a great number
of signatures to the same letter. The
names of all who vote will be counted,
and the persons having the majority of
votes will be the ones, chosen.
The elections shall be conducted in
the same manner also en Maui, Oahu and
II. Should any man forge another's
name to a letter written as above, or
should any one write his name twice, or
should one write the name of another with
out his approbation he shall be fined ten
dollars for every name thus criminally
A. As soon as his Majesty ascertains
who are the persons elected, the Premier
will then write and notify them of the day
and place of meeting of the Legislature,
that they may be in readiness.
5. All the expenses of the Representa
tives in going to the meeting shall be paid
by the government, and also all expenses
while in attendance and on their return
from the meeting.
This act having been passed by the
chiefs, we have subscribed our names this
second day of November in the year of
our Lord 1810, at Lahaina, Maui.
(Signed) Kamkuamkha HI.
pay his taxes, and if he do not obtain ar
row root, nor cotton, nor sugar nor nets,
until the specified months of payment
have passed, viz. December, January and
February, and if the last days of Febru
ary shall have passed, then every man
Au deficient shall be fined the value of
two dollars. And the same rate of in
crease shall be observed in relation to
those whose taxes are less than those of a
The fine shall be paid in some property
that can be sold for the value? of two dol
lars, but not in property subject to imme
diate decay or death.
'J. Land Tax.
The following is the rate of taxation for
1 . 'if i
plantations, and lor latins included in
Furthenno e. the governors of the sev
eral Islands s all notify his majesty of all
the lands which are annually forfeited,
and he shall give them out again at his
disciction, or lease them, or put them into
the hands of those who have no land, at
i3. Respecting the Labor Tax.
Hereafter a tax in labor shall not be re
quired on every week in the month. On
two weeks, labor shall be performed for
the King and landlords, and two weeks
the people shall have wholly to them
selves. The first week in the month the people
shall work two days for the King and one
for their particular landlords; the second
they shall work one day for the
plantations. There shall be no state, ; King, and two for their particular land
count V or district tax, but merely the fol-! ,ol'lls ml the next two weeks the people
An Act to regulate Taxation.
There is much in this law which does
not relate directly to assessment and tax
ation. A portion of it is merely explan
atory a portion applies directly to taxes
a portion applies to labor a portion
applies to the former prohibitory system
a portion is simply instruction, and a por
tion is direct law.
That part which simply disapproves of
certain evils is instruction merely. If a
penalty is affixed, that is absolute law.
Respecting the Poll Tax.
There shall be two forms of taxation in
the Hawaiian Kingdom ; the one a Poll
Tax to be paid in money, the other a land
tax to be paid in swine. These shall be
the standards of taxation, though in ease
of failure in these articles, other property
will be received. The amount of taxa
tion shall be as follows,
For a Man, One Dollar.
For a Woman, Haifa Dollar.
For a Roy, one Fourth of a Dollar.
For a (Ju l, one Eighth of a Dollar.
This is the ratio of taxation for adults and
for children above fourteen years of age.
Rut feeble old men and women shall not
be taxed at all.
In the back parts of the Islands where
money is difficult to be obtained, arrow
root will be a suitable substitute! Thirty
three pounds of good arrow root will be
taken for a dollar. Cotton, also, will be
another suitable article. Sixteen pounds
will be accounted equal to a dollar. Su
gar is another suitable article, also fishing
If any individual do not obtain the
money at the time when every man is to
A large farm a hog a fathom loii":.
A smaller farm a hog :.1-1 of a fathom
A very small farm a hog a yard long.
If not a fathom hog ten dollars in
If not a 3-1 fathom hog seven dollars
and a half in money.
If not a yard hog five dollars in mo
ney. If neither a fathom hog nor ten dollars,
then two yard hogs, or if failing in these,
then four cubit hogs, or if not these, then
some other property of equal value with a
fathom hog. Or if none of these, then
inquiry shall be made, both of the land
lords and the tenants, and he whose is the
fault shall be dispossessed of his right in
the land. Or if the fault is common to
the landlord and tenant, then they shall
have three months to put the land in good
order, at which time they shall all leave
it, for in that ease the land is truly valua
ble, but the landlord and tenant neglect to
pay the taxes. This is doing a real dam
age it is downright laziness, wherefore
in the same manner as these jwrsons are
fined and then dispossessed, so also shall
those be fined and dispossessed who hold
small farms included in larger ones.
Rut those plantations which have no
farms in them under the direct taxation
of particular chiefs, and have; never had
during the remembrance of any of the
shall have entirely to themselves.
lint ij there is important public work to
be done which is for the benefit of the people
at large, then there shall be twelve working
days in a mvnth. Tht people shall work
three days on each of those weeks which
belong esjiecially to thcmsclccs, and when the
work is finished or ended then that rate of
labor shall cease. Jiut as regards that kind
of labor which is merely for the private in
terests of the chiefs, or owners of counties,
towns, district's, plantations and farms, wct,
even including the King, shall receive the
benefit only of his own particular days of
the week. The people shall work only on
Fridays or Thursdays for the landlords,
and the landlords shall be exact to retpiire
their portion only of the days.
And so also the tax officers shall be
particular to appropriate only the king's
days to his labor. If the landlords or in
ferior chiefs see proper to appropriate
their days labor to the benefit of the kinir
in the performance of any particular la
bor, then the king shall return as many
days labor as he has received from the
And in the same way there may be an
exchange of days with the common peo
ple. If the king is in particular need of la
bor, or if the landlords should be, it will
not then be proper for the people to re
fuse to exchange days. They shall ex
change, and on the above conditions.
1'houtrh any man may refuse to exclrantro
people now alive, they shall he taxed as; when it shall be of special disadvantage to
ioiiows in tins new assessment.
A large plantation two fathom hogs.
A smaller plantation one fathom rj.
A very small plantation a Jl-1 fathom
The above shall be the rate of taxation
and conditions of dispossession of farms.
It is furthermore added, for the purpose
of clearness and equality in taxation, that
if the tax officer and the owner of hogs
cannot arree as to the size of the ho".
The same privilege of exchantre shall
also be granted to the people. Whenev
er they aro in stnightened circumstances,
and shall wish to be absent from the Tues
day and Friday labor, they may exchange
with the tax officer or landlord, and it
shall not be proper for them to refuse,
though if any man should be guilty of
downright falsehood, and should in real
ity be in no strait, that shall be considered
. .i i i ...
tnen tne tax hog shall he weighed, and a the same as absenting himself from a day's
r.i i ,.i...ii i i i i I.. J
kuimmii uo;g Mi.iu oo considered as weigh- Manor.
ing '.Ml pounds a U-l fathom hog y."0
pounds, and a yard hog 107 pounds. In
the system of assessment this shall be con
sidered as the regular weight of all tax
If the weight of the hog hall exceed
that which is prescribed for the fathom
fathom, or yard hog, then the tax of
ficer shall pay for the excess above the
proper weight, and so also if the weight
of the hog fall short of what is prescribed
in the law, the laud agent shall pay the
Those landlords ami chiefs who are
guilty of appropriating to their own use
the labor of the people on those days
which do not belong to them, and do not
return an equal nujnber of days to the
people sImII be fined thus : the tenants
shnll be freed for six months from work
ing for their landlord who has thus treated
The following also is the fine of those
people who do not go to the public labor
of the King and luudloids, a half a dollar
for each man. If a man arrive on the